What Are Your Plans After Graduation? Sample Assignment

The most asked question college students are faced with is, Sometimes it is asked by well intentioned family members over the dinner table during Thanksgiving break. Other times it is asked by people just making chit-chat. Either way, it can be a daunting question for students because how useful is a degree anyway? Does a college degree guarantee a college-level job or will the degree lead to continued work in fast-food or retail? The latter scenario is what economists call underemployment, and it affects 43 percent of college graduates, according to a 2018 report. Being a physics major, I wanted to know what my chances were of being in the 43 percent and how University of Wisconsin Oshkosh is preparing me for life after graduation.When people think of a physicist, they might think of a scientist with a Ph.D. doing research in a lab, or maybe even an eccentric old man with wild hair and an intellect beyond any normal person.

A physicist can be anyone who holds a degree in physics, and they work in a variety of fields. Only about 1 in 7 physics degree holders have a Ph.D., according to the AIP Statistical Research center. The largest percentage of Ph.D. holders work as postdocs or in other temporary positions, while most permanent careers for Ph.D. holders are in the private sector. Between 1995 and 2007 roughly one-third to one-half of physics graduates went directly into the workforce. The remainder of graduates furthered their education in graduate school, most of whom studied physics, but a significant number went on to other areas of study and only 7 percent were unemployed, according to the American Institute of Physics. Physics graduates found jobs in high schools, universities, government labs, and the military. Over half of physics graduates going directly into the workforce went into the private sector. Graduates that were hired by a private sector company were employed as engineers or computer scientists.

A significant portion found careers in non-STEM fields. Careers in STEM often have higher beginning salaries than other jobs and graduates with physics degrees rank among the highest starting salaries ranging between 40-60 thousand dollars per year. Physics students also outperformed graduates of other disciplines in both the MCAT and LSAT including those in pre-med and pre-law respectively, based on the 2012 data. This shows that physics majors are highly employable in a variety of careers, not just science labs. Physics graduates are clearly employable, but do recent graduates have the skills necessary to succeed in the workforce? Only 34 percent of top executives and 25 percent of hiring managers surveyed by the Association of American Colleges and Universities, said college students had the soft skill needed to be promoted. These skills include; communication, teamwork, problem-solving, and critical-thinking. While physics students are certainly problem-solvers and critical-thinkers, how do the skills learned in undergraduate studies translate to the workforce? Most university physics departments focus on preparing students for graduate school and obtaining the all-mighty Ph.D. How do they prepare the 53 percent that go directly into the workforce?

Career development is a challenge many physics departments are facing. But programs at Carthage College are replacing the college thesis with a portfolio, according to an article from The Chronicle of Higher Education, which helps graduates stand out by showing employers what students can do, not just what they know. Carthage also offers “experimental learning” options connected to different careers. According to the same article, Florida State University offers a seminar that focuses on career choices. Students interview faculty, hear from graduates in different career fields, and practice writing resumes reflecting current experience and specific to a job they are interested in. Many universities have included an applied physics program with emphasis on atmospheric physics, chemical physics, computational physics, and physical electronics. Studying specific emphasis can prepare students to enter the workforce with an applied knowledge of physics. Universities are also including a list of local companies which hire physics majors, and the American Institute of Physics provides a nation-wide database of such companies listed by state.

The University of Wisconsin Oshkosh has three emphasis within the physics degree program. Most students enroll in the professional physics emphasis which prepares students for graduate school. There is also an educational emphasis for students interested in teaching physics. Finally, there is an applied emphasis which, like other universities, prepares students for the workforce. The University of Wisconsin Oshkosh certainly has a small physics department compared to other schools and it is always a struggle between offering required courses and having enough students enrolled in a course, especially at the upper-level. In my experience, I have had to substitute courses because the required ones were not available. However, with such a small department, the class sizes are small, professors are readily available, and there is opportunity to do research with them. “For the applied emphasis, it has been hard to increase it.” Claims Dr. Barton Pritzl of the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh physics department.

“One issue I think we face is in marketing it. I believe most students feel if they are going to go in that direction they may as well go into engineering. We have also had difficulties in running the classes. This is due to most of our majors going into the professional fields. Another reason is that a course or two were once required by the Computer Science Department, but their students no longer have to take them. We are investigating ways to diversify the applied emphasis to have a few more courses in areas like computer science and engineering technology to hopefully make the emphasis more appealing. This is something that is only in the planning stages and has not had a thorough discussion within the department. It is my hope that we can make it more appealing given many students are looking for majors that they feel will get them a job once they are done with college.” UW Oshkosh faces the same career development challenges other physics departments do. It cannot be compared to other schools with larger departments and more students. However, the studies have shown that physics majors are one of the most successful and employable students entering the workforce.

Counseling Psychologist As A Social Worker

My reason for pursuing a Master’s of Social Work is to work as a LCSW and counsel individuals who have been through trauma, specifically members of oppressed groups. Although I am young, I have lived a trying life that has inspired me to pursue a career of counseling as a social worker. I have been living with mental and physical disabilities since a young age and have been in psychotherapy for the past eleven years. I entered therapy at age thirteen for depression and anxiety, which led to me taking medication for comorbid mental illnesses at the same age. At age fourteen I was struggling with an eating disorder and attended a treatment center program where I was the youngest person in attendance. I developed chronic back pain at age fifteen, which led me to use a mobility scooter for accessibility. The pain eventually got so intolerable that I had to leave school and earn my high school diploma through Palm Beach Virtual School. My mental health plummeted during this time, and I was hospitalized for my mental illness.

Despite all of these traumatic events in my life, I still managed to graduate high school as planned and applied to colleges without help from a guidance counselor. The only help I received throughout those difficult times was my therapist, and for that I will always be grateful. Instead of repressing traumatic events, I worked through them with my therapist. This allowed me to make meaning from said events and my emotions towards them. Therapy also helped me better understand my relationship with myself and with others. Although it is more comfortable to repress trauma, it can show up in different ways – for me, it was manifested in my anxiety, depression, and chronic back pain. When I started working through my trauma in therapy, I was able to experience relief. I hope to make meaning of my negative experiences and turn them into something positive through my work with others, counseling and helping them experience that same relief.

There is no question that graduate school is a demanding challenge for anyone, especially for a person who suffers from mental illnesses. I plan on managing the rigorousness of the coursework by staying organized, connecting with my professors and classmates, and remembering to ask for help when necessary. I will continue to work on my personal growth through regular sessions with my therapist and psychiatrist, as well as making sure that I have enough time for a mental health day at least once a week. I also plan on living with my emotional support animal, Gene Parmesan, a five-year-old cat whose presence has decreased my anxiety greatly and encouraged me to take care of something other than myself on days I don’t feel like doing either. After receiving my MSW, I hope to receive the certification to become an animal-assisted therapist. As a person with an emotional support animal, I have found animals to be a great source of comfort in life, and I believe that they can provide that same comfort for future clients. The comfort of having an animal nearby can potentially help clients be more comfortable in the mental health setting and be more willing to continue receiving psychotherapy.

Along with personal experience, my educational and professional qualifications have inspired my future career goals. I earned my Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and interned one summer at a nonprofit called NoStigmas, an organization dedicated to erasing the stigmas behind mental illness and suicide. During this time, I learned how to properly educate people who had stigmas about mental illness and suicide. The next summer, I interned at a family law firm, where I worked with a diverse population of clients, specifically focusing on collaborative family law. This position prepared me well for the emotions that come with working with underprivileged populations, as many cases dealt with child and spousal abuse. After graduating from college, I started working as a corporate immigration paralegal, representing a diverse range of clients from the England to India. I learned how to better communicate with clients of various races and ethnicities during this time, as part of my job was to be a liaison for the client and attorney. My interest in law, however, was a continuation of my family’s hope for me to go to law school after pursuing my Bachelor’s in Psychology. Based on the number of lawyers in my family, along with my interest in history, I figured that going to law school would be a smart move for my future.

However, I found myself wishing that I were doing something more aligned with my interests, as I was much happier doing the work at the internship I held in Summer 2014 with NoStigmas. After I was a part of several layoffs at the law firm, I decided it was a sign to pursue my passion of studying social work and helping others. I started babysitting part-time and dog walking in my free time until I felt it was the right time to pursue my career in social work. Through these professional experiences, I learned how to better communicate with clients of various races, ethnicities, socioeconomic statuses, and ages, showing my desire to work with vulnerable populations. These experiences also show that I am well prepared to handle the emotional distress that can come with working with said populations. The skills I have developed through my personal and professional experiences align with my chosen concentration of Mental Health and specialization of Sexual Health and Education.

My chosen concentration and specialization, along with the Brown School’s mission to seek new knowledge and greater understanding of an ever-changing, multicultural world, are ideal for working towards my career goals. Classes I took in undergraduate school called “Sexual Identities Across The Lifespan” and “Love Actually” sparked my special interest in Sexual Health and Education. These classes taught me that sex and sexuality can be complicated, but through working with a sex therapist, one can experience relief from distress related to the subject. My interest in sexual and gender identities is not only educational, but personal as well, as close friends of mine struggle with their gender identities and struggle to find sufficient health care (including therapy) for this reason. In addition, I have an interest in the field education portion of the Brown School’s practicum, specifically the trauma-informed care portion. I am looking forward to learning how to translate the theories and methodologies learned in the classroom intro professional practice to treat clients with trauma. I will use my knowledge, skills, and values learned in school combined with my own life experiences and personal ethics. I plan to use these methods to work with an individual’s different systems, such as their family, environment, community, and society, so as to fully understand and provide the best treatment for my client

Healthcare Unions: Advantages And Disadvantages

What is a union? A union is an organization of individuals who work together who use collective bargaining to prevent the employer from doing what workers do not want, and influencing the employer to do what workers do want. This includes issues that the organization can negotiate with including wages, benefits, and working conditions. Healthcare unions have been around for quite a while and have had a major impact on employees, and patient outcomes. We believe individuals should have the option to choose whether to participate in a union, and that there may be more disadvantages than advantages involved. In this paper we will be discussing the major disadvantages of joining a healthcare union, and how they impact the healthcare professional and the patients involved.

Workers unions have been a part of this country since the early eighteenth century, and the industrial revolution era in Europe. The workforce in this time was growing tremendously in numbers, and these people needed fair representation to maintain their basic rights. One of the most famous unions was founded in 1886; the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and is credited for successfully negotiating worker’s wage increases as well as increasing workplace safety. It is no surprise that workers in other professions other than one reason we believe unions to be unfavorable to nurses are the ethical issues surrounding them. If the union decides or is called on to strike, and the nurse is part of that union, they must strike, whether they want to do so or not.

This creates an ethical issue of walking out on patients, and having replacement nurses care for them, who may not be familiar with the hospital or the care needed to maintain favorable patient outcomes. Hiring replacement nurses during a strike also significantly increases costs to the hospital, as they pay these workers more than they pay their regular employees. According to a study on strike activity and patient-care outcomes, strike activity increases patient mortality rates by greater than 18 percent. Knowing there is a possibility of having to walk out on patient care creates an ethical dilemma for the nurse. One way this could be mitigated is by allowing nurses the choice to participate in union strike activity, instead of making it a mandatory action.

In any work environment, joining a union promotes greater job security for all employees. This job security in healthcare settings however, especially with employees who work directly with patient care, can become very dangerous when there are incompetent employees. It is a nurse’s duty to protect their patients and keep them safe. Unfortunately, not every nurse practices this duty on a day to day basis, and according to Staff, “Union procedures can make it difficult to fire nurses for bad behavior or incompetence.” Before an employer can fire a union employee, they have to make sure they have “just cause.” The Bureau of National Affairs has distinguished seven tests in order to determine if any employer has correctly handed out discipline before firing a union employee.

There are goals in a union, and for some nurses, those goals may not apply to them. In a union, wages are fixed in a contract. This may not drive nurses to work harder because their high performance will go unrecognized. One nurse could be busting their butt, while the other is not necessarily going above and beyond; however, they are getting paid the same wage. This can cause friction among the work environment. Every aspect of their work conditions will be run by the union.

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