“The Modern Monster” Filmmaking Course Homework Essay Sample

Introduction

The Modern Monster is a filmmaking course that is planned to take place in October 2019. The three-day event is designed to enable student to get practically involved with the production of horror films. With the help of celebrity instructors, the students will be involved in the actual acting, shooting and editing of the film as an initial step into becoming experts in filmography. According to Benshoff (2017), it is critical to give learners a real-life experience of acting and shooting of videos to help equip them with skills they need when they get into the film industry. While working in a group of five students, it is also possible to get peer review. Students can health each other to identify strengths and weaknesses that need to be addressed to achieve excellence in this field.

The primary audience/client in this event is SFX Design, Inc. The company has a wide variety of products meant for the entertainment industry. The hope of the event planners is to ensure that there will be a lasting relationship between the company and the team to facilitate similar future projects. The Kit Room has offered to sponsor the event. The preferred location for the event is the college’s film studio. This location was chosen because it is convenient for all the stakeholders involved in the project.

The audience will include family members, friends, lecturers in the school of arts and professionals in the film industry. When selecting participants in the project, the team had to eliminate people and entities that failed to meet the set criteria. The team eliminated some of the instructors who either lacked the needed skills for the event or commitment to be part of the process.

Evaluative and Analytical Discussion of the Strategic Significance of the Event

The planned event is meant to enable the students to plunge into the film industry, especially the genre of horror films that is becoming increasingly popular in Europe, the North America and other parts of the world. According to Allen, O’Toole, Harris and McDonnell (2011), shooting a horror film may not be as easy as shooting a comedy or a documentary. There are specific effects that must be created in horror films that elicit fear among the audience.

It means that more time and resources have to be invested in such a production compared with when one is shooting other forms of films. The event offered students an excellent opportunity to have a firsthand experience of the events that happen in the backstage and what it takes to produce a successful horror film. It is necessary to evaluate and discuss the strategic significance of the event to the client and other strategic stakeholders.

Funding and Sponsorship

One of the first steps that the team must step when planning for this event is to determine the sources of funds for this project. When producing a horror film, the team will need various kits besides the camera and computers to ensure that the right horror effect is created. The team needed to find a sponsor to fund various activities in the project. The Kit Room agreed to be the sponsor of the project. The company will fund most of the activities, especially purchasing of the consumables and hiring of the needed equipment for the project. As such, the following logo of The Kit Room will appear prominently in the film and the entire event as an appreciation for the sponsorship.

The Kit Room logo
Fig. 1. The Kit Room logo (Benshoff 2017, p. 78).

Operational and External Factors Affecting Its Success

When the sponsor and audience of the event are clearly defined, the next step is for the team to ensure that the relevant measures are taken to enhance the success of the project. Different operational and external factors that may have a significant impact on the outcome of the project must be defined in clear terms. The team should then determine how to deal with each of these factors to help achieve goals and objectives of the project.

Design of the event

When it comes to operational factors, the team members (students), working closely with the celebrity instructors, must be committed to producing a masterpiece, a real horror film that will have the right effect on the audience. The students have the right training, and they only need the guidance of these experts to achieve such goals. In this event, everything narrows down to the costumes used, effects created and editing skills to develop the right feeling among the audience (Supovitz 2005).

The Kit Room and SFX Design, Inc. will provide the needed costumes and consumables that will be needed to create the needed effect. The actors will have to appear like monsters or alien creatures capable of eliciting fear among the audience. Figure 2 below shows how pain can be used to transform the face of a beautiful woman into a scary monster.

Using face paint to create the desired effect
Fig. 2. Using face paint to create the desired effect (Hubner 2018, p. 97).

It is important to note that in figure 2 above, the audience can easily determine that paint has been used. However, Masterman (2007) advises that when creating a specific effect in a horror film, it is important to make it as real as possible. The monster presented to the audience should have horrific features, which are not easily discernable to the audience. Figure 3 below is an advanced panting, with some computer effects added, to make it a more realistic and scary monster than the one in figure 2 below. It is important to note that while the usage of these costumes is critical, the actor must also make a personal effort to create that effect through facial expression, as shown in the figure below.

The creation of a horror film
Fig. 3. The creation of a horror film (Hubner 2018, p. 98).

Planning is one of the aspects of operational factors that can define success of the project. The team need to have a careful plan that defines what should be done at specific times, who should be involved, the resources needed and the expected outcome. When there are clearly set milestones, it will be easy to determine whether the crew is progressing towards success or if other measures may be necessary to help improve specific issues within the project.

It is equally important to have a proper coordination between all the stakeholders involved. The sponsor should know what the team needs and when they should be delivered. The celebrity instructors need to work closely with the students to ensure that they are always at the right place when needed to avoid time wastage. The responsibility of every team member should be stated in clear terms. It will be important to ensure that a partnership and an association are created between the event brand and the sponsor (Skinner & Rukavina 2003). The goal is to create a long-term relationship with the sponsor to secure funding for future projects.

The proliferation of events as a marketing tool

The success of the project does not only depend on the production of a wonderful piece of horror film but also a proper promotion. The proliferation of the event will be important in increasing the number of those who will watch the film. Other than the friends, family members and industry experts who will be invited when launching the film, it will be equally important to ensure that the film reaches a wider audience in the United Kingdom and other parts of the world.

Immersion and real-time promotion are some of the strategies that the team can embrace. At this initial stage of the production, and with the approval of the sponsor and other authorities in this project, it will be necessary to upload the film on YouTube. This platform will help in increasing the geographic coverage of the audience. It may also help in identifying other partners who may want to work with our team to produce new films.

The development of events

During the development of the events in this project, the team may need to embrace various ways growing popularity of the film within the University and the immediate community. During the period of planning and undertaking various activities in the project, time and resources should be set aside for promotion of the event. Posters and flyers can be used to inform the community about the upcoming event and the need for them to support it (Benshoff 2017).

In the poster, the date of the film production should be stated, its genre defined, and how those who cannot attend the show on the day of production can find the film on YouTube. The local community can help in ensuring that the film goes viral within and outside the United Kingdom.

Evaluation Against Stipulated Outcomes

When undertaking any project, it is always important to ensure that the outcome is in line with the stipulated objectives. Hutchings (2013) explains that any project that involves spending time and money must have clear objectives that should be realised within a given period. The project will only make sense if the team succeeds in achieving specific goals. As such, the project team members had to come up with SMART objectives that would be measured against the outcomes of the project. It will be in the interest of the students, sponsor, client, the college and other stakeholders to ensure that the set goals are achieved. The following objectives will help to determine the success of the project:

  • To develop a successful horror film that captures the attention of the audience;
  • To create a lasting business relationship with the current and other possible sponsors to secure funds for similar future projects;
  • To equip the students with skills needed in the production of horror films and other related genres;
  • To enable students to interact with industry experts as a way of developing their career in this industry.

Key Themes and Theories to Support the Decisions in the Report

The film will have to capture specific themes, supported with various theories, to come out as a true horror film. According to Hutchings (2013), one of the key themes in a horror film is the fear of death. People fear death, and this should be expressed both psychologically and existentially. When attacked by the monsters, the actor should express the horror that will be translated to the mind of the audience.

Darkness is another theme that should be used to create fear among the audience. The fear is in what the darkness hides other than the darkness itself (Hubner 2018). Disfigurement and dismemberment are ultimate themes of horror films. They help in ensuring that the worst fears of the victims and the audience become true. Suspense is another common and important theme not only in horror films but also in any other film (Benshoff 2017). The anticipation and expectation of what is going to happen next is needed to ensure that there is interest among the audience to follow the flow of the film.

It is equally important to look at theories that can help support themes presented in this film. One of the concepts relevant in this project is Noel Carroll’s the Philosophy of Horror (Hutchings 2013). The theory explains how the art of horror is used by characters in define the fear of the monster. It involves creating a threat to normalcy and a breach of peace. Sigmund Freud’s The Uncanny is another relevant theory that will help in this project (Hubner 2018). It is used in reference to something that is disturbingly strange. The concepts are often used to emphasise the horror in a given film by creating a form of disturbance in the mind of the audience. The theories and key themes will help achieve enhance success of the project.

Conclusion

Modern monster is a horror film that is planned to be produced in October 2019. It will bring together students, industry experts and sponsors in an effort to produce a successful film that meets all the criteria of a horror film. The team has succeeded in finding a sponsor who will provide the financial resources needed in the project. The team will need to find celebrity instructors who will guide the production process. The goal of the team is to ensure that learners are equipped with skills that needed in the film industry. The event will create a platform where these learners will interact with top players in the film industry as they plan to pursue a career in this field. The team expects that the short horror film will be successful not only within the college community but also at national and international levels.

Reference List

Allen, J, O’Toole, W, Harris, R & McDonnell, I 2011, Festival and special event management, Wiley, Sydney.

Benshoff, M, Ed., 2017, A Companion to the horror film, Wiley Blackwell, New York, NY.

Hubner, L 2018, Fairytale and gothic horror: uncanny transformations in film, Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Hutchings, P 2013, The horror film, Pearson Education Limited, New York, NY.

Masterman, G 2007, Sponsorship for a return on investment, Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Skinner, B & Rukavina, V 2003, Event sponsorship, Wiley, New Jersey.

Supovitz, F 2005, Sports event management and marketing playbook, Wiley, Hoboken.

Sabbath In The Judaism Culture

  • What is the Sabbath? What does it commemorate? When does it begin and end?

The Sabbath is a day of rest that commemorates that day in the book of Genesis when God stopped creating the world because he thought it was already complete. It normally begins at sunset on Friday, ending at nightfall on a Saturday (Sabbath Day). Those who practice the Sabbath day also refrain from doing any creative activities and instead devote the day to prayer and other religious related matters.

  • What is the role of food on the Sabbath? How are food and its preparation connected to religious life? Give specific examples from the text to support your answer.

Food and the dining table play an important role on the Sabbath. The dining table signifies the altar of God while the food offered is considered victuals for the less fortunate. The food preparation for Sabbath indicates that all food preparation must be done the day before Sabbath and free of all leaven. According to the textbook, this activity is based on Exodus 12:19 which states that “no leaven shall be found in your houses.” and that the grain should not have been in contact with water for more than 18 minutes. Again, according to the text, the food prepared is cooked on Passover cookware that is sure to be leaven free and the bread is bought from bakeries that prepare the bread within 9 minutes instead of 18.

  • What kinds of activities are prohibited in the Sabbath? How do participants understand and explain this? How, for example, do they relate it to Scripture and events of Jewish history? Give specific examples from the text to support your answer.

Since Sabbath is the day when God took rest from creating the earth, no creative activities are allowed during this day. There are 39 prohibited activities on Sabbath including preparation and cooking of food, any activities that require leaving your home and lighting a fire. It is also forbidden to have others carry out work-related activities on this day. This is explained by the Jews by referring to the bible wherein a 25 hour rest period is indicated for Sabbath to keep the Sabbath as a holy activity. The Jews often say that “No man is the master of any Jew on Sabbath.”

  • Based on your careful reading of this selection, what are the religious obligations of women on the Sabbath? What are the religious obligations of men?

The religious duties of women during the Sabbath include reciting the Kiddush (Prayer over the wine) since all Jews are required to observe Sabbath regardless of gender. The religious duties of men on the Sabbath day include not only a day of rest from work, but also all the required prayers, eating of 3 festive meals, reading of the Torah, and the recitation of the Havdala after Sabbath at nightfall.

CardioMEMS Role In The Pulmonary Pressure Monitoring

Background: Problem, Objectives, and Key Assumptions

Addressing the needs of patients with Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a challenging task because of the numerous external factors that affect the changes in their health. The specified task becomes especially complicated once patients are introduced to the environment of acute care (AC). Seeing that the patients that are placed in the specified setting are especially vulnerable to external threats, it is crucial to reduce the exposure to imminent threats to their health. Changes in pulmonary pressure (PP) reduce the patients’ chances to recover fast and open a plethora of possibilities for the further deterioration of their health due to the effect that a change in PP rates, particularly, its increase, has on blood vessels and capillaries.

Preventing the instances of rapid changes in PP rates in AC patients is, therefore, a crucial task that healthcare practitioners must address respectively. Innovative technological solutions are bound to help improve the monitoring process significantly due to their high precision and the chances for detecting the problem at the earliest stages of its development. CardioMEMS has recently been designed to measure and monitor patients’ PP rates, which is crucial in the AC environment. The objective of the paper is, therefore, to study the advantages and disadvantages of the specified technology in the AC setting for managing the needs of CHF patients when it comes to handling rapid changes in PP rates.

CardioMEMS is expected to become the device for enhancing the efficacy of AC services for CHF patients in AC. Seeing that it allows for very high precision in PP measurement, the instances of PP changes will not only be prevented successfully but can be modeled so that a comprehensive care plan could be improved. Thus, CardioMEMS and similar technology must be viewed as a crucial tool in addressing the needs of CHF patients in AC.

Literature Review: CHF, Its Treatment, and Role of Technology

CHF is a condition in which the ventricles of the heart do not function properly and, therefore, do not pump blood efficiently due to congestions in the vessels. Because of the issues with the transportation of blood, oxygen- and nutrient-rich blood does not reach the organs that need it, hence the problems in their functioning. The blood that returns to the veins due to the specified issue causes even greater congestions, thus, aggravating the problem (see Figure 1).

CHF
Figure 1. CHF (“Congestive heart failure,” n.d.).

It should be noted that several types of CHF are typically distinguished. The nomenclature depends on the aspect of the problem. For example, CHF cases are classified based on the location of the problem (i.e., right- and left-sided CHF), the direction in which the flow is constricted (i.e., backward and forward CHF), the frequency and nature of the problem (i.e., acute and chronic CHF), phases of the cardiac cycle (systolic and diastolic), and type of cardiac output (high and low) (“Congestive heart failure,” n.d.). The choice of the appropriate treatment approach is defined by the type of CHF.

According to the official statistical data, CHF currently affects at least 26,000,000 people globally (Savarese & Lund, 2017). There is a disturbing propensity toward a gradual increase in the number of CHF patients globally; particularly, it is expected that the number of CF patients will rise to a total of 8,000,000 patients in 2030 (Savarese & Lund, 2017). At present, there is a direct correlation between the age of patients and the propensity toward the development of the disorder. To be more specific, a prevalence of CHF development has been noticed among people of 70 and older (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017).

In the AC environment, CHF is typically referred to as acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). The specified disease affects at least 1,000,000 people on an annual basis. At present, the mortality rates are 5% in the AC setting, yet, with the recent adoption of innovative technological tools for managing patients’ needs, opportunities allows reducing the specified rate by 40%, according to a rent study (Fermann & Collins, 2013).

Among the factors that may lead to the development of CHF, one must mention underlying conditions that include possible coronary artery disease, past instances of heart attacks, heart muscle disease, pulmonary hypertension, etc. (Fermann & Collins, 2013). Therefore, maintaining consistent supervision of the environment of the AC and the factors to which a patient is exposed is essential to the outcomes of the treatment and the successful recovery.

Determining the essential signs and symptoms of the disease, one must mention the presence of dyspnea, also known as the shortness of breath, syncope, i.e., the feeling of dizziness, fatigue, possible swelling in the area of legs and abdomen, also known as edema, etc. (Park, Aldwin, Choun, Suresh, & Bliss, 2016). The change in the color of a patient’s skin and lips toward a bluish hue must also be recognized as a symptom of CHF (cyanosis) and the sign that the patient requires immediate assistance from healthcare experts. Finally, shortness of breath can also indicate that a patient may have developed CHF or is likely to experience a CHF attack unless proper actions are taken.

When considering the issues that affect CHF patients’ health outcomes in the AC environment, one must mention problems with monitoring, as well as the difficulties associated with the transition from AC to the environment of home care. In other words, it is essential to supervise the changes in the patients’ condition consistently so that the slightest threats could be identified and eliminated successfully. Furthermore, the possible instances of recidivism must be identified and prevented or managed successfully so that the patient’s health could not deteriorate. Therefore, opportunities for monitoring the changes in CHF patients’ health in the AC realm must be revisited.

As the overview of CHF symptoms provided above shows, it is crucial to create the environment in which the slightest changes in the patient’s health are monitored and recorded accordingly; thus, the foundation for developing a coherent medical strategy and an approach for successful management of a CHF fit can be built.. the lack of certainty and the possibility of overlooking an essential factor that may trigger the further aggravation of the patient’s well-being, however, must be regarded as the primary impediment to providing proper care in the AC environment

The lack of opportunities for communicating with a CHF patient in the AC setting must also be deemed as a crucial obstacle on the way to preventing the instances of CHF attacks, as well as detailing the available strategies for managing the disease. At this point, the significance of technological innovations must be mentioned. With the adoption of the tools that allow for efficient monitoring of the changes in the patient’s health, as well as the identification of the factors that may lead to the aggravation of the patient’s health, the chances for reducing the death toll among CHF patients have appeared. Thus, extensive exploration of the available devices, including CardioMEMS as one of the essential contemporary devices for preventing the instances of CHF attacks in patients should be explored extensively. The opportunities for tracking down changes in PP, which is viewed as one of the primary factors triggering the development of CHF, must be considered the key advantages of CardioMEMS.

Case Description: Patient, Key Barriers, and Options

The patient (James) is a 75-year-old African American male, who has been suffering from CHF for 3 years. He was admitted to the AC unit after a CHF attack that he suffered at home. He has a significant abdominal enlargement and suffers from regular chest pains. James used to be a very heavy smoker, yet he stopped smoking around four years ago when he started experiencing respiratory problems.

James’s current state can be regarded as satisfactory, yet he is extremely vulnerable to the external factors that may possibly cause another instance of a CHF attack. The patient’s blood pressure is currently viewed as the primary issue of concern since it has been comparatively high. Seeing that a sharp increase in BP levels is defined as the primary cause of the CHF development in the identified case, it is crucial to maintain the consistent monitoring of John’s BP levels with high precision levels. The analysis thereof will allow defining not only the further changes in the therapy approach but also the possible forecast for James’s well-being and chances for recovery.

When considering the key barriers to care, one must mention the lack of communication opportunities in the AC environment between a patient and a healthcare provider. Thus, the needs of the patient may not be met fully. Furthermore, the lack of patient education and the exposure to external threats may complicate the process of transitioning from the realm of AC to the environment of James’s home. Thus, it is crucial to introduce the monitoring tools that will help shape the further approach toward meeting James’s needs, as well as forecast further instances of CHF so that the aggravation of the patients’ condition could be prevented successfully.

Technology Description: CardioMEMS and Pulmonary Pressure

As stressed above, the active use of the available monitoring tools for detecting changes in the patient’s condition and the further management thereof in the context of AC should be provided. CardioMEMS, in turn, can be viewed as a perfect device for carrying out closer supervision of the changes that occur in patients in the AC environment. The adoption of the identified device as the means of monitoring and registering changes in the patient’s health will compensate for the lack of communication between the patient and the staff in the AC environment.

The tool is referred to as the state-of-the-art device for addressing the issues of CHF in patients (Adamson, Henderson, Ginn, Neville, & Abraham, 2015). The device can be described as a miniature pressure measurement tool; therefore, when used by a CHF patient, it allows monitoring the PP levels closely. As a result, the information provided by CardioMEMS serves as the basis for defining the patient’s current state, identifying possible problems with PP levels that can occur within an observable amount of time, and designing a set of measures that will contribute to a gradual improvement of the patient’s state. What is especially useful about CardioMEMS is that it helps determine a particular CHF-related issue at the earliest stages of its development and, thus, provides the opportunities for its successful management.

In the case under analysis, the technology can be used to address two primary concerns, the first one being the lack of patient education and, therefore, awareness about the problem. As explained above, James seems to lack the knowledge necessary to locate an emerging problem and communicate it successfully to the healthcare practitioners. The situation is aggravated by the fact that the AC environment does not allow for close and long communication between a patient and a healthcare practitioner. Thus, it is essential to retrieve the necessary information about the changes experienced by the patient with the help of devices that allow registering the slightest alterations in the PP levels. As a result, the opportunities for meeting James’s needs can be built.

Furthermore, in James’s case, the creation of chances for a smooth transfer from the realm of the AC to home care will occur more naturally once the CardioMEMS devices utilized. The specified tool will provide healthcare practitioners with a chance to monitor the changes in the patient’s PP levels and, thus, registering the development of the premise for a possible aggravation of his condition, very carefully. The specified opportunity is crucial since, when experiencing the transfer from AC to his home, James is likely to face an array of external factors that will expose him to an imminent threat of PP levels increase.

CardioMEMS will also serve as the means of reducing the process of fluid accumulation, which is crucial for James at present because of the issues that he is having with edema. As James’s record shows, his legs have been swollen since the admission to the hospital, which has been affecting his state negatively. The accumulation of liquid in the patient’s body ultimately leads to a gradual rise in pressure levels; consequently, the problems associated with the CHF issue remain in their place. The introduction of the tool that will trigger a slow reduction in the levels of liquid retention will not cause the patient to experience the stress associated with a rapid loss of fluid; instead, it will carefully lad to a series of changes in the treatment process that will ultimately lead to the removal of the edema and the further recovery.

Therefore, being the representation of the technology that allows monitoring the alterations in a CHF patient’s body for a faster recovery, CardioMEMS must be applied to manage James’s needs successfully. The suggested device allows addressing the lack of communication that can be observed among the patient and the AC staff. Furthermore, the lack of awareness that the patient demonstrates as a threat to a successful conversation between James and the healthcare staff in the AC environment can be compensated with the introduction of CardioMEMS as the tool for providing the required information to the staff and preventing the instances of the aggravation of James’s condition.

Summary: Key Facts and Arguments

CHF remains one of the key factors leading to an increase in the death toll worldwide. The disease affects primarily people of senior age and creates significant health complications that must be addressed with intensive treatments and therapies. The necessity to embrace a large variety of factors that may contribute to the deterioration of a CHF patient’s well-being implies that a tool allowing for close monitoring of the patient’s progress must be introduced into the realm of AC.

James is a 70-year-old African American who has developed CHF and has been placed in the AC environment. At present, it is crucial to supervise the changes that the patient is experiencing after the provision of therapy and the suggested medications. Furthermore, it is essential to make sure that the healthcare staff is provided with the information necessary to define the further course of the treatment process and meet James’s needs in a manner as efficient and expeditious as possible. The importance of developing the strategy for the further prevention of CHF issues must also be incorporated into the range of concerns that have to be handled within a relatively short amount of time. The lack of communication with the patient and the absence of proper patient education should be viewed as the primary impediments to the successful provision of care. The situation is aggravated by the presence of edema in James’s legs.

The use of CardioMEMS as the means of detecting possible changes in James’s state and the identification of patterns that will serve as the foundation for the further forecast must be viewed as a necessity.

Moreover, the device can be utilized as the basis for carrying out the transfer of the patient from the AC environment to the realm of his home. Because of the rapid exposure to an array of external factors that the specified transfer will entail, it will be imperative to monitor the changes in the patient’s health closely. With the ample opportunities for monitoring alterations in PP levels, which CardioMEMS provides, one must deem it as an essential addition to the range of tools for managing James’ needs.

Conclusion: Improving Management of CHF in Acute Care

The issue of CHF remains a concern for global healthcare. Therefore, it is crucial to create an environment in which a faster recovery and more efficient management of CHF-related issues could become a possibility. A closer look at the nature of CHF reveals that the levels of PP affect the patient’s chances for a successful recovery, as well as define the threat of recidivism in the future. Therefore, introducing the tools for monitoring the patient’s health and PP levels, in particular, is an essential step toward the enhancement of CHF patients’ well-being. The specified change is especially important in the AC environment, where the opportunities for efficient communication with a patient are reduced due to health issues.

The adoption of CardioMEMS must be deemed as a necessity since it allows measuring the PP levels accurately. Thus, successful prevention of CHF-related issues will become a possibility. Furthermore, further prognoses can be made based on the measurement results. Therefore, the inclusion of CardioMEMS into the range of devices used in the AC environment will contribute significantly to the enhancement of the recovery process and the successful management of patients’ needs. The device will compensate for the lack of communication in the AC environment and allow for a careful transfer of patients from the AC setting to their home.

References

Adamson, P. B., Henderson, J., Ginn, G., Neville, S., & Abraham, W. T. (2015). Pulmonary artery pressure guided heart failure management during a ‘real-world’clinical setting follow-up period demonstrated even greater improvement in clinical outcomes than that achieved in the CHAMPION randomized controlled trial. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 21(8), 118-119. Web.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Heart failure fact sheet. Web.

Congestive heart failure [Image]. (n.d.). Web.

Fermann, G. J., & Collins, S. P. (2013). Initial management of patients with acute heart failure. Heart Failure Clinics, 9(3), 291-301. Web.

Park, C. L., Aldwin, C. M., Choun, S., Suresh, D. P., & Bliss, D. (2016). Spiritual peace predicts 5-year mortality in congestive heart failure patients. Health Psychology, 35(3), 203-210. Web.

Savarese, G., & Lund, L. H. (2017). Global public health burden of heart failure. Cardiac Failure Review, 3(1), 7-11. Web.

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