The Odyssey Character On The Cyclops Character Analysis Essay Sample For College

The Odyssey, by Homer, is an action packed heroic verse form and is one of the most celebrated in Grecian literature. It describes the escapades of a great warrior called Odysseus, therefore, the name of the heroic poem. Odysseus faces many enemies throughout The Odyssey one of them being, the Cyclops, besides known as Polyphemus. He is a colossal, one-eyed monster who lives entirely in a cave, taking an unworldly life. A cool character is person that is strong, easy to gull, and barbarian monster who cares about no 1 but himself. The Cyclops is a truly cool character.

The Cyclops is strong and powerful. For case, he can easy catch two adult work forces in one fist. “He clutched at my comrades and caught two in his manus like writhing puppies”. Furthermore, Polyphemus blocks his cave utilizing an tremendous bowlder. In add-on to that, Odysseus and his work forces knife the Cyclops in the oculus and fly out to sea where Odysseus taunts him. Out of fury, the Cyclops tears off a brow and hurled it at Odysseus’s ship. “The unsighted thing in his rage broke a brow in his custodies and heaved it at us”. The Cyclops is cool because he can crush up ugly people such as stealers and criminals.

The Cyclops is a fleceable character. First off, the Cyclops believes Odysseus when he tells him that his name is Nohbdy. “Nohbdy is my meat and so I eat his friends”. Furthermore, he accepted vino from Odysseus and his work forces, people he was continuously tormenting. “Three bowls I brought him and he poured them down”. Besides, the Cyclops leaves Odysseus and his work forces, who were complete aliens to him, entirely in his home when he goes out with his sheep. The Cyclops is cool because he can be easy fooled into making things for people, for his stupidity and credulousness is apparent.

The Cyclops is barbarian and is concerned merely about himself. For illustration, he violently eats two of Odysseus’s work forces for no ground at all. “He clutched at my comrades and caught two in his manus like writhing puppies, to crush their encephalons out splattering the floor. Then he dismembered them and made his repast”. In add-on to that, the Cyclops mistreats and mocks invitees, as he does to Odysseus and his warriors when they foremost meet. “You are a ninny, or else you come from the other terminal of nowhere”. A civilised being would handle invitees with award and regard. Furthermore, Polyphemus does non care and does non believe in Gods. The Cyclops is cool because he can entertain people by mocking others.

Without a uncertainty, the Cyclops is a cool character. In the terminal, he gets stabbed in the oculus by Odysseus and loses his vision. Odysseus flights and flees off to another land to observe his triumph, while Polyphemus prays to his male parent, Poseidon, to do Odysseus injury and do him pay for what he did. Overall, the Cyclops is rather a diverse and entertaining character.

Religion, Education, And Stratification In Forrest Gump

After watching the movie, I want to discuss about three issue appear in the movie:religion,education and stratification. First, I want to talk about the religion issue in movie. When Jenny was running in the field afraid of being catcher, she pray to God to be a bird to fly away. From Deuterium’s view, The focus of religion is “things that surpass the limits of our knowledge”. Here, almighty God performs the supportive function.

He supports Jenny during her difficult times and gives her hope of being a bird and get rid of her father. From Marx view, “Religion is the opium of the masses” and religion is a true reflection of reality. Jenny prayed to be a bird and from this act we can see that she was looking forward to get rid of his father. However, Just like Marx said, religion is only opium and she can’t get help from god indeed. ‘ also have similar experience like this. Before exams, I always wish God can let the questions be easy and I can do it.

However, this is useless, what I an do is to study and learn more knowledge. Second, I want to talk about the education issue. Len the movie, Forrest was not accepted by the public school because of low IQ. Through school education, the values and skills as recognized by mainstream clusters in society is convey to kids. As a “mid-way’ training institution, as a “colonization agent”, prepares kids to adapt to the rules and regulations of society. So a good school is very important to a children. Forest’s mom did not want him to go to a special school and became a worker in the future.

However, Forest’s IQ didn’t attain 80 and was not allowed to go to public school. From here we can see that the interest group that won decides what part of their preferred “status culture ” to be cooperated into the school curriculum. The main function of school is to produce “cultivated man” and provide with the ruling class a favorable environment. The meaning of “cultivated” is certainly decided by the ruling class. Len the movie, only IQ higher than 80 is regarded as cultivated. The “cultivated” individuals will be selected to Join the elite stratum.

Those failed ones are also, along the way, trained to respect the values and culture of the ruling authority. And Forrest entered university because he can run fast. This also shows the standard of “cultivated” is decided by the ruling class due to their need. This is Just like our university entrance exam. We are tested for some certain knowledge that required by the ruling class. Last, I want to talk about social stratification. Len the movie, the conflict between black people and white people is very sharp. The stratification is found in terms of their kin color.

The white people have many privilege. Many white people such as UK Klux Klan mentioned in the movie thought they are more honorable and did not want to contact with black people. In the object world, people have different skin large-scale grouping of people who share common economic resources and lifestyle. White people are much richer and take control of economic resources so they are regarded as upper class. From anomie theory, black people want to get equal position with white people. However, their skin color cannot change and they always receive bias.

Society emphasizes too much on the success goal and too little on the legitimate means for achieving the goal. This make black people rebel and have conflict with white people. From the symbolic interactions perspective,different color like different labels put on people. The labels made the conflict between the two classes sharper. After watching this movie and apply sociology knowledge to discuss it, I find sociology is quite an interesting and useful subject. We still need to learn more in the future.

The Application Of Ethics In Progressive Taxation

Harmonizing to John K Roth’s definition of deontological theory in “Ethics” , he defines deontology to be the finding of whether an action is ethical or unethical harmonizing to its purpose instead than the effect of the action. Consequentialism is the finding of whether an action is ethically right or wrong through analysing the effect of the action instead than the purpose. ( Roth 315-316, 367-369 ) During this research paper, Roth’s ethical theories of consequentialism and deontology will be used in order to separate whether progressive revenue enhancement and the usage of revenue enhancement to redistribute wealth can be identified as morally or unethically right.

Harmonizing to the article “Understanding Attitudes toward Progressive Taxation” , it is believed that the progressive rate construction is one of the most desirable signifiers of revenue enhancement upon many philosophers, economic experts, and revenue enhancement policymakers. Those that believe in progressive revenue enhancement have the impression that the higher-income taxpayers should be apt to higher revenue enhancements than those of lower income. ( Michael, Peggy, Cassie 166,168 ) Harmonizing to “Progressive Taxes” by Joel B. Slemrod, in a progressive revenue enhancement strategy ; “one’s revenue enhancement construction is more progressive than another if its mean revenue enhancement rate rises more quickly with income.” ( Selmrod ) Harmonizing to the deontological theory, the purpose of this progressive revenue enhancement construction is to revenue enhancement every person or household harmonizing to their income and so it betters the life of many people within the society. The effect of the revenue enhancement policy will let all persons within the society to populate their lives harmonizing to their demands. Affluent persons will still hold adequate income to populate better than those of lower societal categories, doing it morally ethical because it’s effects harmonizing to the consequentialist theory is salvaging many lives from poorness.

An experiment was done on four-hundred and 60 belowground pupils that were taking nine introductory classs and two extra revenue enhancement categories at two big university establishments in different parts in the United States. The pupils were given different scenarios to each of the revenue enhancement policies that are used to revenue enhancement citizens in the United States and this included ; regressive, level, and in conclusion progressive revenue enhancement. ( Michael, Peggy, Cassie 169-171 ) Regressive revenue enhancement is the contrary to progressive revenue enhancement, in which revenue enhancements the lower income people more than the wealthier persons. ( Investopedia, Regressive Tax ) Flat revenue enhancement is the application of the same revenue enhancement rate among all societal categories. ( Investopedia, Flat Tax ) The consequences of the experiment concluded that the pupils preferred progressive revenue enhancement over the other two signifiers of revenue enhancement policies. Progressive revenue enhancement had the higher per centum compared to both level and regressive revenue enhancements. Seventy-nine per centum preferred progressive revenue enhancement rates over level, whereas 76 per centum preferred progressive revenue enhancement rates over regressive. ( Michael, Peggy, Cassie 171 ) This demonstrates that among those that do hold a basic cognition of revenue enhancement, they believe that progressive revenue enhancement is the fairest and the most ethical manner of conveying among equality in the society.

Those that support progressive revenue enhancement believe “that revenue enhancements should be assessed proportionately to income, and that upper-income taxpayers are avoiding paying a proportionate revenue enhancement and therefore higher revenue enhancements on upper-income individuals are needed.” ( Michael, Peggy, Cassie 185-186 ) The upper-income taxpayers are avoiding paying their proportion of revenue enhancement to the authorities and which leads to a negative purpose of non willing to assist the society as much. This can be viewed as unethical because deontologists would desire the affluent societal categories to be lending more to assist the society attain felicity among the greatest figure of people harmonizing to Roth’s term of utilitarianism. ( Roth 1531 ) The effect of unwilling to pay their proportion of revenue enhancement will take the society to non come on every bit much as if they did pay their proportion of revenue enhancement harmonizing to the progressive revenue enhancement construction, and hence doing it unethical for those affluent persons to avoid paying their proportion of revenue enhancement.

Progressive revenue enhancement helps the authorities apply “Income redistribution” to break the society. Income redistribution is the series of actions which takes income from some persons within the society and redistributes it to others. By roll uping revenue enhancements, fees, subsidies and granted societal benefits, it permits the authorities to ordain this societal benefit of income redistribution. Governments besides collect revenue enhancements, to finance province establishments which benefit in the aid to break ease the societal and economic life of communities. Progressive revenue enhancement helps in the cause of Income Redistribution by taking more from the higher income people to assist those persons and households that are under poorness through allowances, subsidies, public goods and services. The pattern of taxing the higher income persons and households based on their disbursals like luxury goods, help the agencies of redistributing income among the society to set the inequality among the persons in the society. ( Radu 228-229 ) Harmonizing to deontology, the purpose of income redistribution is to convey an equalitarian society by cut downing the spread in income between the rich and the hapless people. This transportation of income is looking to work out the societal category inequality and hence doing it ethical. The effect of income distribution reduces societal tensenesss and creates equalitarian communities that are more united. It is besides leting the authorities to assist those in economical need through hard currency transportations, nutrient tickets, and societal lodging. ( Radu, 229-232 ) This action harmonizing to consequentialist is ethical because its effects are breaking the lives of those that are populating in hapless conditions and leting them to populate a standard life instead than a rough one.

While some believe that progressive revenue enhancement construction is morally ethical, there are others that do non believe this revenue enhancement policy is best for the society. They believe progressive revenue enhancement is politically irresponsible because it allows bulk of the federal income revenue enhancement to be contributed by the top one per centum of taxpayers in America that amounts to 38 per centum of federal income revenue enhancement, whereas the bottom 50 per centum of taxpayers pay a manner lower part of merely two point seven per centum of income revenue enhancements. Harmonizing to deontologists, progressive revenue enhancement would be seen as unethical because the purpose of the bottom 50 per centum of taxpayers is to move egotistically and depend upon the wealthiest of the society to pay a major part of federal income revenue enhancement while merely two point seven per centum of incomes revenue enhancements are paid by them. It is estimated that 40 six point nine per centum of workers did non lend and pay the federal income revenue enhancement during 2009. This consequences to a minority of taxpayers that are affected with the addition in revenue enhancement rate and leads the bulk of taxpayers to move instead selfishly and depend upon merely the top wealthy people to pay their personal federal income revenue enhancements to convey alteration to the society. This political irresponsibleness within this taxing policy, leads to an unfair intervention upon the affluent people. ( Hagopian 23 ) The effect harmonizing to the consequentialist theory would besides be unethical, because the effect of 40 six point nine per centum of workers non paying their federal income revenue enhancements would take to unfairness among the minority because major part of the income revenue enhancements is being provided by them.

The 2nd statement against progressive revenue enhancement is the fomenting discord. In the United States system of authorities and all of Western states, the issue and tenseness between the political system and the economic system exists. This tenseness among both political and economic domain, leads to the act of challenging over public assistance and revenue enhancement policies. ( Hagopian 24 ) The act of challenging over the public assistance and revenue enhancement policies can be viewed as ethical harmonizing to deontology, because the purpose is to cut down the built-up force per unit area among the political and economic system in order to convey positive alteration. Those whom agree with income redistribution hold the fact that inequality stirs up dissension and discord. Whereas those against progressive revenue enhancement, believe that discord is still present when progressive revenue enhancement Torahs are unjust towards those people whom are being taxed. Therefore, a progressive revenue enhancement construction will take to people revolting because of the inequity-based rule that is present in the revenue enhancement policy harmonizing to those against it. ( Hagopian 24 ) Harmonizing to the consequentialist theory, the act of challenging against the progressive revenue enhancement construction can be seen as ethical, because it can take to alter within the system like deciding the issue of holding more people pay their income revenue enhancements instead than holding the affluent societal category contribute to largely all the federal income revenue enhancement.

Admiting both sides of the statement towards progressive revenue enhancement, I believe that this signifier of revenue enhancement can be both morally ethical and unethical harmonizing to deontological and consequentialist theory by Roth, and which makes this burdensome construction flawed. This can let us to make a new philosophy of equity that can be morally justifiable harmonizing to both consequentialists and deontologists. This philosophy is constructed on five basic rules.

The first rule includes how the most just signifier of revenue enhancement system is one that bases its policy on the value of benefits received. ( Hagopian 24 ) Harmonizing to deontologists, this rule is ethical because the purpose to pay revenue enhancements to the authorities is to have valuable benefits in return that benefit the greatest figure of people and brings felicity harmonizing to the utilitarianism theory. This policy will take the authorities to establish this rule on the benefits they provide to the society. The effect therefore will be positive because the authorities will seek to maximise the benefits they offer to the citizens from the revenue enhancement they collect from the people. This makes this principle ethical in both footings.

The 2nd rule includes how income is perceived to be the “most just step of the value of benefits” and besides the ultimate wellbeing of an person. Therefore, revenue enhancements should be taken proportionately to the benefits received in return from the authorities. ( Hagopian 24 ) Based on the deontology theory, the purpose of this rule is to convey equality among the society by holding the authorities provide equal benefits from those revenue enhancements collected proportionately from each person, and therefore doing it ethical. The effects of the rule will let each person to hold a good amount of their income for day-to-day life disbursals due to the advantage of relative taxing and can besides advantage in the governmental benefits that is provided from the revenue enhancement collected. This rule rejects the impression of per-capita revenue enhancement system and applies a revenue enhancement system of proportion alternatively. ( Hagopian 24-25 )

The 3rd rule of this philosophy is connoting that merely “clear income” should be taxed. By clear income, it means that those under the poorness degree are non required to pay revenue enhancements because their below the degree of subsistence and therefore they could hardly pay their life disbursals. Whereas those that are above the degree of subsistence should pay revenue enhancements because they are more than capable in populating their lives with equal excess of income after all their day-to-day life disbursals. ( Hagopian 25 ) Deontologists would believe that this rule is morally justifiable because the purpose of this rule is to convey an equalitarian society and assist those that are incapable to populate by non holding them pay revenue enhancements. Those that are beyond the degree of subsistence should pay their revenue enhancements to allow the authorities to hold some signifier of funding to assist the society as a whole. The effect of this rule is moral because it allows a greater figure of people to populate a just life with an equal amount of income.

The 4th rule is how progressive revenue enhancement on income is unjust when it comes to work attempt. In an equal playing field, those that have a high-value aptitude by and large make more income than those of low-value aptitude. Among each grade of aptitude, includes a “mini-society” that differentiates income merely through the work-effort they put in to doing money. Hence, an person that puts a work attempt above the median in his/her grade aptitude will do more than person that puts a work attempt below the median. Although the single whom is implementing more work attempt is doing more money, he/she must pay more revenue enhancements than the individual who puts less work attempt in the grade of aptitude based on the progressive revenue enhancement construction. This unjust system harmonizing to consequentialist will take to a great figure of people of doing less after-tax income per hr than person else in their grade of aptitude because they worked harder to gain more income. Progressive revenue enhancement in this sense is seen as unethical because of its unfairness.

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