The United States Operation Anaconda’s Analysis Sample Essay

Taking a retrospective look at the Afghan War, one may claim with a sufficient amount of certainty that the U.S. lost in its attempt at promoting democracy and human rights policies in Afghanistan. Indeed, most reports concede that the devastating war did not yield any positive results, especially in light of the recent developments, particularly, the 2021 takeover of the state by the Taliban (Jail et al., 2021). However, some of the earlier missions completed during the War in Afghanistan by the U.S. army indicated that success could have been possible. Particularly, Operation Anaconda led to strong hopes flaring up due to the stellar accomplishment of the key goals. Although Operation Anaconda entailed several casualties and losses for the U.S. Army, having taken place in a strategically and tactically challenging location, the application of seven mission command principles allowed the U.S. troops to triumph eventually.

While each of the seven mission command principles played an enormous role in supporting the U.S. troops and bringing them to triumph, it was a high-risk acceptance that determined the success of the campaign from the very start. Indeed, delving into the nuances of how Operation Anaconda started, one must mention that significant extraneous obstacles emerged at the very start of the mission as the expected support in Afghanistan turned out to be exceptionally underwhelming (Farkas, 2018). Specifically, the existing records mention that “enemy resistance proved fiercer than originally anticipated and friendly Afghan forces failed to carry out their march into the valley, thereby leaving deployed U.S. infantry forces to face the enemy alone” (Kugler, n.d., p. 1). Therefore, by accepting risks and revisiting the main strategy to align it with the new context, the U.S. Army commander showed impressive resilience that would lead the troops to victory.

However, even with the troops having quickly become adjusted to the changes in the target environment, winning a battle may remain an unattainable objective. To ensure that the key goals are accomplished, a commander’s intent is crucial. In Operation Anaconda, Franklin Hagenback, the leader and strategist, determined the victory by demonstrating an unambiguous intent that all soldiers recognized, understood, and followed precisely. Namely, the existing accounts of the events mention that, despite the drastic lack of good intelligence, which became evident early in the development of Operation Anaconda, Hagenback was strongly determined to win: “Confronted with this uncertainty, U.S. officials did their best to generate estimates of the enemy’s strength” (Kugler, n.d., p. 6).

Unfortunately, shared understanding and, therefore, mission orders were not the strongest assets of the operation, which reduced the chance of success for Operation Anaconda substantially. Specifically, when considering the main characteristics of the operation, the multi-modal nature of its leadership emerges first as the most accurate descriptor of the mission. Namely, Kugler (n.d., p. 7) recalls that “At the time Operation Anaconda began, unity of command had not been established because the U.S. military presence in Afghanistan was not yet fully mature.” The presence of multiple leaders and strategies that did not agree caused significant confusion, leading to misunderstanding and numerous instances of miscommunication (Laub, 2014). As a result, the essential goals of the operation were largely obscured.

Arguably, the lack of consistency in the process of commanding and the management of the key objectives makes the eventual triumph of the troops participating in the operation even more impressive. However, the presence of incongruences in the leadership framework indicated that the U.S. army required significant improvements, particularly, in the leadership and management department. Specifically, the focus on unity and collaboration could be seen as the product of a poor leadership framework that could not provide the foundation for a proper governance approach and, therefore, delineate the extent of each leader’s influence on the project and its implementation. For instance, the fact that Hagenbeck “was not granted command over the U.S. air component forces” complicated the process of choosing an appropriate battle tactic even more difficult due to the inability to observe the situation from all available angles and establish stronger control over the fight (Kugler, n.d., p. 8). The resulting miscommunication and the failure to investigate the target set properly to avoid any possible complications, including the failure to recognize the issues related to the target landscape and environment can be seen as the inevitable outcome of the described approach.

In turn, Mission orders, Discipline Initiative, and Mutual Trust as the principles of mission command in the military service as the cornerstone for facilitating the success of the troops in the target environment. Even though the discipline levels could be characterized as moderate at first, the further reinforcement of the commanding process, particularly, Hagenbeck’s efforts to retain the troops’ morale and boost their courage, served as vital steps in promoting further improvement in their performance. Specifically, Kugler (n.d., p. 12) states that “Task Force Mountain selected the name Anaconda for a reason. An anaconda is a large constricting snake of the boa family that coils around its victim, thereby crushing him to death.” The specified task could only be performed successfully in an environment where complete cohesion and coordination in the actions of the participants are achieved. Therefore, the extent of discipline, while initially being quite underwhelming, proved to increase significantly over the implementation of the project.

The operation outcomes were also indicative of the high level of mutual trust and cooperation between all parties implementing the project, Remarkably, even with the lack of understanding between the U.S. troops and the resident offering initially their support, success was finally achieved (Kugler, n.d.). By encouraging the troops to support each other during the fight, as well as cooperating with residents, Hagenbeck managed to implement the plan that seemed nearly unreachable given the circumstances, namely, the mismanaged leadership and the failure to investigate the target setting beforehand. Additionally, the high rates of the troops’ performance and their ability to perform the key stages of the operation successfully showed that they had mutual trust for each other and a clear and mutually shared understanding of the end goal. Even though the specified stage of operation development was not present at the beginning and was, instead, developed in the course of the fight, it showed impressive resourcefulness, high morale, and strong ethical values in the troops and the commander.

The integration of seven command mission principles has helped the U.S. Army defeat the enemy during Operation Anaconda and complete every part of the mission successfully despite several essential obstacles that jeopardized the entire campaign. Although the American troops were significantly disadvantaged tactically due to poor knowledge of the area, the commander’s strong grip on the communication process and the clarity of the key commands along with the support of the troops’ morale allowed the U.S. Army to triumph in the battle. Therefore, Operation Anaconda serves as the primary example of a plan implemented despite all odds due to the proper tactical framework and strong ethical values of all those involved.


Farkas, S. (2018). Airpower in counterinsurgency. Honvédségi Szemle–Hungarian Defence Review, 146(1), 175-183.

Laub, Z. (2014). The Taliban in Afghanistan. Council on Foreign Relations, 4(7), 1-9.

Jain, B., Bajaj, S. S., Noorulhuda, M., & Crews, R. D. (2021). Global health responsibilities in a Taliban-led Afghanistan. Nature Medicine, 27(11), 1852-1853.

Kugler, R. (n.d.). Operation Anaconda in Afghanistan: A case study of adaptation in battle. Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense Forces Transformation and Resources.

The Reformation Of Religion And Civil Wars In France


Between 1450 and 1750, France went through civil wars due to religion, where Protestants and Catholics caused this unrest. This was due to the rapid growth of Protestantism wherein every twenty people there was a protestant. The Catholics saw this growth as a threat as the French were formerly catholic. The Catholics ruled the country and had control of the country’s resources. The catholic monarchy declared Protestants as enemies of the state. Martin Luther first introduced the idea of Protestantism in King Francis I. He formed Lutheranism, whose teachings were unclear to Francis I. The king, a catholic, opposed the ideologies of Luther. When Martin Luther left, john Calvin came to France and introduced Calvinism and the Huguenot church.

Calvinism and Huguenot Church

John Calvin was a theologian who was famed for his intellectualism. Calvin approached the educated French men, the elite members of the Catholic Church, famous tradesmen, and military officers. Some of the people he converted include Louis bourbon, an army officer, and Jeanne d’Albred, who ruled Navarre. His approach was practical and led to increased followers and recognition by the monarchy. This led to the development of the Huguenot church formed by the Calvinists. This name is believed to have been derived from French and German phrases of worshipping at home. This church grew big and expanded to different parts of France, causing the catholic to feel threatened.

The French Catholics believed that the existence of the Huguenots threatened their well-being on earth and their relationship with God. This brought hostility because the Catholics believed the Huguenots were disobeying God, leading to punishment for their sins. This caused the rulers such as Henry II, who ruled from 1547 to 1559, and Francis II, who ruled from 1559 to 1560, to set strategies to eliminate this religion. They planned to use both persecution and prosecution to suppress the religion. This, however, was unsuccessful as the population of Huguenots had grown and included prominent people such as the queen of Navarre and Bourbons, who were influential in the French government.

The Affair of Placards

This began in 1534 where Protestants planted placards that were anticatholic. This happened in Francis I reign, who maintained a middle ground on the issue of Protestantism. These placards portrayed the rejection of the catholic doctrines such as the Eucharist and the mass. They criticized Christ’s blood and body transformation to bread and wine during the service. They equated the mass rituals to a form of witchcraft and accused the pope, priests, and other church leaders of blasphemy and lying to the masses. This affair increased the tension between the two groups, leading Francis I to oppose the movement. This led to the prosecution of the people who did not publicly confess their faith in catholic. Many Huguenots were arrested and taken to jail, where they would be persecuted. The violence led to the burning of Huguenots while others fled to the neighboring countries. The affair of placards led to the start of civil wars fuelled by religion that lasted for many years.

The Rise of Tension

Henry II took over the throne after his father’s death, King Francis I, in 1547. Henry II continued his father’s policy of violently suppressing the Huguenots. He introduced the Edict of Chateaubriant, which increased worship restrictions for the Huguenots. The legislation made it unlawful and prohibited Protestants, for that matter, to worship, gather, or discuss religion in the fields or during mealtime. This led to the formation of underground churches formed by Calvinists from other places who sneaked into France. These underground movements led to the recruitment of many people into the movement. The Calvinists were also able to form alliances with noble members of France, who enabled them directly launch actions against the monarch to gain religious and political control. Their increase in influence helped them to start worshipping in the open. The king had begun allowing and tolerating their views and actions; however, the Catholics could not accept and still viewed Protestants as hostile, and the tension escalated quickly.

The Wars of Religion

The increase in tensions led to different wars between the Catholics and the Protestants. These wars disrupted the peace of France from 1562 to 1598. Each war led to increased mistrust between the two groups. These wars were fuelled by dynasty feuds between the noble families of bourbon and Guise, who also held different views. The monarch in that era often supported Catholics and Protestants depending on their political interests. These wars led to the death of more than three million people due to violence, famine, and disease, making it one of the most significant wars in history. The following wars took place in France and changed their religion.

St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

This is one of the infamous events in religious wars. It took palace in Paris in the year 1572. This massacre took place on the night of 23rd august 1572. In addition, the catholic killed more than seventy thousand Huguenots. This massacre was planned on the day of celebrating Apostle Bartholomew. This day was chosen as the Catholics knew the Huguenots would be gathered in large groups, making it easy to eliminate them. This massacre happened across France under the order of Catherine de Medici, the ruling queen who was also King Charles IX’s mother. The queen had previously tried to assassinate Gaspard de Coligny, a major in the French army accusing him of starting a revolution. The assassination attempt took place at a royal wedding of Henry of Navarre and Margaret, the king’s sister. The war took place for three days whereby officials recruited catholic citizens in all towns forming militia groups who murdered, tortured, mutilated, and defiled the dead.

This massacre continued until 3rd October where it spread in other French provinces. The Huguenots lost most of their influential leaders, which crippled their political movement. The movement also lost its members who reconverted to Catholics as they felt that God had abandoned them. The remaining Protestants were radicalized and could not access government services or attend any gathering. The perpetrators of the massacre received amnesty and were pardoned in 1573. This massacre led to continued violence across France, whereby three Henrys fought.

The Three Henrys War

These wars happened between 1759 and 1589 between the three kings. These kings were: King henry III of France, who the country’s noble families supported. King Henry of Navarre, who did lead the Huguenots as well as earned the support of Queen Elizabeth the First of England. He also obtained support from the duke of Guise, as well as King Henry from Lorraine. One of the Catholic leaders also earned recognition from the King of Spain (King Phillip the second). King Henry II sparked this war after being convinced by the catholic league to publish an edict declaring Protestantism illegal and invalidating king henry of Navarra’s right to the throne. The royalists and the catholic joined to defeat the Huguenots, their common enemy. This war happened on different fronts; the first front was on the border of France and Germany and the Swiss border. The armies had come to help him, but he stopped them. The duke of Guise took the honors in Paris, and the public lost faith in their king.

The royalists and the catholic league also fought, leading to the King of France and his cousin the king of Navarre meeting to declare the war’s end. Henry II of France agreed to allow Protestants as their doctrines were closely aligned with Catholic values. This enabled the two movements to tolerate each other and thus become united. King Henry II was killed by a Dominican monk who stabbed him after gaining an audience with him. He called Henry of Navarre to convert to catholic to stop the breakout of war and succeed him, making him Henry IV.

The Nantes Edict

The catholic league continued to fight king henry (IV) until 1598 when Henry IV denounced Protestantism all for the Roman Catholic. This was issued as the Nantes proclamation, which declared Catholicism as France’s state religion. The declaration said that Protestants were equal to Catholics, allowing them to practice the freedom of politics and religion within their dominion. The Huguenots could exercise their faith without interference, and they would interact with Catholics freely. However, the mandate protected the catholic led regions.; and the Protestants could not set up churches in those Catholic-controlled regions. This declaration protected the rights of the Huguenots changing their plans to leave their projects. The Protestants had their civil rights reinstated, whereby they could work or live in any province, and they were allowed to present their grievances to the king. All the Huguenots priests started receiving wages from the monarch like their Catholic counterparts. The military men who had converted were also pardoned by the monarch and allowed back into the army. This mandate led to the end of the religious war, which had affected France for most of the 16th century.


The religious war was devastating to France and her people. It led to the loss of lives, property, and allies. The causes of the war could be attributed to a lack of tolerance from the Catholics, who felt that their religion was superior and could not be questioned. The leaders of Huguenots showed determination despite the opposition by the Catholics who had the monarch’s support. These wars affected France economically, making her lag behind her neighbors. King Henry (IV) is commended for finding solutions to end the war and enabling both groups to live in harmony by enacting the edict of Nantes. This war shaped today’s religion whereby both Catholics and Protestants live together in harmony and have equal rights and freedoms.


Blacketer, Raymond A. 2018. “Calvinism. A Very Short Introduction, By Jon Balserak”. Church History and Religious Culture 98 (1): 163-165.

Mingous, Gautier. 2020. “Forging Memory: The Aftermath of the Saint Bartholomew’S Day Massacre in Lyon”. French History 34 (4): 435-452.

Mundy, Jacob. 2017. “Nations Torn Asunder: The Challenge of Civil Wars”. Civil Wars 19 (2): 252-256.

Pilbeam, Pamela. 2019. “Mass Violence and The Self from The French Wars of Religion to The Paris Commune”. Modern & Contemporary France 27 (3): 397-398.

Talbert, Bart. 2020. “France and The American Civil War, A Diplomatic History”. Civil War Book Review 22 (1).

Van Tol, Jonas. 2019. “William of Orange in France and The Transnationality of the Sixteenth-Century Wars of Religion”. BMGN – Low Countries Historical Review 134 (4): 33.

Zahl, Simeon. 2017. “Revisiting ‘The Nature of Protestantism’: Justification by Faith Five Hundred Years On”. New Blackfriars 99 (1080): 129-146.

Renata SA Construction Company’s Project Management


Renata SA is one of the prominent construction companies based in the European Union. It is proficient in handling both private and public construction projects in the medical industry. It has recently won a contract where it will develop a project that will occupy 100 beds dedicated for the purpose by local government. The procurement budget, stakeholders, and derivatives must be examined and worked out with maximum effort for a practical, critical path. In the case study presented, will develop a project report that will discuss the real needs and requirements of the project.

The report will consist of all the project’s stakeholders, a critical path analysis, a budget, a human resource plan, and potential risks. In addition, it will entail factors that contribute success and failure of the project, critical elements of the project plan and project stakeholders, and identification of potential problems. The methodologies commonly to be used in project development include; qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods.

Definition of Terms Used

  • Project- project can be defined as a program going on either individually or in partnership and involves research and planning done by the project team. The project manager leads the project team.
  • Stakeholders– project stakeholders are individuals interested in the project’s outcome. In most cases, the project stakeholders support the project, designing and planning for the best project derivatives.
  • Critical path- in a project, the essential way is known to be sequences of tasks that must be attained at the end of the project. All the lessons to be completed in the critical path are known as essential activities. If these activities take too long than expected, the project will also take too long for accomplishment.
  • Critical path analysis– this is a tool used in project management and needs a mapping for each task for the achievement of the project outcome.
  • A Gantt chart is a bar chart used to illustrate the project schedule and all the requirements.
  • WBS Chart– WBS is known as the Work Breakdown Structure, which combines all the others charts, including Gantt charts and task sheets, plus numerous features.
  • Budget– budget estimates all the resources needed, the period the project will take, income, and expenses involved in the project development. It is also known as a spending plan of the project.
  • Human Resource Plan– There is fitness between employees and jobs associated with human resource planning projects. Human resources surpluses are involved in this type of planning (Lutgendorf et al., 2017). Some of the major activities involved in the H.R. planning are analysis of present labor supply, forecasting of labor to be used, balancing project labor among employees, and supporting the organization’s goals.
  • Potential project risks– Potential project risks are the forecasting problems that can become in the project’s progression. The risks can be detected, analyzed, and managed before their occurrences.

Project Summary

The project is an essential program that needs effectiveness and efficiency when basing its foundation towards attaining its accomplishment. For this project, maximum efforts and keenness must be adhered to for accomplishing the project derivatives (Carrasco-Ramiro et al., 2017). The project is based on a small medical structure that will hold a hundred beds that serve particular purposes. The project will need support from both the private and public departments since the outcome will benefit all the households of the given country.

Financial and human resources are the basic requirements that the sector involved must provide the necessary support. The resources being available mean that there is enough support for starting the project towards its accomplishment (Ferraris, Erhardt and Bresciani, 2019). Furthermore, the resources must be in touch with the project stakeholders who provide support until the outcome is registered. Therefore, resources must be continually present for the entire period of the project undertaking.

The critical activities of the project establishing must be done at the start of the project. In each crucial activity, period assigning must be allocated according to each significant task (Cappuccio et al., 2017). The critical path analysis is used as a guideline for each of the essential activities’ requirement. All the charts are outlined in the work breakdown schedules. In the WBS, graphs are used to produce effective project outcomes, as set by the derivatives.

In a project, budgeting must be done appropriately where all the income and revenue must be planned and properly allocated. All the critical activities must be assigned according to the essential and significance of each task in the project (De Vincentis et al., 2018). The path must be adhered to, ensure each task must be assigned enough financial resources. This action will assist in faster and quick completion of duty according to the critical path.

Human resource planning is also essential since it helps bring unity that contributes to teamwork during the project development. The H.R. plan is one of the main activities that the team manager must involve all the stakeholders according to the skills and knowledge that one has acquired (Keegan, Ringhofer and Huemann, 2018). In addition, the plan will assist in a more accessible allocation of tasks as drawn from the stakeholder’s agreement. Furthermore, the potential risks of the project development are numerous. Detecting and outlining them is one of the significant impacts the project team must come up with while accessing the project derivatives. Forecasting helps in reviewing any available way of curbing the occurrence of the risk, managing them, and mitigating all the risks.

Project Stakeholders

Stakeholders are essential for the support they give towards the project accomplishment. This project involves all the stakeholders of Reneta SA and any relevant healthcare personnel (Compton et al., 2019). The stakeholders in this project will include the Reneta SA CEO that may be the founder of the owner of this construction company. CEO must be involved and included in all the tasks that the project is entitled to. CEO gives direction what the construction company requires for it to achieve its goals (Mateo et al., 2018). CEO requires total attention from the healthcare sector for the need of designing and accomplishing the projects derivatives. CEO must also have their team supporting the project accomplishment.

The CEO team includes; Manager of the company, Board of Directors, engineers, plumbers, designers, and necessary, casual workers. The entire CEO team works together in need of accomplishing the best result from the project completion (Meloncon and Scott, 2017). This is the mutual interest that all the stakeholders must create a strong foundation and corporation to attain the best outcomes (Müller, 2017). Teamwork is the core value that adhering to it yields positive impacts upon the project derivatives.

Government is another vital stakeholder that must be available in this project. The government’s involvement is approving of the quality work in the establishment (Dheensa et al., 2018; Burton et al., 2021). Under the government, all the health associates must be included starting with; the Board of medicine, interest government departments in the healthcare sector, public health departments, and local authority health and social care services. The departments of regulation and licensing must be involved in the order to approve all legal acts and rights that must be meant for the entire project development.

When all these stakeholders come together and work together, a practical project is attained. Competency is the core guideline of this project from each individual outlined under the project stakeholders (Menon et al., 2020). Creating a solid team is the foundation value of connecting in the project environment. All the stakeholders take advantage of complying with the multiple strengths of each individual. Accountability in the project environment is another significant value that all stakeholders must adhere to and comply with.

Critical Path Analysis, Gantts Chart, and WBS Chart

Critical Path Analysis
Critical Path Analysis

Gannt Chart
Gannt Chart

Project Budget



A ACTIVITY 1 4 1M Euros
B ACTIVITY 2 2 0.5M Euros
C ACTIVITY 3 3 0.7M Euros
D ACTIVITY 4 1 0.3M Euros
E ACTIVITY 5 4 1M Euros
F ACTIVITY 6 2 1.5M Euros
G ACTIVITY 7 2 1.5M Euros
H ACTIVITY 8 2 1.5M Euros
I ACTIVITY 9 3 1M Euros
J ACTIVITY 10 3 1.5M Euros
26 weeks 10M Euros

Project Timeline

ACTIVITY 1 29THNOV -24 DEC, 2021
ACTIVITY 2 28THDEC, 2021 – 11THJAN, 2022

In this program, the entire work will take approximately six months and two weeks until the last task of the project completion. In each critical activity, time allocation is catered according to the significance of the functions (Eckert et al., 2018). For example, each training resource must be readily available when the project starts to ensure that there is time management (Moore, Jetty and Coffman, 2019). The stakeholders must be on the site for the entire period of project development. Since time is so vital in project development, planning correctly is something that must be done accordingly.

The budgeted amount of the project till its last task at completion is equal to 10 million Euros. In this amount, each activity’s financial resources are assigned according to the essential and the quality of materials in need (Joyner and Paneth, 2019). The resources allocated for each task are for payment of all workers involved in the project building, purchasing materials, and any other relevant need support that needs to be accomplished (Nagai et al., 2017). Having an adequate financial resource allocated for the entire project is one benefit of ensuring that project completion is attained at the right time as planned in the schedule.

Impacts of Budget Schedule

Developing a project schedule has numerous benefits for the project outcomes. One of the advantages of having a budget schedule is having power and authority of developing the program. In this position of budgeting the project team will be able to define and coordinate the roles and responsibilities of the project (Viserent et al., 2020; Wallentin et al., 2019). In addition, the definition ensures an understanding of the materials in need for the project development. Finally, reviewing more about resources is one way of ensuring accountability of financial resources being assigned for each activity.

Furthermore, budgeting is significant since it acts as a framework for the project’s existence. In the project framework, all the operations will be set in a standardized approach (Kario et al., 2017). Therefore, all budgeting is vital for benchmarking the achievements made in the progress of the project. Budgeting gives room for improving clarification towards each project stakeholder. The allocation of resources ensures that decision-making is made easier and quicker (Kowalski et al., 2019). In the decision-making process, comparative performance according to the indicators is gauged in the ongoing program. In addition, budgeting assists the stakeholders with guidelines for utilizing the available resources to complete the project. Budgeting is essential since its one way of minimizing wastage of resources while working is in progress.

Human Resource Plan

TASK A Project Manager, Civil Engineering, Project members, Government Officials, health specialist, and casual workers (Parkkinen et al.,2018). Architect drawing, designing, and placing of the structure foundation. Inspection of materials and location and approval of the construction to commence is also done.
TASK B Project Manager, Engineers, project team members, and casual workers. Commencing by laying a solid foundation of the project structure.
TASK C Project Manager, Engineers, project team members, and casual workers (Shae and Tsai, 2017). Continue with the construction till the task is completed.
TASK D Project Manager, Engineers, project team members, and casual workers. Continue with the construction till the task is completed
TASK E Project Manager, Engineers, project team members, and casual workers. Inspection of the progress, approving quality work is being delivered, and completion of the task.
TASK F Project Manager, Engineers, project team members, and casual workers. Continue with the construction till the task is completed
TASK G Project Manager, Engineers, project team members, and casual workers. Continue with the construction till the task is completed

In addition, measuring any achievements made is also accessed in this period.

TASK H Project Manager, Engineers, project team members, and casual workers. Continue with the construction till the task is completed
TASK I Project Manager, Engineers, project team members, and casual workers. Inspection, measuring the work done, estimating the project outcomes achieved, and completion of the task.
TASK J Project Manager, government officials, departments and their relevant medicine specialists, local community representatives, Engineers, project team members, and casual workers (Siyal et al.,2019). Completing all the projects tasks, an inspection of the project’s outcomes, approving the project completion, signing, and allowing all the local and residents to use and install the necessary tools for the project. Finally, giving votes of thanks to entire project stakeholders (Torkamani et al.,2017).

Potential Project Risks

In any program, ongoing risks are unseen and can occur at any time. Communication is one of the significant risks that can hinder the completion of the project (Ginsburg and Phillips, 2018). Communication is a risk that, if not detected at the commencing of the project, can ruin all the critical activities and hinder the termination of the project at the right time (Turnbull et al., 2018). In such cases, more resources are used and acquired since more cots risk is felt. In addition, wastage of resources is reported from the concise that poor communication risk is reported.

Damages and injuries are other operational risks that are likely to occur in the progress of the project. They occur where workers are involved in accidents while performing their daily activities of the project (Lippi and Schena, 2017). The risk of damaged and injuries can be managed by ensuring that each worker has an insurance policy. Having an insurance policy cover is one way of reducing costs that may occur in the project development progress (Visseren et al., 2021). However, this type of risk is one of the worst risks since it can affect the project operations, and thus late completion of the project is felt.

In addition, market risk is another challenge that may arise during the project progression. In the market risk, inadequate materials and resources in the field may create a challenge in the project development. Resources and materials being unavailable if a barrier that led to the delay of project completion and thus using more financial resources and human labor may result from the incident. When accessing these materials becomes a challenge, activities accomplishment is also delayed and thus uses more time.

In planning for a room construction project, it is crucial to have a risk management plan, commonly called risk assessment matrix. In so doing, Renata SA become capable of detecting and prioritizing risk by estimating their chance of occurrence. For the case under consideration, project manager can use risk matrix to mane uncertainties that are associated with the construction of a medical room. The phases of risk identification before developing a risk assessment encompasses hazards recognition, risk analysis, and evaluating risk severity. In evaluation of risk, they are graded on a scale of codes ranging from 1 to 5, whereby 1 represent-slight or none, 2-minimal, 3-significant, 4-major, and 5-catastrophe. The last stage involves assessing risk occurrence probability, which is based on codes such as 1-rare, 2-unlikely, 3-possible, 4-probable, and 5-almost certain. The risk assessment plan for the room construction project is illustrated below.

Potential Project Risks


Developing a medical industry project is one of the essential succession the Reneta SA Construction Company will give to the community. The Healthcare sectors project is one way of ensuring universal healthcare services to each individual in the society. In this project, it has been able to come up with the relevant project summary. In summary, it tries to give the complete information that the project will work with. Examining the project stakeholders is an essential aspect of allowing any necessary support that needs the project development. All the stakeholders give supports in terms of financial resources and materials required in the project accomplishments.

In the critical path analysis, the project team can understand the type of derivatives and the program’s outcomes. Using charts is one way of simplifying data and information to understand the project derivatives better. In this part, the project team members can understand the work breakdown structure in the ongoing project. Finally, evaluating all the necessary critical activities and their requirements is another significant role defined under the critical path analysis.

Structuring a budget is essential since it helps in planning and scheduling all the critical activities of the project. Having a budget schedule is vital for the need for a framework and acquiring information from the plan. Timing is another assignment that is attained as a result of having the budget schedule plan. Allocation of resources is done under the budget schedule plan. Having a Human resource plan is another benefit drawn from the project since it helps understand each stakeholder’s role.

In addition, identifying all the potential risks that may erupt during the project progression is another benefit that helps in managing those risks. All the tasks outlined in the activities must be achieved in completing the project. Finally, positive outcomes must be reported in the completion of the project. The project will be of benefit to the local community and residents of the given country or state by impacting the medicine sector.

References List

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Burton, S.D., Kieslich, K., Paul, K.T., Samuel, G. and Prainsack, B., 2021. Rethinking value construction in biomedicine and healthcare. BioSocieties, pp.1-24.

Cappuccio, A., Limonta, T., Parodi, A., Cristaudo, A., Bugliaro, F., Cannavò, S.P., Rossi, O., Gurioli, C., Vignoli, A., Parente, R. and Iemoli, E., 2017. Living with chronic spontaneous urticaria in Italy: a narrative medicine project to improve the pathway of patient care. Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 97(1), pp.81-85.

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