The Science Of Love With Dr. John Gottman Homework Essay Sample

Having a happy and meaningful relationship with other people is something that almost all individuals pursue in their everyday lives. Especially it concerns those who are the closest to us – our partners. However, although everybody wants to be loved and cared for and loved and cared for back, only some possess the necessary skills and knowledge that would help to build successful and long-lasting relations. Still, it is not self-evident what those most important qualities are, and many people throughout history have believed that love is a mystery and therefore, those who live happily with partners are simply lucky. To contest that view, John Gottman and his followers decided to examine the factors that determine good relationships with a special emphasis on married couples using a scientific approach (Santrock, 2018). Their findings indicated that science can indeed increase people’s understanding of love and what elements constitute happy marriage.

Yet, to answer that question, Dr. Gottman and colleagues had to collect numerous data and apply a variety of research methods. They include self-reported questionnaires, interviews, experiments, and physiological measures such as heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, electrodermal activity, and voice tone and facial expression analysis, to name a few most important ones (TEDx Talks, 2018). Additionally, the researchers used mathematical and statistical methods to interpret the raw data and make prognoses about the future (TEDx Talks, 2018). Consequently, such a rigorous approach to collecting and analyzing information has allowed Gottman to successfully predict whether the marriage would result in divorce or stability and happiness in over 90% of the cases. Moreover, the study was successfully replicated more than six times which is quite rare in the modern social sciences.

As for the findings, there are three aspects of Gottman’s research that I find particularly useful. First of all, the scholar determined that for couples, it is very easy to enter and be stuck in a state of negative feelings towards each other (TEDx Talks, 2018). Furthermore, it is difficult to exit that state to restore positive sentiments. Secondly, the main clue to a happy relationship is enjoying mutual trust in each other so that partners are not “psychological strangers” to each other (Santrock, 2018, p. 462). Finally, being grateful to a partner for his or her place in one’s life serves as a crucial indicator of satisfaction with the marriage.

References

Santrock, J. W. (2018). A topical approach to development life-span (9th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.

TEDx Talks. (2018). The science of love | John Gottman | TEDxVeniceBeach [Video]. Web.

The Book Of Job From The Bible

Background

The Book of Job in the Bible informs why God allows evil in people’s lives through Job’s experiences. Job was a man who feared the Lord and was prosperous in all ways; he lived a comfortable life, was wealthy, had a big family and possessions. After God boasted to Satan about Job’s virtue, Satan made an excuse that it was Job’s wealth that made him stick to God, and so God permitted Satan to take away the wealth as a way of proving him wrong. The Book of Job has main themes in it with historical and cultural significance to the society.

Significance

The book of Job informs on the presence of wickedness in the world; it lets society understand that the world we live in is wicked irrespective of whether one sin or not. The book helps the community know that good and bad happen to all and that sin is not always why bad happens to people (Seow 357). This is evident from Job’s life; this man lived a righteous life and feared God, yet all of a sudden, evil came to his life. Job was inflicted with diseases in his body, lost all his possessions despite living a righteous life.

The book helps us endure suffering since it proves that God is always in control over everything that happens to our lives. This gives confidence in a better tomorrow and helps conquer discouragements from ourselves and the people around us. The book helps us know that God is always there to ensure that we emerge victorious from every tribulation we face on earth. The book, therefore, allows people from different cultures to handle their sufferings with boldness with the hope of conquering them in the long run.

The book of Job brings a different perspective about suffering in society. It helps people from different cultures and historical backgrounds understand that suffering can turn to the good of those enduring them and that they do not last for a lifetime. Society understands that nothing in our life is a waste and that God can always turn our suffering for His glory. He can restore everything we have lost and make it work for our good. Individuals also understand that sufferings are from the devil and that it is only God who can save us from the hands of the devil as long as we cling to Him and give Him the reverence He deserves.

The book of Job stresses to society the importance of loyalty no matter what people experience in life. The problems endured in life should not make one distant from one who has always been there before the tribulation came. Job chose to trust and respect God amid his trials since he understood that it was God who had given him the riches, health, and the family he lost. He, therefore, chose to remain loyal to his God and could not take the counsel of his wife to curse God (Job 2.9). In the end, his loyalty rewarded him as God finally came to his rescue, restored all that he had lost, and made him wealthier than he was before; this clearly shows that loyalty pays.

Themes

The book of Job addresses the subject of loyalty; when Job lost his family, there is no record of him renouncing God and becoming a nonbeliever. Even though Job got overwhelmed with the pains and started questioning God, he did not abandon his faith. At the end of all the suffering Job still turns out to be a loyal follower of God. Another instance arises where God displayed his loyalty to Job by coming to his rescue and restoring everything he had lost. Even after he had allowed Satan to afflict him, He never left Job alone.

Death is also the primary subject matter in the book of Job. Mass destruction happened in this story with the entire family of Job dying mysteriously except for him and the wife. These deaths caused Job to have a different perception about life; they made him regard human life as delicate and meaningless. This subject depicts that God is not responsible for losing Job’s family and has no role to play in human death (Larrimore 330). It is the devil that causes death, and it does not matter whether the parties involved are good or evil. Death makes Job understand that humans have no control over death and that it can happen at any time with no preparation.

The idea of pain and suffering is discussed in the book of Job; it reveals that pain is an essential part of human life and cannot be avoided. The book’s main character, Job, is faced with all kinds of pain; spiritual, emotional, and physical pain. He has boils, blisters, and rashes all over his body; he has pain over the death of his loved ones and wonders the reason of God punishing him (Nelson 312). The book answers the reality of pain and shows how one can react to it to retain loyalty to God. This concept poses questions on the reasons why God allows believers to experience sufferings in life. Suffering is mysterious, but believers have the privilege of later understanding why they went through pain as God discloses it to them; all they have to do is trust and wait on God during the confusion.

There is the theme of questioning and doubting God; Job’s experiences did not match what He knew about God, which made him question God. For example, God’s word is expected for the righteous to prosper as the wicked suffers, yet Job’s experiences made him doubt this word. He started questioning God while trying to justify himself as faultless; after receiving counsel from several friends, Elihu comes to his rescue (Job 33.8). He explains to him that suffering is one of the mechanisms God uses to warn and restore men. This made Job come back to his senses, he stopped questioning and doubting God, and at the end of it all, God restored Him.

There is the idea of goodness without reward; this involves doing good and expecting nothing in return. Satan questions God whether Job fears Him for nothing; this denotes that those serving God expect rewards in return and that their loyalty is exchanged with God’s favor (Job 1.9). Satan asserts that Job fears God for the wealth bestowed by God to him and challenges God to withhold the wealth of Job and allow him to cause physical suffering on Job’s body. Satan expects that Job will curse God after this, but he was surprised with how Job reacted; he was proved wrong. Job was wholly devoted to God, and his loyalty to God was backed by a pure motive of loving God for His nature and not what He gives to man. This shows that man serving and loving God for who He is and His character is a possibility.

The most suitable reaction to suffering in life is recognizing God’s authority over everything that concerns life. In the economy of God, worthwhile prosperity begins with fearing the Lord. God is Lord over all, and failure to acknowledge His role in the success equation leads to struggles in life. Everyone wrestles with questions that seem to have no answer in life; the answers we seek are only found in God and His Word.

Works Cited

Holy Bible. New King James Version, Thomas Nelson Inc, 1983.

Larrimore, Mark. The Book of Job. Vol. 17. Princeton University Press, 2020.

Nelson, Alissa Jones. Power and responsibility in biblical interpretation: reading the book of job with edward said. Gorgias Press, 2019.

Seow, Choon Leong. Job 1-21: Interpretation and commentary. Gorgias Press, 2019.

COVID-19 Debate: Masks For Vaccinated

Introduction

COVID-19 is a global problem that medical professionals and government officials have been trying to control for the sake of the general population’s health and livelihood. The initial efforts were implementing the policies and requests for wearing masks and other protective gear that would minimize the risk of infection and transition. However, the development of vaccines has drastically decreased the risk of being infected. This is the reason why many individuals chose to opt for the vaccination option to be able to be safe. Despite the efforts of medical professionals to vaccinate as many individuals as possible, wearing a mask is still mandatory in many institutions. People who are not at risk of being infected still have to follow precautionary measures, although the topic is highly debatable. There is a high request for certain preventative measures to be abolished at organizational levels for individuals who are vaccinated and can provide proof of that. Data shows that being infected or transmitting the virus is significantly harder for vaccinated portions of the population regardless of contact time. Based on the evidence, masks should not be required for vaccinated people in workplaces, stores, and the street because they become useless.

Vaccination

Wearing a mask is not a necessity for people who were vaccinated because they are not at risk of being infected. According to Shiver (2021), vaccination causes the body to build antibodies that can efficiently fight off any source of infection. This suggests that risk factors are not hazards if one’s immune system has the mechanisms required for the condition to be combated. Since the vaccine is designed to add a layer of protection against COVID-19, people who are vaccinated can safely avoid using other protective measures such as wearing masks. The main argument for wearing one is to be protected from the virus, which is already not a concern after the required vaccines.

Counterargument/Rebuttal

The counterargument may suggest that vaccination is not an objective reason to refuse to wear masks since, despite the acquired immunity, a person can remain a carrier of the virus and transmit it further. However, the rate of transmission from vaccinated individuals is much lower. The original goal of policies regarding masks is to minimize the number of infections and not to combat the disease altogether. While there may be cases of transmissions from a vaccinated person, the rate will be low, and eliminating the spread is only possible with mass vaccination. This addresses the counterargument and makes it invalid.

Herd Immunity

While vaccines have not been implemented for 100% of the population, more and more people are choosing this option every single day. Certain people are not yet ready to take the vaccines, or their health conditions do not allow them to resort to this option, but vaccinating the majority of the population is more than enough. According to Adjiodah, the vaccination rate has grown substantially, which is a good factor in the acquisition of herd immunity (2021). If a substantial portion of individuals becomes immune to COVID-19, the transmission of the virus from person to person will become highly unlikely. Even people who are not protected by antibodies, as a result, will be less at risk due to herd immunity, which is another argument for the mass vaccination campaign.

Counterargument/Rebuttal

While herd immunity is the critical factor that may combat the effects of COVID-19, one may argue that wearing protective measures such as masks is a tool that helps prevent the spread of a virus. However, the most efficient way to prevent the spread is still vaccination, while masks are proven to be less effective. Furthermore, individuals who will not be wearing masks will be initially cleared out by the HR department as vaccinated. This suggests that protection and prevention are still present if one is without a mask because that person prevents the spread of COVID-19 by taking the vaccine.

Policymakers Trust Vaccines

The implementations of new guidelines, such as not requiring a mask, have to be pursued on organizational and authoritative levels. West argues that most healthcare managers and policymakers agree that while masks are helpful as preventative measures, vaccination is the most reliable tool for protection (2021). Furthermore, even individuals who are closely tied to making decisions in terms of COVID-19 prevention cannot disagree that vaccines are not only helpful but also, undeniably, the closest solutions to the eradication of the virus. This being said, if policymakers agree vaccines are safe and valuable, they should revolutionize their organizational policies and safety measures by not requiring the employees to wear masks.

Counterargument/Rebuttal

A possible counterargument is a suggestion that policymakers are willing to switch to less restrictive measures for reasons other than the evidence of vaccines being the solution. The general population has been following guidelines, including mask wearing for a long time, which causes the individuals to feel fatigued and overpowered by prolonged measures. This is why policymakers are trying to make specific changes. However, as West argues, managers agree that vaccines are the most reliable sources of prevention (2021). Since policymakers agree with this statement, suggesting that reforms regarding such implementations have a different overview and goal is redundant.

Reforms on Mask Policies

While the effects of the virus are mitigated and somewhat controlled, many individuals are still eager to take extra measures to protect themselves. Experience shows that while some people are against wearing a mask and do not conform to the policies, especially if they have been vaccinated, others tend to be cautious. However, the personal choices and opinions of certain people cannot be a foundation for policymakers and managers who want to protect the employees. It is not an argument against individuals who are willingly wearing protective measures if they believe this is beneficial for them. The only concern is the policies themselves, which should not restrict vaccinated people from having a choice regarding masks. Moreover, the wear of masks has to be optional but not mandatory.

Counterargument/Rebuttal

A possible counterargument suggests a different agenda for the act of wearing a mask. It may be argued that a mask is a visible preventive measure that reassures one’s social respect and consideration for other people’s needs. However, the best form of social respect is still vaccination. It is a solution that prevents not only the transmission but also the infection itself. It is helpful for the vaccinated individuals and the people around them, making it the ultimate form of social respect, unlike wearing masks.

Solution

The HR departments are often the policymakers regarding the safety of the employees. If they were to create an environment where wearing a mask is optional and depends on the individual’s wishes, further information would be needed. Implementing mask-wearing policies for unvaccinated individuals is crucial, but the same measure is not necessary for employees who have been vaccinated. Managers can only attest if one was vaccinated or not by reviewing the passport/certificate handed after the final vaccine. The HR department already has the means to check the vaccinal status of an employee, which makes it easier for them to decide on further measures. Proving the vaccinated status is crucial when it comes to avoiding other protective measures in public and professional spaces, and HR managers can review it to further allow more freedom regarding wearing masks.

Conclusion

After reviewing credible sources and evidence regarding COVID-19 measures of prevention and transmission, it is clear that masks should not be mandatory for individuals who are vaccinated. People who chose vaccines as their main preventative measures have antibodies that do not allow the person to be infected and are more likely to contribute to herd immunity. Moreover, HR managers and policymakers agree with the statement that vaccines are reliable sources of protection, which suggests that masks are secondary measures. Such specialists have access to data regarding the status of the employees, which allows them to choose the ones that can pursue their daily tasks without wearing medical masks. While there are counterarguments that argue masks still have to be mandatory, they can be rebutted. Evidence shows that vaccinated individuals should not be required to wear masks because it is unlikely they contribute to the spread of the virus or make the situation worse by choosing to avoid specific preventative measures.

References

Adjodah, D., Dinakar, K., Chinazzi, M., Fraiberger, S. P., Pentland, A., & Bates, S. (2021). Association between COVID-19 outcomes and mask mandates, adherence, and attitudes. PLOS ONE, 16(6). doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0252315

Shriver, L. (2021). It’s time to face the truth about masks. Spectator, 346(10056), 23.

West, G. M. (2021). COVID-19 mask mandates are again at center of political battles. The Wall Street Journal. Web.

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