The Termination Of An Employee Essay Sample For College

The termination of an employee is a situation that must be approached using facts and tact. Proper procedures must be followed up to the termination to avoid mistakes that could incite legal consequences. Besides the legalities, termination can result in employee anger or confusion, but preparation can minimize misunderstandings. Employee termination is never pleasant, but following a checklist can help ensure that no procedural requirements are skipped. •Know the reason for an employee’s termination. If it is performance- or discipline-related, have documentation of the employee’s actions available.

This may include performance reviews and written warnings. The reason for dismissal should not be based on any discriminatory factors that violate state or federal employment laws or employer policies. Prepare necessary dismissal paperwork, including the request for a final paycheck and payout of benefit or vacation compensation. If severance pay or extended benefits are part of the termination package, have an attorney draft a hold harmless agreement for the employee to sign. Also plan for computer passwords and/or locks to be changed on the day of termination. Step 2Set an appointment to meet with the employee. The meeting should take place in private, but human resources personnel may attend as witnesses if required by your company. Termination should never occur in public or over the telephone. Do not discuss the termination plans with other employees. •Tell the employee the reason for dismissal. Since this is the point of the meeting, it should be the first subject discussed. Explain the reason and show supporting documentation. State that the decision is final. Allow the employee an opportunity to speak his or her mind and express feelings.

Do not debate or apologize for the decision, but wish the employee the best of luck with his or her future career. Review the employee’s rights with regard to benefits, pension and unemployment insurance. Have the employee sign required termination paperwork or legal waivers. Ask him or her to collect any personal belongings from his or her workspace, return any company-provided equipment and leave the building. Escorted departure from the premises is only necessary if the employee has committed a criminal offense or is considered a threat to others.

Read more: How to Handle Employee Termination | eHow. com http://www. ehow. com/how_6615909_handle-employee-termination. html#ixzz0rVwbiNJ X REDUCTIONS IN FORCE (RIF) Reductions in force (RIF)—also known as work force reductions, downsizing, right-sizing, restructuring, and reorganization—may include a number of methods of eliminating worker hours, including layoffs. Employee terminations in such cases are usually the result of surplus labor caused by economic factors, changing markets, poor management, or some other factor unrelated to worker behavior.

Because work force reductions make a company vulnerable to many of the same legal risks inherent in behavior-related terminations, companies usually terminate workers by means of a carefully planned and documented process. The process is typically conducted in two stages: 1) selecting the workers to be dismissed and then terminating them according to the above process; and 2) providing benefits to ease the transition, including severance packages, unemployment compensation, and outplacement services.

Selecting and terminating employees is handled carefully because most profit-maximizing organizations are obviously concerned about losing talent or diluting the effectiveness of the company. But care must also be taken to ensure that the reductions do not violate state and federal laws. As with behavior-related terminations, downsizing terminations cannot be based on bias against protected minorities, or even unintentionally result in an inequitable outcome for a protected group.

In fact, extensive legislation exists to protect disabled workers, racial minorities, workers over the age of forty, women, and other groups. In addition to bias-related laws, moreover, companies must comply with a battery of laws specifically directed at corporate layoffs. For example, the federal Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act of 1988 requires companies with 100 or more employees to file at least sixty days prior notice before conducting mass layoffs or work force reductions.

Among other stipulations, the notice must be in writing and addressed to employees and specified government workers. The second stage of the downsizing process, outplacement, is also heavily influenced by legislation aimed at protecting employees. But it is also used to maintain the morale of the work force and to enhance the public image of the company conducting the work force reduction. Outplacement usually includes two activities: counseling and job search assistance. Counseling occurs on both the individual and group levels.

Both are necessary to help the displaced worker 1) develop a positive attitude; 2) correctly assess career potential and direction, including background and skills, personality traits, financial requirements, geographic constraints, and aspirations; 3) develop job search skills, such as resume writing, interviewing, networking, and negotiating; and 4) adjust to life in transition or with a new employer. Many companies assist with the job search by hiring a job-search firm to help their terminated employees find new work.

In addition to providing some or all of the counseling services described above, job-search companies act as brokers, bringing together job hunters and companies looking for employees. Job-search companies can expedite the job hunting process by eliminating mismatches from the interview process and by helping both parties to negotiate employment terms. In some cases, the former employer will reimburse job hunting costs as part of the severance package of benefits http://definitions. uslegal. com/e/employee-termination/

Literature Critique: Human Rights

 One of the most ideal approaches to understand the motivation of the work “Give War a Chance” is to understand the writer. Edward Ululate Nicolai, known as a political scientist, American military strategist and historian, published some works describing military and international relations strategies. Ululate, has his carrier linked with Military area, acting as consultant to the Secretary of Defenses Office, National Security Council, US State Department, the United

States Navy, United States Army, United States Air Force and several Ministries of NATO. His great experiences in war is even more evident in his article, “Give war a chance” (Ululate, 1999), arguing in essence that military battles should last longer. According to Ululate, peace can only be achieved after all belligerents become exhausted or where a party wins decisively the other. This creates in his point of view, the understanding of both parties that the war would destroy both sides. Ululate, 1999) Ululate shows that deaths and scourges in war situations are necessary to eek a diplomatic solution. He says that the war only behind peace, after going through a culminating phase of violence, ending the hopes of a military success. (Ululate, 1999) This paper will analyze the concepts presented by Ululate, based on other scholars of International Relations and warfare strategies. The rhetoric and misconceptions that his theory presented and furthermore that “give war a Chance” has risk characteristics and has large failures from a historical analysis.

Latter’s article: Give War a chance is a work published in 1999, where Ululate makes serious eroticism of the non-governmental organizations and especially the United Nations interventions during conflicts. Ululate (1 999: 3) states ‘Wars among lesser powers have rarely been allowed to run their natural course. Instead, they have typically been interrupted early on, before they could burn themselves out and establish the preconditions for a lasting settlement. ” Ululate follows his speech stating that a cease-fire disposed to arrest war- induced exhaustion and lets belligerents reconstitute and rearm their forces. Ululate (1999) Such teaching follows the said by (Gerard Jerkier 35, 692), which tastes that “war was also the driving force behind the European process of State formation and consolidation. ” Such view is considered by according to Jerkier ( 2004;304) “the more radical version of allowing secession”. In the same vein, Will Playwright, (2010), in a scholarly article called “Disinterest and Frivolity: Assessing Latter’s ‘Give War a Chance’, makes his view very clean stating that Ululate work is established on fallacious statements and invalid arguments.

Bosnia is the first example presented by Ululate, saying that the United Nation intervention condemned the country to remain divided into three rival armed amps, with combat suspended momentarily but a state of hostility prolonged indefinitely. ( Ululate, 2004) The Bosnian conflict is used by Ululate as one of the basis for hits argument. “Since no side is threatened by defeat and loss, none has a sufficient incentive to negotiate a lasting settlement; because no path to peace is even visible, the dominant priority is to prepare for future war rather than to reconstruct devastated economies and ravaged societies”.

Ululate, 2004) Will Playwright, is timely to demonstrate that despite the fact that Ululate does utilize a few illustrations to back his contention, the conclusion that one or a few failures requires that is important to analyses every presumption focused around its individual benefits and afterward to evaluate them altogether by testing them against real cases of studies. Disinterest and Frivolity: Assessing Latter’s ‘Give War a Chance, 2010) Playwright uses three very interesting considerations in his work to “end of the Wars – Eventually – but to assert queue Conflicts When They end is the end academically useful to the statement queue comes the bullet out of the UN, Therefore we should not attempt to Prevent the trigger being pulled.

Additionally, this first assumption is based on the notion queue ignores three eventualities Which Could produce conflict: (1) the deadlock in the war of attrition (egg the Iran-Iraq War); (2) Prolonged conflict Which results in maintenance of the status quo ante bellum (egg the Civil War Burundi) and (3) there are queue Those Who benefit from the continuing war, and without intervention, will Assure That It does (egg the Conflicts of the Democratic Republic of Congo).

If we are to adopt Ululate standpoint, it passe near impossible to asses the Manner In Which retracted civil Conflicts Actually end, as well as the causes Which bring about the recourse to violence. ” Despite the author understand the example given in the case of Bosnia, The assumptions of the ‘give war a chance’ create an argument in which causal factors for conflict – as well as the variables that define its duration and intensity – become irrelevant. The assumptions that war will end and create peace ignores the idea that there are actors who benefit from war and its continuation, and have no desire to see it end.

This position seems well validates that if we understand that war is not serially the search for a solution, but a big business that moves billions of dollars. Specifically, this analysis will look towards the 2003 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (or ‘Naives Agreement’) which brought a close to the Second Sudanese Civil War. In their analysis of why this conflict continued for twenty- two years, at the cost of almost two million lives, All, Aladdin and El-Bathing assert key causal significance to the duration on external intervention on the part of neighboring regimes supporting rebel movements.

This, they assert, allowed the rebels to continue fighting much longer than they would have eternally been able to. Whereas at first glance this may confirm Latter’s hypothesis – that intervention prolongs war – it actually speaks to the dangers of disengagement by the international community. Another issue tackled by Altitude, is the United Nation’s attitude in creating refugee camps with large infrastructure and in many cases, providing to the refugees communities better conditions than back in their home country. Ululate, 2004) Ululate argues that “By keeping refugees alive in Spartan conditions that encouraged their rapid emigration or local resettlement, the Unarms camps n Europe had assuaged postwar resentments and helped disperse revivalist concentrations of national groups. But unaware camps in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip provided on the whole a higher standard of living than most Arab villagers had previously enjoyed, with a more varied diet, organized schooling, superior medical care, and no backbreaking labor in stony fields.

They had, therefore, the opposite effect, becoming desirable homes rather than eagerly abandoned transit camps. With the encouragement of several Arab countries, the unaware turned escaping civilians into lifelong refugees who gave riot to refugee children, who have in turn had refugee children of their own. ” Altitude makes an interesting critical of the non-governmental organization, saying that like other institutions, the mongo are more focus on sustaining themselves, which implies that their first priority is to attract investments. Ululate, 2004) Opposing Altitude, a Brazilian scholar called Marco’s A. Lopes says that the munch in cooperation with Humanitarian Organizations dedicate special commitment to meet the emergency needs of these camps offering minimum housing and water supply, food, and medical services. This provided of humanitarian services aims that in the shortest possible time these refugees are able to be repatriated to their home countries, integrated with asylum in another country or resettled in a third country.

However, he argues that these alternatives are not always possible, especially when it comes to a group increasingly numerous refugees, the displaced know by socio-environmental disasters. ( Lopes, xx) It is not clear so by studying refugee camps, as Aztar in Jordan by itself that represents a great impact on the duration of the war but only to ensure and errant good conditions for the refugee communities that are facing civil wars in their home countries.

Conclusion Checking opinions so antagonistic, we can conclude that Altitude position, at first under a well simplistic view. It may seem extremely interesting and defensible, but in a second analysis, we can see that Altitude although understand the deaths, does not take into counts the number of lives that are lost in these conflicts, as little as nicely raised Will Playwright, the duration of wars are not necessarily linked forces vying but must also take into account all direct ND indirect interest in a war dispute because it is so large business.

Besides this issue found a temerity to point out the creation of refugee camps as a driving force for continuing wars, as the same is for the sole imprint provide minimum conditions to people who no longer able to live in the midst of combat. We believe that all human life has value, and there is no plausible justification for the maintenance of armed combat, since such a situation does not always have the power to resolve a dispute but to move the big business that is war.

Opportunity Or Planing, Research Paper

Intelligence and planning are necessary factors in scientific research, nevertheless opportunity and fortune are besides of import and slightly necessary factors. The Autobiography of Charles Darwin and the memoir, The Double Helix, written by James Watson, turn out this averment. Charles Darwin, James Watson and Francis Crick were all intelligent work forces that planned their experiments, nevertheless without opportunity and luck their success and scientific accomplishment would non be as great.

Intelligence and planning are of import in scientific find, but are non ever the dominating forces that drive scientific research. Such is the instance with Charles Darwin, James Watson and Francis Crick. All three of these work forces were highly rational, but their mind merely contributed partly to their success. Intellect and planning, combined with opportunity and fortune contributed to their overall success. Peoples take opportunities on a day-to-day footing.

If you really halt and believe about it, life is one large game of opportunity. It is by opportunity that we are born, that we continue to last, and that we will finally decease. Some people feel that this rhythm occurs do to the will of God, others, like Charles Darwin believe that it happens based on opportunity or natural choice. Whatever you believe or disbelieve, life can non be planned. No affair how hard a individual efforts to “ program ” their way in life, it is by opportunity and luck where that way takes us. Darwin ’ s calling was besides based on opportunity, non be aftering. Darwin ne’er planned to go a scientist or the male parent of natural choice.

It was by pure opportunity that he obtained the occupation on the ocean trip of the Beagle, which started his calling. Darwin stated about this ocean trip that, “ The ocean trip of the Beagle has been the by far the most of import event in my life and has determined my whole calling. . . ” ( Darwin, p.76 ) Darwin had non planned to take the trip on the Beagle, he obtained the chance by mere opportunity. One can try to “ program ” for a occupation or calling, but opportunity and fortune are the major factors which allow for success. Although Darwin ’ s intellect played a function in obtaining the place, opportunity and fortune were the major factors. Many scientists suffer great shots of fortune.

Two other scientists that did non “ program ” their success were James Watson and Francis Crick. These two work forces were non great contrivers of scientific research, but through opportunity and fortune they obtained their scientific end. Watson and Crick discovered the construction of Deoxyribonucleic acid and its dual spiral. Rosalind Franklin, Maurice Wilkins, and Linus Pauling were other scientists that were highly close to detecting the construction of Deoxyribonucleic acid at the same clip as Watson and Crick. They all had fundamentally the same information, nevertheless Watson and Crick, due to opportunity and fortune finished the race foremost, but non really far in front of their rivals.

Watson and Crick admit that the race to happen the construction of DNA was close, nevertheless their fortune or opportunity contributed enormously to their accomplishment. Watson and Crick, much like Darwin achieved their “ illustriousness ” due to mere opportunity, non be aftering. Watson and Crick were really fortunate that their opportunity or good shot of fortune did non run out. They were lucky that they conceived the impression to do a three dimensional theoretical account of the spiral. They were besides lucky that decease did non strike either of them. Crick provinces, in the book The Double Helix, that, “ If Watson hour angle d been killed by a tennis ball I am moderately certain that I would non hold solved the construction entirely. . . ” ( Watson, p. 143 )

Fortunately Watson was non killed by a tennis ball and Crick did non hold to chew over the job of Deoxyribonucleic acid entirely. Both work forces were highly fortunate to hold each other. Again fortune and opportunity were of import factors in their find, non be aftering. Charles Darwin was besides lucky that decease did non strike him. Disease is highly common when going by ship, and by mere opportunity Darwin was non struck with any life endangering unwellness.

Darwin, while going on the Beagle, could hold contracted any type of disease. Medicines for unwellnesss were non easy available for ingestion, and frequently the septic patients died. By opportunity Darwin did non go ailment, if he had possibly the universe would non cognize about development or natural choice. Darwin could non “ program ” for the success of his book Origin of the Species. It was by opportunity that some people agreed with his theory of natural choice. Darwin stated about his spiritual belief that, “ . . . I bit by bit came to disbelieve in Christianity as a Godhead revelation. ” ( Darwin, p. 86 )

Darwin became disillusioned in Christianity due to the fact that several of his closest friends did non believe in God. Darwin stated about this that, “ I can so barely see how anyone ought to wish Christianity to be true. . . the text seems to demo that the work forces who do non believe, and this is my male parent, brother, and about all of my best friends, will be eternally punished. And this is a execrable doctrine. ” ( Darwin, p. 87 )

Darwin went out on a limb when he expressed his incredulity in God and the Bible. He could non be after for the general populace to hold with his extremist thought. It was by opportunity that his book became such a success. Both trusters and non-believers purchased his book. Besides, by opportunity he converted many non-believers into believing his extremist signifier of idea. A Cambridge painter one time stated that, “ . . . the of import thing is to be at that place when the image is painted. And this it seems to me, is partially a affair of fortune, partially good opinion, inspiration, and relentless application. ” ( Watson, p. 145 )

This statement holds highly true to Watson and Cricks find of Deoxyribonucleic acid. Intellect, continuity, and good opinion contributed to their success. However, fortune and opportunity were the major contributing factors. Charles Darwin said that his, “ . . . success as a adult male of scientific discipline, whatever this may hold amounted to, has been determined, every bit far as I can judge, by complex and diversified mental qualities and conditions.

Of these the most of import have been – the love of scientific discipline – boundless forbearance in long reflecting over any capable – industry in detecting and roll uping facts – and a just portion of innovation every bit good as common sense. With such moderate abilities as I possess, it is genuinely surprising that therefore I should hold influenced to a considerable extent the beliefs of scientific work forces on some of import points. ” ( Darwin, p. 145 )

Although Darwin stated his theory with clear and concise statements, it was by opportunity that people believed him, sing he could non be after for his hereafter success. Although planning is slightly of import in scientific research and find, opportunity plays a much more of import function. Without opportunity most scientific finds would non hold happened. John Lennon was quoted as stating, “ Life is what happens as we make other plans. ” Science is much like life. One can non program for it, it merely takes topographic point.

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