The Positive Impact Of Computers On Commerce Sample Paper

The Positive Impact of Computers on Commerce By Kristopher Fiecke, eHow Contributor , last updated April 17, 2012 * * * * Print this article The ever-evolving computer has changed how people conduct business. The computer has evolved over time into an essential tool for most businesses. Whether it’s a small business or a multinational corporation with offices in a variety of locations around the globe, the computer has become an integral part of how most people manage their business. Computers have taken tasks that many people spent a vast majority of their time on and simplified them to help businesses run more efficiently.

The computer has revolutionized how people from all walks of life conduct their business. Other People Are Reading * Fall Furniture Trends Take Cues from Nature * The Advantages, Disadvantages and Limitations of E-Commerce 1. Competitive Pricing * The evolution of the computer has really benefited consumers when it comes to pricing. Retailers now have to compete with other retail outlets all over the world to maintain competitive prices, thanks to the prevalence of the Internet. Stores in certain regions no longer are able to hold local shoppers hostage by charging higher prices because they are the only store in town.

Consumers simply have to do a quick search on the Internet to determine if they will be able to have a product shipped to their home for a comparable or lower price. Faster Checkout * Computers also have impacted commerce positively by allowing consumers in retail outlets to complete their purchases quicker. No longer does a cashier have to punch in a series of numbers into a cash register, the cashier simply has to scan a barcode, which tells the computer how much the product costs. The results of the purchase are displayed for the consumer to see.

This lets the consumer prepare to finalize the transaction by counting out their money, writing a check or taking out their credit card. Computers still have problems like crashes and network errors, but overall, the checkout experience is much faster due to the impact of computers. * Sponsored Links * ASP. NET C# E-commerce Easy to use and flexible CMS with E-commerce and Social Networking. www. kentico. com/ecommerce More Detailed Inventory Records * Computers also have had a positive impact on commerce by allowing stores to maintain more accurate inventory control systems.

An associate in a retail outlet doesn’t have to head back into a stockroom to determine if a product that isn’t on the shelves is in the stock room waiting to be brought out onto the floor. The associate simply has to enter the item’s bar code into a computer and the computer’s inventory list will tell the associate the quantity of the product in the store’s stockroom. If the store is out of a product, they can easily hook into another store in a different location and let the consumer know if the product is in stock at that location. More Efficient Filing Systems * Computers have made the filing systems of businesses more efficient.

The days of keeping a customer’s purchase or service records in a manila folder stuffed with papers are long gone. Businesses can do a simple search of their client and find out the last time they came in for a particular service or the last purchase they made and how much they spent or how often they frequent the business. http://www. ehow. com/info_8448538_positive-impact-computers-commerce. html The department store’s twin characteristics of a wide range of merchandise and a high level of customer service compel it to react quickly to a constantly changing and a more sophisticated customer base.

The customer also looks for service – credit, delivery, and after sales. Originally computers were used in department stores only for payroll and purchase ledger. Now the objective is to run the entire trading operation round an integrated computer system. It is primarily in the area of conveying timely and accurate information to executives responsible for taking decisions, that computers are making the greatest impact on the department store trade. USE OF COMPUTERS IN RETAIL PHARMACY Sir, I am pleased to report a satisfactory result from a feasibility trial of computer support for the retail harmacist, which was first described in your Journal in 1974. The trial took place in an Exeter pharmacy and used prototype equipment which logged the dispensing transactions and kept track of stock which needed to be re-ordered. The nature of the drug preparation dispensed was mechanically read from a printed code on the container via a sensor. The signal created was recorded on to magnetic tape side by side with the number of units counted. The units were counted automatically by a machine preset from a keyboard to the number required on the prescription. Each ay’s transactions were transmitted by telephone to a computer which printed out re-order lists for the pharmacist. This trial has shown that marked improvement can be obtained in the accuracy of the lists of goods which need to be re-ordered from the wholesaler for the retailer and provided strict control of the total stock levels and trends in demand. The automatic tablet counter equipment produced a significant saving in the pharmacist’s time and relieved him of an irksome task. The combined machine proved acceptable in use to the pharmacists even though they were asked to aintain dual systems for the purposes of comparison. This type of equipment in future could reduce drug processing and clerical work, abolish the procedure for re-ordering by telephone, and could improve profitability in many ways. If in addition pharmacists were prepared to share their recorded data, then most of the wholesaler’s clerical activities could be automated, the drug manufacturer’s clerical tasks could be greatly helped, and pricing bureau activities and prescribing statistics could be fully automated. Further proposals would be the formation of a computer-based central national register for angerous drugs, a monitoring service for the sideeffects of drugs linked with the data banked in the computer’s memory from prescriptions. The expense of introducing a system of this kind would be no greater than that involved in analogous systems currently being developed in other fonns of retailing. Further design work will be required to produce a machine suitable for general pharmaceutical use. J. F. PREECE The Computer’s Impact on Retail By Dennis Hartman, eHow Contributor * * * * Print this article Anyone who makes purchases online knows something about the relationship between retailers and computers.

The field of retail sales has its basis in retailers bringing buyers and products together in the marketplace. There are a number of ways retailers can do this, and many tools they can use in their work. Computers, which have had an impact on nearly every economic sector, are especially prevalent in retail where their effect is visible at each level of the retail organization. Other People Are Reading * The Impact of Computers in Business * How Are Computers Used in Health Care? 1. Online Sales * One of the most significant impacts of computers in the field of retail sales is the phenomenon of online sales.

Most major retailers have large Web presences, offering a full range of their products for order. Customer can order out-of-stock items from a physical location for home delivery or in-store pickup, eliminating the lost sales that come from lack of inventory. The Internet also allows small retailers to sell to a wide base of customers who may not live near the retail location. It makes online-only retailers possible — these businesses don’t need to invest in the cost of a physical location since they process all of their sales online. Marketing Retailers also feel the impact of computers when it comes to marketing. In addition to print, radio and television marketing, retailers can turn to the Internet for banner ads, websites and email promotions that get customers’ attention. Email allows retailers to send sale reminders or special discount coupons to customers on their mailing lists, reducing the cost of contacting customers directly via postal mail or phone. Online marketing also means that a retailer can reach potential customers anywhere in the world for a much more reasonable cost than other forms of global marketing. Sponsored Links * Your Own Online Store All in One Website & Shopping Cart, Award-Winning Ecommerce, Get Trial. Volusion. com/ShoppingCart Inventory Management * Retailers need to control their inventories to succeed. Too much overhead means the business’s money is tied up in unsold products. Too little means there might be problems meeting customer demand. A simple computer program such as a spreadsheet allows a retailer to track inventory levels over time and ensure that the right amount of product is always in stock.

A computerized inventory system can also save time and money by storing ordering information for reference and, in some cases, integrating with distribution systems online for automatic ordering when inventory levels are low. Payroll and Accounting * Like other business owners, retailers can feel the impact of computers when they take advantage of programs that simplify their payroll and accounting tasks every day. Accounting software streamlines the process of keeping accurate records for tax purposes and personal business assessment. It may even reduce the amount of money a retailer spends on an outside accountant.

Retailers can also use software to manage their payroll and employee benefits. Outside payroll services allow managers to go online and enter payroll information, such as hours worked and salary changes. These services can also distribute paychecks automatically, giving retailers one less administrative concern. http://www. ehow. com/info_8050562_computers-impact-retail. html The Impact of Computerization on Retail Sales Ever since computers were released to the public for private, non-military use, people have been thinking of ways to use them for profit.

One industry that has seen a huge impact of computerization is the retail sales industry. These are the commercial businesses that are closest to the customer, distributing finished products directly off the shelves and into the customers’ homes. In this essay we will examine the retail sales environment over three stages of computerization — direct replacement of current activity, enhancement of activities, and ability to perform new functionality. Before the process of computerization began in retail sales, the store manager was in charge of nearly all aspects of running the store.

This included deciding which items to keep in stock, how much to charge for each item, and managing the employees. For a manager, running a successful and profitable store meant hard work and clever thinking. Bad managers were typically disorganized and did not have what the customers wanted. A good case study for computerization in retail sales is Wal-Mart. Wal-Mart is a good case study because it is a company that was founded before computers had much impact on sales. The first Wal-Mart store opened in 1962 and the company is now the world’s largest retailer thanks in part to computerization.

Throughout this essay we will examine how computerization has impacted retail sales in general and more specifically how it has helped Wal-Mart rise to become the world’s number one retailer. First Stage In the 1960s computing devices began to be increasingly associated with businesses. The first credit cards came into common use during this era, reducing the need to carry large amounts of cash to stores. Some larger businesses even purchased computers to manage customer data and speed up accounting. This was the beginning of the first stage of computer insertion into retail sales.

During this era where computers began replacing tedious business tasks, there was some change in productivity, primarily in keeping up with company expenses. In some cases, consumers did not have to wait quite as long to check out because of increasingly powerful cash registers and calculators. Some jobs were replaced because the stores did not need as many people to support their customers anymore. In the case of Wal-Mart, this was the time when the first stores were opening. Other discount retail stores like Kmart and Target were quickly expanding and searching for ways to operate cheaper and more efficiently.

Computers began to be used in a very limited way for accounting and other minor tasks. Second Stage Another phase of computer insertion into the retail sales industry reached its height in the mid 1980s and early 1990s. Computers had become fairly popular and were in common use by even small retail stores. During this phase many tasks were being automated. Nearly every store had inventory control computing systems to keep track of what goods the store had as well as what items should be reordered and restocked.

Bar codes also came into wide use in the 1980s, making retail store checkouts much faster. It was around this time that anti-theft systems became popular in stores. Many retail stores used computer software to take care of accounting and employee payrolls. Together, these technologies made stores much more efficient. Goods could be ordered and stocked faster, employees could check out more customers in less time, and managers had an easier time doing their accounting. All this meant that fewer employees were needed to run existing stores.

It also meant that it was easier to run larger stores that sold more goods and catered to more customers. Huge malls and super-stores like Wal-Mart could never have existed without the level of computerization that was developed by the early 1990s. The major factor that determined the success of major discount retailers was computerization. Wal-Mart ultimately won its war with Kmart because it was the fastest to embrace computerization. By 1993, Wal-Mart was using one of the most sophisticated privately owned computer systems in the world for its inventory tracking.

The entire process for restocking was automated through the use of its computer systems and satellite links. The system at Wal-Mart stores would determine when more of a product was needed and then send an order directly to the closest supplier via satellite. This efficiency in inventory control was the main reason that Wal-Mart was able to beat its competitors. Third Stage Today we are at the point where new functionality is enhancing the way goods are sold to us. For the most part, it was the dot-com boom that paved the way for this new level of computerization.

With the World Wide Web emerging as a new method of retail marketing, local businesses could sell products to anyone with access to the Internet. The Web also provides a place where businesses can advertise their products and provide information all over the world. With the Internet rapidly becoming a massive worldwide marketplace, many businesses are being forced to open new employment positions for technical workers. Even though it may take fewer sales clerks to keep a store operational, technicians, programmers, and web developers are now required to keep the systems in good maintenance.

If a system or web site goes down, it could prove extremely costly for many companies. Wal-Mart recognized the growing importance of the Internet by launching its website in 1996. By 2000 Wal-Mart released its online shopping sites to compete with major online retailers like Amazon. com. Another aspect of retail sales which computerization has affected is data collection. Tracking systems have become very popular in retail stores. Many stores have systems which track every item in the store, who purchased the item, and who sold the item.

Inventory tracking systems allow stores to determine what kind of products the store needs more of and how many of those products to order for restocking. They help keep the stores stocked with things that customers want. Customer tracking systems keep a database of all of the store’s customers, their buying habits, and what kind of products they may be interested in purchasing. There are even employee tracking systems which keep a record of employee actions in order to gauge productivity. All of these tracking systems are part of a push to personalize the shopping experience in an increasingly impersonal and computerized world.

Businesses use the computerized tracking and personalization to simulate caring and understanding of the customers that was much more present before the introduction of computers. Only time will tell how much information consumers will allow companies to gather from them before they feel suspicious of the company’s motives. Conclusions None of us live completely independently of others. We all depend on retail sales to live, so the computerization of the industry affects our everyday lives in a large way.

Computerization in the retail sales industry takes away the tedious and time-consuming jobs and allows retail stores to serve more customers in less time. Consumers also benefit from computerization. They have more access to product information and alternatives, so they can make more informed choices on the products they purchase. Regardless of whether its impact is good or bad, computerization in retail sales helps our society work more efficiently and cost effectively. http://www. stormshock. com/archive/articles/impact. html

Safeguarding Adults And Key Legislation And Regulation

The legislation and regulation governing safeguarding adults work can be summarized as follows. The Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act aims to limit interactions between children, vulnerable adults, and individuals who may cause harm. In October 2009, the restrictions outlined in the Act were implemented. Currently, the Government is evaluating the schedule for implementing other sections of the Act, including the requirement for employees to be ‘ISA-registered’. Despite its complexity, the core principles of the 2006 Act remain clear.

The text emphasizes the importance of:

  • Preventing unsuitable individuals from working with children and vulnerable adults.
  • Providing employers with a simple way to check if someone is barred from working with children and vulnerable adults.
  • Including suitability assessments as part of an ongoing evaluation process to identify individuals who may have engaged in misconduct after passing the initial suitability check.

The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act, also known as the ROA, was established in 1974 to assist individuals who have previously been convicted of a crime and have since remained free from further offenses in obtaining employment.

Individuals with criminal convictions no longer need to disclose them for certain purposes, such as seeking employment, obtaining insurance, and participating in legal matters, once a rehabilitation period has passed. All cautions and convictions are considered ‘spent’ unless the prison sentence exceeds two and a half years. The length of the rehabilitation period is determined by the sentence received rather than the offense’s nature.

The rehabilitation period for prison sentences is determined by the length of the overall sentence, not the time spent in custody. If individuals are 17 or younger when convicted, their rehabilitation period depends on whether they are sentenced as adults or juveniles. Adults have a 5-year rehabilitation period for prison sentences between more than 6 months and up to 2.5 years, while juveniles have a 10-year rehabilitation period. Conversely, for prison sentences of 6 months or less, adults have a 3.5-year rehabilitation period and juveniles have a 7-year one.

For fines and community service, both adults and juveniles share a rehabilitation period of 2.5 years. The rehabilitation period for a conditional discharge is either equal to the duration of the order or at least 12 months (whichever is longer) for both adults and juveniles.

Both adults and juveniles have a shared six-month rehabilitation period for an absolute discharge. Similarly, they also share a three-month rehabilitation period for a conditional caution.

Simple Caution, Reprimands and WarningsImmediately ‘spent’ Immediately ‘spent’ Other Including Compensation Order, Supervision Order, Bind Over, Hospital OrderVariable periodVariable period The police Act: This section details various Acts, and offences and common laws that are commonly used by Police officers. The Police Legislation is updated frequently to keep you informed with the new laws. Police Information aim is to raise awareness of the range of health and safety legislation that applies to workplaces in Great Britain. It has been created to: •Help users discover specific legislation that applies to their industry. Explain how to trace and obtain Acts and regulations. •Provide links to organisations that can offer advice and guidance on legislation. Sexual Offences Act: This includes sections relating to consent, and definitions of different types of sexual offence. SOA is gender-neutral although some offences remain gender specific. It includes sections relating to the capacity to consent of individuals with mental health need or a learning disability. Care Standards Act: The Care Standards Act, is a piece of primary legislation, which established an independent regulatory body for England known as the National Care Standards Commission.

Its remit covered social care, private and voluntary healthcare services. The Act provided for an arm of the National Assembly to regulate these services within the country. Its main purpose was to reform care services. The Act defines the range of care services as residential care homes, nursing homes, children’s homes, domiciliary care agencies, fostering agencies, voluntary adoption agencies, private and voluntary healthcare services – including private hospitals, clinics, and private primary care premises.

The Mental Capacity Act 2005 is a law in the United Kingdom, specifically for England and Wales. Its purpose is to ensure that both local authorities and the independent sector follow the same care standards. The main goal of this act is to create a legal framework for making decisions on behalf of adults who are unable to make certain decisions themselves due to their lack of capacity. On the other hand, the Disability Discrimination Act protects disabled individuals in various aspects such as employment, education access, goods, facilities, services (including larger private clubs and transport services), buying or renting land or property (which makes it easier for people with disabilities to rent property and for tenants to make disability-related adaptations), and functions of public bodies (such as issuing licenses). This legislation obliges public bodies to promote equal opportunities for people with disabilities and grants the government authority to establish minimum standards for accessible public transportation.

The Race Relations Act, which was initially passed in 1976 and later revised in 2000, makes it illegal to discriminate against individuals based on their race, color, nationality, or ethnic origin. The Act also prohibits employers from practicing positive discrimination or affirmative action by solely hiring people from a particular racial group with the intention of altering workforce demographics.

The Act, also known as the Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA), makes it illegal and a violation of the law to discriminate based on race. It was implemented in the United Kingdom in October 2000 and includes provisions that bring the protections from the European Convention on Human Rights into UK law. This means that all public entities, including courts, police, local governments, hospitals, publicly funded schools, and others performing public functions are obligated to uphold the rights outlined in the Convention.

The main objective of the Data Protection Act is to protect individuals’ rights and privacy. It ensures that their data is not processed without their knowledge and with their consent, whenever possible. This legislation also allows individuals to bring human rights cases in national courts instead of relying on the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. The Act outlines the fundamental rights and freedoms available to people in the UK. These include the right to life, freedom from torture, liberty, slavery, a fair trial, respect for private and family life, freedom of thought and religion, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and association, the right to marry and start a family, protection against discrimination, peaceful enjoyment of property rights,the right to education,and participation in free elections.

The Act protects personal data of individuals and defines sensitive personal data that require stricter processing conditions. P5: Health and social care employ strategies and procedures to minimize abuse risk. Recruitment: Protection of Vulnerable Adults scheme ensures individuals under foster care or at home are checked against the POVA list for banned professionals. This applies to care homes, domiciliary care agencies, adult placement schemes, and employment agencies supplying care workers. Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA) ensures barred individuals cannot work with vulnerable adults or children. ISA manages the lists of barred individuals, keeps them up to date, and advises on new barring decisions based on various sources.

The role of the Criminal Records Bureau is to reduce the risk of abuse by prohibiting unsuitable individuals from working with children and vulnerable adults. This sector guidance aims to prevent abuse of vulnerable adults and provide guidance to employers.

The Protection of Vulnerable Adults scheme in England and Wales for adult placement schemes serves as a ban on professionals who have caused harm to vulnerable adults under their care.

The addition of another level of safeguarding in pre-employment procedures, such as Criminal Records Bureau checks, helps to stop known abusers from joining the care workforce. This action will be complementary to initiatives like “No secrets” and “In safe hands,” along with other specific measures aimed at preventing and dealing with adult abuse. It will aid the Government’s endeavors to enhance standards in healthcare and social services.

The importance of raising standards is twofold: it serves as a means to protect vulnerable adults and is valuable in its own right. Often, harm inflicted upon these individuals stems from care professionals’ lack of expertise rather than deliberate misconduct. The Department of Health’s “No Secrets” report is an indispensable resource for all entities involved in health and social care services, such as primary care groups, regulators, and criminal justice agencies.

The report highlights the importance of promptly protecting and assisting at-risk vulnerable adults. The government recognizes the significance of this action and sees local statutory agencies and other relevant entities as vital partners in ensuring its implementation when needed. The report’s main focus is on safeguarding elderly, frail, isolated individuals in the community or those lacking substantial family support in care homes. This category often encompasses people with physical or learning disabilities, as well as those with mental health requirements, who face potential harm both within institutional settings and the wider community.

Safeguarding encompasses six key concepts: empowerment, protection, prevention, proportionate responses, partnership, and accountability. Empowerment refers to the presumption of person-led decisions and informed consent. Protection involves providing support and representation to those who are most in need. Prevention emphasizes the importance of taking action before harm occurs. Proportionality means responding to the risk presented with a response that is proportionate and least intrusive. Partnership focuses on finding local solutions through services that work with their communities.

Communities play a role in preventing, detecting, and reporting neglect and abuse. The Accountability and Transparency in Delivering Dignity in Care initiative aims to improve standards of dignity in care. It offers resources and practical guidance for service providers and practitioners to ensure that individuals receiving health and social care services are treated with respect.

Human Rights in Healthcare-A Framework for Local Action 2007: aims to demonstrate the practical value of a human rights-based approach for organizations and individuals providing improved services for patients and service users. “Alan Johnson Secretary of State for Health” emphasizes the importance of considering human rights when delivering services in order to ensure the provision of quality care.

Integrating human rights into healthcare services can result in improved services for all. When the core values of fairness, respect, equality, dignity, and autonomy are upheld, both patients and staff can have positive experiences. The principle of fairness entails giving individuals the chance to express and have their opinion heard and valued when making decisions, along with considering other relevant factors.

The process should be impartial, providing certainty and allowing others to see how they would be treated in similar situations. It also involves showing respect for the rights, values, beliefs, and property of others. Respect includes considering the individual and their value systems before making decisions that may contradict them.

Showing respect can be achieved through polite communication, which helps individuals feel appreciated and acknowledged as distinct individuals rather than just ‘numbers’ or ‘conditions’.

In the healthcare field, autonomy is regarded as a primary ethical principle. It encompasses self-determination, giving individuals the freedom to choose their own outcomes and make decisions based on pertinent information, while also being able to participate in the decision-making process.

Codes of Practice in Social Work: Social care workers have a duty to protect the rights and promote the interests of service users and carers. This entails treating each individual as unique, respecting their dignity and privacy, promoting equal opportunities, respecting the opinions and desires of both service users and carers, and valuing diversity including different cultures and values.

Establishing and sustaining trust and confidence with service users is of utmost importance for social workers. This entails being honest, trustworthy, and respectful when handling confidential information shared by service users. It also involves being dependable and effective in communication, using appropriate, open, accurate, and simple language. Furthermore, social workers must prioritize promoting the independence of service users while ensuring their utmost protection from any potential danger or harm.

This encompasses various responsibilities for social care workers. These encompass aiding service users in maintaining their independence and comprehending specific terms. It also necessitates refraining from discriminatory or exploitative actions and following protocols that safeguard you, your colleagues, and service users from workplace violence or abuse. It is crucial to respect the rights of service users, as well as taking precautions to prevent harm stemming from their actions towards themselves or others.

The social worker’s role includes acknowledging the rights of service users to participate in behaviors that carry risks. Consequently, they should adhere to risk assessment policies and procedures to evaluate whether these behaviors pose potential harm to themselves or others. Additionally, it is essential for them to take appropriate measures aimed at minimizing any potential harm caused by service users. As a social care worker, you have a duty to ensure that your work meets high standards and continually enhance your knowledge and skills.

Adhering to standards of practice and working safely and effectively are essential for social workers. This includes maintaining accurate records, collaborating respectfully with colleagues, and informing employers about challenges that may affect job performance. Engaging in relevant training is crucial for enhancing knowledge and skills, ultimately benefiting others in the field.

The code of practice serves multiple purposes, including clarifying the role of social care workers in workforce regulation and promoting appropriate behavior towards service users. It also outlines the responsibilities of employers in regulating social care workers and protecting the interests of service users and carers. By adhering to this code, employers can ensure they meet the specified standards, deliver high-quality services, and instill public trust in social care services. Additionally, The Code: Standards of Conduct, Performance and Ethics for Nurses and Midwives provides a set of key principles that all nurses and midwives should follow to fulfill their professional responsibilities. This code should not only be used in fitness-to-practice cases but also as a guide for daily practice.

The NMC provides various standards, guidance, and advice that should be utilized alongside the code to aid professional development. One strategy for professional development is multi-agency working, which involves practitioners from various sectors and professions collaborating to provide integrated support for children, young people, and families. This approach ensures that those who require additional assistance have access to the appropriate professionals. Multi-agency working can manifest in different ways depending on the local context.

Multi-agency working takes various forms, such as:

  • In a team centered around a specific child or family.
  • As a panel addressing the needs of individual children or families based on a particular area or institution.
  • Where services collaborate within a single unit, whether physically together or connected virtually.
  • Regular meetings involving multiple services.

This collaborative approach involves professionals from diverse backgrounds, including social work, health, education, Early Years, youth work, police, and youth justice. It can also include those who have contact with children, young people, and their families through their occupation or voluntary work.

The composition of a multi-agency team will vary depending on the needs of children, young people, and families. Each practitioner should contribute their own specialist skills, expertise, and insight to provide the best possible support. Partnerships can be formed between individuals, agencies, or organizations who share a common interest. These partnerships usually have an overarching purpose and specific objectives.

Partnerships can be created to tackle specific problems and can exist for different durations and in various forms, such as formal or informal. Partnership working is built on several key principles, including clarity, openness, trust, shared goals and values, and regular communication among partners. When collaborating with adult service users, families, and informal carers, it promotes their confidence in reaching out and discussing their concerns, fears, and potential abuse experiences. This approach also helps individuals to develop self-esteem, self-confidence, and the resilience to no longer accept abusive situations and behavior as the norm.

Decision-making processes and forums, policies: By allowing everyone to be aware of what is happening, the likelihood of a culture of secrecy developing where abuse could occur can be minimized. Holding monthly meetings (forums) for residents in a care home not only promotes the sharing of ideas and opinions but also gives individuals a chance to build confidence in speaking up. Staff training: Ensuring that your staff receives training and updates their skills regularly is crucial for the success of your business or organization. The benefits gained from staff training are undoubtedly priceless.

Regular trainings have been found to reduce staff turnover, increase productivity, and improve work quality. They also enhance staff satisfaction by boosting confidence, personal development, and career progression. The Care Quality Commission’s role includes identifying situations that pose a risk of harm to individuals using regulated services or receiving complaints that indicate potential harm.

M2: Legislation and regulations, working strategies and procedures are implemented in health and social care settings to minimize the risk of abuse. In this case study, which occurred at Sunny Residential Home in Bedford, neglect and physical abuse were identified as types of abuse. Mrs. Anita Craske, a 49-year-old woman with a learning disability, was under the care of Mary, her appointed care worker. Mary’s responsibilities included providing personal care such as bathing, feeding, and ensuring Mrs. Craske’s overall well-being. However, Mrs. Craske expressed her concerns to Anna, another staff member, about how Mary would physically hurt her during their daily morning bathing routine.

Anna was unsure of how to handle the information as she was afraid of being labeled a ‘grass’. Eventually, she decided to inform the line manager about what Mrs. Craske had said to her. The line manager documented the incident and filed it away in Mrs. Craske’s record. Following that, she called Mary into her office to inquire about the allegation made against her. Mrs. Craske claimed that Mary had been physically hurting her by pinching or hitting her when she did not move quickly enough during bath time. These are the procedures in place for protection:

Alert – It is important for staff to be aware that adults with learning disabilities may have difficulty understanding or communicating at an expected level. This can make it difficult to detect signs of previous abuse, as disclosure may not always occur. Mrs Craske raised the alert by informing another staff member and showing them a visible mark from the abuse.

Referrals involve passing an allegation to professionals such as the police or social services, who will conduct an investigation and provide feedback. The Adult Protection Case Conference will then share the investigation results with the family of the vulnerable person. In this particular case, the line manager referred the allegation to social services, who then took over the investigation. Decision-making occurs during a feedback meeting, where the lead body decides if any further action should be taken. Assessment of alleged abuse can be conducted within 24 hours of the referral, especially if it is deemed urgent.

In this case, Mrs Craske’s body was checked for any marks. Her protection plan was regularly reviewed to ensure her needs were being met, and this was recorded and monitored. Whistleblowing refers to when a worker reports suspected wrongdoing at work, officially called ‘making a disclosure in the public interest.’ Workers can report anything that is illegal or if anyone at work is neglecting their duties. Complaint procedures should be available in every agency, including information on how to complain, who can complain, when to complain, when the complaint will be acknowledged, when a formal response will be received, what to do if unhappy with the response, and where to get further advice and help. This would make residents feel more comfortable reporting abuse.

References:

http://www.nidirect.gov.uk/the-disability-discrimination-act-dda

http://wp.ctjt.biz/knowledge-base-law/law–sexual-offences/

http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2003/1845/note/made

http://www.online-procedures.co.uk/oldham/contents/further-guidance-on-child-protection/families-and-learning-disabilities/

History Of Lanvin High Fashion House

Created in 1909, Lanvin is the oldest couture house still in activity. It’s existence is thanks to an exceptionnal woman: Jeanne Lanvin. Lanvin made such beautiful clothes for her daughter that they began to attract the attention of a number of wealthy people who requested copies for their own children. One of the most in uential designers of the 1920s and ’30s, Jeanne Lanvin’s skilful use of intricate trimmings, virtuoso embroideries and beaded decorations in clear, light, oral colors became a Lanvin trademark.

Today it is a french fashion gigant, who, under the watchful eye of Alber Elbaz dictates elegance, style and french chic. •? •? •? History •? Lanvin was making dresses for their mothers, and some of the most famous names in Europe were included in the clientele of her new boutique on the rue du Faubourg Saint-Honore, Paris. 1909, Lanvin joined the Syndicat de la Couture, which marked her formal status as a couturiere. •? 920s, Lanvin opened shops devoted to home decor, menswear, furs and lingerie, but her most signi cant expansion was the creation of Lanvin Parfums SA in 1924 and the introduction of her signature fragrance Arpege in 1927, inspired by the sound of her daughter’s practising her scales on the piano. •? Lanvin died in 1946, ownership of the rm was ceded to the designer’s daughter, who shared management of the rm from 1942 with a cousin and then a fashionindustry expert. •? Because Marie-Blanche de Polignac was childless when she died in 1958, the ownership of the House of Lanvin went to a cousin, Yves Lanvin. ? From mid-60’s through to the takeover by L’Oreal, Lanvin was run by Bernard Lanvin. In 1979 Lanvin bought its independence from Squibb USA. and a major PR promotional tour was arranged by Paris in the United States. History •? In February 1990, Midland backed out and sold Lanvin to Orco , a French holding company led by the Vuitton family. From Orco , 50% of the House of Lanvin was acquired by L’Oreal in 1994, 66% in 1995 and 100% in 1996. Under L’Oreal’s diverse umbrella, an array of CEOs who circulate within the French fashion industry have directed the company.

October 2001, Alber Elbaz was appointed the Lanvin artistic director for all activities, including interiors, and he has conducted his responsibilities in a highly personal, hands-on manner. In 2006, he introduced new packaging for the fashion house, featuring a forget-me-not ower color, Lanvin’s favorite shade which she purportedly saw in a Fra Angelico fresco. •? •? •? •? •? In 2006, Lucas Ossendrijver was brought on to head the men’s line which debuted to great success while strengthening Lanvin’s brand.

In May 2009 when Michelle Obama was photographed wearing a popular line of Lanvin’s sneakers made of suede, with grosgrain ribbon laces and metallic pink. On December 4, 2009, Lanvin opened their rst US Harbour, Florida. Brand 4P For services to bene t more 3 P (4+3) =7P •? People •? Process •? Physical evidence Product Some of the products you can nd in Lanvin are: •? Seasonal looks •? Ready-To-Wear •? Handbags •? Small leather goods •? Shoes •? Ballerinas •? Jewelry •? Accessories •? Fragrances Product •? •? •? •?

Over the years the fashion industry has changed. People’s criteria of designer clothes are increasing day by day. Since 1909. Lanvin fashion no matter which country you live in, you can have your cup of fashion. Lanvin Boutiques are located almost all around the world; in the USA, Europe, Asia, Middle East and North Africa. When it comes to Lanvin their range of products is various. They make high fashion clothes and shoes for women, men and children and they make a lot of di? erent types of accessories, perfumes and jewelry.

Lanvin has a  wide range and combinations of materials to work with and a wide range of colors, patterns and styles to choose from. But the main product they stand out with is their women’s dresses. Place •? Lanvin boutiques are located in Amman, Ankara, Athens, Bal Harbour, Bangkok, Beijing, Beirut, Beverly Hills, Bologna, Casablanca, Dalian, Doha, Dubai, Ekaterinburg, Geneva, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Jeddah, Kaohsiung, Kuala Lumpur, Las Vegas, London, Manama, Marbella, Milan, Monte Carlo, New York City, Paris, Rome, Samara, Saint Tropez, Salmiya, Shanghai, Taipei, Tokyo, Toronto and Warsaw. ? The Las Vegas (men’s and women’s) and Bal Harbour (women’s only) boutiques were the only ones in the United States. In July 2010, Lanvin opened a boutique on New York City’s Madison Avenue. •? Lanvin’s biggest wholesale customer in the United States is Barneys New York. “This is the best fashion clothing line ever seen” said by many people who have purchased Lanvin. Place •? You can buy your favorite Lanvin clothing items all over the world. If there is not a Lanvin boutique in your country you can make your purchase on the internet by visiting their website www. lanvin. com •?

Lanvin products available for purchase online include handbags, wallets, shoes, luggage, jewelry, gifts and ready to wear. Promotion Advertising •? Goals of adver’sing: 1.? Improving brand name 2.? Image building 3.? Promotion of sale •? LANVIN Fall Winter 2011-2012 Ad Campaign was very interesting. Models danced on modern music rhythm in unusual way. •? French fashion house Lanvin has cast ‘ordinary people’ in it’s upcoming autumn/winter 2012 advertising campaign. •? L a nv i n’ s 2 0 1 0 S p r i n g / S u m m e r Campaign AKA Can’t Stop Thinking About These Ads by Poor Little Bitch Girl. ? Story of supermodel Lara Stone. Pretty good for post-Internet generation impact. Well done Steven Meisel. •? The ‘crazy family’ includes a waiter, a milliner, a recent US immigrant and an 82-year-old lady who at the age of eighteen dreamt of being a model in Paris. In Lanvin campaign ordinary people are wearing their creations including bags and shoes. •? YouTube advertising campaign •? •? This year You Tube campaign had a great success. TV ads are very expensive so they decided to go on the internet. Lanvin put their ads on You Tube website.

Its free and people can play video as many times as they want. The two most important factors for Lanvin is the YouTube advertising campaign captures the brands ethos and also speaks to its customers and target audience. Their YouTube Advertising campaign creates a simple story everyone can relate to, ‘getting ready for a night out’ and has a sense of humour. Two models wearing Lanvin key Fall Winter pieces are seen dancing getting ready for a night out. Moving to the music, the models dance showing glimpses of key accessories including a clutch bag and bejewelled cu?.

Even the background set of a living room embraces the Lanvin key trends and dresses which makes the ad campaign believable and stylish. The YouTube Advertising campaign is nished o? with music by Pitbull ‘I Know You Want Me’ which is almost a subliminal message about the clothes. •? •? •? Direct marketing •? Company owns a big data base. •? Lanvin may conduct direct marketing because it is a mature company and sells its goods in the mature market. •? Direct Mail, Customer Care, Telemarketing •? Pros: individual approach to every customer •? Cons: excessive expansion and market saturation

E-marketing Lanvin launched a mobile website to create the most intuitive electronic sales experience Concomitant with the development of mobile communication technology and tools, emarketing has become more mature. Automatically directed for Lanvin’s mobile site, giving users a more intuitive experience. Recently, Lanvin for smart phones and tablet PCs introduced mobile siteLanvin’s mobile web application automatically directed to the user a more intuitive experience, including the content of e-commerce, a background image, video and the latest Lanvin information.

Sales promotion If you choose to give your trust to Lanvin they are obliged to be e? cient with the delivery. The products purchased online are packed in a unique manner suitable for gift giving. Orders are processed and delivered Monday through Friday, 24/7, excluding holidays. Exhibition Lanvin windows and dolls •? This must be the best visual merchandising job ever (imagine playing around with wigs and props, including plastic babies).

The current windows seem to have some sort of royalty theme: most mannequins have sashes on with titles reading “Duchess Lanvin” or “Lord Lanvin”. Promotion •? Some high fashion shop starts in the end of season with sale program. One of them is Lanvin which make a very elegance Sale promotion poster. The poster is put in the middle of the beautiful light blue Lanvin boxes. This arrangement can attract mall visitors to look and even come in if they are rich enough to buy the luxurious dresses or suits and accessories inside.

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