The Impacts Of Mega Events On Tourism In The United Kingdom Writing Sample


The United Kingdom has a rich cultural heritage, and many events and festivals occur throughout the year. This shows different aspects of the country’s history and traditions. Mega events are extensive, extraordinary events that attract many visitors from all over the world. These events are often organized for specific reasons and purposes, such as sports, culture, or entertainment. Examples of mega events include the Olympic Games. Mega events have significant economic benefits to the host and neighboring communities.

Below are some reasons why these extraordinary events are essential. First, the events contribute to economic development for the countries holding them (Lee et al., 2017). The events promote tourism, create job opportunities and enable the host countries to develop infrastructure through the revenue collected from the events. The mega events allow the host country to be recognized internationally, which opens it up to transnational trade, foreign exchange, and diplomatic relations.

The social and cultural impacts of the mega events include bringing together people from different backgrounds and promoting diversity and inclusion. Therefore, understanding mega-events effects can help policymakers and event organizers better plan and manage future events, ensuring they are sustainable, beneficial, and enjoyable for all stakeholders. People participate in sports as spectators in broadcasting and social media. The state is now cognizant of the place of these mega events in the cultural and social development of societies (Houlihan et al., 2015).

This research project will only focus on the United Kingdom to understand the impact of the mega events in the United Kingdom and its environment. Several surveys have been carried out about the above topic and will be used during this research. The report argues whether mega events impact sustainable development in the UK. The result of sustainable transportation systems in the UK for mega events has positively impacted the tourism industry in the UK. The project also focuses on the impact of improving the accessibility of mega-event venues for visitors with a disability. It is expected that improving accessibility can increase tourism. This project also argues that mega-events can create jobs for residents during and after the event.

Literature Review

Transport is an essential aspect of the tourism industry as it facilitates the movement of tourists from one destination to another. Using sustainable transportation systems has been identified as an effective means of promoting the growth of the tourism industry while minimizing negative environmental impacts (Pucher et al., 2017). The development of sustainable transportation systems in the UK for mega events has positively impacted the overall tourism industry. Sound transportation systems in the UK have positively impacted the tourism industry during mega-events. Studies have shown that sustainable transportation options such as cycling and walking paths, public transportation, and car-sharing services reduce the tourism industry’s carbon footprint. Additionally, using sustainable transportation systems helps minimize congestion and pollution, improving the overall quality of life for tourists and locals (Boluk et al., 2019). The development of sustainable transportation systems for mega events contributes to the overall economic growth of the tourism industry.

Sustainable transportation systems have been shown to attract more tourists to the UK, thereby increasing the demand for hotels, restaurants, and other tourism-related services. All persons benefit from sustainable tourism as the assets used during mega evens open up the host communities for international trade(Preuss & Holger, 2018). This increased demand creates more job opportunities and generates revenue for local businesses and the government. Despite the agreement in the literature on the positive impacts of sustainable transportation systems on the tourism industry, some studies have identified potential challenges in implementing these systems. For instance, some researchers have noted that the high cost of developing and maintaining sustainable transportation infrastructure could be a barrier to their widespread adoption (Sharifi et al., 2018)

One area of contradiction in the literature is the extent to which the development of sustainable transportation systems for mega events is sustainable in the long term. Some studies have suggested that the development of transportation infrastructure for mega events is for a short time and does not last for long. These studies argue that the emphasis on short-term solutions could result in a lack of long-term planning, leading to a decline in the sustainability of transportation systems after the event. Conversely, other researchers have suggested that developing transportation infrastructure for mega events facilitates long-term sustainability in the tourism industry (Gossling et al., 2021). They argue that the infrastructure developed for mega events can be transformed and used for ongoing sustainable transportation systems that benefit the tourism industry in the long term

The second argument surrounding sustainable transport and tourism is the ability of the former to promote development in rural areas. Only the urban areas benefit from infrastructural developments from sports and cultural days. Although rural areas also play an essential role in the tourism industry, they only benefit a little from mega-events (Lekovik et al, 2020). Some studies have suggested that developing sustainable transportation systems in rural areas could positively impact the tourism industry by providing access to previously inaccessible destinations. However, others have argued that the unique characteristics of rural areas make implementing sustainable transportation systems more challenging. For example, the low population density in rural areas could make it more difficult to justify the investment in sustainable transportation infrastructure (Salvatore et al., 2018)

Accessibility is a critical factor in tourism and mega-events, as it enables visitors with disabilities to participate in the activities and experiences fully. According to the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), approximately 15% of the global population has some form of disability(WHO Policy on disability. 2021). This is likely to increase due to population aging and other factors. Ensuring that tourism and event venues are accessible to all visitors is a matter of social responsibility and inclusivity and has economic benefits. It can increase visitor satisfaction, loyalty, and expenditure and enhance the destination’s reputation and the event.

Several studies have focused on the laws and policy frameworks that regulate accessibility in tourism and mega-events (Whelan et al., 2020). These frameworks include national and international laws, regulations, guidelines, standards, corporate policies, and best practices. Researchers have found that not all mega events adhere to the laws and policies of sustainable tourism and development. Some of the reasons why planners fail to adhere to the laws and policies governing mega-events are minimum, inconsistent, or poor enforcement which can lead to barriers and discrimination against visitors with disabilities(Horne &John, 2017). However, they also suggest that improving accessibility can significantly enhance the satisfaction and enjoyment of visitors with disabilities, leading to increased loyalty and positive referrals to other people.

Hosting mega events could create short-term employment for residents, with the potential for long-term job growth in some cases. Furthermore, research suggests that mega-events can also have indirect employment benefits, such as increased spending by tourists and visitors, which can boost local economies and create new job opportunities. Research suggests there can be a need for more local hiring in some cases, with event organizers bringing in outside labor instead of hiring residents. This can lead to tensions between event organizers and local communities. There are also contradictions and controversies in the literature on the employment benefits of mega-events. They argue that mega-events can lead to the displacement of local businesses, as event-related construction and infrastructure projects may divert resources away from other sectors of the economy. This can result in net job losses in some cases. Another controversial issue in the literature is how mega-events create low-quality, insecure jobs. Most jobs created by mega events are low-skilled and low-paid, with little opportunity for career progression. This can lead to a situation where residents are employed but are still struggling to make ends meet due to low wages and insecure employment (Baum et al., 2019)


Gössling, S., & Higham, J. (2021). The low-carbon imperative: Destination management under urgent climate change. Journal of Travel Research60(6), 1167-1179.

Houlihan, B., & Malcolm, D. (Eds.). (2015). Sport and society: a student introduction. Sage.

Lee, C. K., Mjelde, J. W., & Kwon, Y. J. (2017). Estimating the economic impact of a mega-event on host and neighboring regions. Leisure Studies36(1), 138-152.

Leković, M., Cvijanović, D., Pantić, N., & Stanišić, T. (2020). Evaluative bibliometric analysis of recent trends in rural tourism literature. Економика пољопривреде67(4), 1265-1282.

Preuss, H. (2018). A framework for identifying the legacies of a mega sports event. In Leveraging Mega-Event Legacies (pp. 29–50). Routledge.

Pucher, J., & Buehler, R. (2017). Cycling towards a more sustainable transport future. Transport Reviews37(6), 689-694.

Salvatore, R., Chiodo, E., & Fantini, A. (2018). Tourism transition in peripheral rural areas: Theories, issues, and strategies. Annals of Tourism Research68, 41-51.

Sharifi, A., & Yamagata, Y. (2018). Resilient urban form: A conceptual framework. Resilience-oriented urban planning: Theoretical and empirical insights, 167-179.

Whelan, C., & Molnar, A. (2020). Managing flows during mega-events: taking account of internal and external flows in public order policing operations. In The Policing of Flows (pp. 12-33). Routledge.

The Other Side Of Truth Writing Sample

The Other Side of Truth, written by Beverly Naidoo, is an eye-opening exploration of adults’ influence on children’s lives. After their mother is murdered in Nigeria for speaking out against official corruption, the protagonist of the book, Sade, and the protagonist’s younger brother, Femi, are compelled to flee their home in Nigeria. Sade and Femi quickly realized that their safety in London, where they were sent to live with their father, was also in jeopardy after they were abducted and sent there.

Naidoo delves deeply into the myriad ways adults can assist or hinder children’s development. For instance, Sade’s father is initially cold and uninvolved, which contributes to Sade’s feelings of being unloved and alone in the world. Adults, supposed to be young people’s primary caregivers and protectors, fail to provide adequate direction and support, putting many children and teenagers in perilous situations.

Naidoo uses Sade’s life as an example of the repercussions for a child when their primary caregivers are not around. Despite the numerous obstacles that life throws her way, Sade is a courageous and resourceful person who can make it through each day. As a result of her travels, she forms relationships with other young people, such as Justin and Mariam, who serve as sources of inspiration and reassurance for her.

One of the most important lessons that young people can learn from this book is the value of being a part of a community. Friendships with other children give Sade the strength to overcome her isolation and help her feel less alone. The thoughtfulness of her classmates is an illustration of how a supportive community can assist children and adolescents who are going through difficult times.

In addition, Naidoo investigates the role that children’s imagination plays in assisting them in overcoming challenging circumstances. Sade finds release and a deeper understanding of herself through the therapeutic practices of writing and storytelling. The act of writing enables her to think back on her experiences and comprehend the world that is all around her. This highlights the importance of giving children the freedom to creatively express themselves in ways that have personal meaning.

The reader will also learn how adults can place challenges in their children’s paths to navigate if they want their children to grow up healthy and content. The majority of the adults that Sade comes in contact with, including social workers and attorneys, cannot satisfy her fundamental requirements because they either do not comprehend her situation or simply do not care. When young people interact with adults who do not try to hear them out and appreciate their point of view, this problem frequently arises. This is a common challenge for young people.

Naidoo’s portrayal of these adults as unable to support Sade brings to light the significance of paying attention to the requirements of young people and placing a high level of importance on them. All too frequently, adults put their own agendas or biases ahead of the requirements of the young people in their care. By describing the detrimental effects that this can have on a child’s life, Naidoo encourages readers to consider how they can contribute to alleviating children’s suffering and advancing their potential.

Our main character Sade’s journey demonstrates the power of perseverance and making conscious decisions in the face of adversity. Despite the many obstacles in her path, she ultimately gains the confidence to trust her innate abilities and the knowledge she has gained. Children can triumph over challenging circumstances if provided with the encouragement and resources they require.

The importance of taking action to fix systemic issues that have a negative effect on children’s lives is another theme emphasized throughout the book. The importance of openness and responsibility in political relationships is brought home by Sade’s personal experiences with the violence and corruption in Nigeria. By drawing attention to these issues, Naidoo encourages readers to contemplate how they can contribute to advancing justice and equity in their communities.

A profound analysis of adults’ influence on children’s lives can be found throughout The Other Side of Truth in its entirety. Naidoo illustrates both the potential for good and the potential for harm that can result from adults failing to pay attention to and prioritize the needs of children through the narrative of Sade.


Naidoo, B., 2007. The other side of truth. Penguin UK.

The Relationship Between Social Sciences, Methodologies, And Data Types Essay Sample For College

I observed a variety of approaches and data types utilized in social science research while researching substance addiction and its effects on human services. Case studies, surveys, and experiments were a few frequently utilized methodologies, and qualitative and quantitative data were common data kinds. In social science research, the methodology and data types chosen can greatly impact the study’s conclusions. For instance, a quantitative researcher will gather numerical data that may be examined through statistical techniques (Pandey & Pandey, 2021). Comparatively, qualitative research methods emphasise data collection through focus groups, interviews, and observations (Pandey & Pandey, 2021). Choosing one methodology over another might greatly impact the research findings. When examining substance misuse, for instance, a researcher may neglect the subjective experiences of those who are addicted if they choose a quantitative approach.

However, it is evident from reading Kevin’s piece that the study of criminal justice and homeland security greatly emphasises mixed-method and quantitative research. The nature of the research issues and the requirement for empirical evidence to make sensible decisions in the field are probably to blame. Kevin’s inquiry about the PATRIOT Act is a great illustration. Mixed-methods research is also common in this area since it enables researchers to collect both quantitative and qualitative data to address challenging research problems. There are some similarities and distinctions when compared to my area of study, human services, with a focus on substance misuse. Like Kevin’s, human services research frequently applies quantitative and qualitative research techniques. However, qualitative research is more frequently employed in my sector because it enables a deeper comprehension of intricate social concerns. Kevin’s field, however, makes greater use of quantitative research techniques to gather empirical data.

Moving on to Ashly’s post, it is obvious that the human services field, namely Child and Family Services, focuses on quantitative research. This is probably because the research issues in this area frequently need empirical data to conclude. Ashly’s study subject examines why some trauma victims exhibit minimal or no symptoms. In contrast, others exhibit severe symptoms, a perfect example that calls for quantifiable data. There are certain similarities and differences compared to my field. Quantitative techniques are used in substance addiction research and human services to collect empirical data. However, there is also a significant emphasis on qualitative research techniques in my field since they enable a deeper comprehension of the intricate societal concerns related to substance abuse.

The technique and data type choices significantly impact the significance and validity of the research findings in social science studies. For this reason, it is crucial to determine carefully which data types and methodologies are most appropriate for the research subject being examined.

I found some disparities when I contrasted the methodology trends in criminal justice and homeland security with those in human services. While Kevin acknowledged that mixed-methods research was common in his area, the focus on quantitative analysis in human services research seemed more prominent. Quantitative research approaches are more effective at analyzing data from big populations, which human services researchers frequently work with (Stockemer, 2019). Using quantitative methodologies in human services research could result in disregarding the subjective experiences of persons, which is a crucial component of providing human services, regarding the influence of their preferences (Stockemer, 2019). A more thorough grasp of the subject under study might also be achieved by applying mixed-methods analysis. Social science studies may need more generalizability or a lack of perspectives. Thus, a study on one population may not apply to others. Similarly, a Western-focused study may not consider other civilizations’ experiences. Therefore, social sciences, methodology, and data types interact complexly, and the choices can greatly affect research results. Considering the pros and cons of different methods and data sources helps researchers be thorough and accurate.


Pandey, P., & Pandey, M. M. (2021). Research methodology tools and techniques. Bridge Center.

Stockemer, D. (2019). Quantitative methods for the social sciences a practical introduction with examples in SPSS and Stata. by the registered company Springer Nature Switzerland AG.