1)What were the four major ‘classes’ in Maycomb society like and how did they relate to each other and why? The four major classes in Maycomb were the Townsfolk, the Cunninghams, the Ewells and the Negroes. The townsfolk were a snobby bunch who spent their time spreading gossip. They were generally more educated and richer than the other classes. The Cunninghams were poor country folk who had to pay in food and produce rather than in money. They were uneducated farmers but did have some morals so were not completely trashy.
The Ewells were the scum of the society and knew it. Although the Ewells were the ‘trash’ of society, they were automatically placed higher than the Negroes because they were white. The Negroes were the bottom class in Maycomb society. Negroes were loyal, equal among themselves and suspicious of all white people. In relation to each other, the townsfolk were educated and had more money which gave them self confidence and because of this, they were judgemental and esteemed themselves higher than others.
The Cunninghams were uneducated but tried to fit in with the higher class so were easily persuaded and led, making them unreliable and racist. The Ewells knew that they were the absolute scum ‘white trash’ but they wanted someone to look down on, so chose the only class that would fit this category simply because of their colour; the Negroes. The Negroes were embittered against the white people, making them judgemental and prejudiced. 2)What conclusions did Jem and Scout come to about their society? Jem and Scout learnt that in their society, there were four status classes.
Scout explained this in the following quote: ‘The thing about it is, our kinds of folks don’t like the Cunninghams, the Cunninghams don’t like the Ewells and the Ewells hate and despise the coloured folks. ” People were judged by their outward appearance and classed accordingly which forms one of the major problems; people in Maycomb assumed that ‘all Negroes lie and that all Negroes are basically immoral creatures. ’ Jem and Scout finally concluded people couldn’t be judged without an understanding of their circumstances, as quoted by Scout, ‘Atticus was right.
One time he said you never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them. ’ Jem and Scout understood that Hitler was hated by society because of his persecution of the Jews, but the townsfolk immediately turned around and started to bully the Negroes. This confused Scout: ‘Jem, how can you hate Hitler so bad an’ then turn around and be ugly about folks right at home? ’ From this quote you can tell that she came to the conclusion that the town was hypocritical. Atticus taught the children it was a sin to kill a mockingbird; a completely harmless creature.
This principle was ignored by Maycomb society, who revelled in creating harmful gossip and eventually killed Tom Robinson. Scout learns this lesson after she has experienced the town’s prejudice highlighted in the Tom Robinson affair and in the final scene with Boo Radley. Atticus told Jem and Scout, ‘I wanted you to see what real courage is instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. ’ Scout and Jem learnt that not all courage is revealed in physical combat; standing up for morals and values when in the minority takes more courage.
By the end of the novel, Jem and Scout had learnt the reason that Boo Radley stayed inside, shown by the quote, ‘I think I’m beginning to understand why Boo Radley’s stayed shut up in the house all this time … it’s because he wants to stay inside. ” The combined effects of Maycomb’s flaws kept Boo Radley inside. 3)What are your opinions about how people in Maycomb treated each other and what do you think the Bible’s comment on racism and prejudice is? In my opinion, discrimination leads to conflict within society and it makes fair decisions almost impossible to execute.
An example of this is the Tom Robinson situation, where he was obviously proven innocent, however because of his status, the jury found him guilty. The townsfolk were also very hypocritical, all hating Hitler for his persecution, but then they all mercilessly persecuted the Negroes without a cause. I think Paul’s right when he says in Galatians 3:28: ‘there is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. This means that there is absolutely no difference between coloured and white folks; it is the personal attributes which count. Judging was also an issue in Maycomb; the townsfolk did this a lot through spreading poisonous gossip and rumours so that everyone had a misconceived idea about certain people (for example, Boo Radley). I don’t think that we should judge based on the outward appearance and when John says in John 7:24: ‘Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment,’ I think that he is absolutely right.
Youth: Powerful Agents Of Change
Many things about the remarkable campaign that made Barack Obama the first black president of the United States have been noted and commented upon, but an aspect that is particularly relevant to the Philippine political situation is the role played by the youth vote. A new generation inspired a previous generation and that’s how change happens in America. Young people everywhere are in the process of imagining something different than what has come before us: Where there is war, they imagine peace. Where there is hunger, they imagine people being able to feed themselves.
Where there is bigotry, they imagine togetherness. There have been many attempts to reform electoral politics in the Philippines but they have all fizzled and failed. Various organizations have been formed and various movements have been started; prominent, progressive-thinking people have led these campaigns but they have failed to break the stranglehold of traditional politics on elections in the country. One big reason for this, perhaps, is the failure of these movements and organizations to harness the energy and idealism of the millions of young Filipinos.
In the United States, Obama, a former community organizer, saw the potential of the youth, harnessed them in his campaign, and thus made history and became the first black president of the country. Can’t we make a similar thing happen in the Philippines? The old generation is already set in its ways; it will be very hard to change old habits and ways of thinking. The old political dynasties and families will continue to try to keep their political hold on the life of the nation so that they can continue to promote their selfish personal and familial interests.
But the work of the youth should not be limited to voting. They can conduct a voter education program, and, we hope, they can change the ways of thinking of some old voters. It will be a case of the young teaching and leading the old into new pathways that would improve the politics of the country. Many of them can campaign for progressive candidates who have the welfare of the nation at heart. All of them can vote for candidates who will bring about change in the Philippines. Obama and his legions of young supporters showed that it could be done in America. Can’t we do the same in the Philippines?
Plato’s Allegory Of The Cave Analysis
The Giver is very significant to Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave’s” plot and morals. In the allegory, there are five prisoners, and one of the prisoners has escaped. The escaped prisoner has gained the access o knowledge that the other prisoners do not have. The escaped prisoner is peeved because he cannot explain it to them; he feels as if that is fundamental information. When he comes back to the cave it is hard for him to explain what he has seen because he cannot explain what a tree is if they are not aware of what leaves are.
Jonas functions as the philosopher in The Giver. Jonas contains the “capacity to see beyond”, which means he can apprehend more complex ideas and concepts. Like the escaped prisoner, Jonas wants the people he knows and loves to be able to know what he is feeling and how life is really lived. For example, he tries to give Asher the memory of color as he stares at the flower; however Asher does not want to know about Jonas’s berserk thoughts.
In the allegory, Plato makes a meaningful theory. The incentive of the allegory was to show that when you gain knowledge others will look at you differently and you will unveil yourself as a deranged person. Another lesson in Plato’s allegory can be that in life all you can see is regularity. This rationale is articulated by an allegory and has a relevant meaning shared throughout the world and many stories.