The Long Journey To Unionization In Canada Homework Essay Sample

What major events in Canada’s labor relations history got Phil to the point in which he could lawfully organize a union, have it certified, and negotiate a collective agreement with the company? (10 marks) Nine Hour Movement in 1872 introduced legislation gave workers right to organize legally Winnipeg General Strike resulted in limited collective bargaining rights In 1935 the Wagner Act influenced Canadian provinces to adopt similar wording in their labor codes as it relates to encouraging working initiatives in exchange for increased productivity to reduce conflict & strike action .

What strategies can Phil use to increase his chances of success in organizing a union within this company? (1 0 marks) Hire a woman who may speak their native language as a liaison to assist him in this strategy by way of communication, breaking down cultural barriers as well as explanation of legislative terminology Provide a female mentor(s) from a successful union Phil organized to coach employees, take them thru the certification and collective bargaining process and continue to mentor them going forward 3.

What barriers will Phil face in his attempt to attract these workers to the union, ND what arguments will he use to try to convince them to join? (10 marks) Barrier Argue meet to Join -fear of losing job -increase in job security -wanting to fit in -increase in collective power -employees who want to be part of MGM -ability to review MGM decisions via 3rd party -cultural limitations, women don’t organize -as a female collective in a country which supports equality, this is an opportunity to increase self-worth & empower women 4. What specific arguments WOUld the company want to try to use to convince employees not to join? 10 marks) They could highlight how a union may actually ‘harm’ the company by way of indicating that the employees would have lower wages since they’ll have to pay into union dues. They may lose any individual decision-making as well as a loss of individual representation. They may also argue that if the union decides to strike, that they would lose wages.

Ecojagg: Japan Postwar Expansion

Economic Overview

Japan started to go industrialised about 80 old ages ago and is now know as the most to the full developed industrial state in Asia and is one of the taking industrialised states in the universe. the celerity of Japan s postwar economic growing has been a slightly singular exclusion in modern economic history.

Japan s postwar and past development record along with some jobs it has overcome throughout the continuance were definite factors taking toward it s economic success today, and this new industrialisation has brought on some new jobs of today. Japan s economic growing has been leveling away over the past old ages with the other major industrialized states in the universe. The accent of this paper is on how Japan came to be what it is today from it s dropping off degrees during the 2nd universe war to it s postwar enlargement.

The informations above starts at 1952 and shows five twelvemonth growing rates up to 1980. Over this 28-year period ( 1952-1980 ) , the addition in GNP per individual employed amounted to 6.7 per twelvemonth compounded. This rate of growing shows a twofold sum of end product per individual employed about every 10 old ages and a doubling of end product every 8 old ages during the period of rapid growing from 1957-1972. Furthermore, the rates of growing in Japan in entire and per individual employed were higher during the postwar period than in any of the major industrialised states during the same clip period.

Postwar Growth Factors

General Growth Factors The rapid rate of Japan s industrialisation is non simply a postwar phenomenon, but one that started some clip ago triggered by such events as the Meiji Restoration in 1868 and other foundations, nevertheless certain postwar factors may be acknowledged as lending to the postwar recovery and the long term criterion growing in Japan. Industrial production had fallen in 1946 to 27.6 per centum of the prewar degree ( 1934- 1936 ) figure, but regained this same degree of production in 1951 making 350 per centum by 1960.  In add-on there was a crisp lessening of Japan s military disbursement, and this money was so used for postwar Reconstruction and betterment in the domestic markets of its place land.Japan s economic system was steadily reconstructing.

Improvements of Domestic Markets After the war, certain actions were taken toward Reconstruction and betterment in Japan s place ( domestic ) markets, under the economic democratisation policy pursued by the business forces, such as the disintegration of fiscal groups ( Zaibatsu ) , agricultural land reforms introduced and labour brotherhoods organized. These three major reforms have on the whole contributed to the enlargement of the place markets in Japan, which in bend stimulated investing in general.

The disintegration of Zaibatsu was an effort to decentralize large concern in the western sense and open up the trade markets to smaller companies. The land reforms virtually expropriated non-cultivation landholders from their tenant-operations, cut downing tenanted land from 46 per centum to 9 per centum of the cultivated country, and reassigning ownership of about three fourths of agricultural land owned by landlords to the renters, therefore bettering the economic place of the husbandmans in Japan. This was a alleged transferrance of income from the rich to the hapless and husbandmans were able to make concern as independent endeavors.

The legalisation of trade brotherhoods after the war increased the distribution portion of labour income in the value of production. With the debut of the +Wagner Act in Japan, in 1946 more than 6 million workers were organized into brotherhoods about over dark and the Numberss are far more than 8 million today.4 In add-on to the legalisation of trade brotherhoods, other authorities intercessions after the war helped Japan s economic system to spread out.

Government Intervention In adverting authorities intercessions in the postwar period on must besides understand the function of the business forces, because Japan was non free of the business until 1952. Prior to this day of the month, much assistance and aid was given in the signifier of nutrient and basic natural stuffs by the business forces and chiefly by the U.S. The occupied authorities of Japan contributed to the economic system in two major countries. The authorities contributed greatly to capital accretion and high capital investing after the war in taking natural stuffs. Other major parts were in the field of revenue enhancement through a re-valuation of assets, an extraordinary depreciation system and a system of assorted reserves.

These and other authorities intercessions nevertheless will be mentioned in the right chronological order and elaborated on subsequently. II. Time periods of Economic Change A. The Occupation Period Economy The American-led business of Japan after World War II lasted 80 months from August 14, 1945 to April 28, 1952 and helped reconstruct Japan and its economic system until Japan could stand on its ain pess once more. During this clip, there were some smaller categorised periods of aggression such as the reform period right after the war ( 1945-47 ) , the rearward class period ( 1947-48 ) , the Dodge line period ( 1948-50 ) and the Korean War ( 1950-52 ) .

Immediate Postwar Economy

The immediate postwar period of the American-led business includes the reform and the contrary class periods enduring about 3 old ages. In 1945, the war s terminal found the state shattered, particularly the major metropoliss. Of Japan s physical capital stock, 25.3 per centum was lost to direct war harm. Of the prewar imperium, 45 per centum of the land country was cut off both politically and economically. Extra losingss included the impairment of land and other natural resources and the reducation of entree to angling evidences. Population additions compounded the economic jobs. There were besides two smaller jobs to cover with during the same period. One was dismanteling of the wartime control, rationing, and allotment system, which had mostly replaced the free market as the footing of economic organisation.

The second was the +bomb-shock of the civilian signifier of godly intercession to forestall the duplicate shames of resignation and business, antecedently unknown in Japan s history.  The Dodge Line Period ( 1948-50 ) Another major period of alteration under the U.S. business of Japan was the Dodge Line period ( 1948-50 ) . At that clip, the ultimate aims of Japan were the rapid rehabilitation of the Nipponese economic system and the constitution of a fixed exchange rate. the immediate job facing Japan was to come up with an effectual anti-inflationary policy.

On December 18, 1948, the State Department and the Department of the Army published a joint declaration titled the +Nine-Point Economic Stabilization Plan for Japan. The program can be summarized as follows:

To accomplish a balanced budget at the earliest possible day of the month by a rigorous curtailment ofgovernment disbursement and an addition in gross ;

  • To speed up and beef up revenue enhancement aggregation, including condemnable prosecution of taxevaders ;
  • To strictly cut down the extension of recognition by fiscal establishments ;
  • To set up an effectual plan to accomplish pay stableness ;
  • To beef up and, if necessary, spread out the coverage of bing monetary value controls ;
  • To better the operation of foreign trade and exchange controls ;
  • To better the effectivity of the bing system of stuffs allotment and rationing with a position to maximising the enlargement of exports ;
  • To spread out the production of all cardinal natural stuffs and manufactured merchandises ;
  • To better the efficiency of the nutrient supply system.

In february 1949, Joseph Dodge, a former Detroit banker who had played a cardinal function in the postwar currency reform in Germany, was sent to Japan as an embassador with the authorization to implement the new program. Shortly after his reaching to japan, Dodge presented his diagnosing of the state s economic jobs in a celebrated pres

s conference with japanese reporters and later presented his prescription for dealing with these problems as a list of directives concerning the fiscal budget for 1949, and these directives consisted of five basic elements:

  • An Overbalaned Budget. The government had been covering its large deficits by issuing short-term bonds and rolling them over. The Dodge Plan forced the government to redeem these bonds as quickly as possible, even about the legally established rate, and proved to be a deflationary budget policy.
  • The Reduction and Elemination of Subsidies. All price subsidies, subsidies guaranteeing protection against losses, and others paid from the government s general or special accounts were to be reduced as quickly as possible.
  • Suspension of New Loans From the Reconstruction Finance Bank. All new lending from the above-mentioned bank would be suspended, and the government would redeem as quickly as possible all Reconstruction Finance Bank bonds issued from the general account.
  • A Fixed Exchange Rate and Elimination of Hidden Trade Subsidies. A fixed exchange rate for the yen would be established immediately, and all hidden subsidies paid by the government for export and import trade through its Special Account for Trade funds abolished.

Establishment of the Counterpart Fund Special Account. The counterpart Fund Special account would be funded by the sale of American relief supplies in Japan and would take the place of the Special Account for Trade Funds as well as the subsidies eliminated by the second item of Dodg s policies. In other words, funds from the Counterpart Fund Special account would be supplied to key industries for plant and equipment investment, and to exporting and importing industries for acquiring foreign capital.

These policies provided the framework for Dodg s economic policy for Japan, however debate continues as to whether the inflation could have been brought under control without it. the Dodge line was a truely drastic deflationary policy forced on Japan and, for all its success in curbing inflation, it threw the economy into a crises including widespread anxiety concerning the overall impact of deflationary fiscal policies and threw business into the so-called stablization panic.

On the other hand, issues of new currency by the Bank of Japan, which had increased by more than five times in 1946, more than nine times in 1947, actually declined 0.4 percent in 1949. the Dodge Line was quite effective in its original goal of curbing the intense inflation of the immediate postwar period.9 3. The Korean War (1950-55) The other major period before Japan s independence from the occupation forces and before japan s contemporary economy got under way was the Korean War (1950-52).

After the war began on June 25, 1950, with the approaching end of the Occupation of Japan, the economic policy of Japan was pursued by the simi-military economy that Japan almost immediately became for the United Nations forces in Korea. the accumulated inventories of the previous year were sold either directly for Korea or for other world-wide shortages and Japan s economy returned to full capacity, bood conditions and high measured growth.

The money supply was free from the Dodge Line constraints and inflations reappeared however three main achievement remained from the Dodge Line efforts balanced budget, the unified yen dollar exchange rate, and the dissolution of the price-control and rationing machinery. Japan however at the time was regarded as a marginal, or last resort, supplier of world markets, whose output was called upon in periods of scarcity especially in wartime and the Japanese revivial after the Dodge Line Constraints that were removed was clearly export-led and businesses began to rebuild themselves and move into the technology revolution.

The Technology Revolution After the removal of the occupation, a quick take off towards modernization occured in Japan as it became more industrialized and moved into the technology revolution (1955-60). In the fall of 1955, the two leading conservative parties, the liberals and the democrats, united to form the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), which has ruled the country ever since.

Real per capita consumption returned to prewar levels in 1953, and by 1955, most of the key economic indicators had already risen higher than prewar levels. This was followed by a spectacular growth in private plants and equipment in 1956 and 1957, which permitted the entire economy to step into a new period of postwar modernization and there was a sudden rise of new industries and new products .

An Assignment On Reason For Google As Preferred Employer

Together they own about 1 6 percent of its stake. They incorporated Google as a privately held company on September 4, 1998. An initial public offering followed on August 19, 2004. Its mission statement from the outset was ‘to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful”, and its unofficial slogan was “Don’t be evil”. In 2006 Google moved to headquarters in Mountain View, California. Rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products, acquisitions, and partnerships beyond Google’s core search engine.

It offers online productivity software including email, an office suite, and social networking. Desktop products include applications for web browsing, organizing and editing photos, and instant messaging. The company leads the development of the Android mobile operating system and the browser-only Google Chrome SO. For a specialized yep of notebook known as a Chromosome. Google has moved increasingly into communications hardware: it partners with major electronics manufacturers in production of its high-end NeXUS devices and acquired Motorola Mobility in May 2012.

In 201 2, a fiber-optic infrastructure was installed in Kansas City to facilitate a Google Fiber broadband service. The corporation has been estimated to run more than one million servers in data centers around the world and to process over one billion search requests and about twenty-four potables of user-generated data each day. In December 2012 Alex listed Google. Mom as the most visited website in the world. Numerous Google sites in other languages figure in the top one hundred, as do several other Google-owned sites such as Youth and Flogger.

Google ranks second in the Brands brand equity database. Its market dominance has led to criticism over issues including copyright, censorship, and privacy. Google is also the world’s most popular employer. Throughout the world, people seek to enter into Google. That’s why they receive 1300 rest mess per day. Google as the employer of choice Google has been named as the company UK adults most want to work for?with vial Apple coming a close second.

In a survey carried out of more than 2,133 UK adults by research and consulting organization Yogurt for Crooner, Google was named 81 times and Apple 80 times as the most desirable companies to work for. Page 2 High-profile UK companies also featuring in participants’ responses included John Lewis (72 mentions), Virgin (62 mentions) and the BBC (55 mentions). The NASH also featured high on the list. Asked what makes a good employer, survey participants cited a good working environment, which topped the list at 82 per cent, closely followed by good pay and benefits (81 per cent).

Career development (65 per cent) and training and development opportunities (69 per cent) also featured high on the wish-list. Seventy-six per cent of the surrey’s participants said it is important that an employer should offer a good work-life balance. Good culture and strong company values (41 per cent), good leadership (47 per cent) and a culture of innovation (27 per cent) all featured in the list as well. In another survey Google is still the most popular employer in the world among business students, according to Universe’s latest global ranking.

Drawn o the company’s culture of innovation, laid-back vibe, smart employees, and out- of-the-ordinary perks, undergraduates have seen Google as the world’s most attractive employer since 2009. Google also ranked first in the Top 50 Best Places to Work in Australia 2011 survey conducted by BREW Magazine and the Great Places to Work Institute Australia. This survey asked 207 companies and 55,400 of their employees how much they trusted management, what level of pride they have in what they do, and if they enjoy working with their colleagues. Reasons behind success of Google as “Employer of Choice” 1 .

Google thinks of employees’ ideas as very important Google thinks of employees’ ideas as very important. No wonder, there are many internal email lists dedicated to the discussion of particular ideas, issues and complaints. For instance, on the “Google Ideas” Web site, Google’s regularly submit their thoughts on product improvements or provide suggestions about how to make things better around Google. These ideas are rated on a scale of 0 to 5 (Dangerous or harmful if implemented) to 5 (Great idea! Make it so) and the management pays close attention to them.

Employee’s suggestions and opinions are equally important to Google and they are a key-driver in the company’s product development process. Generally, before a product is released in the market, the employees get to play around with it and provide feedback and suggestions to the product engineers and managers. Examples of products that have gone through this process include Google News, Gamma, Foregoer, Google Local, Google Toolbar and Google+. 2. Google offers a unique program called “The 20% project” Google offers a unique program called “The 20% project”. This program for

Google engineers encourages them to dedicate 20% of their time on a project outside their typical work responsibilities that would potentially benefit the company. The project encourages Page 3 innovation by allowing the engineers to spend time on Google-related projects that they wish to pursue in the future. By enabling employees to recharge their creative energies, Google provides a unique opportunity for employees to move into new areas of work while also broadening their knowledge base. Some major Google’s services, such as Gamma, Google News, and Disease, originated from these independent endeavors. Google understands the stress faced by new parents Google understands the stress of new parents. Hence, it offers an up to $500 take-out benefit to new parents within the first 4 weeks that they are home with the baby. It is a highly used benefit as 90% of new Google parents take advantage of this perk. And that’s not all. Google’s new maternity leave policy gives new mothers, who have been Google employees for at least 1 year, 6 additional weeks of paid leave (it means a total of 18 weeks! ) to bond with their baby.

New fathers get less paid leave but as they can take up to 7 weeks of paid mime off during the baby’s first year, everybody’s smiling. 4. Google’s gourmet restaurants are incomparable Google’s gourmet restaurants are incomparable. Not only one will come across numerous gourmet restaurants in Google’s Mountain View campus, which offer free gourmet (and often organic) meals, breakfast, lunch and dinner, every day, but also these restaurants encourage the consumption of organic, healthy food and serve only line-caught fish (rather than appraised or wild net-caught).

And yes, they also support the local fishermen and farmers’ community by buying supplies from them. 5. Google encourages its employees to ask their leaders, even Google founders, questions, and no matter how outrageous Google encourages its employees to speak out their mind and ask their leaders, even Google founders, questions through the TGIF get-together. TGIF is a weekly, company-wide cottage 4 together started by Google co-founders, Larry Page and Sergey Bring.

Its main purpose is to break the ice between new employees and also is a platform for senior leaders to update others about Google and Google-related events that have transpired over the previous week. However, the most interesting part of TGIF is the Q&A session. In this session, any employee can ask any question to even the most senior members of the management team. No question is off- limits, no matter how outrageous they are. Questions from past sessions include, “What are Google’s growth rate projections? ” and “When is Google relocating to Mars? The TGIF is webmaster to Google offices around the globe and archived for those who cannot make it to the meeting. 6. Beautiful Workplace The four core buildings, totaling 47,038 square meters (506,310 sq. Ft. ), were built for and originally occupied by Silicon Graphics (SSI). The office space ND corporate campus is located within a larger 26-acre (110,000 mm) site that contains Charleston Park, a 5-acre (20,000 ran) public park; improved access to Permanent Creek; and public roads that connect the corporate site to Shoreline Park and the Bay Trail.

The project, launched in 1994 to reclaim a former industrial Brownfield site, was a creative collaboration between SSI, SAW Group of San Francisco, Causality, and the Planning and Community Development Agency of the City of Mountain View. The objective was to develop in complementary fashion the privately owned corporate headquarters and adjoining public green space. Key design decisions placed parking for nearly 2000 cars underground, enabling SAW to integrate the two open spaces with water features, shallow pools, fountains, pathways, plazas, and a gigantic statue of a dinosaur.

The project was completed in 1997. The SALSA noted in 1999 that the SSI project was a significant departure from typical corporate campuses, challenging conventional thinking about private and public space. Taking a holistic approach Despite the fact that Google rolled out a global 10% pay rise in 2010 to all employees, Google Head of People Operations, Joe Grayer, says the key to the company’s success is a holistic attitude. All compensation programs are closely tied to performance and designed to reward employees for building innovative solutions for users and business partners.

Google have in place robust reward and recognition programs, where they reward employees via excellent benefits and unique perks, such as massages, sleep pods and fun off-site events. Google’s often tell that their biggest reward is the unique culture and the ability to work with amazing co-workers on products with a global impact. . Appealing Culture Google’s appeal lies in its culture-one of innovation and opportunity, which has grown since it has begun producing more products in the past couple of years.

Google provides an workplace culture that helps employees work at ease. The offices also contain various entertainment programs to reduce work stress on employees. Conclusion Google’s corporate philosophy embodies such casual principles as you can make money without doing evil’; you can be serious without a suit’; and ‘work should be challenging and the challenge should be fun. ‘ For example, the company has special title for new hires: Engorges. Google does its best to ensure that every Engorge feels special from the moment they join.

On their first day, Engorges get a tour of the office and attend an orientation for new employees. The agenda includes a detailed overview on the company’s culture, history, and benefits. Page 6 Engorges then enjoy lunch at one of the onsite cafes and receive their Engorge cap. At the end of the orientation, Engorges are collected by their Google buddies and escorted to their new desk, where they are greeted with welcome balloons ND a bag of leslies.

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