This literature review explores organizational support’s impact on nurses’ stress and burnout. Nursing is a demanding profession characterized by long working hours and high levels of responsibility, which sometimes exposes nurses to high levels of stress and burnout. Organizational support is a fundamental approach to mitigating the adverse effects of burnout and stress among nurses. The increasingly negative effects of stress and burnout on nurses and healthcare facilities, such as high turnover rates, diminished service quality, and heightened fatalities, underscore the significance of understanding the role of organizational support in supporting nurses. Recognizing the impact of organizational support in mitigating these challenges is crucial for promoting nurse well-being and enhancing healthcare organizations’ overall functioning and outcomes. The scope of this literature review encompasses analyzing the causes and impacts of burnout and stress on nurses and analyzing the implications and nature of organizational support on nurse burnout.
According to Shah et al. (2021), burnout and stress among nurses are linked to high workload, exposure to emotionally challenging situations, organizational factors, and lack of social support. The constant pressure to provide quality care in a limited time frame, long operating hours, and inadequate staffing levels contribute to nurses’ burnout as they feel overwhelmed and unable to meet the job demands. The source Shah et al. (2021) provides valuable insights into the prevalence of nurse burnout in the US and associated factors. The study’s large sample size and rigorous methodology enhance its credibility.
Consequently, the study by Hetzel et al. (2019) highlights that poor organizational culture, ineffective communication, and inadequate support systems within healthcare organizations contribute to burnout and stress among nurses. Inefficient support systems, including limited resources and staffing, increase workload and heightened stress levels, resulting in burnout among nurses. Using primary data collected through online surveys and a comprehensive literature review by Hetzel et al. (2019), the source enhances its credibility in providing insights into the mediating role of work engagement and resiliency in buffering against burnout.
Burnout and stress, according to Maslach & Leiter (2016), adversely impact the physical health and emotional well-being of nurses, contribute to job dissatisfaction and high turnover rates, and decrease patient care quality. Burnout and chronic stress manifest in physical symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, headaches, gastrointestinal problems, and a weakened immune system. Nurses experiencing burnout and high stress develop health issues and chronic conditions (Hetzel et al., 2019). This study by Maslach & Leiter (2016) provides comprehensive research on the burnout experience and its implications for psychiatry. However, the source needs to be stronger as it primarily focuses on the impact on psychiatry, potentially limiting its generalizability to other healthcare settings.
Additionally, a study by Kamali et al. (2020) indicates that burnout and stress among nurses lead to emotional exhaustion, feelings of detachment, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. Burnout makes nurses experience increased levels of irritability, mood swings, anxiety, and depression. Emotional exhaustion diminishes nurses’ ability to provide empathetic and compassionate care to patients. This article by Kamali et al. (2020) effectively addresses the timely and relevant topic of burnout in a public health crisis. However, this source needs more detailed information on the study methodology and sample characteristics, impacting the effectiveness of its credibility.
Different organizational support plays a significant role in mitigating burnout and stress among nurses. According to Poghosyan et al. (2020), adequate staffing levels, provision of necessary resources and equipment, provision of emotional support programs, and enhancement of training and professional development services as key organizational factors helping to mitigate the adverse effects of burnout. Offering professional growth and development opportunities demonstrates organizational investment in nurses’ careers. Providing access to training programs, continuing education, and career advancement opportunities enhance nurses’ skills and promotes job satisfaction and engagement, mitigating burnout (Poghosyan et al., 2020). This study by Poghosyan et al. (2020) provides valuable insights into the importance of organizational support for NPs in primary care. The article’s strength relies on its effective use of the primary research method, a survey, with a significant number of participants for the study.
Adequate provision of organizational support directly correlates to reduced burnout, increased job satisfaction, improved mental health, and enhanced employee retention in healthcare facilities (Li et al., 2020). Nurses are likely to feel valued and respected when they experience organizational support. This increases job satisfaction, motivation, and engagement, resulting in a favorable work environment. Similarly, organizational practices that promote work-life balance, and provide counseling services, positively impact nurses’ mental health by lowering the risk of burnout and other mental health concerns (Li et al., 2020). This article by Li et al. (2020) effectively examines the relationship between perceived organizational support, job control, and job satisfaction among nurses. Likewise, using a quantitative research design and a large sample size enhances the generalizability of the findings of this study.
This literature review has examined organizational support’s impact on nurses’ stress and burnout. The findings indicate that organizational support directly correlates to reduced stress and burnout levels among nurses, leading to improved job satisfaction and overall well-being. However, gaps exist in the literature, for instance, the need for in-depth research on specific types of organizational support, their impacts on nurses’ burnout levels, and the long-term effects of organizational support interventions as mitigating factors for stress and burnout. Future studies should address these gaps to provide a more comprehensive understanding of how organizational support can effectively mitigate stress and burnout in nurses.
Hetzel, M. D., Swords, B. A., Tuang, H. L., Deck, J. M., & Spurgeon, N. S. (2019). Work engagement and resiliency impact the relationship between nursing stress and burnout. Psychological Reports, 123(5), 1835-1853. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294119876076
Kamali, M., Sadati, A. K., Khademi, M. R., Ghahramani, S., Zarei, L., Ghaemi, S. Z., … & Lankarani, K. B. (2020). Burnout among nurses during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak in Shiraz. Galen Medical Journal, 9, e1956. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8343654/
Li, X., Zhang, Y., Yan, D., Wen, F., & Zhang, Y. (2020). Nurses’ intention to stay: The impact of perceived organizational support, job control and job satisfaction. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 76(5), 1141-1150. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.14305
Maslach, C., & Leiter, M. P. (2016). Understanding the burnout experience: Recent research and its implications for psychiatry. World Psychiatry, 15(2), 103-111. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20311
Poghosyan, L., Ghaffari, A., Liu, J., & McHugh, M. D. (2020). Organizational support for nurse practitioners in primary care and workforce outcomes. Nursing Research, 69(4), 280-288. https://journals.lww.com/nursingresearchonline/Fulltext/2020/07000/Organizational
Shah, M. K., Gandrakota, N., Cimiotti, J. P., Ghose, N., Moore, M., & Ali, M. K. (2021). Prevalence of and factors associated with nurse burnout in the US. JAMA Network Open, 4(2), e2036469. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.36469
The Role Of Logic And Insight In Liberal Arts Education And Human Understanding Free Essay
The definition and understanding processes are highlighted, with a particular emphasis on the birth of a definition, in the paragraph birth from Lonergan’s “Insight: A Study of Human Understanding”. According to Lonergan, the waking of one’s intelligence, which denotes a liberation from biological urges and daily routines, is the first stage in this process. A person’s awareness undergoes a fundamental transformation during this awakening, prompting them to start considering and realizing their potential for intelligence. The verse claims that when an animal is idle, it goes to sleep, but when a man is idle, he may ask questions.
The emergence of one’s intelligence inspires wonder and a thirst for understanding. It offers a chance for introspection and signals a change from regular and commonplace parts of life. People have the ability to transcend their immediate needs and engage in academic activities. This enlivening creates an innate curiosity and a desire to explore and understand our broad environment.
When people become aware of their intelligence, they realize that life is more than just surviving. They begin to question the concept of the natural world in search of solutions and nuggets of information. This awareness serves as a motivator for intellectual advancement. It enables for the exploration of more profound truths by releasing the intellect from the limitations of primal urges.
The process of creating a definition and realizing one’s intelligence is a transforming one that awakens one’s intrinsic interest and capacity for intellectual inquiry. It represents a significant break from the limitations of biological urges and the mundane routines of everyday life, launching people into a world of wonder and adventure. This epiphany serves as an essential catalyst, stimulating curiosity and establishing the foundation for the succeeding stages of the complex definition and understanding process.
When people become aware of their intelligence, they go beyond the sphere of basic survival and start an intellectual quest to understand the secrets of the world. They may now reflect, probe more deeply into the essence of reality, and engage in the profound process of making meaning of their existence as a result of this awakening. Through this enlivening, the seeds of interest are planted, driving people to investigate, look for replies, and take a stab at experiences that lead to a more extensive comprehension of themselves and the universe they occupy.
Second question: How does cooperation between imagination and intellectual effort contribute to insight?
Answer: In lecture nine, in the time stamp (19: 14), the instructor discusses the role of cooperation between imagination and intellectual effort in insight. Collaboration between creativity and intellectual effort is crucial in developing and refining sense. The instructor explains that when released from other concerns, imagination can work in tandem with philosophical attempts to aid in understanding. Vision, in this context, refers to the ability to form mental images and envision possibilities.
During insight, imagination strives to align itself with intelligent suppositions. It runs parallel to these suppositions while also setting limits on speculation, staying within the boundaries of what can be imagined. This cooperation helps shape and refine intellectual inquiry’s direction, as the imagination allows for exploring various possibilities while intellectual effort provides the framework for rational analysis.
Imagination’s role in this cooperation is not limited to mere speculation. It actively contributes to formulating images that approximate the concepts being developed (20: 21). These images bridge abstract concepts and concrete understanding. They aid in visualizing and comprehending complex ideas, making them more accessible and relatable.
However, the intellectual endeavor offers the structure and discipline required to direct the creative process. It makes sure that conjecture is sensible and logically coherent. In order to ensure that the concepts created by imagination are in line with a wider framework of knowledge and understanding, the intellectual effort serves to clarify and validate them. Iterative and dynamic processes underlie the collaboration of intellectual endeavor and creativity. As both faculties influence and inform one another, it necessitates ongoing modifications. While intellectual endeavor gives critical analysis and assessment, imagination opens up new philosophical areas for investigation.
In conclusion, the cooperation between imagination and intellectual effort enhances the process of insight by combining imaginative exploration with rigorous philosophical analysis. This collaboration allows for developing a deeper understanding of complex concepts by bridging the gap between abstract ideas and concrete visualization.
Crowe, Frederick E., and Robert M. Doran, eds. Collected Works of Bernard Lonergan: Insight: A Study of Human Understanding. Lonergan Research Institute of Regis College, Toronto, 1992.
Houser, Rollen Edward. Logic as a Liberal Art: An Introduction to Rhetoric and Reasoning. Catholic University of America Press, 2019.
Ph.D., Eric A. Mabry. 2023. “LS1301, Lecture 10: Terms.” Vimeo. January 18, 2023. https://vimeo.com/790618460/78d717d1f1?share=copy.
Ph.D., Eric A. Mabry. 2023. “LS1301, Lecture 9: Understanding.” Vimeo. January 17, 2023. https://vimeo.com/790266409/3d50fe982d?share=copy.
The Snow-Shower By William Cullen Bryant Essay Example
In addition to capturing the beauty and peace of a snowstorm, William Cullen Bryant’s poem “The Snow-Shower” also dives into deeper themes and meditations on life and death. Bryant asks readers to consider the transient essence of life and the ability of nature to inspire awe and meditation via the skillful use of a variety of poetic forms, imagery, and a well-structured framework. The poem opens with an exquisitely described sight of a snowstorm that is peaceful and entrancing (Bryant, 1836). Bryant compares the snowflakes to “the down of angels,” stressing their ethereal and fragile character to construct a vivid image in the reader’s imagination. The speaker’s reference to the “snow-shower” as a “mimic war” evokes a lighthearted feeling and a reminder of how fleeting life is. Snowflakes fall fast and softly, like soldiers in combat, blanketing the landscape in a delicate white blanket that evokes a feeling of holiness and calm.
The entire impact of the poem is enhanced by Bryant’s word selection. Words like “pale,” “pure,” “chaste,” and “white-robed” highlight the purity and splendor of the snowfall. The alliteration in words like “plume-like” and “starry shower” gives the line a melodic character that heightens the enchantment (Bryant, 1836). The poet inspires readers to appreciate the complexities of nature and discover a surprise in the most essential things by paying close attention to detail while describing how the snowflakes cling to branches and twigs. The tone of the poem gradually changes as the speaker ponders the snowfall’s deeper significance. In the verse “O beautiful! O beautiful! / How like to us, of mortals here,” Bryant draws a comparison between the transient nature of snowflakes and human existence. The transitory and beautiful snowflakes are a somber reminder of our passing. The repeated exclamation “O beautiful!” conveys the speaker’s amazement and admiration at the snowfall while simultaneously suggesting a melancholy recognition of life’s fleeting nature.
Bryant uses a variety of literary techniques to increase the poem’s effect. The personification technique lends the snowflakes agency by referring to them as “winged things” and “viewless,” which gives the image a hint of enchantment. The poem’s rhymed quatrain form, which uses an ABAB rhyme scheme, imitates the rhythm and harmony of falling snowflakes. The poem’s regular meter adds to its melody and supports the notion of balance and natural order.
The interaction between people and the environment is one of the main topics of “The Snow-Shower.” Bryant believes in the ability to contemplate nature and enhance one’s soul. The arrival of snow serves as a stimulus for reflection, serving to remind us of the transient nature of life and encourage us to savor its beauty while we still can. “The Snow-Shower” also has the concept of rebirth and change as a significant topic. Bryant compares snowflakes to “the down of angels” and calls them “flowers that in the wilderness” These similarities inspire feelings of development and rebirth (Bryant, 1836). Snowflakes represent the perpetual cycle of life and death because, like flowers, they blossom briefly before melting away.
In conclusion, William Cullen Bryant’s poem “The Snow-Shower” goes beyond just describing a snowstorm. The poem examines ideas of transience, death, and the bond between people and the environment via its vivid imagery, deft word choice, and reflective tone. The expert use of poetic tropes by Bryant and the well-planned framework enthrall the reader, luring them to consider the ephemeral beauty of life and find consolation in the eternal force of nature’s charms.
Bryant, W. (1836). Poems.