The supermarket industry in UK
In UK, there are a immense sum of big supermarkets and people in British are normally go to these sorts of supermarket one time a hebdomad, for illustration, Tesco, Sainsbury ‘s, ASDA. Even though the supermarket industry in UK is non every bit good as the supermarket industry in America ; nevertheless, it is an of import portion for people who populating in British and a big portion of supermarket is adopt the concatenation construction to run and it is all over the town. Therefore, the selling mix of the UK supermarket industry can be shown as in four parts. The monetary value in the UK supermarket industry have connexion between each houses because the monetary value rigidness. Turning to the topographic point of the UK supermarket industry may construct in suburbs or in the metropolis which may profit for the consumer to take and it have developed the service which can shop on the cyberspace. And the publicity of the UK supermarket, they may utilize some advertizement in the web site and hoarding. This essay will be structured as four parts which is the background of the supermarket in UK, the features of oligopoly, the advantages and disadvantages of the market construction for consumer and decision.
Furthermore, the supermarket in UK can be described as an oligopoly market so that the competitory in the UK supermarket industry is really altitudinal. The features of oligopoly can be divided into four parts which is non-price competition, monetary value rigidness, L-shaped norm cost curves and collusion. The construction of the oligopoly market is there is a little sum of interdependent houses which compete with each other and it can be used barriers to entry to the industry. Furthermore, the oligopolistic houses may concentrate on the houses which relative to their industry to see the supply. ( Anderton A, 2004 ) The of import feature is the clang between cooperate and self regard. The oligopoly group will bring forth less goods and garner the monetary value which higher than the fringy cost. Therefore, each marketer ‘s activity may hold a great influence to the other house ‘s net income. ( Mankiw N, 2009 )
In add-on, the supermarket industry in UK is similar with the oligopoly construction. First, oligopoly is dominated by few big companies which mean collusion that plan the device and do net income together. Even though the UK supermarket industry is really competitory and good ; nevertheless, there are four chief houses in the industry which play an of import function and the other houses will concentrate on the niche market to be. The four houses are known as Tesco, ASDA, Sainsbury ‘s and Morrison ‘s which are running food market construction. The “ large four ” have become an oligopoly market construction that they have combined portion of 76 % of the market at the terminal of 2008. ( BBC intelligence, 2010 ) This can be seen as barriers to entry to the other assorted smaller companies. Harmonizing to the BBC intelligence ( 2010 ) , there are about 50 UK supermarket ironss have defunct. Furthermore, the monetary value between each houses have made a monetary value rigidness which will retain a lasting degree.
The supermarket market construction in UK can be seen as oligopoly market and it have brought the benefits and disadvantages for consumer.
First, harmonizing to the Tutor2you ( 2007 ) , non-price competition has play an of import function in the gross revenues of supermarket. Because of the extremely competitory of the supermarket industry in UK, houses will increase market portion and usage tactics to sale publicity, such as shop trueness cards, banking and other fiscal service and extension of gap hours.
( Beginning: hypertext transfer protocol: //news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/4694974.stm )
This figure can be shown that Tesco was dominant in the supermarket portion research. Furthermore, BBC intelligence ( 2006 ) list that Tesco ‘s market portion remains lifting and non merely this supermarket but besides other supermarkets have an upward inclination such as Sainsbury ‘s. It can be seen that the step that Tesco have usage is successful to help the company. Besides, each house will convey out at that place discriminatory steps and supply to the consumers which can let them to take and every step may hold their attractive force.
Second, oligopolistic houses are really superior in the market on a regular basis and production capacity is by and large larger which means that the houses have ability to defy the hazard and hold advanced direction technique. It is good to consumers because it have insurance that consumers can purchase with assurance.
However, it besides bring disadvantage for consumer in two ways. First of all, one of the feature of the oligopoly market is interdependence between each company which means one of the companies may see the reaction of the other houses in the selling such as doing monetary value and some investing determinations. It may obtain the suited net income that each oligopoly houses would satisfactory with it. Furthermore, for the consumer, it may diminish the penchant and the monetary value will go indefiniteness because the monetary value may fluctuate by the oligopoly houses. The houses may unite together and derive the monopoly monetary value which can get monopoly net incomes. ( Tutor2U, 2007 ) Firms may besides bull operation and it is far beyond the existent value of the merchandise. It is bad for consumer because it will und ermine the involvement of its consumers. Harmonizing to the Top retailing ( 2008 ) , because of the lifting monetary value of fuel and nutrient which allow people seek the cheaper monetary value.
All in all, based on the feature of the UK supermarket and the advantages and disadvantages of the market, the oligopoly construction should pay more attending to the step which can give people the benefit while they can do the net income. The non-price competitions which can let consumer seek a high quality and service among the similar monetary value between each supermarket. Company should non in their ain involvement but besides consider the consumer that it should hold many considerations such as proficient and geographical to better and hone the system such as different price reductions to the clients. Furthermore, company can do a research to place competitory providers, understand the information of supply market and efficient trade good scheme.
Anderton A. ( 2004 ) Economics ( 3rded. ) Ormskirk, Causeway Press Ltd.
[ Assetss day of the month: Feb, 4th ]
BBC intelligence ( 2006 ) , Business
Economicss ( 2009 ) , UK supermarkets, oligopolistic competition
Oligopoly ticker ( 2003 ) , British food market oligopoly
Structure of industry, the economic sciences of supermarkets Author: Robert P.
[ Asset day of the month: Feb, 4th ]
Top retailing ( 2008 ) , Grocery portion Author name: Nesbitt L.
Tutor2U ( 2007 ) , Oligopoly
[ Asset day of the month: Feb, 5th ]
There Are Many Benefits Of Living In A Diverse Society
Diversity means recognising that everyone is different in some way. Importantly this also means ‘valuing’ the difference. We can say that we live in a multicultural society. This means that there are people from different countries and backgrounds are all living together, even though some people are not diverse towards each other. It does not stop us from living from a multicultural society. There are many benefits of living in a diverse society and in this essay I will be introducing different types of social and cultural benefits.
Firstly, when having a large society, large communities, and different types of food, is an excellent way to get the taste of other countries. There are many different types of food which originate in different countries. It is important however, to know what countries food you are tasting, to see if you like it or not. Many people that are Hindu, Muslim and so on have their own foods and their own ingredient. Sometimes food doesn’t taste the same as it would in the country that it originates from. For example, a family want to make pizza in Britain, it may taste delicious but it wouldn’t taste as it would in Italy. The reason for this is because in Italy they use different types of ingredients and they also have different types of crops growing and for those reasons the dish has a different taste. Furthermore, over the years people from different countries use their natives’ ingredients to create more different types of food and this is why in the modern world there are many different colourful different types of dishes which did not exist 50 – 70 years back.
In the modern society we can look at different cultures such as Italy, being famous for producing pizza which is known not only in Britain but world wide.
Also Mexico There is a huge variety of food grown in Mexico. The main crop of the country is corn. Tortillas have corn in them so they are eaten with every meal. Even though beans aren’t made of corn, they are still eaten at every meal. There are some similar and some different traditions between the United States and Mexico. In the United States families have parties in honour of holidays and special events, like birthdays. Also corn is a major crop in both countries.
The Japanese eat a lot of fish, but Buddhist adults are not allowed to eat fish. The main crop is tea. The Japanese eat a lot of rice as well. The most popular food is sushi; it is rice with vegetables and raw fish wrapped in seaweed. The farms are planted under mountains. Japan has a wide variety of food.
One of the main ways of being diverse is looking in to other religions work of art. This is an easy way to get an insight of other countries. The reason for this is because in the modern society there are many different plays in theatres as well as different festival stories, books and movies. Getting to know countries through art could be one of the easiest ways to understand them. If you want to watch a movie and they are in a different language they will always have subtitles allowing the nation get in to the movie. Movies are not aimed at only one religion, the same can be said for theatres there are many theatres which make drama about the history which allows people to understand how live was and how the old aged society evolved to what it is now.
The arts can prove helpful to the work of a health and social care professional as they can provide some insight into the cultures and beliefs of other societies. They can help you to understand the needs and wants of people from backgrounds other than you own. Learning about ‘the arts’ is a good way to understand and appreciate difference.
Education focuses on every individual, student are now made to learn about other religions this is called Religious Education, this is a compulsory subject whom has to be taken in high school. Some students may not enjoy the subject, but when it comes down to talking about their own religion and background they tend to enjoy it. Learning about other religions in a small group allows, students from other religions talking about festivals and history, face to face. This allows debate to arise, as this is being conducted the students then get to compare religions and see how situations are different in other religions. For example, when it is the month of ‘Ramadan’ Muslims have to go through the month by fasting and only eating before sunrise and after sunset. Hindu’s however, fast once every 2months. This allows both religions to interact with each other.
The celebration of tradition and culture is now seen on all syllabuses in on form or another. Celebrating different cultures happens annually at high school, primary school, college and university. This shows it doesn’t matter how old a student is, they will never be old enough to get involved with other religions. Celebrating festivals can be expressed in many different ways, there could be stage shows, and many colleges introduce ‘International Evening’ where different religions have music from their culture or different dances. Now a day’s high schools allow 3months to learn different languages taught by different teachers, and the language that the students enjoy the most is the language they get to pick to do at a GCSE level.
The inclusion of equality, rights and diversity in the training and development of health and social care workers has seen huge improvements in the way individuals are treated and cared for by those workers. Most organisations include training on equal opportunities as part of their induction process.
Having a diverse society enables you to have many different languages in the vicinity which means many different ethnic groups get the chance to mingle with out ethnic groups. For example many Algerians from Algeria have adapted to speaking fluent French so they can interact with there across shore community the south of France. Other language users bring additional benefits. For example, having the opportunity to live and work with people from other countries and cultural backgrounds offers everyone the chance to learn something new and different.
Cultural enrichment benefits the diverse society because it helps the society learn that racism or being prejudice towards different people because of their colour or race, this lead to the society having high level tolerance.
In order to appreciate other people’s religions we have to tolerate their belief. Some people may not want anything to do with religion but this doesn’t mean they can tell others not to believe in religion. Tolerating other people views means having respect for what they do in religion. Understanding other peoples view is very important. If I may not want to get involved with the Muslim culture for example, I wouldn’t allow Muslim people not to talk about their religion. Each religion has a different view; tolerating each view brings religion closer together.
Social cohesion means sticking together, People in the modern society now stick together as a group. You can see African people and Indian, as well as Japanese people all staying together as a group. It doesn’t matter what the background is. The main point is getting known each others background. Large communities can now get together and express their feelings from different views and backgrounds.
A further benefit from diversity is economically. Immigration is leading the labour workforce. This is because immigrants who don’t get paid enough are willing to do any kind of low paid job, such as toilet cleaning, window cleaning. Many immigrants bring good things into the country such as new technology from Japan, China new cars from Italy and Germany. In terms of health and social care, the economic benefits of diversity can be seen through the knowledge and practice that new practitioners bring into the country.
From this essay I can conclude, that having a multicultural society is beneficial to us in many different ways. Firstly, with out the arts in there would be no theatre plays, we wouldn’t know about what really happened on Diwali and Eid, but thanks to the modern arts we know what it means. Trying different types of food from different countries is an excellent way to get to know other countries, as you can find out what the native crops are. The source of education is important to every student as for those who don’t want to know about religion have to find out about it as now a days subject like religious studies is compulsory, also the fact that learning a language could been you could visit the home country and speak face to face with others.
I believe, it may be hard for people to get to know other religions but being tolerant to each other allows individuals get involved with other religions more easily as it opens up doors. Overall, social cohesion is what it all comes down to, sticking together as a group in society. The modern world would not be what it is without people not being able to allow themselves into other religions.
Tenets Of Wordsworth In Resolution And Independence
Romanticism officially began in 1798, when William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge anonymously published Lyrical Ballads. This work marked the official beginning of a literary period which had already begun many old ages before 1798. A work is defined to be of a certain period by its features, hence to be considered a Romantic work, the work must incorporate facets which are termed “Romantic.” A few typical “Romantic” facets are: love of the yesteryear; understanding to the kid’s head; religion in the interior goodness of adult male; facets of nature holding spiritual, mysterious, and symbolic significance; and rapprochement of contrasting thoughts to do a point. Wordsworth flourished in these thoughts in a verse form called Independence and Resolution. In this verse form Wordsworth shows the reader what he thinks his life is like and what he wants it to be like.
In its kernel, Resolution and Independence is an unfastened book to what Wordsworth feels his life is like. It is about the yesteryear, nowadays, and future Wordsworth. Wordsworth feels that his life is like a “traveler” on the Moors . He feels that in the yesteryear he has ever been like a little “male child,” who ne’er “heard” or “saw” the beauties of nature . As a kid, Wordsworth ne’er understood life, because he ne’er looked to nature for inspiration or counsel. Soon, Wordsworth feels he that he is “a happy Child of Earth,” because he walks “far from the universe. . . far from all attention” .
He begins a hunt to happen a manner to populate in harmoniousness with himself, God, and nature. During his hunt, he finds an old adult male, the leech-gatherer, who is one with himself, God, and nature. Upon seeing this adult male, Wordsworth is instantly amazed by the bearing of this old adult male. Wordsworth admires this adult male’s insight on life, that Wordsworth decides that he wants to go the same manner. Therefore, in Wordsworth’s hunt for his topographic point in infinity in nature, he finds an illustration that he wants to duplicate.Resolution and Independence includes many dogmas of Romanticism including a love of the yesteryear. Wordsworth loves the storm of the old dark and the “rain-drops” on the Moors that it leaves behind . Wordsworth loves the old adult male, because the old adult male has so much cognition from his past experiences. The poet enjoys reminiscing on past experiences: I was a Traveler so upon the Moor I saw the hare that raced about with joy; I heard the forests and distant Waterss roar; Or heard them non, every bit happy as a male child; The pleasant season did my bosom employ; My old recollections went from me entirely; And all the ways of work forces, so conceited and melancholyA Second major Romantic feature is “wind” . Wind is symbolic of the verve of the poetic spirit. When air current is mentioned, the reader can presume that the following spot of the work is traveling to be lively, because the writer feels his poetic spirit has been rejuvenated.Rain, or H2O, is another Romantic property mentioned: “the rain came in heavy inundations” .
Rain is symbolic of life, because H2O is the beginning and upholder of all living things. Rain is besides symbolic of poetic inspiration. The rain of the past eventide’s ramp inspires Wordsworth to compose this verse form. The reminders observed in nature and memories stirred in his head impulse him to go on on. The reminders in nature include the “rain-drops” and the “mist” that the hare kicks up . In Resolution and Independence, the pools represent the poetic memory, or the verse form itself. Wordsworth admires the old adult male, because he interacts with other poets memories, or verse forms. The act of the old adult male wading through Wordsworth’s pool is symbolic the old adult male “reading a book,” or one of Wordsworth’s works .
The old adult male inspires Wordsworth by stirring the H2O in Wordsworth’s pool. This action allows Wordsworth’s past inspirations to resurface.Another Romantic dogma is the rapprochement of differences to do a point. Wordsworth wanted to emphasize his “dejection” by authorship: And frights and illusions thick upon me came; Dim sadness-blind idea, I knew non, nor could call. (Thought makes a Romantic poet happy ( which is another dogma of Romanticism ) , and a unsighted adult male can non separate between any two degrees of duskiness. Hence, the use of these contrasting points helps convert the reader that Wordsworth is ill at easiness. His point is made and good understood, therefore doing this a good literary technique.
In decision, the poet is enduring from dejection without a cause. Wordsworth is queerly non at easiness. He searches nature for an reply, but nature does non convey rapprochement to his overwrought emotions. The poet has an overpowering feeling of angst. Upon seeing the old adult male, Wordsworth is given a new hope for a manner to derive the interior peace that he has been looking for. The old adult male serves as a function theoretical account for Wordsworth. Resolution and Independence1There was a boom in the air current all nightThe rain came in heavy inundations; But now the Sun is lifting composures and bright; The birds are singing in the distant forests; Over his ain sweet voice the Stock-dove broods; The Jay makes reply as the Magpie yaks; And all the air is filled with pleasant noise of waters. All things that love the Sun are out of doors; The sky rejoices in the forenoon’s birth; The grass is bright with rain-drops; -on the moorsThe hare is running races in her hilarity; And with her pess she from the plashy earthRaises a mist; that, glit tering in the sun,Runs with her all the way, wherever she doth run.3I was a Traveller then upon the moorI saw the hare that raced about with joy;I heard the woods and distant waters roar;Or heard them not, as happy as a boy;The pleasant season did my heart employ;My old remembrances went from me wholly;And all the ways of men, so vain and melancholy4But, as it sometimes chanceth, from the might.
Of joy in minds that can no further go, As high as we have mounted in delight. In our dejection do we sink as low;To me that morning did happen so; And fears and fancies thick upon me came; Dim sadness-blind thought, I knew not, nor could name.5I heard the sky-lark warbling in the sky; And I bethought me of the playful hare;Even such a happy Child of earth am I ;Even as these blissful creatures do I fare; Far from the world I walk, and from all care;But there may come another day to me-Solitude, pain of heart, distress, and poverty.6My whole life I have lived in pleasant thought,As if life’s business were a summer mood; As if all needful things would come unsought.
To genial faith, still rich in genial good; But how can He expect that others shouldBuild for him, sow for him, and at his callLove him, who for himself will take no heed at all. I thought of Chatterton, the marvellous Boy, The sleepless Soul that perished in his pride;Of him who walked in glory and in joy. Following his plough, along the mountain-side;By our own spirits we are deified; We Poets in our youth begin in gladness; But thereof come in the end despondency and madness.8Now, whether it were by peculiar grace,A leading from above, a something given,Yet it befel, that, in this lonely place, When I with these untoward thoughts had striven,Beside a pool bare to the eye of heavenI saw a Man before me unawares:The oldest man he seemed that ever wore grey hairs.9As a huge stone is sometimes seen to lieCouched on the bald top of an eminence;
Wonder to all who do the same espy,By what means it could thither come, and whence;So that it seems a thing endued with sense:Like a sea-beast crawled forth, that on a shelfOf rock or sand reposeth, there to sun itself;10Such seemed this Man. Not all alive nor dead,Nor all asleep-in his extreme old age:His body was bent double, feet and headComing together in life’s pilgrimage;As if some dire constraint of pain, or rageOf sickness felt by him in times long past,A more than human weight upon his frame had cast.11Himself he propped, limbs, body, and a pale face,Upon a long gray staff of shaven wood:And, still as I drew near with gentle pace,Upon the margin of that moorish floodMotionless as a cloud the old Man stoodThat heareth not the loud winds when they call;And moveth all together, if it move at all12At length, himself unsettling, he the pondStirred with his staff, and fixedly did lookUpon the muddy water, which he conned,As if he had been reading a book:And now a stranger’s privilege I took;And drawing to his side, to him I did say,”This morning gives us promise of a glorious day.”13A gentle answer did the old Man make,In courteous speech which forth he slowly drew: And him with further words I thus bespake”What occupation do you there pursue?
This is a lonesome place for one like you.”Ere he replied, a flash of mild surpriseBroke from the sable orbs of his yet-vivid eyes.14His words came feebly, from a feeble chest,But each in solemn order followed each,With something of a lofty utterance drest-Choice word and measured phrase, above the reachOf ordinary men; a stately speech;Such as grave Livers do in Scotland use,Religious men, who give to God and man their dues.15He told, that to these waters he had comeTo gather leeches, being old and poor;Employment hazardous and wearisome!And he had many hardships to endure:From pond to pond he roamed from moor to moor;Housing with God’s good help, by choice or by chance;And in this way he gained honest maintenance.16The old Man still stood talking by my side; But now his voice to me was like a streamScarce heard; nor word from word could I divide; And the whole body of the man did seemLike one whom I had met with in a dream;Or like a man from some far region sent, To give me human strength by apt admonishment.17My Former thoughts returned: the fear that kills;And hope that is unwilling to be fed; Cold, pain, and labor, and all fleshy ills;
And mighty Poets in their misery dead.Perplexed, and longing to be comforted, My question eagerly did I renew,”How is it that you live,and what is it you do?”18He with a smile did then his words repeat;And said, that, gathering leeches, far and wideHe traveled; stirring thus about his feetThe waters of the pools where they abide.”Once I could meet with them on every side;But they have dwindled long by slow decay;Yet still preserve, and find them where they may.”While he was talking thus, the lonely place,The old Man’s shape, and speech-all troubled me:In my mind’s eye I seemed to see him paceAbout the weary moors continually,Wandering about alone and silently.While I these thoughts within myself pursued,He, having made a pause, the same discourse renewed.20And soon with this he other matter blended,Cheerfully uttered, with demeanor kind,But stately in the main; and when he ended,I could have laughed myself to scorn to findIn that decrepit Man so firm a mind.”God,” said I, “be my help and stay secure;I’ll think of the leech-gatherer on the lonely moor!”