“The Jilting Of Granny Weatherall” Analysis Sample Assignment

The Jilting of Granny Weatherall by Katherine Ann Porter is a short story focusing on an elderly woman on her “death bed”. Although surrounded by some family, the majority of the narrative delves into her thoughts before she passes away. In her final moments, Granny Weatherall reveals much about her thoughts and values. Notably, she displays a strong sense of denial. The story commences in Granny Weatherall’s room.

In her bed, Granny Weatherall converses with Harry, her daughter’s husband and a doctor. Relations between Granny Weatherall and Harry are strained, as she is not particularly fond of him and often gives him a frosty reception. Likewise, Harry does not hold Granny Weatherall in high regard. At first glance, Granny Weatherall may appear to be a grumpy elderly woman; however, further reading reveals that her disapproving attitude is reserved specifically for Harry. After Harry exits the room, he discusses Granny Weatherall’s illness with his wife, Cornelia. Overhearing their conversation, Granny Weatherall becomes furious. She asserts that she is perfectly fine and has previously endured more severe diseases with great determination.

Despite Harry’s attempts to investigate the cause of her illness, she adamantly denies being sick, claiming that she has been prepared for death for more than two decades. Despite initially having a hopeful outlook on what lies ahead, I believe she is rejecting the truth. Later in the story, she discloses information about her history and previous romantic involvements, including George’s failed marriage proposal. While being abandoned by George on their wedding day caused tremendous anguish, she reassures Cornelia that her life has had meaning and that she has recovered everything he stole from her.

Reflecting on the beautiful life she once shared with John, she ponders and yearns for their reunion, revealing her enduring affection for him. Nonetheless, even in her advanced age, Granny Weatherall has not completely let go of George. Although she proclaims to have conquered her love for him, the fact that thoughts of him persist implies her resistance to acknowledging any lingering emotions. Furthermore, Granny Weatherall’s treatment of Cornelia, her daughter, serves as further evidence of this denial. Despite mistreating Cornelia, Granny Weatherall remains oblivious or perhaps unintentionally behaves in such a manner.

In the story, it is mentioned that Cornelia is a terrible housekeeper, while the narrator believes she is superior and a more diligent worker. As the story progresses, it becomes evident that Granny Weatherall’s illness is impairing her thinking and decision-making abilities. When Cornelia returns to the room, she engages in disjointed conversation and appears unaware of the current situation. Cornelia informs Granny Weatherall that the priest has arrived, leading to the narrator’s excitement as they both enjoy having tea and conversing.

She is unaware that he is coming because they think she will die soon, indicating her denial of death. Granny Weatherall fails to realize the burden she imposes on her daughters. Her state of denial not only distresses them but also creates obstacles for their attempts to assist her. Despite her illness possibly clouding her judgment, it appears that this has been her attitude throughout her life.

Despite experiencing deep hurt in her youth from George, Granny managed to overcome it and lead a triumphant life. She did not let this hinder her progress and successfully raised daughters while enjoying a prosperous marriage with John. Even after his passing, she continued to live life fully. As a nurse, she selflessly cared for others in her own unique way. However, denial was clearly a recurring aspect of her life.

A Green World In Shakespeare’s Play

According to Northrop Frye, a green world is a place where characters go to escape the restrictive waking world of the city and where imagination, magic, and dreams dwell. In Shakespeare’s play A Midsummer Night’s Dream, the woods serve as the green world and play a significant role. This is evident when Puck, a fairy with magical powers, creates complex love attractions between Lysander, Demetrius, Hermia and Helena.

There is evidence in the play that the woods represent the green world. This is shown when Puck uses his powers to exact Oberon’s revenge on Titania and turn Bottom’s head into a donkey’s head. Puck’s magic spells also manipulate the complex love affair between Lysander, Demetrius, Hermia, and Helena in the woods. In A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Puck sees Lysander and Hermia sleeping in the woods and spreads juice on Lysander causing him to fall in love with Helena instead of Hermia. Unfortunately, Helena wakes up Lysander and he immediately falls for her.

Helena claims that Lysander’s true love is Hermia, but he denies it by saying that Hermia means nothing to him. Lysander exclaims, Content with Hermia! No; I do repent / The tedious minutes I have with her have spent. / Not Hermia but Helena I love” (II, ii, 111-113). Helena thinks that Lysander is mocking her and she leaves. However, Lysander follows her and this causes Hermia to wake up and realize he is gone. Later on, Demetrius and Lysander fight for Helena’s affection until Puck intervenes and resolves the situation. Eventually, the love situation is resolved as Lysander now loves Hermia while Demetrius loves Helena.

In A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Puck manipulates the love between Lysander, Hermia, Demetrius, and Helena, indicating that the woods is the green world and plays a significant role in the play. Magical love comes into play with the attraction between Lysander and Helena. Despite knowing he truly loves Hermia, Lysander was “blind” when he fell in love with Helena. This caused Hermia to become angry with him and led to his fight with Demetrius for Helena’s affection. It’s important to note that Lysander did not see Puck when he spread the love-in-idleness flower juice on him.

The love triangle between Lysander, Demetrius, and Helena was occurring without their knowledge that the cause of this situation was the power of the love-in-idleness flower. According to Ronald F. Miller, the fairies are (among other things) the metamorphic agency of love, personified, pansy-juice and all; and an ambivalence of love in the status of fairies implies an ambivalence in the status of love” (256). Miller suggests that it is evident in the play that fairies are responsible for causing love. This is demonstrated through the love triangle between Demetrius, Lysander, and Helena in the woods.

The complex love between Lysander, Hermia, Demetrius, and Helena not only proves that the woods is the green world in A Midsummer Night’s Dream but also Oberon’s revenge on Titania and Bottom’s magical head transformation are two other pieces of evidence. These events also occur in the woods. Titania has a small Indian boy whom Oberon desires, but she refuses to give him up because she promised to care for the boy when his mother died.

Titania refuses to give up the boy, so Oberon seeks revenge by ordering Puck to rub love-in-idleness flower juice on Titania’s eyelids. This will cause her to fall in love with a hideous creature upon waking, and eventually give in to Oberon’s demands. Meanwhile, Bottom and his fellow actors rehearse for their play. Puck uses his powers to turn Bottom’s head into a donkey’s head, causing the other actors to run away due to his peculiar appearance. When Titania wakes up, she immediately falls in love with Bottom.

She says, “And thy fair virtue’s force perforce doth move me on the first view to say, to swear, I love thee” (III, i, 141-142). Later on in the play, Titania gives in to Oberon’s demands and hands over the little Indian boy. Puck uses his magical powers again to turn Bottom’s head back into a normal human head. However, due to Puck’s magic a complex love attraction occurs between two people who do not really love each other – Titania and Bottom. Additionally, Bottom’s head is transformed into that of a donkey. The evidence of Titania’s “blind” affection for Bottom and his transformation is clear proof that the woods are enchanted.

In A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Shakespeare portrays a world where magic is present in the greenery. Titania’s love for Bottom is blind” because she is unaware that Puck’s magic has caused her to fall for him. Although Bottom’s friends are frightened by his donkey head, he himself does not realize he has been enchanted by Puck. Frank Kermode describes Puck as a “natural” force that disregards civility and reason (216).

Kermode argues that Puck lacks a moral compass and simply follows Oberon’s orders, as evidenced by his magical manipulation of Titania and Bottom. Puck uses his powers without any conscious decision-making. The unusual love quadrangle between Demetrius, Helena, Lysander, and Hermia further illustrates the forest’s status as a green world” due to Puck’s meddling in their affairs. Similarly, Titania’s enchanted attraction to Bottom is also a result of Puck’s magical abilities.

The green world is where imagination, magic, and dreams reside. In A Midsummer Night’s Dream, William Shakespeare effectively portrays this magic through the fairies and their enchanted forest.

Works Cited

  1. F. Miller, Ronald. The Fairies, Bottom, and the Mystery of Things.” Shakespeare Quarterly 26.3 (1975): 254-268. Print.
  2. Kermode, Frank. “The Mature Comedies.” Stratford-upon-Avon Studies: 3, Shakespeare, ed. John Russell Brown and Bernard Harris (214-220). Print.
  3. Shakespeare, William. A Midsummer Night’s Dream. USA: Signet Classics, 1998. Print.

History Of Springbok Tour Protests

Springbok tour essay. The 1981 springbok tour protests had a huge social and political impact on New Zealand society. The decision to allow the springbok tour to proceed was one of the most controversial decisions ever taken by New Zealand government. New Zealand rugby relationships with South Africa began in 1921. In the 1921 tour when a Maori player was included in the New Zealand team, South Africa opposed to this. Continuing tours between South Africa and New Zealand excluded any Maori players from playing.

In the 1960 tour when no Maori no tour were allowed to play against south Africa the Maori MP emuera triakakena order the tour should be cancelled. A petition with 156, 000 signatures on it were presented to parliament demanding the tour to be stopped if Maoris were excluded from playing. Most of these signatures were from white new Zealanders. In the 1920 tour South Africa permitted Maori and islanders to participate in the tour with the term honorary whites on their passport. Because of this action thirty countries boycott the 1926 Montreal Olympic Games and refused to compete with New Zealand.

In 1978 the New Zealand government agreed to sign the glen eagle’s agreement, which stated that New Zealand had to discourage contact and competition between sporting organisations from South Africa. The apartheid system in South Africa at the time of the springbok tour had laws that separated all blacks and whites in South Africa. Blacks and whites had to go to different places as whites for example they had separate toilets, separate benches, separate stairways, they lived in different areas and blacks and whites could not marry.

It was politically important for the national government to allow the tour to go ahead. The national party would benefit from letting the 1981 tour go ahead because most of their supporters were rural rugby fans. Robert Muldoon believed that cancelling the tour would be an infringement on new Zealanders rights. Muldoon thought that South Africa coming to New Zealand would be a good influence for them to see how a multi cultured country lives together. He stated that it would be “bridge building” between New Zealand and South Africa. There were a number of social features in the 1981 springbok tour.

One social feature was the change in police tactics during the tour. Police tactics before the tour did not involve the blue and red squads. The new police squads that were introduced had to learn defence strategies to confront the new aggressive protests that were taking place. After the Hamilton game in 1981, where the protests got more organised and more aggressive the police had no choice but to take on a tougher stance. Riot squads were formed to counter the front lines of the protests. Blockades were set up around the areas outside games to prevent protesters from getting on the fields.

Another new tactic that took place was sending undercover agents into the protest meetings to gain a heads up on what was being planned. Another social feature of the tour was the way in which protests became incredibly organised as the tour progressed. This would bring out many social issues. New protest groups such as HART (halt all racist tours) hart were committed to being a non-violent group. John minto the national organiser for hart believed “the most important impact of the tour in new Zealand was to stimulate the whole debate about racism and the place of Maori in our community.

The tour brought together all types of people from New Zealand; the protesters were not the usual hippy type. The protesters were men, women, young and old, educated and uneducated, Maori and pakeha. The main aim for the protests were to have the games stopped, they were successful in the Hamilton game. Because of there more aggressive protests, the protestors began wearing protective gear such as shields and padding. We see New Zealand changing during the tour; many saw the protests as New Zealand “losing its innocence” The 1981 springbok tour protests had a number of effects on New Zealand society.

A split in New Zealand society was one short term effect of the tour. This split also had a social effect. New Zealand was divided into pro and anti-tour supporters. Rugby fans believed that rugby and politics should never be involved with each other. Families were divided with different views on the tour. One family had to sons that left in the morning to the game, one son was a police and the other a protester, there mother said she told them to not hurt each other and she would go to pray in the church. This shows how passionate the people were about what they believed in.

schools and businesses were also divided from the tour. Another short term effect was the social cost for the police. Trust towards the police dropped from what the people saw they were capable of. The creation of the police complaints commission was created as a result of the tour. Many police perfed out of the force because they couldn’t handle the stress of facing anti tour supporters. Some police were anti tour supporters but had to carry on doing their job. A long term effect of the tour protests was a change in the way rugby was viewed in New Zealand society.

After the 1981 tour people saw rugby as an indication of politics and disrepute’s between people. Robert Muldoon said the protests were everything that New Zealand stood against, anti-government, and anti-establishment. Now people saw rugby players as hooligans from the way they reacted at the Hamilton game. Coaches refused to coach teams, and teams would not attract new players. When the NZRFU proposed a tour in 1984, two top all blacks refused to play and took the decision to tour South Africa to court and the tour was cancelled.

Another effect of the tour protests was the pride the protesters took in the support they gave black South Africans during the tour and later years. The anti-apartheid movement helped raise the profile of blacks struggling against apartheid laws. Because the protests got a lot of international attention, it raised awareness on the international media front. Nelson Mandela said when he heard about the protests “it’s like the suns come out” New Zealand also won back the support of the black African nations. The springbok tour had a huge political and social effect on New Zealand.

Politically it was important to keep the tour going for government elections coming up. Socially the springbok tour changed police tactics and trust in police. New Zealand sees protests become more organised and more violent. The springbok tour split New Zealand into pro and anti-tour supporters. Families were divided, and work places were divided. The tour had an effect on rugby in later years because people did not want to get involved in coaching and new players were hard to find. Overall the tour helped raise awareness of blacks in South Africa, and eventually the apartheid was stopped. Brittany Johnson.

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