The Percentage Of Fluid In The Human Body Comparison Essay Sample For College

  1. At which stage of life is the percentage of fluid in the human body highest? Infancy
  2. When comparing a lean adult female to a lean adult male, which will most likely have a higher percentage of body fluid? The Male
  3. A comparison of the two major body fluid compartments reveals that: two-thirds of the total fluid is within our cells and one-third is outside our cells.
  4. Which statement accurately describes the permeability to water of the cell membrane and the capillary wall? Both the plasma membrane and the capillary wall are permeable to water.
  5. Drinking a liter of water will cause the osmolarity of blood plasma to: decreases
  6. If someone runs a marathon through a desert while eating pretzels and not drinking water, their plasma osmolarity: rises and becomes hypertonic to the interstitial and intracellular fluid compartments.
  7. As an individual becomes dehydrated, the net movement of fluid in their body is from cells toward plasma.
  8.  Which type of intake accounts for most of our daily fluid intake? Preformed water
  9. Facultative water loss is loss that: is controlled by hormone effects on the kidney
  10. In the condition of volume excess, fluid gain involves: no change in the osmolarity of body fluid.
  11. If someone in an accident suffered severe burns as well as hemorrhage, they would be at high risk for: volume depletion.
  12. Renal failure would likely lead to: volume excess
  13. Diabetes mellitus, profuse sweating, and hyposecretion of ADH can each lead to: dehydration
  14. If a runner drinks too much water before a marathon, they run a risk of water intoxication, also known as: hypotonic hydration
  15. Extreme hypotonic hydration can cause brain cells to swell.
  16. Edema is an example of: fluid sequestration
  17. Blockage of lymphatic vessels or surgical removal of lymphatic vessels increases the likelihood of: edema, which is a an example of fluid sequestration
  18. Feelings of thirstiness are brought on by: decreases in salivary secretions and increases in blood osmolarity.
  19. Fluid intake causes blood volume to increase.
  20. The thirst center of the brain is located in the: hypothalamus
  21. Researchers have inflated balloons inside the stomachs of experimental subjects and have found that distention of the stomach causes thirst to: decrease
  22. Which of the following does not turn off the thirst center of the brain? Decreased salivary secretions
  23. When compared with the effects of blood pressure and osmolarity on fluid intake, the effects of saliva and stomach distention are more immediate but less accurate
  24. Fixed acids are generally regulated by physiological buffering provided by the: kidneys
  25. Most nonelectrolytes are covalently bonded organic molecules
  26. The molecule HCl is an example of a(n): electrolyte.
  27. When NaCl is added to body fluids it results in the addition of: two solute particles per NaCl molecule and exerts twice the osmotic pressure of the same number of nonelectrolyte molecules
  28. The most abundant cation within cells is: potassium
  29. The most abundant anion in the extracellular fluid is: chloride
  30. Which ion is the principal solute of the ECF and is crucial for neuromuscular and renal function? Sodium
  31. How are sodium levels and blood pressure related? Increased plasma sodium levels increase water retention, blood volume, and blood pressure.
  32. Most potassium loss from the body occurs through: urine
  33. When the pH of the ECF decreases, K+ starts to move from the: ICF to the ECF.
  34. How does the hormone aldosterone influence potassium levels? It increases potassium secretion by the kidneys and decreases potassium blood concentration.
  35. Calcium hardens bone and teeth, but its levels are carefully controlled throughout the body. Low levels of calcium within cells are maintained by: pumps that move calcium out of cells or into the sarcoplasmic reticulum.
  36. Changes in blood osmolarity within capillaries of the hypothalamus are a signal for ADH release. The neurons that are sensitive to these changes in osmolarity are? Chemorecptors
  37. High levels of ADH cause: vasoconstriction and therefore increases in blood pressure
  38. The adrenal gland releases aldosterone in response to: angiotensin II and decreased blood plasma sodium levels.
  39. Aldosterone exerts effects on principal cells of the kidney by causing: increased numbers of Na+/K+ pumps.
  40. Aldosterone causes kidney tubules to: reabsorb more sodium and water, and secrete more potassium.
  41. The stimulus that directly triggers release of ANP is: increased stretch of the heart atria
  42. The hormone ANP causes systemic blood vessels to: dilate, which lowers blood pressure.

Review: Truer To The Game

Before I even begin to explain what is widely known by everyone on Earth except for Bill Russell and Randy Horick, I must ask if you have ever watched a women’s basketball game. I don’t mean just passing by it on TV or attending a game because someone asked you to. I mean watching it from start to finish for pure entertainment. But of course, you haven’t, because hardly anybody does! If you have, you should feel unique because you belong to the 1% of the population who does. Now, how can the best WNBA player even be compared to the 10th best NBA player? They are shorter, smaller in mass, less athletic, less strong, and not as fast. This claim of them being fundamentally more sound is ridiculous. The men who play at the collegiate and professional level are not just giant bouncing men. They are trained just as well, if not more, than the women. Bill Russell apparently appreciates the way women play, stating that they are “truer to the game,” which basically means they are slower, weaker, and not as good as male basketball players. I am not only skeptical about Bill Russell’s well-being now, but I also question his basketball IQ. I believe we are influenced by our environment to a certain extent. We start off being shaped by our genes.

Our surroundings provide nourishment for growth, events for experience, parents for guidance, and opportunities for decision-making. Some of these factors are within our control while others are not. Genetic factors determine certain actions like fight or flight responses, whereas mannerisms are acquired characteristics. Both nature and nurture play a significant role in shaping who we are.

Consider the case of identical twins who were separated at birth but still share similarities in their partners’ names, children’s names, and even professions. Whether this is coincidental or not, it highlights the influence of nature on our lives. However, disregarding the impact of the environment or nurture would be naive.

When comparing individuals raised in different cultures, disparities in their development become apparent. Going back to the example of identical twins mentioned earlier – depending on whether one was raised in an inner city or the other in an affluent suburb – they can lead completely different lifestyles. Our interactions with the environment shape our entire lives and profoundly impact us.

One’s identity is shaped by genetics, environment, and personal choices. The ongoing debate on drug addiction centers around its classification as a brain disease. In my opinion, this is apparent because drug addiction alters the structure and function of the brain. While initial drug use may be voluntary for most people, continued misuse can result in changes that impact self-control and decision-making abilities, ultimately leading to physical dependence. These effects pose significant challenges for individuals striving to overcome addiction. Despite the fact that these brain dysfunctions can be caused by an individual’s own actions, they should still be acknowledged as such and those affected should not be disregarded when considering assistance.

Excessive tanning, which can cause skin cancer, is not considered self-inflicted. However, addiction is often treated differently because it is believed that addicts choose to use drugs in order to get high. Nevertheless, this perspective is irrelevant. Similar to chronic illnesses like diabetes, asthma, or heart disease, drug addiction can be effectively managed. It is not uncommon for individuals with chronic conditions to have relapses and return to previous patterns of drug abuse. However, relapse should not be seen as a failure; instead, it suggests that the person may need to resume or adjust their treatment plan or explore alternative options in order to regain control and achieve recovery.

Feminist Lens Vs Marxist Lens

When reading a book or any piece of literature, the background of the reader plays a significant role in how they perceive the work. Two readers with different viewpoints and backgrounds will naturally have differing opinions and interpretations of the same writing. For instance, a feminist lens and a Marxist lens offer contrasting perspectives. Through a feminist lens, one would observe any instances where men and women are not treated equally or where women are portrayed as more dependent. On the other hand, a Marxist lens would analyze everything in terms of power dynamics, considering hierarchy and importance. In Zora Neale Hurston’s novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, individuals with a feminist lens and a Marxist lens would interpret the same situations in distinct ways.

When Janie moved to Eatonville with her husband, Joe Starks, he became the mayor, making Janie the first lady. During a celebration of Joe’s accomplishment, Janie was asked to give a speech. However, Joe declined the offer before Janie had the chance. A feminist would interpret this as Joe speaking on behalf of his wife due to the perception that women lacked strength to speak for themselves during that time in history. Women were often considered emotional and unintelligent, so their husbands would speak for them. A Marxist perspective would view Joe’s actions as a subliminal message asserting his control and dominance over Janie. By not allowing her to reject the offer herself and making decisions on her behalf, Joe implied that she held no power or agency.

Janie’s long hair was a significant part of her identity and symbolized her power. It distinguished her from others and she took pride in it. However, while she was with Joe Starks, she was only permitted to wear her hair down at home, and had to wear it in a rag outside. A feminist would view this as Janie conforming to traditional expectations of women being modest. They would also see it as Joe exerting control over Janie and her submissively complying with societal norms placed upon wives. This is evident when the men in their town comment on Janie’s hair without any objection. From a Marxist perspective, this situation signifies Joe’s desire to assert dominance over Janie. By dictating how she should style her hair, he diminishes her sense of power while elevating his own.

Throughout their relationship, Joe emotionally and verbally abused Janie, often criticizing her appearance to lower her self-esteem and keep her dependent on him due to his own insecurities. However, there came a point when Janie stood up for herself publicly, which deeply embarrassed Joe. From then on, Janie refused to listen to him and he lost control over her. A feminist perspective would interpret this as Janie breaking free from societal expectations and refusing to be oppressed any longer. As an African American woman, Janie was not allowed to be independent, but she defied these norms and asserted her autonomy, making a powerful statement to Joe and the rest of the community. From a Marxist standpoint, this can be seen as Janie “stripping him of his authority.” After enduring control in the relationship, Janie took charge and became the one with power.

Later on in the book, Tea Cake and Janie have a different relationship compared to her previous relationships. They view each other as equals. However, there is a point in their relationship where Tea Cake physically harms Janie for his personal pleasure. This incident occurs when they reside in the Everglades and Tea Cake realizes another man is interested in Janie. In response, he resorts to violence. In the Everglades, Tea Cake becomes highly regarded by the other men because Janie does not fight back; she only cries, which is uncommon for African American women. Janie is envied by the other women and admired for how Tea Cake nurtures her and treats her kindly when they are seen together after the incident. A feminist perspective would interpret this as male dominance and Janie submitting to Tea Cake once again, as expected due to her respect for him. On the other hand, a Marxist viewpoint would perceive this as Tea Cake asserting his authority to Janie and everyone else, establishing that he controls the relationship and Janie is not going anywhere.

In conclusion, the interpretation of a piece of writing varies depending on the reader’s beliefs. A reader with a feminist perspective would pay more attention to gender roles and stereotypes, while a reader with a marxist viewpoint would analyze power struggles within the text. In Their Eyes Were Watching God, a feminist reader would be disappointed by Janie’s submission to her husbands, as it reflects societal expectations of women being inferior to men. However, they would also appreciate Janie’s eventual equality in the relationship. On the other hand, a marxist reader would find Janie’s tendency to be overpowered by others intriguing but unacceptable. Ultimately, readers’ interpretations of text are shaped by their individual perspectives.

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