The main policy issue that was covered for this study focused on the central policy of protecting and management of natural resources, wildlife, and endangered species in various countries. This policy is crucial since people have had a personal attachment to the significance of their environment since their whole existence depends on it.
As detriments to nature increase, so do the necessary attempts via political policies increase to safeguard natural resources and protect wildlife in general. We evaluated environmental politics discerning the political ideologies for parties in power to organize themselves and come up with ways in which they can benefit from their environment without causing injury to their environment as well as reducing costs associated with seeking alternative sources of energy at the cost of conservation of natural resources. Additionally, governments usually partake in endeavors that favor political ideology to attract voter-rich areas.
Furthermore, this research examined the complexity of relationships between environmental laws and the protection of endangered species or the conservation of natural resources. We found that it was essential for organizations to cooperate in response to various questions that immensely contribute to our comprehension of the interfaces surrounding political forces and the environment at large. This cooperation in the form of universal policies is essential to ensure all the states are able to conform to uniform policies that will prevent the extinction of endangered species or the replenishment of non-renewable natural resources.
One of the major issues confronting ecological and global policymakers nowadays is the absence of agreement on legal substance and many normative concepts that may aid the systematization and design of international environmental rules to ensure the protection of nature’s vulnerable resources and endangered species internationally. It is true that the establishment and execution of unified international law are only feasible when nations and their delegates conform to a set of principles that must be codified. Since the exclusionist worldview inherent in traditional economic frameworks fails to satisfy the objectives of environmental preservation, the need for novel policies and methods are necessary.
Conservation of nature entails caring for and safeguarding natural resources such as forests, water bodies, natural gases, minerals, and fuels so that they remain abundant. Natural resources are classified as renewable or non-renewable. Natural replenishment encompasses renewable energy, such as air, sunlight, and oxygen. Nonetheless, non-renewable energy is extremely rare and difficult to be naturally replenished; these resources take decades or even centuries to be replenished naturally (Battakhov et al., 2019). Coal, natural gas, and oil are examples of non-renewable resources.
The use of natural resources has been critical to humanity’s development and survival (Battakhov et a., 2019; Diakanova et al., 2021; Miha & Vasilka, 2022; Stefaniuk, 2021). Yet, the advancement and growth have resulted in the exploitation of these natural resources, thus, having a need for control action through regulations and enactment of policies. Furthermore, environmental policies necessitate conscientious resource conservation in order to achieve sustainability. If we do not utilize these resources wisely, we risk creating an environmental imbalance and further detriment to nature through the extinction of rare species of flora and fauna.
Extinction of endangered species has caused imbalances in the natural order in the form of floods, climate change, starvation, and drought. As a result, the protection of natural resources and endangered species has become an urgent need critical for human survival. For instance, water is the most vital and precious natural resource on the planet. It is the source of all life. In case of water scarcity, such outcomes would be a greater loss to the vegetative cover and all plant life, as well as soil erosion. For humans, forests dictate natural vegetation. It is the most important natural resource for economic progress. Their importance in the production of fuel, wood, and industrial raw materials cannot be overstated.
In this paper, it will be argued that an ecological paradigm that incorporates the law of unintended consequences and the principle of sustainability can successfully support the development of a broad, universal international law on the environment and, as a result, contribute to the advancement of global well-being and the general protection of natural resources.
Role of politics in the environment.
Political linkages, such as the Iraq war, have emphasized the complexities and contentiousness of natural resource political economics. Much of the US invasion may be explained by imperialism and capitalist control over a critical resource such as oil. These mere examples obviously do not cover every kind of conflict that might emerge over limited natural resources, nor do they explain why natural resources are threatened. The true regimes that organize human cognition and experience aid in making resource extraction understandable as part of a wider control regime that includes technology, rationalities, and institutions. These examples just highlight the importance of natural resources in ensuring the survival and prosperity of various states. Therefore, it is essential to be able to come up with policies that will protect these natural resources and prevention of environmental degradation (Stefaniuk, 2021).
A focus on politics is necessary to comprehend the transition to sustainable energy sources and the ultimate development of environmental policies in regard to the protection of natural resources and endangered species. Fossil fuels continue to rule the energy industry due to a market failure where their negative externalities are not priced (Diakonova et al., 2021). Due to decades of industrial expansion based on fossil fuels, there have been significant structural advantages over less developed, sustainable alternatives like solar and wind power. Government action is thus necessary to change incentives and level the playing field to limit the depletion of unrenewable energy and the scarcity of natural resources (Battakhov et al., 2019). Governments cannot tie the hands of their successors because implementing a sustainable energy transition is a dynamic process.
A key element of the paradigm is the combination of technical learning and electoral competition between two administrations. One government is “green” (pro-renewables), whereas the other is “brown” claim (anti-renewables). A deviation from the cost-minimizing criteria for renewable energy is what is meant by an ideology’s strength. For instance, the Green Party is willing to shoulder some additional energy costs in order to protect the environment and stop climate change. The two governments build policy initiatives in a dynamic way as a consequence of technological advancement, taking into consideration how current policies affect both election outcomes and the future appeal of clean energy to the rival government.
Kraft (2017) argues that political competition and party ideology have a significant impact on the development of environmental policies that support renewable energy when the two parties have varying levels of ideological commitment.
To further understand this concept, consider the example of a green party with strong ideological beliefs towards environmental sustenance, as the green party is prepared to spend a lot of money on renewable energy. Nonetheless, the Brown Party accommodates and compromises by making modest investments in renewable energy while in power in order to prevent a costly “crash” program in renewable energy development. The green party is able to pressure the brown party to compromise because of its strong political commitment to renewable energy and willingness to impose very high costs on society.
This argument holds up well in endogenous elections when voters must choose between two political parties while taking environmental policies into account. While it is clear that public perception of renewable energy may be a key driver for both parties, the fundamental rationale for dynamic tactics is still the same (Kraft, 2017).
Despite voters’ low priority for energy policy towards environmental sustenance, the political rivalry is essential to understanding successful energy transitions. In addition, we provide the surprising result that parties with strong ideologies often respond to electoral challenges more quickly than their less ideological rivals. Although the reasoning behind this conclusion is compelling, it initially appears counterintuitive: a country with a strong ideological commitment to a particular energy policy cannot afford to lose elections because such a party suffers greatly from any deviations from its preferred energy strategy. Politics play a vital role in regard to environmental protection and sustenance of natural resources in regard to the enactment of policies in relation to renewable and non-renewable energy sources.
Management of Natural resources and international Legislation.
Environmental law clearly has a place and a role in the contemporary legal system based on historical precedence. This is owing to a significant change in both the concept of environmental policy, notably in connection to the protection of natural resources and endangered species and its role in the international legal system during the last decade. On the one hand, the world’s environmental philosophy and policies need a thorough rethinking due to the looming detriments on nature caused by climate change. On the other hand, it is connected to growth in societal and environmental consciousness. The core of environmental law is the unifying, logically sound, and scientifically backed unity of legal control over all social interactions with regard to the protection of nature. Attempting to confine the application of environmental regulation to the protection of the human environment is irrational and futile.
A variety of multidirectional aspects impact the position of environmental policy in the modern legal system at the same time. Consider the increasing inclusion of environmental problems and endangered species on the list of legal relations to environmental policies. It is the product of both financial commitments and the expanding legal system. However, there are significant legal and technical issues, notably in the field of nomenclature. It should also be noted that environmental legislation is becoming less significant and contains inherent conflicts, especially due to political affiliations and fossil fuels. These may be accommodated in both the scientific and educational methodological spheres. The evolution of environmental legal language is presently troubled by a variety of serious problems, contradictions, and errors that encompass a lack of a development strategy and an internal system.
Individuals’ current behavior in the field of nature conservation and utilization might be regarded as rational pragmatism in the framework of the consumer idea of interaction between society and the environment. This shows a general decline in interest in environmental issues. It should also be noted that the regulation of relations for the use of nature comes before the regulation of relations for its conservation. As a result, macroeconomic and socioeconomic goals and objectives completely outnumber those connected to environmental protection (Diakanova et al., 2021; Stefaniuk, 2021). However, since its difficulties are not effectively handled, it often has a negative influence on wildlife conservation.
In view of the current needs and problems created by essential environmental policies relevant to the preservation of nature, the need for the enactment of a common international policy in regard to environmental protection must be taken into consideration. These policies, founded on a specific conceptual framework, will provide guidelines for the establishment of a professional network and the arrangement of relevant scientific traditions that will be crucial in the protection of natural resources and endangered species. It is critical to understand the essentiality of international conferences and a body of knowledge formed in the area of environmental law. This would allow professionals all across the world to address environmental concerns unanimously, such as the Kyoto protocol, and come up with uniform policies that will protect the environment and conserve natural resources (Miha & Vasilka, 2022).
In order to protect the natural resources and endangered species threatened by climate change, environmental laws must be enacted in a number of ways. Second, it symbolizes a major modernization of the economic framework for managing wildlife and conserving the environment, such as the protection of natural water bodies or the prohibition of hunting endangered species such as white rhinos in Africa.
States must have the necessary and sufficient environmental power to ensure they conserve natural resources despite the economic value of these resources (Diakonova et al., 2021). It is essential to pay particular attention to the articulation and strengthening of environmental standards as a driver of ecological development and sustainable socioeconomic growth (Stefaniuk, 2021). It is also critical to simplify and remove the red tape involved with awarding permits to natural resource users. These activities will help to create environmental regulations and safeguard the environment.
Having laws on the books at the regional, state, federal, and international levels that safeguard wildlife is essential for the protection of endangered species. Stefaniuk (2021) argues that human activities have been responsible for the disappearance of natural habitats. Furthermore, global warming poses a serious threat to the survival of many species of plants and animals. The major causes of this phenomenon are deforestation, increased agricultural activity, and atmospheric accumulation of greenhouse gases as a result of mining and the search for fossil fuels (Battakhov et al., 2019).
Many devastating natural catastrophes have been triggered by the altered environment brought on by the earth’s increasing average temperature due to global warming. For instance, Arctic regions have been immensely affected by human activities that have resulted in the threat of global warming (Battakhov et al., 2019). Miha & Vasilka, 2022 argue global warming is real; it may be mitigated by the use of renewable energy sources, recycling, increased tree planting and decreased emissions of greenhouse gases in order to conserve water sources. Because of global warming, severe weather events like hurricanes and droughts are more likely to occur, reducing food supplies and perhaps leading to human and animal mortality. The interstate mutual agreement will ensure the achievement of sustenance goals that will lead to effective economic activities that will lead to environmental sustenance (Diakanova et al., 2021).
This research sought to establish a clear framework relating the conservation of natural resources and protection of endangered species with the key themes of legal issues (justice) and politics. We found there was a significant association between politics and environmental policies. In order to ascertain various convictions that were found in this research, I relied on key central peer-reviewed sources to back various assertions (Diakanova et al., 2021; Miha & Vasilika, 2022; Battakhov et al., 2021; Stefaniuk, 2021; Kraft, 2017). These sources were sentimental in ascertaining various claims in this research.
The approaches in this paper established that environmental legislation was critical to protect natural resources and the insurance that the environment is conserved. In the first place, environmental policies represent a significant upgrade to the traditional economic system of nature management and environmental protection. Corresponding adjustments to the budget on environmental conservation laws were found to be critical towards environmental sustenance towards renewable energy. Having states that have the authority needed to protect their natural resources was also crucial. As a catalyst for long-term socioeconomic development and ecological betterment, environmental norms are worth defining and strengthening in their own policies. In addition, it is essential to streamline and reduce bureaucracy in the issuing of licenses to those who exploit natural resources despite the economic outcomes of natural resources. Taken together, these measures will strengthen environmental protection legislation and improve environmental conditions and the general protection of endangered species.
Battahov, P. P., Zankovsky, S. S., Budnikova, Y. E., & Lizikova, M. S. (2019, April). The impact of economic activity on the Arctic environment and legal problems of the protection of its natural resources. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 263, No. 1, p. 012063). IOP Publishing.
Diakonova, A., Efimtseva, T., Mikhailova, E., Rakhmatullina, O., & Salieva, R. (2021, July). Modern trends in international scientific and technical interaction of the EAEU member states in the process of effective use of natural resources, ecology, and environmental protection in the fuel and energy sector. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 808, No. 1, p. 012065). IOP Publishing
Miha, J., & Vasilka, S. (2022). Slovenia: An Example of a Constitution Guaranteeing High-Level Protection of Natural Resources and Sui Generis Right to Drinking Water.
Kraft, M. (2017). Environmental Policy and Politics. 10.4324/9781315437057.
Stefaniuk, M. (2021). Environmental Awareness in Polish Society with Respect to Natural Resources and Their Protection (Overview of Survey Research). Studia Iuridica Lublinensia, 30(2), 357-379.
The Road To Great Writing Essay Example
Have you ever wondered what goes into the process of writing a book? According to the best-selling author Anne Lamott, there is a stark difference between what people commonly perceive about presenting a finished work and the reality of a writer’s journey toward completion. In this regard, she asserts that writing the “shitty first drafts” are critical in the writing process as they provide clarity and inspiration that bring about the brilliance within the second and third drafts. Lamott is a seasoned writer with seven novels and even more articles on various topics. Her experience from writing articles for the WomenSports magazine to the food reviews in the California magazine and book reviews for the Mademoiselle indicates her dedication to the writing process. Lamott dived into her writing career and understood that it was through her experiences that she would improve day by day. In the essay “Shitty First Drafts,” from the book Anne Lammot from Bird by Bird, Lamott offers advice on the writing process, often by making fun at her own expense. She demonstrates that attitude and revision are key to good writing and achieving expert-level traits through humor.
Lamott explicitly notes in the brief essay that the first draft is imperfect and weak, which more often than not leads to a great final draft, a fact that even professional writers have to accept. From the beginning of the essay, the author points out that every writer has a fear of failure, and putting out an essay that the readers would not like must be the biggest challenge. However, Lamott reiterates that overcoming this fear is the key to achieving a great final draft. She points out that it is comical and unreasonable for a writer to expect a perfect first draft (Lamott). The most proficient writers who are financially stable and getting their books published have overcome the whining and procrastination stages to write a draft with half sentences and ideas that seem to be written by a child (Lamott). Lamott asserts that it is by trusting the process and coming up with a routine of writing that a great final draft is achievable.
Lamott relies on her long professional career as a writer and those of high-ranking authors as evidence of the writing process. The author points out that she and other professionals in the field do not feel like the “sentences pour out like ticker tape”; rather, they feel like they are “pulling teeth” (Lamott, par. 2). Such description shows the difficulty in the creative process and establishing what seems like natural and fluid prose. However, the biggest secret to Lamott to writing is starting with a “really, really shitty first draft” where the childlike sense of freedom pours out ideas without refraining (Lamott, 1994, par. 3 &4). Through this first draft that no one will see, it is possible to develop ideas and a direction for the story will take. Lamott’s tedious stint writing food reviews for the California magazine shows the difficulties that every writer endures.
From the beginning, the author captures my and other readers’ attention with the bold and daring title showing her direct, truthful and realistic position in the writing process. Lamott recognizes that although the title may put off some of the writers, it is the very thing that attracts the reader to read more. Lamott employs humor to make the writing process relatable, using self-deprecation and referencing other writers without appearing ignorant (Lamott). This is evidenced when she sarcastically shows that her food reviews and those of others at the California magazine probably led to the loss in subscriptions and its ultimate demise. Her love for wonderful words is evident as she describes the process as “stupefying,” hideous,” and “incoherent,” always catching the attention of the readers.
With a deep understanding of her subject matter, the author concedes that no convincing or compelling objections exist to her primary argument. However, she introduces that a handful or a single writer could provide the perfect draft on the first try. Lamott makes this indication by pointing to the works of Muriel Spark as the exception to her argument. Nevertheless, she mocks her writing by indicating that Muriel felt as though she “was taking dictation from God” (Lamott, par. 2). Lamott’s expertise is the logical argument that untangles the irrational fears around the writing process. Her humor and funny interpretations of herself as a procrastinating writer and dramatically fearful serves as an emotional appeal, which she uses to take down her fears. The author’s credibility and ability to relate to the readers establish the ethos appeal to keep them engaged.
The essay “Shitty First Drafts” by Anne Lamott acts as motivation for authors all over the world. She provides evidence of the importance of attitude and revision for effective writing and acquiring expert-level skills from her experiences and those of other working authors. The essay is a powerful tool for inspiring authors to overcome their fear of failing while realizing that the initial draft is flawed and inadequate. Readers like Lamott’s witty and self-deprecating tone as she uses examples from her own experiences and those of other authors to demonstrate the writing process. Ultimately, Lamott’s essay inspires and encourages writers to believe in their process and establish a writing schedule to produce a strong final manuscript.
Lamott, A. (1994). Shitty First Drafts. In Bird by Bird: Instructions on Life and Writing. Knopf Doubleday.
Tony Morrison’s Novel “Song Of Solomon.” Essay Example
The novel Song of Solomon by Toni Morrison was published in 1977. The novel is narrated through the point of view of Macon (Milkman) Dead, the main character in the novel. Milkman grew up with a mother and father that loved him, and he knew love. His family was wealthy, and he enjoyed his life until his father mysteriously disappeared one day. On the surface level, many readers would not think that Song of Solomon should be assigned to high school or college literature classes as it contains sexual content.
The Song of Solomon is an allegorical love poem that contains explicit sexual content. Milkman experiences his first sexual encounter with his cousin, Guitar, who is also the son of Pilate. However, Milkman learns the true meaning of love when he meets Shalimar and marries her. Some of the reasons why this novel may not be appropriate for high school students to read is because it contains sexual content. Another reason it should not be assigned to high school students is because the novel does not occur during the Holocaust. The Song of Solomon does not happen in Nazi Germany, making the book unsuitable for high school seniors and college students. ” Song of Solomon was published in 1977, shortly after Morrison’s highly acclaimed novel Sula (1973). No new poems were added to Song of Solomon; “the text is identical to that found on the first two published volumes and carries an index number of 3.”(Morrison). The inferences are clear: this is a just collection of good poetry. (Bouson, 2000)
For one thing, Morrison’s book is an epic tale of racial conflict, marriage, and family. The author presents the reader with an alternative way to think of black life.” This text provides a good starting point for discussions on race, gender, and sexuality in contemporary American society. However, it would be detrimental for students to have access to such a text without first exploring other texts with similar themes or viewpoints. The novel covers many controversial issues, such as racism, sexism, incest, and homosexuality. This is not to say that the book should be banned or no longer be part of any reading lists. However, teachers must consider carefully when and how the text might serve its purpose in the classroom. Teachers must carefully consider their curriculum when choosing a novel like Morrison’s Song of Solomon. (Bouson, 2000) The conflict surrounding the book shows no signs of abating. Indeed, people have grown rather tired of arguing over this matter.
Tony Morrison’s novel Song of Solomon demonstrates the effects of historical events and cultural practices on contemporary Black culture. Drawing on her own experiences growing up in the South, Morrison presents readers with a work of fiction that allows us to examine the effect of sexuality and racism through the female perspective. The novel begins with a tale of a young woman who is married off to a man she despises. The story then progresses into an examination of her life, though it can be said that this is only a small piece of the song of Solomon. Throughout the novel, Morrison includes many stories which serve as narrative counterpoints to her main plot line. For one thing, Morrison’s book is an epic tale of racial conflict, marriage, and family. The author presents the reader with an alternative way to think about black life.
Morrison’s book is somewhat controversial and contains some themes unsuitable for high school or college courses. The novel treats topics like incest and racism in a manner that is more suited to an adult audience. Students must first be able to handle the content of this text before teachers choose to assign it. If a reading list provides for academic literature, teachers should choose something other than Morrison’s book simply because of its controversial content or themes. The major point is that Morrison’s novel has become too difficult for young people because of its sexual and racist content. The book contains sexual scenes and racist themes that are inappropriate for younger readers. The best approach to take when choosing Morrison’s novel for a reading list is to indicate that it is more suitable for an adult audience. This would also help teachers avoid problems with parents who might object to the material in the book.
It is important to note that Morrison’s book contains some sexual and racial content, making it unsuitable for many high school or college courses. Students need to learn how to handle these issues appropriately before they can read and appreciate Morrison’s work at an academic level. The problem with the book is that teenagers need more maturity to handle this kind of content. Teachers should not assign Song of Solomon for high school or college classes. This novel is best suited for an adult audience who will be able to appreciate its more adult nature. However, some students will likely find Morrison’s book too difficult and contentious, considering their age and level of maturity. If a reading list provides academic literature, teachers should not choose Morrison’s book because of its controversial content or themes.
Parents have also expressed their disapproval over the content of Song of Solomon. There have been numerous complaints from parents about the book’s sexual innuendos and racial themes. The best approach to take when choosing Morrison’s novel for a reading list is to indicate that it is more suitable for an adult audience. This would also help teachers avoid problems with parents who might object to the material in the book. However, some parents feel that exposing their students to these kinds of work is a teacher’s job. This exposure would help students learn how to handle racial and sexual issues as they grow up.
It is written by a white male author who paints a racist and sexist world in which the protagonist is often victimizing herself with her own choices and being victimized by others. Romanticizing oppression has been taken so far that it justifies the characters’ actions in ways that do not explicitly state their reasons but allow them to explain them according to what society tells them they should desire (or fear). It’s a book that strays from the norm and focuses on topics like sex, racism, poverty, etc. The themes of this novel are very strong. It is an intimate look into the lives of a mother and her two daughters up close. The readers can see how the women respond to their circumstances: how they adjust to being single mums, how they deal with male chauvinism in their ‘world’, and what they do when they become pregnant at such a young age. (Phiri, 2017)
In addition, the book looks into the effects of racial inequality and white supremacy and how it affects people from all walks of life. It’s a story demonstrating how power and control can be used for other people’s benefit at one’s expense. It shows how our society forces people to co-dependently live with their oppression, beliefs, and sexuality while they, in turn, unconsciously accept it when they are brainwashed with propaganda and forced to believe it. This book is a great one that should be shared with all teenagers, maybe adults too, who want to know more about the lives of other women. It is a very realistic novel that stems from Morrison’s real experiences as a child growing up in the South. It is a work of fiction describing some aspects of life experienced by African-Americans.
Tony Morrison’s novel Song of Solomon should be taught outside of middle school and high school book lists. The novel covers many issues, including incest, race, marriage, and sexuality. These are relevant themes in society today but not necessarily for middle and high school students. For example, the novel contains explicit sexual content that might be too much for pre-teens to handle. I recommend that teachers seriously consider this question before assigning this book to their curriculum. Teachers should give careful consideration before choosing a text like this particular one to be assigned to their classes.
The song of Solomon should be allowed, but it should only be made available to students once they have had more exposure to texts such as this one. Song of Solomon is an excellent novel, but it does contain controversial issues such as incest and sexual content. I recommend that teachers consider this carefully before making this an alternative reading selection. This novel again highlights the difficulty of selecting titles for mainstream literature classes when viewing the more traditional themes that are often controversial and often considered aversive by some segments of our population.
However much it should not be taught in high schools or colleges, some of the themes useful to the students should be considered for inclusion in the texts. The rising generation of young American Blacks may be moving toward more acceptance and understanding of its rich heritage. Still, there is no denying that most students are not exposed to any literary works that touch on the issues of race, gender and sexuality. As such, adjusting our curriculum to the changing times would be wise. To this end, we need to make our educational system reflect the times in which we live. We can achieve this only by simplifying our methods and focusing on what matters most to our students today.
Bouson, J. B. (2000). Quiet as it’s kept: Shame, trauma, and race in the novels of Toni Morrison. State University of New York Press.
Jensen, K. (2013). Toni Morrison’s Depiction of Beauty Standards in Relation to Class, Politics of Respectability, and Consumerism in Song of Solomon.
Phiri, A. (2017). Expanding Black Subjectivities in Toni Morrison’s Song of Solomon and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Americanah. Cultural Studies, 31(1), 121-142.
Qasim, K. (2012). Black Women’s Quest for Subjectivity: Identity Politics in Toni Morrison’s Novels: Song of Solomon & Beloved. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 1(2), 85.