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What are the17 ´╗┐principles of King IV report

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The King IV Report on Corporate Governance for South Africa, 2016 is a set of principles and practices aimed at promoting good corporate governance. There are 17 principles outlined in the report. It’s important to note that these principles are intended to be flexible and scalable, applicable to different types and sizes of organizations. Here are the 17 principles:

Ethical Leadership: The board should provide ethical leadership.

Corporate Citizenship: The board should ensure that the company is and is seen to be a responsible corporate citizen.

Stakeholder Inclusive Approach: The board should ensure that the company’s governance is responsible and that its decisions take into account the interests of all stakeholders.

Strategic Direction: The board should appreciate that the company’s core purpose, risks, opportunities, strategy, and business model, including its business activities, products, services, and business relationships, all affect the company’s ability to create value over the short, medium, and long term.

Performance, Sustainability, and Value Creation: The board should ensure that the company’s performance, sustainability, and strategy are inseparable.

Corporate Governance Framework: The board should ensure that the company is and is seen to be a responsible corporate citizen.

Explanation:

The King IV Report on Corporate Governance for South Africa, released in 2016, provides a comprehensive framework of principles and practices aimed at fostering good corporate governance. The report comprises 17 principles that cover various aspects of governance, from ethical leadership to remuneration policies. Let’s delve into each principle:

Ethical Leadership:

The board is expected to provide ethical leadership, ensuring that the organization operates with integrity and adheres to high ethical standards.

Corporate Citizenship:

The board should ensure that the company acts as a responsible corporate citizen, considering and contributing to the well-being of the broader community.

Stakeholder Inclusive Approach:

Governance decisions should take into account the interests of all stakeholders, recognizing the impact of the company on employees, customers, suppliers, and the community.

Strategic Direction:

The board is responsible for understanding and guiding the company’s core purpose, risks, opportunities, and strategy to create sustainable value over the short, medium, and long term.

Performance, Sustainability, and Value Creation:

The board must ensure that the company’s performance, sustainability, and strategy are interconnected, promoting long-term value creation.

Corporate Governance Framework:

The board is tasked with establishing and maintaining a corporate governance framework that supports ethical conduct, effective risk management, and overall good governance.

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Role and Composition of the Governing Body: The board should comprise the appropriate balance of knowledge, skills, experience, and diversity to enable it to discharge its governance role and responsibilities objectively and effectively.

Appropriate Skills and Competence: The board should ensure that its members have the appropriate skills, experience, and competence to discharge their duties.

Appointment and Delegation to Management: The board should appoint the CEO and establish a framework for the delegation of authority.

Risk Governance: The board should govern risk in a way that supports the organization in setting and achieving its strategic objectives.

Technology and Information Governance: The board should govern technology and information in a way that supports the organization in setting and achieving its strategic objectives.

Compliance with Laws, Rules, Codes, and Standards: The board should ensure that the company complies with applicable laws and considers adherence to non-binding rules, codes, and standards.

Explanation:

Role and Composition of the Governing Body:

The board should be composed of individuals with a diverse range of knowledge, skills, and experience, creating a balanced team capable of fulfilling governance responsibilities.

Appropriate Skills and Competence:

Board members must possess the necessary skills, experience, and competence to effectively discharge their duties.

Appointment and Delegation to Management:

The board is responsible for appointing the CEO and defining a framework for the delegation of authority, ensuring effective leadership and management.

Risk Governance:

The board oversees the governance of risks, ensuring that the company identifies, assesses, and manages risks to support the achievement of its strategic objectives.

Technology and Information Governance:

Boards are tasked with governing technology and information to support strategic objectives and ensure the responsible use of technology.

Compliance with Laws, Rules, Codes, and Standards:

The board ensures that the company complies with applicable laws and considers adherence to non-binding rules, codes, and standards.

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Internal Audit: The board should ensure that there is an effective risk-based internal audit.

Audit Committees: The board should ensure the integrity of the company’s integrated report.

Integrated Reporting and Disclosure: The board should ensure the integrity of the company’s integrated report.

Remuneration Policies and Practices: The board should ensure that the company remunerates fairly, responsibly, and transparently so as to promote the achievement of strategic objectives and positive outcomes in the short, medium, and long term.

Effective Assurance: The board should ensure that assurance services and functions enable an effective control environment, and that these support the integrity of information for internal decision-making and of the company’s integrated report.

Explanation:

Internal Audit:

The board ensures the existence of an effective risk-based internal audit function to provide assurance regarding the organization’s governance and risk management.

Audit Committees:

The board oversees the integrity of the company’s integrated report and ensures the effectiveness of audit committees.

Integrated Reporting and Disclosure:

The board is responsible for the integrity of the company’s integrated report, which should provide a holistic view of the organization’s performance and governance.

Remuneration Policies and Practices:

Boards ensure that the company’s remuneration policies are fair, responsible, and transparent, aligning with strategic objectives and promoting positive outcomes in the short, medium, and long term.

Effective Assurance:

The board ensures that assurance services and functions are in place to maintain an effective control environment, supporting the integrity of internal decision-making and the company’s integrated report.

These principles collectively provide a robust framework for organizations to implement good corporate governance practices, promoting ethical conduct, responsible citizenship, and sustainable value creation. The flexibility of the principles allows for adaptation to the specific needs and circumstances of different organizations.