The Indian Wars brought disastrous consequences to the native people of America, who suffered from discriminatory practices on a large scale. At that time, Jackson wrote that Indians were considered to have “no legal rights to any lands” after refusing to settle in specified locations (101). Such hostile behavior turned people’s lives into horror, causing numerous casualties and forcing them to resign from their ways of living due to the United States’ continuous growth.
The nation’s economy was the driving force behind this persecution of the native population. The primary motivation for the conflict was the fact that Native Americans controlled a significant part of lands that were essential for the United States economy and expansion (American Yawp). While the encounters turned negative once settlers began to look for prospects in the West, the fights broke mainly between different forces. The American military groups that were sent to move Native Americans from their lands forcefully became their main combat opponents, as the refusal to leave was met with weaponized coercion (American Yawp). The outcome was disastrous for the Indians, who lacked the firepower to match their opponents. After many defeats on the battlefield, tribe leaders agreed to peace, which limited their rights significantly (American Yawp). Native Americans’ culture, freedom, and social structures took a substantial hit as a consequence of this event.
In conclusion, the Indian Wars that were started out of Americans’ strive for expansion led to a massive loss of life for many native tribes. Settlers who sought to explore the West did not plan on sharing the land with the existing communities, asking the government to send the Army for assistance. As an outcome, Native Americans have driven off their lands into reservations, while those refusing to accept such a fate were destined to be hunted by the U.S. military forces.
Jackson, Helen H. A Century of Dishonor. Digital Scanning, Inc., 2001.
The American Yawp. Stanford University Press, 2019.
Industrialization And Its Effects On The World
Was industrialization good for everyone? If so, why? If not, who benefited from it, and who suffered because of it?
The XIX century is the period of the establishment of a new, industrial society. This technique was significantly influenced by the Industrial Revolution. By the 1830s it was completed in England, in the 1870s it happened in France, Germany and Austria (Locke and Wright 176). As a result of the industrialization process, the strict restrictions of pre-industrial society were eliminated, which led to dependence on natural and climatic conditions, when the imperfection of technologies could not help in eliminating hunger and epidemics (Locke and Wright 180). Therefore, even while industrialization had some short-term drawbacks, such as a decline in employment, from a global viewpoint it was for the advantage of all.
Population growth stimulated the development of the economy. The industrial state can be characterized by the emergence of a large working class. In the 1860s and 1880s, political parties took shape in most European countries, which turned into mass political organizations, including workers who benefited from it (Cleveland para. 20). The first Liberal Party was formed in England in 1861 (Locke and Wright 183). There were two-party systems in England and the USA, liberals and conservatives in the UK, and Republican and Democrat parties appeared in the USA (Locke and Wright 184). A two-party system was absolutely necessary for the implementation of the changes that guaranteed the nation’s political evolution would be very stable and predictable.
The prevalence of capital export over products export was a defining trait of industrialization. These processes led to the internationalization of economic life (Cleveland para. 12). In turn, this was the impetus for lifestyle changes. The appearance of cars, trams, telephones and cinema changed people’s way of life.
Cleveland, Grover. Veto of the Texas Seed Bill. 1887.
Locke, Joseph, and Ben Wright. The American Yawp: A Massively Collaborative Open U.S. History Textbook, Vol. 1: To 1877. Stanford University Press, 2019.
Globalization And Its Impact On The World
A phenomenon that gathered speed after World War II, globalization has tremendously impacted the international economy, society, and culture by enabling greater interconnectedness and cross-border exchange of people and ideas. Globalization is a complex phenomenon that has benefited developed countries economically while unfairly distributing wealth to underdeveloped nations and disenfranchising people inside rich nations.
Increased cross-border trade in products and services is one noticeable effect of globalization, which helps developing nations with open trade and international investment experience economic progress. Less developed countries in Africa and Latin America have encountered distinct economic advantages during their development compared to more developed nations. Poverty and its effects continue to pose a significant challenge in these areas.
Goods Across the World by Bridgette Byrd O’Connor highlights the impact of globalization on the retail sector. Cross-border trade has experienced substantial expansion, enabling retailers to source goods globally (O’Connor, 2019a). Outsourcing retail jobs to countries with lower labor costs has resulted in unemployment among retail workers, despite the benefit of a more comprehensive selection of products at lower consumer prices.
The World Trade Organization (WTO), established in 1995, aims to promote international trade and remove trade barriers among nations. The WTO has effectively decreased tariffs and other trade obstacles, but some argue it prioritizes developed nations over developing ones (O’Connor, 2019c). Developing countries continue to rely on primary commodity exports, such as oil and minerals, while developed nations profit from the trade of value-added products.
The phenomenon of the “spiky world” provides evidence for the assertion that globalization has not yielded uniform benefits for all individuals. According to O’Connor’s (2019b) argument in “Is the World Flat or Spiky?”, globalization has resulted in the clustering of economic activity in select global cities, including New York, London, and Tokyo. Cities are now global hubs for business, innovation, and culture, drawing highly skilled and accomplished individuals from diverse regions (O’Connor, 2019b). Underdeveloped regions in developing countries need to be addressed by the global economy.
On the other hand, with the growing interconnectedness in the world, various problems appear that must be solved by joint efforts. First of all, this is reflected in the growing awareness reflected in the need to implement a more systematic and safe environmental policy (Dalby, 2013). In conditions of strong codependency in the world, it is necessary to take into account how each aspect of activity affects the environment (Dalby, 2013). Many opponents of globalization point out that people face problems that were caused by it and can lead to a significant deterioration in people’s lives (Pinker, 2018). However, in fact, there is rapid development in the world, improving the health and happiness of people in many parts of the world (Pinker, 2018). This is due to the fact that the population all over the planet actively interacts and shares knowledge that allows them to adhere to stability and security. However, do not forget that any human action has a response in the environment, therefore it is important to observe the natural balance.
In conclusion, globalization has brought significant changes and advancements to our world. Globalization has enabled international trade, cultural exchange, and technological progress, increasing prosperity and interconnectedness. Nevertheless, it has intensified economic disparity, political unrest, and ecological deterioration. Policymakers must consider the adverse effects of globalization and strive to establish a fair and sustainable global framework. Individuals should promote ethical consumption and advocate for social and environmental justice. Solving the challenges presented by globalization is necessary to establish a fair and impartial world for everyone.
Dalby, Simon. Geographies of Global Environmental Security. Falkner, 2013.
O’Connor, Bridgette Byrd. “Goods Across the World.” World History Project, 2019a.
O’Connor, Bridgette Byrd. “Is the World Flat or Spiky?” World History Project, 2019b.
O’Connor, Bridgette Byrd. “WTO Resistance.” World History Project, 2019c.
Pinker, Steven. Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress. Penguin, 2018.