The Pressure Of The “Ideal” Image Free Writing Sample

During the Renaissance clip period. each adult male and adult female needed to endeavor to run into the “ideal” image that was expected by society. If this image was non met. the individual would be judged by society. Both males and females had different ends that they needed to run into in instruction. every bit good as in their lives. While there was an “ideal” image. some people disagreed with them. There was ever a distinguishable function for both adult females and work forces. but within those functions. there could be controversy. The most contention could happen over the instruction that the males and females were acquiring. there were clear functions and ideals for work forces and adult females in the beginning of the Renaissance clip period. but as clip went on. people became more disbelieving of the instruction system.

In Renaissance clip. both work forces and adult females had different societal outlooks. both expected to be educated. but they were to be educated in different ways. Work force were expected to travel through school and be good educated. They needed to cognize how to believe and to compose decently so that they could acknowledge the educated people around them. This instruction would assist them to be all-around in life. every bit good as happen a good adult female. Castiglione believed all people needed to endeavor for this in order to be successful.

( 3 ) While the work forces were pressured to analyze difficult and go independent minds. adult females were non encouraged in the same manner. Womans should be taught. but they should be taught different things and they should be taught in a different mode. Their instruction should concentrate chiefly on the classics. Womans were non taught so that they could believe. but it was said books have one intent for adult females. “…let the books teach her good manners…”

( 5 ) Womans needed to concentrate on the classics and non over-analyze them because that was non their function in society. They should hold a basic cognition so they can do the work forces look good. but they should non be believing and making new thoughts. ( 5 ) Ideally. they would larn rudimentss. and so make family jobs and learn their kids how to decently make them. ( 9 ) Womans were chiefly expected to do their hubbies look good. and the intelligence would be up to the work forces.

As clip progressed. people became more critical of the functions of the work forces in society based on the instruction that they were having. In the beginning. their instruction was considered compulsory. and it was looked down upon if one did non purely analyze in school. ( 3 ) However. as clip went on. people realized that non merely was instruction in the schoolroom of import. but proper etiquette and life accomplishments were required to hold a successful life. Men needed to cognize how to make common topographic point things in order to win and hold a full rounded life. If work forces did non cognize how to “…ride. play. dance and sing. and dress well…” so they would non hold even a background for how to populate.

( 6 ) Traveling along with cognizing these other common accomplishments. a adult male would hold to cognize how to use what he learned in a schoolroom to his existent life. Men needed to be taught more about their ethical motives. and the classics of life. non merely memorisation. If they merely memorized. so they had to wait until college to set what they learned into topographic point. By waiting to hold people use the accomplishments they learned. they are put at a great disadvantage because true larning comes from an application of the accomplishments learned. ( 8. 13 ) The feelings toward the educational system had drastically changed and people were going much more disbelieving of what they were larning.

Not merely were people going more disbelieving of the educational system as clip went on. but they were besides oppugning the demand of all people to hold an instruction. Baldassare Castiglione stressed that if a adult male wanted to be successful. the lone manner to accomplish this would be acquire a proper instruction. He said that this would take to a good married woman. every bit good as a good life. Ideally. this should hold been all men’s ends. ( 3 ) Castiglione looked at people from a higher degree in society and looked down on the remainder of the people and the manner that they acted. He explicitly stated that the people needed to “…be reasonably learned in the Humanities…” ( 3 ) .

There were certain facets of larning that he emphasized more than the others. Not merely did he concentrate on major plants that the people should cognize but besides on “…writing in poetry and prose…” ( 3 ) Castiglione had the ideal image in his head of precisely what people needed to be and the manner they should move. When he said this. it was greatly respected because of his authorship of his well-known behavior book. However. people began to swerve off from this ideal of a needful instruction ; it became a major alteration for society.

Subsequently on. in the Letter to the Parlement of Dijon refering the reopening of a Gallic Jesuit school. it was explicitly said that all work forces do non necessitate an instruction. Some work forces need to make work that is non based off of instruction ; they need to make the rudimentss that make society properly map. “The survey of literature is appropriate merely to a little minority of work forces. ”

This statement explicitly says that an instruction is non for everyone. boldly traveling against Castiglione. ( 11 ) This was a bold statement to do. because it showed a drastic alteration in people’s point of position of a proper adult male. Along with stating non all people needed to be educated. there was besides the huge unfavorable judgment of the school system and the manner it was learning. The constructs being learned in school needed to be more readily applied into existent life state of affairss. and this did non look to be the true end. ( 8 )

While there was huge alteration in the position of the instruction of work forces. there was non a recognizably large alteration in the position of the instruction of adult females. Their primary end in life was to do their hubbies look good. If they did desire to do themselves educated. it should merely be in the classics and there should non be anything new that they attempt to ask. ( 5 ) The ideal adult female would cognize how to make house keep jobs and have a basic cognition in instruction. Womans were expected to cognize expressed things. such as “…embroidery. reading. authorship. and dancing…” ( 9 ) They should non merely cognize these things. but they should go through them on to their girls so they can be better taught every bit good. ( 9 ) Women chiefly kept the same function in society throughout these old ages.

Throughout clip. people disagreed over the instruction of males and females. altering the ideals of what needed to be taught and focused on. but through all of this. there remained distinguishable functions for the work forces and adult females. The ideals of society began to alter when people became more disbelieving of the manner they had been larning and life.

When work forces realized that they did non cognize how to to the full use accomplishments they learned until they were at an older age. it made them oppugn the system of instruction. Once people had begun to believe on their ain about their society it raised jobs and contention. Womans were ne’er taught to believe about the things around them. they merely accepted them and did what would do them “ideal” . Throughout clip. when people question society. there will usually be a alteration. but the deepness of the alteration depends on how much the people think about it.

Investment Corporation Of Bangladesh: Authorized For Private Placements Of Securities

Private Placements ICB is authorized to act as an agent of the issuers and investors for private placements of securities. Under this arrangement, ICB places securities to individuals/institutions on behalf of the issuer for which it charges fees. ICB also acquires shares/securities for its own portfolio both in pre-IPO placement and equity investment. Custodian and Banker to the Issues To act as the custodian to the public issue of Open-end & Closed-end Mutual Funds. ICB provides professional services.

It also acts as the Banker to the issues and provides similar services through the network of its branches. Fees in this regard are negotiable. Mergers and Acquisitions Companies willing to expand their business through mergers or acquisitions or to Dis-investment projects that no longer viable into present capacity of operation can contact the Corporation. ICB provides professional services & advices in respect of shaping up the cost and financial structures to ensure best possible operational results.

Besides, in case of divestment, the corporation, through network and established business relationship, bring buyers and sellers together, help them to negotiate final agreement and advice on the emerging corporate structure. Corporate Financial Advice Government enterprises and Companies intending to go public issue often seek professional & financial advice on corporate restructuring & reengineering. ICB through its expertise provide such services through its expertise. Lease Financing ICB Provides lease finance mainly for procurement of industrial machinery, equipment and transport.

ICB provides professional advice and financial assistance to the intending clients. The period of lease, rental, charges, and other terms and conditions are determined on the basis of type of assets and the extent of assistance required by the applicants. Since introduction of this scheme in 1999 good responses have been received from the intending lessees. Investment Portfolio of ICB Being the largest institutional investor ICB contributes significantly to the development of the country’s cap ital market through active portfolio management which is one of the important functions of ICB.

During 2003-04 a total investment of Tk. 138. 93 crore has been made in the investment portfolio of ICB including Tk. O. 2 crore in shares of a company through Pre-IPO placement, Tk. 7. 0 crore in debentures of two companies, Tk. 0. 3 crore in preference shares of a company and Tk. 5. 0 crore in bonds of a company.

Advance Against Unit Certificates Scheme Advance Against ICB Unit Certificates Scheme was introduced in 1998, especially designed for the ICB unit- holders to meet their emergency fund requirements. One can borrow maximum Tk. 5 per unit by despositing his/her unit certificates under lien arrangement from any of the ICB offices where from such unit certificates were issued. The rate of interest on the loan is reasonable and competitive.

Advance Against Mutual Fund certificates Scheme Advance against ICB Mutual Fund certificates Scheme was introduced in 2003, designed for the ICB Mutual Fund Certificate-holders to meet their emergency fund requirement. One can borrow maximum of 50% value of last one year’s weighted average market price of certificates at the time of borrowing by depositing his/her certificates under lien arrangement from any of the ICB offices.

The rate of interest on the loan is reasonable and also competitive. Consumer Credit Scheme As part of business diversification programme, ICB has introduced “Consumers Credit Scheme” in 2003-04 considering at the need of various household commodities of different employees of govt. , semi-govt. , autonomous bodies and some established private sector organizations. Under this scheme one can enjoy minimum Tk 1. 0 lac but maximum 5 lac credit facilities.

The rate of interest on the loan is reasonable and competitive which is fixed by the board of directors of ICB considering the bank rate nd with the guidelines of Bangladesh Bank. Bank Guarantee scheme ICB introduced Bank Guarantee scheme in 2002-03. ICB provides

  • Bid Bond for enabling the business people to participate in any tender or bidding;
  • Performance Bond for helping the business community to continue their business smoothly by fulfilling their obligations promised by them to their clients;
  • Customs Guarantee for solving different disagreements between the customs authority and the business classes at the initial stage.

The maximum limit of guarantee is Tk. 2. 00 crore and would be issued against at east 20% cash and 80% easily encashable securities or against 100% cash margin. Re-guarantee from other financial institution is required for guarantee against the amount exceeding Tk. 2. 00 crore. Training Local Training During 2003-04, as part of human resource development programme, ICB endeavoured to develop the skill, knowledge and professional competence of its manpower by arranging various in-house and local training courses.

During the year, 26 officers and 09 employees of ICB received local training on different subjects including Policy towards investment and industrialization, VAT and Taxation, Performance Measurement of Financial Institutions-a Credit Rating Perspective, Web page Design and Development,Venture Financing and Factoring, Investment and Merchant Banking, Managing core risks in banking for senior bcinkers, Corporate Governance, Institutional Computer Training, Trade Union Training Course for Organiser, Young Leadership, Development of small and medium enterprises etc..

Foreign Training During 2003-04, no officer/staff participated in any foreign training course. Trustee to the debenture and Securities assets ICB is acting as trustee to the debenture issues and asset-backed securitised bonds. ICB acted as trustee to the issues of 17 companies of which 7 companies has been redeemed successfully.

Minivans And Its Target Group

The minivan today falls roughly within the $30000 – $40000 price range. As a result, not everyone who could benefit from this automobile can afford it.

Minivans target young families (parents between the ages of 25-34) with 2-3 children or more residing in rural and suburban areas in which transportation needs are involved. Despite the minivan’s convenience, studies from show its target group has been decreasing and has been forecasted to continue decreasing in the years to come. Many factors contribute to this decreasing target group. First and foremost, the decreasing number of children per family.

Also, the price, limiting its buyers to those who attain a certain income (studies show income earned by members of society is directly proportionate to their level of education). An income level predominantly earned by members of the middle to upper middle class. It has also been noted that people have been and are continuing to migrate from the more rural areas to the cities due to higher incomes and a faster pace of life, decreasing the amount of transportation needed to commute. More importantly, according to Stats, the family structure is changing, and due to the increase in cost of living, more women (between the ages of 25-34) are joining the workforce.

This happens to be the age bracket where most women have their children. Married couples with no children are the fastest growing demographic group. Families, with children, are a shrinking market for this product. More people from 5 to 32 years of age die as a result of traffic accidents than any other cause.

This leads parents to prefer the use of a vehicle that provides a reliable, safe and secure driving experience. Families spend most of their time and money to find a vehicle that is designed to prevent car accidents and protect passengers and drivers. A family’s primary concern is the well being and safety of their children on the road. Therefore, consumers prefer to choose vehicles with family friendly features.

In order to satisfy the consumer’s safety needs automotive companies build vehicles, with their tastes and want in mind. Manufactures install government-specified (See Vehicle Safety Act) lights, reflectors, brakes, tires, windows, windshield wipers, defrosters and dash board controls to prevent accidents and install seat belts, air bags, head restraints and bumper system to protect car occupants. These features not only satisfy government regulations, but also please the safety conscious families of today’s market. Evolution The “nuclear” family has gone through drastic changes through the course of the last few decades.

From a single breadwinner, supporting a household of four or more children, the family unit has graduated to double incomes with only one or two children and a higher level of education for both the man and the women and even to same sex couples. Due to inflation and women increasingly entering the work force this change was self-evident. With this continuing trend families are becoming fewer and fewer. Consumers are ready to pay more to remain style conscious.

Bigger, more luxurious appeal to this market and conform to their opinion of a worthwhile vehicle. Purchasing Power As for the purchasing power of families, the median income has gradually increased over the course of the last 10 years. Rising along with incomes are inflation rates and single parent households. This demonstrates the buying power of today’s young families with double or single incomes, has dropped dramatically.

Even with the greater availability of credit which increases buying power. Over the last decade and in today’s unstable economy an increase in purchasing revenues seems unlikely with the lowered buying power of today’s young families. A decrease in buying power demonstrates a shift in buying patterns towards more value for each dollar spent illustrating “Engel’s Law”. Young families are now leaning towards smaller more cost efficient cars with longer warranties (forcing the automotive industry to assume longer warranty liabilities) This trend is confirmed by the decrease in revenues of the automobile industry over the last decade.

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maine.edu/courses/business/bua263web/lecture5html http://theautochannel.com/content/news/press/…/press0111788.html.

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edu www.car.org/legislation/ www.caa.

ca www.tc.gc.ca (motor vehicle safety act) www.

cwrl.utexas.edu/~daniel/hyperwriting/arguments/incalacaterra/edu.html/ Books Sens, Allen, and Peter Stoett.

Global Politics: Origins, Currents, Directions. Scarborough: International Thompson Publishing Nelson, 1998. The Public Pulse, March 1998 Standard & Poor’s Industry Survey , The McGraw-Hill Companies, December 1998. Kotler, Armstrong, Cunningham, Principle ‘s of Marketing, Fourth Canadian Edition Prenticehall Canada 1999, Scarbourough Ontario Monroe, The Automobile: Problem of Safety, World Book Multi media Encyclopedia , Chicago 1999

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