The Gospel Of Mark (Mark 10:46-52) Essay Example For College

The verses 10: 46-52 in the Gospel of Mark contain two remarkable episodes, which are Jesus leaving Jericho with his disciples and the healing of blind Bartimeus episode. With blindness being a unifying theme for a whole section in the Gospel of Mark, Mark 8-10, the importance of Bartimeus’s story is understandable, where it serves as “the concluding bookend” to the section (Bartlett and Taylor 2008). The pericope of Blind Bartimeus is a narrative of a miracle story, presumably representing an eyewitness account by Mark (Evans 2001; Mann 2000), with a triple tradition (Fee 2002). In addition to Mark 10:46-52, the story was told in Luke 18:35-43 and Matthew 9:27-31. This paper analyzes the passage of the healing of Bartimeus, narrated in the Gospel of Mark (Mark 10:46-52), conducting a word study on each of the following words and phrases:

  • Have mercy (vs. 47).
  • Cloak/ garment (vs. 50).
  • Has made you well (vs. 52).
  • Faith (vs.52).

When he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to shout out and say, ‘Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!’ (Mark 10: 47).

The verse follows the narration of Jesus passing through Jericho, accompanied by his disciples, and with a great number of people. Bartimeus, the son of Timaeus, was sitting along the road and began crying out and asking for mercy. The Greek verb ελεέω (strong’s number 1653) is derived from the noun ελεος (strong’s number 1656), both of uncertain affinity, and which means compassion, human or divine, tender (mercy) (Strong 1995). Accordingly, the verb form ελεέω means to have compassion (by word or deed), or have (obtain, receive, shew) mercy (on) (Strong 1995). In the Blind Bartimeus passage, the verb is repeated twice, with the same structure, merely as a matter of repeating, after the crowd “sternly ordered [Bartimeus] to be quiet” (Mark 10:48). The verb form of the Greek word has three occurrences in the Gospel of Mark, two of which in the Blind Bartimeus passage (Mark 10: 47-48), and the third one in Mark 5:19. Analyzing the same event in Matthew and Luke, it can be seen that the verses in Luke 18:38-39 have the same structure as Mark’s, with Bartimeus crying out twice as well. Matthew, on the other hand, has the sentence repeated once (Matthew 9:27), although two unidentified blind men followed Jesus, which as suggested by Bultman might imply that the name in Mark’s episode was added years later (Evans 2001).

Identifying the meaning of ελεέω, two meanings are identified based on translation, to show mercy or compassion, or to show pity. Accordingly, mercy and pity are used interchangeably, where have mercy on me and pity me are derived from the same Greek word (Green 1996). Showing an act of mercy, or asking for an act of mercy, is asking for help, considering the authority of the person to who the request is sent. The common element of the usage of the Greek word is the differences in statuses, which is assumingly the reason for using mercy and pity interchangeably. In that regard, God and Jesus are commonly asked to have mercy upon, e.g. son of David have mercy (Luke 18:38-39); Jesus, Master, have mercy (Luke 17:13); God that showeth mercy (Romans 9:16), and others (Strong 1995). In that regard, the interpretation of the word helps to acknowledge the identification by the beggar of the authority of Jesus, having heard of him before, and insisting despite the order of the crowd (Whitefield 1714 -1770).

So throwing off his cloak, he sprang up and came to Jesus (Mark 10:50).

When Jesus heard Bartimeus crying for him, asked to “Call him”. So the crowd told Bartimeus that Jesus called (Mark 10:49). Bartimeus, before coming to Jesus, threw off his cloak. The Greek word ιματιον (Strong’s number 2440) is derived presumably from the verb (to put on)- έννομι, in which the derived noun means a dress (inner or outer); apparel, cloke (coat), clothes, garment, raiment, robe, or vesture (Strong 1995). The common translation used is garment or cloak; cloak in the New Revised Standard Version, while garment in the King James Version (Green 1996; Throckmorton 1992).

The Greek noun is mentioned 6 times in Mark, where the context implies that it is outer clothes, rather than inner clothes, as implied by the definition. Mentioned 15 times in the New Testament, all the verbs adjacent to ματιον do not contain the meaning consistent in the Bartimeus episode, i.e. throwing away, αποβαλου (Strong’s number 577). Thus, it can be stated the context of the garment can be outlined through its attachment to the action performed on it. The common verb associated with the garment is touching, 4 times in (Matthew 9:20-21; 14:36; Mark 5:27; Luke 8:44). The object of touching is Jesus in all these cases, and thus, it can be assumed that the garment is a part of the individual, touching which he/she “will be made well” (Matthew 9:21). Casting away the garment, on the other hand, is the deliverance of the old, predicting that the garment of a beggar is representative of the beggar himself. Bartlet’s interpretation of the act of throwing is of an image of leaving the former life behind (Bartlett and Taylor 2008). Other interpretations can be linked to an acknowledgment of authority.

Jesus said to him, ‘Go; your faith has made you well.’ Immediately he regained his sight and followed him on the way (Mark 10:52).

Jesus asked Bartimeus after he approached, what he can do for him, to which Bartimeus replied, “My teacher, let me see again” (Mark 10:51) (Throckmorton 1992). The action of Jesus differs in Mark’s Gospel from Luke’s and Matthews, in that there is neither a physical action nor a direct command of healing (Mann 2000). Instead, the reply was “Go; your faith has made you well”. Faith is a consistent translation of the Greek word Pistis as belief, where the verb piste in can be translated as “to believe”. The root of the Greek word list corresponds to a broad range of meanings such as “belief, confidence, trust, faith/faithfulness” (Freedman 1992).

The noun pistis, in Greek πιστις (Strong’s number 4102), is derived from the verb πειτηο (Strong’s number 3928), which means persuasion, the conviction of religious truth (Strong 1995). The original word appeared in the Gospel of Mark 5 times, among which twice with the same structure, “your faith has made you well” (Mark 10:52; 5:34). The same context is found in the way the episode is narrated by Luke and Matthew; “your faith has saved you” (Luke 18:42); “According to your faith let it be done to you” (Matthew 9:29). In the passages related to the Bartimeus episode, the faith is taken with no description of what the belief is in, e.g. “have faith in God” (Mark 11:22) (Strong 1995).

Accordingly, the analysis of the Hebrew origins, namely Judaism, indicates that the Greek translation took faith as being the belief in God, while the Hebrew origin did not show such connection (Freedman 1992). The designation of faith as a self-definition of what Christian proclamation is largely linked to the miracle stories, one of which is the Bartimeus episode. Linking the meaning to a general concept of trust does not correspond to the acknowledgment of Bartimeus of the power of Jesus, and accordingly calling him Son of David. Thus, it can be stated that such stories serve as the basis for the self-definition of faith in the New Testament being linked to God (Freedman 1992).

The result of Bartimeus faith is being well, a state which original is the Greek verb σοζο (Strong’s number 4982), to save, i.e. deliver or protect, heal, or do well (Strong 1995). Well and whole are used interchangeably, where the same passages in the King James Version and the New Revised Standard Version indicate the same meaning. The Greek σοζο is used in the Gospel of Mark 13 times, where the difference in context might outline the differences in meaning. It is clear that in the case of Bartimeus the first implication is the physical healing, considering his previous state. Nevertheless, in Mark 10:25-26, σοζο means being saved, where the literal meaning is being able to enter the kingdom of God. There are two actions in the following verse, i.e. the restoration of sight and Bartimeus following Jesus. Thus, it can be stated that the Greek word σοζο takes the meaning of being well as a theological concept of being saved, rather than the physical.

It can be concluded that the word study of the episode of Blind Bartimeus can change the apparent interpretation of the episode, i.e. a miracle story. In addition to narrating a miracle story, the passage serves as a demonstration of the authority of Jesus, believing in which is a foundation of faith that leads to salvation.

References

Bartlett, David Lyon, and Barbara Brown Taylor. 2008. Feasting on the Word: preaching the revised common lectionary. 1st ed. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press.

Evans, Craig. 2001. Word Biblical Commentary. Vol. 348. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers.

Fee, Gordon D. 2002. New Testament exegesis : a handbook for students and pastors. 3rd ed. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press.

Freedman, David Noel. 1992. The Anchor Bible dictionary. 1st ed. 6 vols. New York: Doubleday.

Green, Jay P. 1996. The interlinear Greek-English New Testament. 3rd ed. Grand Rapids: Baker Books.

Mann, C. S. 2000. Mark : a new translation with introduction and commentary, The Anchor Bible. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers.

Oremus Bible Browser: New Revised Standard Version. 2010. Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America 1989. Web.

Strong, James. 1995. Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible. Nashville, Tenn.: T. Nelson Publishers.

Throckmorton, Burton Hamilton. 1992. Gospel parallels : a comparison of the synoptic gospels : with alternative readings from the manuscripts and noncanonical parallels. 5th ed. Nashville: T. Nelson.

Whitefield, George. 1714 -1770. Selected Sermons of George Whitefield: Blind Bartimaeus, CCEL Subjects. Grand Rapids: Christian Classics Ethereal Library Publishers.

Consumer Behavior, Issues, Challenges And Analysis

Introduction

This paper presents a dynamic model on the consumer behaviour on the real world marketing issue. It will further discuss the marketing and industrial experiences encountered daily in everyday business life, in addition is the Consumer behavioural issues and consumer analysis or recommendations.

Research studies has argued that industries or companies experience lots of issues in awe to the logistics of their daily routine, giving them the knowledge that can be used to anticipate incoming situations with the way of tackling problems. However, with the familiarity and repeated external occurrences in the marketing scope of an industry there are many implementations carried out in solving such problems without complexity.

In any industry if the external occurrences are novel, the industrialist structural understanding will lack concrete account of the situation, thereby using old attitude in solving current occurrences. In so doing, there is the tendency of disaster or failure since the result does not get closer to the consumers expectation, hence they device new approach of solving recent occurrence by using the trial and error process in addition to experimentation. The process of surrogating will therefore be tested in the market for the consumer’s appraisal, and once it works then it will be settled on. Although industries do not actively become accustomed to the consumer behaviour or external environment, but by the use of their imagination, they create an environment to which they will become accustomed by means of learning, experimentation and trial an error. Given that consumers have different tastes and expectation in the rapidly changing world, the industries visualization and protrusions are again subject to the consumer or market tests.

What is consumer behaviour?

Consumer behaviour is the procedure or practice whereby a group of people or an individual make a selection of good or product, or the procurement and the utilization or disposition of goods or products, services, opinion or belief and experiences for the satisfaction of one’s wants and cravings (Sandhusen 217).

Consumer behaviour can also be said to be the study of when an individual or group of people buy a product , their reasons or enthusiasm toward buying of the products, the manner or the way or the extent at which they bought the product , and the location or place where they buy or do not buy their products. In other words there is variety of influence that affects an individual or people in decision or choice making; hence this policy making can be either internal or external.

There is variation in policy making for consumers in that they may buy a product, either use it or dispose it on the long run, because of this they may be thought of as major dramatis personae who require different products aid in their basic needs.

Marketing problems and consumer behaviour issues:

The key aspect of consumer behaviour is the marketing segmentation. Consumers can be grouped into different sections or part, including product usage, demographics and psychological and lifestyle segments. In any industry the market research is vital because it ensures that the manufacturer produces the customer’s actual want or demand and not their imagination or conjecture on the consumers want or need. Whenever, an industry understands the customer’s needs, it helps in improving their marketing strategies. Some of the issues of the consumer are:

  • The industry or company must understand the reaction (thinking, feeling, reasons of any action) of the consumer and the selection of diverse options like brand or products.
  • The consumers influence in relation to environment.
  • Consumer’s behaviour while making decision or shopping for a product.
  • Inadequate knowledge or information of a product control decision-making and marketing result (Perners, “The Psychology of Marketing”).

Consumer behaviour is vital if studied from different perspective and the problem of marketing is the basic point of discussion. The marketing problem is important because it help the company in the understanding and prediction of the consumers need or demand for certain products in addition to the familiarity and preference in the selection of brands. It is also important to give adequate and genuine information to the consumers to avoid the issue of deception and lastly the consumer must expand in their behaviour in making decision when shopping for products (Chien and Moutinho 35).

Promising developmental change of any company or industry for instance the modern emphasis on the relationship of marketing and the practice of database marketing helps the Marketers with the familiarization of the wants and needs of different consumers. The importance of this is that people are authorized in building their consumer space by assessment of different information about a product before buying. The consumer will also be able to contact companies with the help of database through the internet instead of inactive marketing communications.

With the introduction of modern communication technology like the web there has been transformation in the way consumers interact with companies.

The recent technology like the E-commerce allows the consumer in the location of products that are not seen distinctly from different part of the world, thereby helping consumers to share about a product and the recommendation of such products. Although, there is the possibility of problems which accompanies such benefits like: there is little or no privacy in such interactions and the deterioration of customary communal interaction.

Marketing has impacted the consumers massively in that the consumer behaviour is relevant to the perceptive of the public policy issues and the dynamics of popular culture.

In addition to this there’s a saying in public relations that “any publicity is good publicity. If we are to view this critically from the business or marketing perspective one will admit that it is better than something that receives bad publicity than no publicity at all because when the value of manufactured goods is known before consumption or distribution there is a high tendency in the shaping of the demand and the prevalence of the publicized product may be taken as presumptive proof that they affect consumers demand, but the fundamental inquiry about the nature of information being transmitted remains.

In line with this once a product is well publicized and the consumers have good and adequate information on such product there is the tendency of market growth or development of the product, the consumers or people will have adequate information of such product irrespective of how, where, when the product is publicised. A good example of a company that benefited from not just good publicity but also genuine and reliable information to customers is the Toyota motors Plc, which made an extra 100 million dollars from stalling, but with the aid of good publicity they achieved a massive profit from the novel market.

The marketing performance put forth a colossal impact on group people or an individual in that consumer behaviour is relevant to our mutual understanding of public policy issues and the dynamics of well-liked culture. However, the broadened area of consumer behaviour is interdisciplinary; it is made up of an organised study from many broads, sharing an interest on how people work together with the open market. These disciplines can be classified by the level to which their centre of attention is the individual consumer (micro consumer) and the group of people or generously proportioned society (macro consumers).

There are many points of view on the consumer behaviour, but researchers approximately divided it into two approaches that are the positivist and interpretive approach. The positivist point of view, which at present dominates the field of consumer behaviour, lays emphasis on the objectivity of science and the consumer as a reasonable and sensible decision maker. While, the interpretive point of view is in contrast to that of the positivist, in that it emphasises on the importance of the subjective meaning of the consumers individual experience, hence, it suggest that whichever behaviour a consumer performs is subject to diverse interpretations to a certain extent than just a single explanation to it.

In conclusion, to this I think that marketers do not have the ability of controlling the consumers need through the process of efficient marketing methods. However, the marketers can successfully market products by taking the process of demographics and psychographics into consideration, while this will profitably market their products to the intended consumers hence increase in the demand or need.

Works cited

Chien, Charles, S. and Moutinho, Luiz. Problems in marketing: applying key concepts and techniques. California: SAGE, 2007. Print.

Perners, Lars. Consumer Behaviour: The Psychology of Marketing. Department of Marketing Marshall School of Business University of Southern California (Lars Perner), 1999-2008. Print.

Sandhusen, Richard, L. Marketing, Barron’s business review series Business Review Series. New York: Barron’s Educational Series, 2000.

Some Of The Problems That Parents Face Today

Parenting is an onerous responsibility that requires resilience, commitment and above all optimum dedication. Contemporary parenting is even more challenging owing to the changing civilization alongside the new emerging trends on family values and practices. To refer parenting role as merely providing for the material needs is an understatement. On a day to day basis, parents wake up to a host of intriguing situations that require immediate attention. This essay explores some of the dilemmas faced by parents in the modern society.

Firstly, it is imperative to note that in any family set up, conflict is inevitable. However, the level of parental conflict has doubled since the advent of the 20th century. There are several cases of domestic violence which go unreported on a daily basis. Conventionally, wife battering had been a norm for centuries. The scenario has dramatically changed and either of the marital partners may be abused today. The level of abuse ranges from verbal insults to physical harassment. Consequently, divorce and separation has been on the rise with countless families disintegrating.

Loss of jobs is yet another harrowing experience parents go through. It is not certain when a job loss may occur. In most cases, parents who lose their means of livelihood may not have substitute jobs in their possession while at the same time; they have to take care of utility bills such as electricity, water and fuel not to mention the basic necessities. There are instances when parents fail to raise adequate income to financially support their families.

Drug and substance abuse is a chronic problem facing not just parents themselves but also their children. The long term approach in resolving the menace caused by drug and substance abuse has been directed towards the minors. In spite of this, there are a host of parents who find it cumbersome to guide their children on drug and substance abuse because they are equal victims of the same. To worsen the situation, parenting drug ravaged children is a real nightmare. Some parents have resorted to seek professional help in rehabilitating their children while others have given up the fight. As a result, juvenile delinquency is fast becoming a common sight both in the developed and developing world.

The impact of drug and substance abuse is replicated among schoolchildren; poor academic performance coupled with gross indiscipline cases both at home and school. Parents struggle to improve both the academic performance and conduct of such children.

One of the major health concerns in the world today is the rate at which chronic conditions are taking the toll on people’s life. Chronic conditions such as cancer, diabetes, stroke, high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases are more prevalent among middle age and older generation and most parents definitely fall into this category. As already mentioned, parenting is a demanding role. Dealing with ill-health and chronic conditions alongside discharging parenting roles is an uphill task. When job loss and inadequate income are compounded, parents who suffer from poor health may not be in a position to meet the financial demands required for regular medical check-ups, purchasing drugs or maintain a healthy living. Worse still, parents who are not under any medical cover may not be in a position to foot al the medical bills.

In recap, it is vital to reiterate that challenges faced by parents today cannot be exhausted. Ranging from domestic strife to juvenile delinquency, most parents are at crossroads on how to deal with the growing challenges in family set-ups. Problems such as loss of jobs and insufficient income may be resolved within a definite period of time. However, parents who are under chronic health conditions such as those suffering from asthma, cancer or diabetes may not have a quick solution though. They have to content, accept and learn to live with the condition.

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