Understanding The Metabolic Function Sample College Essay

Describe Metabolism, Catabolism, and Anabolism and Explain Their Role in the Body

The broad definition of metabolism suggests that the subject matter includes the entirety of the processes within a body required to sustain life in an organism. Being extremely complex, metabolism involves multiple stages, one of which is represented by catabolism, namely, the phenomenon of various compounds being processed to release the required energy (Ang, 2016). Anabolism is another part of the metabolic function, which is represented by the development of the compounds mentioned above (Ang, 2016). Thus, each process plays a distinctive role, anabolism representing the process of obtaining the essential nutrients, catabolism implying their further processing, and metabolism encompassing the whole range of chemical reactions and physical processes needed to sustain life in a human body or any other living being.

Discuss the Mechanisms Involved in the Metabolism of Carbohydrates

The processing of carbohydrates is a rather intricate phenomenon that involves several major stages. First, the development of glucose as a product of gluconeogenesis should be mentioned. Additionally, the process involves the creation of poly- and monosaccharides as a result of carbohydrates decomposing only soluble sugars within the body. After the specified substances are formed, they are transported to the respective tissues in which they are required to sustain the necessary levels of energy. The described change launches the process of cellular respiration, implying that cells receive the needed amount of energy and are capable of further functioning (Wildman & Medeiros, 2018). On a larger scale, glucose delivered to the tissues requiring it for their proper functioning allows obtaining the product known as pyruvate owing to the glycolysis stage, during which Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) is formed (Wildman & Medeiros, 2018). As a result, multiple cellular processes are fueled by the required supply of energy, allowing the body to maintain its functioning.


Ang, M. (2016). Metabolic response of slowly absorbed carbohydrates in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Springer.

Wildman, R. E., & Medeiros, D. M. (2018). Advanced human nutrition (4th ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC press.

“Supplements And Safety” Documentary By Frontline

The Principal Points

The documentary on Supplements and Safety by Frontline, New York Times, and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation presents an insightful description of the hidden dangers of supplements and vitamins. These organizations analyzed the marketing and control of supplements, as well as their serious health problems. According to the narrators, trading in vitamins and dietary additives has flourished because the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has limited control over the business.

The reporter gathered evidence from recent research projects and interviews with people from the national government, victims of supplements, healthcare officials, and the producers concerned with the issue. The facts revealed from this research are numerous; for example, lacking effective safety regulations from the federal government increases the chances of developing unsafe products. Stephen Ostroff is among the commissioners of the FDA, and he asserts that the organization barely analyzes food supplements before they are released to the market.

Although the FDA emphasizes compliance with safety standards, the content of dietary additives is still harmful. The research by Newmaster and Schneiderman in the documentary reveals that supplement producers add unverified ingredients, which are not listed on the labels. Such products pose health risks, especially by inducing irreversible damages to the body organs. Moreover, dietary additives are advertised on social media, and they seem appealing to the consumer because there are promising and unrealistic effects. The internet also presents authoritative figures such as governments, healthcare facilities, and other bodies encouraging supplement consumption.

The documentary also reveals that many consumers are unaware of the health risks that dietary pills pose. Advertisers and manufacturers have personal and financial interests in steering product sales growth. The film also presents DNA analyses of the contents in various supplements. Approximately 20% of dietary pills in the United States are credible, while the remaining 80% are unverified, apart from containing cheap extracts from plants such as asparagus and rice. This production approach reduces costs while maximizing profits despite harming consumers.

Overall, vitamin and supplement manufacturers engage in unethical practices that are harmful to the consumer. Many people lack information about the safety of pills available in the market because they have limited access to scientific evidence to guide them on medicines consumption. Additionally, an individual cannot be completely certain about a product’s safety and effectiveness. They should adjust their natural diets to contain most of the required nutrients to limit consuming food supplements.

Perception of Supplements

Before watching the documentary, I would not tell the detrimental effects of dietary supplements. I have observed many people in my community purchasing fish oil and green tea, especially for young children, and I thought they were safe. After watching the documentary, I realized it is not enough to consult a doctor or read guidelines on the supplements’ labels. I also learned that insufficient research on food supplements is the leading cause of the concerns raised in the documentary. Therefore, a substantial analysis should be conducted on the standardization and guidance on the intake of dietary additives.

Conclusively, the narrators also stated that some of the current additives contain excess vitamins than the required daily doses, which I had no idea about it. Thus, the government is to blame for failing to regulate dietary pill development, and it should promptly address the issue. Investigating various aspects of supplement consumption requires more efforts to inform consumers on the issue. Federal governments should tighten production rules to ensure compliance with ethical principles and promote a human-focused business.

English As An International Language

Come up with a definition of Standard English. What are some of the complexities inherent in defining this concept?

Standard English is a variety of English, which is recognized as acceptable with respect to spelling, grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary anywhere the language is spoken. It can be described as the ideal use of language by educated native speakers, which is suitable for any type of situation. This concept is difficult to define because of the many regional varieties of English, especially its spoken form, that exist in different countries. When learning Standard English, it is important to be aware of these variations, which include slight differences in grammar, vocabulary, punctuation, and pronunciation.

Define communicative language teaching and discuss some of the complexities and challenges of using this approach, particularly in outer circle English-speaking countries

Communicative language teaching is an approach to teaching languages that focuses on communication as both the means and goal of education. It gives less attention to grammar and aims to develop fluency rather than accuracy. The main challenges of using this approach, especially in outer-circle English-speaking countries, are the misconceptions about its implementations. It is sometimes believed to be focused mainly on speaking and does not require practicing grammar at all, and students are taught to speak fluently but incorrectly.

Provide an example of an appropriate methodology for teaching English as an International Language. Support your response

One of the most appropriate methodologies for teaching English as an International Language is based on the connection between language and culture. It emphasizes the role of culture and states that both international and local specifics need to be reflected in language education. When learning English as an International Language, students are taught to communicate with people from different countries and be aware of their own culture and cross-cultural differences. The methodology is based on Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory, which states that language and culture are interrelated, and language should be taught with the consideration of this relationship.

What are some of the teaching goals for English as an International Language?

The primary goal of teaching English as an International Language is to enable students to communicate with individuals from other countries and participate in the global community. Leaners need to be able to present their cultures, identify others’ cultures, know their attitudes, customs, and features, and use this knowledge in communication. The main objectives include developing linguistic, sociocultural, and communication competencies in students which can be applied in everyday life.

What are some advantages of using the local culture to determine language teaching materials for use in their country?

Using the local culture to determine teaching materials for use in their country helps to establish a connection between the local culture and the English language. Linking educational resources to the local specifics allows students to learn the language in the context of their culture, which increases involvement and motivation. Teaching English as an International Language involves crossing borders, and choosing teaching materials that contribute to this purpose provides multiple advantages.

What are the issues experienced by non-native teachers of English?

There are several main issues that non-native teachers of English typically experience. They are the accent, the student’s attitude towards non-native teachers, problems with explaining grammar, and the lack of educational materials. Teaching English as an International Language is a particularly challenging task in developing countries where access to educational materials is limited, and English teachers do not always have sufficient language competency.

What are some student preferences for having a native/non-native English teacher? What are their reasons for their preference?

The advantages of having a non-native teacher are connected to their better awareness of the problems which students face when learning English as a second language. Non-native teachers have already experienced the same challenges and can explain grammatical rules and concepts more clearly. They understand the process of learning another language better than the teachers for whom English is a mother tongue. Native teachers, on the other hand, have a more profound knowledge of the language specifics and speak more confidently and with proper pronunciation. When practicing English with a native speaker, students learn to understand spontaneous speech and communicate more fluently.

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