The United States Republican Party Essay Example

U.S. Republicans are in disarray. Kevin McCarthy’s House leadership bid. After Trump, things may become worse. With a new president, Congress can repair the two biggest issues with the American system. First, the system needs to be more relaxed, leading to illicit behaviour by immigrants who do not fulfil the qualifications, lengthy wait times for immigrants who do and lost benefits for Americans who want to engage with both groups. Second, the system’s rigidity makes it hard to adapt to changing economic and social conditions, worsening regional or local concerns. Fifty-two reform suggestions address these two core issues: a lack of effective penalties for immigration law breaches and a lack of progress toward a more open and adaptive legal immigration system. The tale revolves around their interaction. A user-friendly and adaptable system benefits immigrants and native-born Americans (Richards, 2018). Enforcing immigration laws allows the U.S. to maximize immigrant contributions. Thus, U.S. immigration enforcement must find remedies to unlawful behaviour. To reduce enforcement violations, non-violent immigrants should be steered into legal pathways for entry, residence, and jobs. Agents should report breaches to make adjustments, not punish. Punishment over rehabilitation encourages lawbreakers to hide their activity rather than admitting guilt and facing the consequences. A fair process would encourage immigrants to follow the law.

Over two-thirds of the 10 million illegal immigrants living and working in the U.S. have been here for over ten years. Congress should legalize all non-violent illegal immigrants. This would enable Congress to build a better system without the old system’s limitations. Instead of a cookie-cutter approach, Congress should provide illegal immigrants seeking legal status a choice between a challenging road to citizenship and an easy one to permanent residency without U.S. citizenship. The Senate-passed 2013 immigration reform measure created a new temporary status that required a $1,000 fine, obligatory English-language lessons, a 13-year wait to petition for citizenship, and a yearly income of 125 per cent of the poverty level or no unemployment for more than 60 days (Richards, 2018). This technique is appropriate to assist ex-legal immigrants to become legal citizens, but Congress should also provide a cheaper and easier route to permanent status without citizenship. Thus, they might work lawfully, avoid deportation, and seek citizenship later at a greater expense. Despite one-time legalization, immigration violations will persist. Congress must also recognize that infractions will occur despite its best efforts and that immigrants need ways to report and correct them. In 1996, Congress made it harder for illegal immigrants who qualified for a green card but with more than six months of unlawful presence to get one unless they left the U.S. for three years. Unauthorized presence adds ten years to the sentence (Richards, 2018). The “3- and 10-year restrictions” encourage illegal aliens to stay in the U.S. and break the law rather than return home and apply for visas. Congress should abolish 3- and 10-year limitations to boost legal immigration.

The 2021 John R. Lewis Voting Rights Improvement Act honours civil rights martyr John Lewis. The measure would reinstate and enhance the 1965 Voting Rights Act, which requires certain jurisdictions to receive federal approval before changing their voting methods. The 2013 Supreme Court ruling in Shelby County v. Holder overturned the system by which the Court selected counties to comply with that obligation, prompting this statute. The U.S. House passed the measure 219-212 on August 24, 2021 (Clayton, 2018). November 3, 2021 saw no Senate cloture. Since cloture was not called on January 19, 2022, a combined bill comprising the Freedom to Vote Act was filibustered. Congress should promote the right to boost legislative support.

The U.S. should disaggregate global health statistics by sex, race/ethnicity, age, and other nation or region-specific demographics to protect women’s reproductive and racial rights. To understand how racism impacts SRHR, especially for disadvantaged groups, fund research that accounts for racial, ethnic, and religious variations. Qualitative data and an R.J. perspective are needed to evaluate the effects of SRHR beyond family planning fully. U.S. SRHR funding should be adequate, with $1.74 billion for family planning and $116 million for UNFPA (Ross & Solinger, 2017). SRHR groups need greater financing to grow beyond family planning and address less-discussed issues like infertility.

Moreover, the United States government should increase funding for women’s rights, youth, and comprehensive SRHR initiatives. Decision-making: Federal and legislative action should end harmful policies. The Helms Amendment, which bans foreign and domestic abortion funding, should be repealed, and yearly appropriations bills should eliminate similar prohibitions. The Blueprint for Sexual and Reproductive Health, Rights, and Justice must be prioritized. The U.S. should promote racial and reproductive justice in all international forums, including the U.N., the Human Rights Council, the Conference on Population and Development, the Commission on the Status of Women, the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, the Generation Equality Forum, the Group of Seven, the Group of Twenty, and any other global decision-making bodies or opportunities. The U.N. should raise SRHR and justice in bilateral talks with countries worldwide to show global leadership. Convenings: Community-led conversations should set SRHR service priorities. USAID’s localization should include women’s rights, youth, and SRHR organizations.

Since the Republican Party of the United States typically bases its platform on American conservatism, in contrast to the contemporary liberalism of the Democratic Party, the Republican Party of the United States is unqualified to lead the people of the United States. There has been a gradual shift in Republican Party policy. The party’s current economic conservatism includes advocating for less government spending, fewer regulations placed on businesses, fewer protections for workers’ rights, and fewer limits on the right to strike (Singh, 2017). The party’s social conservatism includes prohibitions on abortion and protections for gun owners as defined in the Second Amendment. Conservatives advocate for more government expenditure on defence and oppose multilateralism regarding foreign policy. The Republican Party also advocates for school choice while opposing drug legalization, immigration limitations, and open borders.

Finally, leadership must come from the top down. This a motivating, easily understood, and personally relevant proverb. It gives staff the tools they need to hold management to account and shines a light on executives’ abilities to initiate positive change (Abrahms & Mierau, 2017). Leadership is the key to success. Without a strong leader at the helm, a group will inevitably struggle to make choices, fight amongst themselves, have poor morale, produce fewer results, and have a hard time achieving their goals.


Richards, T. J. (2018). Immigration reform and farm labour markets. American Journal of Agricultural Economics100(4), 1050–1071.

Clayton, D. M. (2018). Black lives matter and the civil rights movement: A comparative analysis of two social movements in the United States. Journal of Black Studies49(5), 448–480.

Ross, L., & Solinger, R. (2017). Reproductive justice: An introduction (Vol. 1). Univ of California Press.

Singh, R. (2017). ‘I, the people’: a deflationary interpretation of populism, Trump and the United States constitution. Economy and Society46(1), 20–42.

Abrahms, M., & Mierau, J. (2017). Leadership matters: The effects of targeted killings on militant group tactics. Terrorism and Political Violence29(5), 830-851.

Protection Of Human Rights Essay Sample For College

Human rights are a political aspect that everyone should recognize and respect. Being human beings, human rights have always been laid down over the years and do not have to be granted by any state. They apply to every one of us and do not have to be granted by the state that we live in. Human rights are inherent to all of us, and it does not matter what gender we are, the color of our skin, our religious beliefs, the languages we speak, or any other status (Cosgrove & Shaughnessy, 2020). Although rights might have slight differences between states and political boundaries, they should all be respected because they promote equality among all human beings. This paper seeks to discuss the recognition of rights from a political perspective.

Raising the issue of human rights in this course is important because it equips people with the knowledge and values to recognize, claim and defend their rights (Reinert et al., 2021). It also fosters attitudes and behaviors in us required to uphold rights for everyone in society, which in turn promotes equality, dignity, and respect in our communities. Raising the issue of human rights is fundamental because it is crucial for building and advancing our societies, enables us to participate in decision-making and resolving our conflicts peacefully, and fosters empathy, inclusion, and non-discrimination.

Human rights protect our dignity as human beings and should be recognized. No government or individual has the mandate to violate another person’s right (Lu, 2022). They are important because they enrich us with values like equality and respect, which help us create a desirable society to live in. They govern how we interact with each other in the community, school, the workplace, politics, and international relations. It is, therefore, crucial for people to comprehend rights which eases the promotion of justice and serenity of the society not only on a state level but on a global level as well.

Human rights are universal and unalienable, meaning that we are equally entitled to our rights. They should only be restricted in particular situations; for instance, one may be restricted from the right to liberty if he/she is incriminated by a court of law. They are independent, meaning that a particular class of rights should not be exercised in the absence of another; for example, the exercise of civil rights eases the exercising of rights concerning culture, economy, and social activities. (Leary, 2019). Rights are equal, meaning we are all born with equal dignity and rights. Human rights participation and inclusion mean that all people can freely and actively participate in development. The Human Rights rule of law means that states have a mandatory obligation to comply with the legal norms entangled in the instruments of human rights.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948 and became the first legal document to advocate for the universal protection of fundamental human rights (Donnelly & Whelan, 2020). The UDHR is reinforced with thirty articles enhancing the principles of human rights conventions. The UDHR, together with the International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant for Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, form the International Bill of Rights. These rights govern the integration of human beings in society with each other and individual relationships with the obligations in the state we live in.

International Human Rights law establishes a foundation that states are required to respect. This means that states should not only abstain from interfering with the administration and practice of human rights but also protect individuals and groups from abuse. Governments all over the globe have enforced domestic legislation which integrates with their obligations. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights governs equality before the law, conscience and religion, freedom of opinion and expression, and participation in public affairs and elections (Ali, 2021). The Covenant prohibits arbitrary deprivation of life, degrading treatment, punishment, and discrimination. The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights seeks to protect the right to work in just and favorable conditions, the right to social protection, the right to adequate living standards of physical and mental well-being, the right to education, and the right to benefit from cultural freedom.

Human rights are relevant to comparative politics because different states and continents have different mechanisms to uphold these rights. In Canada, the Canadian Human Rights Act, established in 1977, protects the people of Canada from discrimination by the Canadian federal government. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is taking steps towards institutionalizing regional human rights standards in the Arab sector. The Council of Europe, along with the European Union (EU) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation (OSCE), advocate for rights in Europe (Sikkink, 2019). These organizations have a significant impact on the protection of rights.

Our rights influence how we interact with each other. It is thus fundamental that everyone recognizes what they are and respect them. Comprehension of human rights helps us maintain the well-being of our society. However, the concept of human rights raises questions for thought. As much as human rights are universal, should our cultural diversities bypass this aspect? What should we do in cases where we become victims of a violation of rights? What causes the need for agreements between different states on rights rather than every country determining its own standards?


Ali, S. S. (2021). Gender and human rights in Islam and international law: equal before Allah, unequal before man? In Gender and Human Rights in Islam and International Law. Brill.

Cosgrove, L., & Shaughnessy, A. F. (2020). Mental health as a basic human right and the interference of commercialized science. Health and Human Rights Journal, 22(1), p. 61.

Donnelly, J., & Whelan, D. J. (2020). International human rights Journal. p. 37–48.

Kakoullis, E. J., & Johnson, K. (2020). Recognizing Human Rights in Different Cultural Contexts. P. 32-35.

Leary, V. A. (2019). Globalization and Human Rights. In Human Rights: New Dimensions and Challenges Journal. p. 265–279.

Lu, S. (2022). Data Privacy, Human Rights, and Algorithmic Opacity. Human Rights, and Algorithmic Opacity (January 10, 2022). California Law Review Journal, p. 110.

Reinert, A., Schwartz, J. C., & Pfander, J. E. (2021). New Federalism and Civil Rights Enforcement. Nw. UL Rev., 116, 737.

Sikkink, K. (2019). 6. The Power of Principled Ideas: Human Rights Policies in the United States and Western Europe. In Ideas and foreign policy Journal. p. 139–170.

Narcissism In Sigmund Freud’s Studies Essay Example

Sigmund Freud understood narcissism to be a psychological defense mechanism whereby an individual focuses on their sense of accomplishments, needs, and personal attributes to fulfill their ego. Excessive self-involvement often arises from inadequacy or insecurity and manifests in many ways. In most cases, an individual can display a heightened sense of self-importance and a desire for attention and admiration from others. In light of this, individuals are often unable to empathize with the needs and feelings of others.

Dynamics of Narcissism

Freud argued that ego developed in infancy during the oral stage when a person is developing psychosexually. In this stage, the individual is overly self-centered and believes the world revolves around them, especially if their needs and desires are continuously fulfilled by the respective caregiver (Lone, 2019). However, as the person ages, the feelings of self-centeredness begin dissipating. This scenario arises when the child realizes that things do not always conform to their wishes. However, this general observation gave Freud the idea that individuals are born with narcissism, which is essential for normal development.

Additionally, Freud observed that narcissism in relation to libido could be categorized into two. In the infancy stage, the libidinal energy was focused on the newly established ego. Hence, the energy could be regarded as ego-libido. At the same time, the ego instincts, focusing on the need for self-preservation, and the sex instincts, centered on preserving species, were inseparable. The self-love resulting from ego-libido became known as primary narcissism (Rees, 2020). Freud believed that it was necessary for proper development. However, the ego merged with libidinal energy and sought external objects to direct its energy on as the child aged. The theory also suggests that this separation of instincts is why having sex and having a meal become separate experiences for adults instead of being combined in the primary narcissistic stage of development.

Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, which proposes that much of human behavior is determined by unconscious thoughts, feelings, and desires, has been heavily criticized for several reasons. One of the main criticisms of the theory is that it is difficult to test scientifically. The idea that early childhood experiences shape adult personality is difficult to prove, as it relies on retrospective analysis and can be affected by many variables like memory biases. Many critics have also argued that the theory relies on unproven assumptions about the mind’s nature and the unconscious’s role (Traylor et al., n.d). Another criticism of Freud’s theory is that it is considered sexist, as it suggests that women who do not accept traditional societal roles are somehow psychologically flawed. Some critics argue that the psychoanalytic approach is too deterministic. The argument suggests that all behavior is determined by unconscious desires and past experiences, leaving little room for free will.

In summary, narcissism is a normal part of human development and refers to an individual’s focus on self-esteem and self-importance. Freud believed that at a particular stage in development, the ego directs libidinal energy (or sexual energy) inward, causing the individual to focus on their own needs and accomplishments to fulfill their ego. This type of narcissism is sometimes referred to as “primary narcissism.” It is considered a normal development and is typically outgrown as the individual matures.


Lone, Z. (2019, September 20). Freud and the nature of narcissism. Psych Central. Retrieved January 11, 2023, from

Rees, W. (2020). We Other Narcissists: Self-love in Freud and culture. Textual Practice, 36(6), 889–908.

Traylor, J., Overstreet, L., & Lang, D.(n.d.). Psychodynamic Theory: Freud. Press Books.

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