Utilitarianism Ethics Example Essay Example For College

Total utilitarianism allows the measurement of people’s utility depending on the total utility of those members while average utilitarianism allows assortment of utility of people by the basis of average utility of those people. (David L, 1965) Utilitarianism gives a very good conception of morality. This theory aims at achieving success and happiness and those who go to war want success and this is calculable in the theory. Utility can be looked at as increasing or decreasing in the world but it is not as easy as to be measured. For example, one can not measure happiness or pleasure of somebody.

In war, what is most focused on is the security of the people and the freedom from any form of pain. If happiness is taken as a rule and not an act, we can then give ourselves the basis of measuring utility as per the theory. Peace and security of the people should be measured in the process of war and determined whether the outcome of any action is indeed fruitful. If these two lacks, there will be lack of respect for human right and the economic status will decrease. Utility measurement should not be restricted to a nation or a group but to all mankind.

It this theory all actions are assessed depending on the outcome they give at the end. A utilitarian acts in such a way that everything he does is towards achieving an outcome which is good for it to be termed moral. Some wars however do not give good results and this is why a pacifist will not advocate for such. These include self- defense and those wars that are toward protecting genocides. The consequentiality prohibitions given against war are contingent for most parts. Utilitarianism view of pacifism is grounded in some rule-utilitarianism.

A utilitarian pacifist argues that a rule against war or other sorts of violence will tend to promote the greatest happiness for majority of the people involved. Also this prohibition against violence can give greatest happiness and this takes into account the sentient beings happiness other than humans. From history, war produces more harm than what people view as good. There is one problem however for consequentiality as to whether war could cause more suffering that solving the problem. Utilitarian defenders then say that some of these wars increased pain and suffering.

If people will go against wars then, happiness will be the ultimate result. In this theory, killing is justified if it will eventually give happiness in the end. An individual can act the way he wants but should be careful not to harm others. (William H. ,1999) Man should develop and exercise his capabilities so as to exist because man is a progressive being. Censorship and paternalism should be rejected so as to achieve knowledge and develop one in their capabilities. This theory agrees with the antiwar pacifist in that the actions of the war sometimes do not favor the outcome of happiness and pleasure as it advocate.

Therefore there should be a drive against wars because instead of people solving that robber which had led them into war, they create pain in the same process. (Jeremy B. , 1 979) However, if by going to war will bring pleasure to the majority involved, then wars should gear themselves towards this goal. This theory of utilitarianism is so convincing on its stand on antiwar pacifist because it argues its stand convincingly leaving those in it satisfied and feeling so moral in the sense that it presents as we have discussed. It clearly puts is stand on what it advocates for and this should not be assumed when it comes to wars.

Reaction Paper About The Life Of Jesus

When Jesus is preaching He always says “Come, walk with me”. For us, it is sure that Jesus is with us in our everyday lives. We are sure of this because of our faith to Him. Therefore Jesus wants us to realize that if we follow him with all our hearts we are sure that we are in his protection but if you are away from Him, He is still with you that is because sometimes if we are making sins we come to realize the things that we’ve done wrong. God is very serious that we must be devoted in asking Him by means of our prayers, about the issues and relations of life.

If we really want Him to hear us, we better be wholehearted and persistent. In this section we have seen different reactions to Jesus. This is still what happens when people hear about Jesus today. Each of us must examine our own reaction to Jesus’ message. May God grant that all of us here may really trust Him. Jesus came to help people who needed him. They knew that they had sin in their lives. Jesus came to die for people like that. His death paid the price so that God would forgive their sin. Now God could send the Holy Spirit to continue his work in us.

The people did not completely understand these statements of Jesus until after his resurrection. God has shown us a different way in being right in his sight. We are made right in God’s sight when we trust in Jesus Christ to take away our sins. And we all can be saved in the same way, no matter who we are or what we have done. For all have sinned; all fall short of God’s glorious standard. Yet now God in his gracious kindness declares us not guilty. God showed his great love for us by sending Christ to die for us while we were still sinners.

And since we have been made right in God’s sight by the blood of Christ, he will certainly save us from God’s judgment. For since we were restored to friendship with God by the death of his Son while we were still his enemies, we will certainly be delivered from eternal punishment by His life. So now we can rejoice in our wonderful new relationship with God, all because of what our Lord Jesus Christ has done for us in making us friends of God. Salvation is trusting and receiving Jesus Christ as your Savior. It’s trusting in the fact that Jesus Christ died on the cross of Calvary to pay for our sins!

It’s realizing there is absolutely nothing whatsoever you can do to save yourself and completely trusting in Jesus Christ to save you. It’s not any church that saves. It’s not baptism, not good works, not sacraments, not repenting, not praying through, not enduring to the end, not living a good life —it’s not anything you can do. Salvation is simply a process of confessing and believing. A man must confess that Jesus is Lord, which signifies his realization that Christ must have full rule over his life with all of His righteous requirements.

This confession of Christ as Lord also assumes that it is Christ who will work and fulfill His own righteousness within man. God said if you receive and trust in Jesus Christ you are saved. Notice it does not say you “might” or “could” be saved — but “shall be saved”. You are saved. Man without God makes his own plans, follows his own counsels and lives by his own rules. Nevertheless, because man was created for fellowship with God, there remains a dissatisfaction and longing within man that can only be fulfilled by God Himself. Jesus’ death was by public execution on a cross. The government said it was for blasphemy.

Jesus said it was to pay for our sin. After being severely tortured, Jesus’ wrists and feet were nailed to a cross where He hung, eventually dying of slow suffocation. A sword was thrust into His side to confirm His death. Because Jesus died on the cross, taking with Him all of humankind’s sin, He now offers us forgiveness, acceptance and a genuine relationship with Him. Jesus not only died for our sin, he rose from the dead. When he did, he proved beyond doubt that he can rightfully promise eternal life — that he is the Son of God and the only means by which we can know God.

God created you. Not only that, he loves you so much that he wants you to know him now and spend eternity with him. Jesus came so that each of us could know and understand God in a personal way. Jesus alone can bring meaning and purpose to life. We sense that separation, that distance from God because of our sin. Deep down, our attitude may be one of active rebellion or passive indifference toward God and his ways. The result of sin in our lives is death — spiritual separation from God. Although we may try to get close to God through our own effort, we inevitably fail.

Just knowing what Jesus has done for us and what he is offering us is not enough. To have a relationship with God, we need to welcome him into our life… We deserve to pay for our own sin. The problem is, the payment is death. So that we would not have to die separated from God, out of his love for us, Jesus Christ died in our place. On the cross, Jesus took all of our sin on himself and completely, fully paid for it. For Christ also died for sins… the just for the unjust, so that he might bring us to God…. he saved us, not because of righteous things we had done, but because of his mercy.

Because of Jesus’ death on the cross, our sin doesn’t have to separate us from God any longer. Accepting Jesus means believing that Jesus is the Son of God, who he claimed to be, then inviting him to guide and direct our lives. Jesus is the Savior of the world, the Son of God who died for our sins. If we do not recognize our own failings and inadequacies, we cannot fully recognize what Jesus did and who He is. Thus, receiving Jesus begins by turning to Him for forgiveness for the things we have done wrong. We need to realize that we have done wrong things and that we are far from God.

Then we need to accept that Jesus died for our wrongdoings on the Cross at Calvary. God is Holy. We are sinful. By His very nature, God cannot have fellowship with us sinners. There is no amount of good that we can do to make up for our crimes against God. They must be punished. And the wages are Death. Somebody has to die. Oh, you’ll die physically, sin requires that. But you’ve got a choice about dying spiritually… God doesn’t want to remain your enemy and He does not want you to go to hell. In spite of our wickedness and rebellion, God loved us enough to send His only begotten Son to die for our sins.

Jesus did not die so that we could keep sinning and go to heaven. He is saving us from the guilt and the power of sin. When we were unsaved, sin is our boss and we can’t do anything but sin. We are under the wrath of a holy and just God. Murderers, thieves, fornicators, lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God, rebels, and all other spiritual lepers will not inherit the kingdom. The blood of Jesus is the propitiation for our sins. That means the blood took away the guilt of the sins we’ve committed and it has ushered us into a Father Child relationship with the Lord.

Through the blood of Jesus, we are to serve sin no more. Jesus Christ died on the cross for our sins and that we are all under the judgment of God because we have all sinned and fallen short of the glory of God. Our efforts, sincerity, and good works alone will not guarantee us a place in heaven, but instead it is our faith in what Christ did on the cross along with obeying the gospel, and living faithfully until his return that will place us there. Please remember that Jesus was not some victim or just a baby in a manger–He was and is the eternal God and Savior who came to earth and gave His own blood for your sins.

After He accomplished this tremendous feat, He rose from the dead like He said He would. Jesus waits with open arms for those that want life. The choice is yours. If you’re sick of being alienated from God, if you’re tired of what this wicked and perverse world has to offer, if you want Jesus Christ as Lord of your life, if you want to be reconciled unto your Creator, if you want to go to heaven, if you want to escape hell — put your faith in the One who can do something about it. ?

Give Examples Of How Discretion Permeates Every Phase Of The Criminal Justice System

In my opinion, victimizing looks at the relationship between the victim and offender and tries to understand the cause of the incident. It also observes society reaction to the event. Victimizing leads to the belief of personal vulnerability, because the victim may allow themselves, in certain cases, to be involved in the factorization by not preventing it from occurring.

Andrew Carmen defined victimizing as “The scientific study of factorization, including the relationships between victims and offenders, the interactions between cities and the criminal justice system that is, the police and courts, and corrections officials and the connections between victims and other societal groups and institutions, such as the media, businesses, and social movements. “(Victimizing Theory, 2003) Victimizing is a branch of criminology.

In criminology there are four subfields: penology, comparative criminology, victimizing, and delinquency (Victimizing Theory, 2003). Victimizing consists of six types of victims. The innocent victim is the only type that places the victim at the wrong place at the wrong time. The other five contribute the factorization to the victim influencing the criminal act that was committed against them. For example, a victim of repeated domestic violence that one day is killed during the act.

The victim was aware after the first incident that the person was violent. They contributed to their death by not leaving the situation after the first incident and before the final blow. Von Henning described this type of factorization as the tormentor type (1948). A victimless is an individual that studies the relationship between the victim and the offender. There are a few differences between a victimless and a criminologist. The first difference would be the focal point of each. A criminologist focuses on studying the offender.

They also focus on the crime that was committed and the reason that the offender committed the crime. A criminologist also considers how society is going to respond the offender and how the justice system is going to prosecute the offender. A victimless main focus is on the victim. A victimless also focuses on helping the victim cope with the incident and preventing future incidents from occurring. A cytologists may also look at the way society responds to the offender and the victim.

The victimless and the criminologist share this duty, unlike other functions that they have. An example of the difference between a victimless and criminologist is a child is being abused by their step-parent. The child has bruises that a teacher notices. Now the law enforcement is aware of the factorization and steps in. A criminologist would focus on why the step-parent committed the act, and how they would be perceived by the criminal justice system.

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