What Happened When I Quit Caffeine Free Sample

It’s hard to believe that it’s been two years since I officially quit caffeine. I’d been hooked on it since college. My life in college involved a lot of physical demands – I’d go to school all day, teach or take a total of 3-4 dance classes at night, then go home or to the library to study until the early hours of the morning – and I drank coffee all.day.long. I had a 16-cup coffee maker and would make all 16 cups in the morning and drink it throughout the course of the day.

Over time, I realized this probably wasn’t healthy and started to cut back. My “happy place” was 1-2 cups a day. I’d have a cup in the morning when I woke up and one in the afternoon with a little snack. I eventually cut out the afternoon coffee because I realized it was affecting my sleep and making me jittery.

While I’ve always loved coffee (and caffeine, like energy drinks), I’ve also suffered from anxiety for a long time. I’ve had it since I was very young – as young as I can remember – and when I was in college I started experiencing panic attacks. At my worst point, I was experiencing 2-3 panic attacks per week. With therapy, I got my anxiety mostly under control before I had kids. But two winters ago, the attacks started to come back. My heart rate was constantly elevated, and I had insomnia, which was highly unusual for me.

Around that time, I was about to have surgery (for an unrelated issue), which made my anxiety even higher – I was nervous about the surgery and on edge from being in pain all the time – so I reduced my coffee intake down to 1 cup a day. I noticed that when I had coffee, my anxiety was higher and my heart rate was elevated. I didn’t feel focused and energized; I felt like a freaked-out rabbit.

The day after my surgery, I decided to skip my morning cup. I was on pain pills, so I figured if I was going to quit, that was the time to do it. Also, I didn’t feel comfortable drinking it with all of the drugs that were in my system. So, I stopped cold turkey, and I never went back.

Two years later, my energy levels are so much higher, my anxiety is down, and I don’t really miss it at all. I’ve found that since I stopped drinking caffeinated beverages, I feel more focaused and energized than I did with my morning cup of coffee. When I wake up in the morning, I feel rested. My anxiety is the lowest it’s ever been, which is reason enough for me to skip it. While I pass on caffeinated coffee, I still drink a ton of hot drinks. They’re warming and comforting, and I find that they’re just as good without the caffeine. Here’s what I’ve been choosing instead of regular ol’ coffee:

Decaf coffee. (Well duh, Gina.) I used to drink whatever, but it turns out that many companies will use chemicals to remove the caffeine. Organic fair-trade coffees will sometimes have a label on them that says, “Swiss Water Method” which means the caffeine is removed using only water and osmosis.

Medicine Ball from Starbucks. This is also amazing during winter months when everyone seems to be fighting a cold. The original version uses green tea, but if you ask for decaf, they’ll use Mint Majesty instead. It’s peach and mint tea, steamed lemonade, honey, peppermint syrup, and life. Just try it; you’ll love it.

Mushroom hot cacao mix. It sounds terrifying, but it tastes wonderful. Mushrooms can provide healing properties, and you can’t taste them. Four Sigmatic is my very favorite brand. Golden milk lattes. These are so warming, lightly sweet, with a hint of spice. This is my go-to recipe, and I also love the one you can buy from Gaia.

Morning detox drink. This has been a staple for years now. It can help kick-start your metabolism for the day, help fight cravings, and provide immune system benefits. Check out the recipe here! Editor’s note: This post is an adaptation of a post originally published on The Fitnessista website.

Stock Market Works On Rumors And An Individual’s Opinion On Such Rumors

In the paper rumor in the stock market we can see that an individual cannot make precise decision on their investments if they do not have accurate information, as all these information’s are affected by the rumors in the market (Rose, 1951). It depends on various situations like fluctuations in the economy, policies taken by the Govt. be it national or international. Wars, famine, natural disasters all affect stock market directly (Nishtar, 1969). The law of efficient market hypothesis states that in the stock market any asset price would reflect on all available information an individual has (Fama, 1998).

The main aim of any individual (investor) to enter the stock market is to earn profit or double their investments in the form of returns (Malkiel, 1989). But the stock market is volatile, which means it changes according to the market conditions and other external factors. This is proved by the efficient market hypothesis. But, the result is not always accurate (Subramanian, 2010). Hence, in this paper we are testing the semi strong form of efficient market hypothesis which states that any technical or fundamental analysis of the stock would not benefit the investor but only the new information about the market would increase the price of the securities.

In this paper we will talk about how the irregularities in the stock market caused by the similar policies taken by the government during the different terms affect the stock market price for the past 10 year. i.e. 2009-2019. Which means this paper tries to talk about how similar policies taken by the reign of two different governments affect the stock prices in the market. Through this study an individual will be able to acquire knowledge about whether any decisions taken by the Government can have an effect on the market, whether this can be predicted and used to a beneficial extent by an investor or not.

The variables we have taken is Semi-Strong Form Efficiency, Market Prices, on the basis of Make In India Policy and Digital India Policy has changed the market prices. The sector that we have chosen are for digital India, E-commerce Portals and for Make in India manufacturing sectors.

This paper helps an individual to have a grasp on how Government announcements could be one of the causes for the crash in the stock market. It was found that the influence of Foreign Institutional Investments on the movement of the Sensex became apparent after the 2004 general elections in India when the sudden reversal of FII flows triggered a panic reaction which resulted in very high volatility in the Indian stock. Thus through this paper it was evident that government announcements played a vital role in the discrepancies of the stock market (Pal.P, 2005).

The study tries to see whether the information of policies given out by the government is taken in by the stock market, and whether it affects it in return. This can be seen through the theory of Efficient Market Hypothesis. This theory states that all the information available is fully reflected in the market prices, thus affecting the way in which the stock market works. This may be in the form of weak form, semi-strong form or strong form, depending on what all kinds of information are available in the market, be it public or private (Lo, 2008).

It is obvious that the economy will be affected by any kinds of micro or macro factors, which in turn will affect the working of the stock market. Therefore, it becomes important to understand the pricing behaviour of the stock market and its indices. Different expert economists have different opinions regarding how such economic factors have a role to play in the effectiveness of the stock market. Some say that the effect will hardly be noticeable, and will not affect the stock market as such, even though no hard evidence have been given for the same. Others say that the impact on the economy by such factors will indeed have an effect on the stock market, no matter what (Sathyanarayana & Gargesha, 2017).

In the event of similar government policies which have been taken by different governments after making certain reforms, it may seem that it will have no significant effect on the stocks, and how they will be priced. However, in the paper titled ‘Effects of New Zealand General Elections on Stock Market Returns,’ the scholars have found that a change in the government will indeed have a very perceivable effect on the stock market changes. Depending on the mass followers of the political party in rule, and how effectively they bring about the policy changes, no matter how the same might have been done by a different party on a prior date, the effectiveness on the stock market pricing will be highly visible. Hence, the change in the government does play a very important role in how the stock market works (Abidin, Old, & Martin, 2010)

A study conducted on Saudi Arabian Stock Market regarding how the earnings announcements of stocks affect the market, with the help of semi-strong form of EMH gives the conclusion that semi-strong form, in fact, does not have any effect on the working of the market, i.e., the market does not adjust quickly according to the availability of information. This is also because the information gets affected due to abnormal returns which are seen to occur around the dates of announcements, thus leading to biased results (Syed & Bajwa, 2018).

Also, the moving of the market on the basis of announcements or information available depends on how much information is being conveyed into the economy. For instance, an analysis conducted by certain scholars revealed that earnings announcements made in the Chinese markets tend to have very little effect, as very little, or no new information is being conveyed. This shows that the Chinese market is not informationally efficient. This makes it difficult for the investors to assume a particular stand as they will not be sure as to whether the stocks that they want to invest in is correctly priced or not (Zou & Wilson, 2014).

Ever since demonetization occurred in India, the policies ‘Make in India’ and ‘Digital India’ have been gaining immense popularity. Alibaba Chairman, Jack Ma said, “We are excited about India. We are excited about Make in India and Digital India.” Xiaomi President Lin Bin too, showed his support and stated, “We have some big plans for India. We fully support Make in India.” The United Kingdom was also interested in these policies which lead to the partnership of UK’s BP Petroleum company and India’s Reliance Industries Limited for developing and producing energy. This partnership was called the Great Collaboration. Foxconn have decided to set up their manufacturing unit for Apple’s Iphone in India. Mercedes-Benz India MD & CEO Eberhard Kern said “India is one of the focus markets for Mercedes-Benz internationally, and with the addition of a new plant, we are getting future ready.” And the factory was inaugurated by Maharashtra chief minister Devendra Fadnavis and Union environment minister Prakash Javadekar. Huawei opened a new research and development (R&D) campus in Bengaluru (Baruah, 2015).

‘Make in India’ is an initiative introduced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. His main aim for this reform was to not attract FII as there isn’t any proper utilisation of the resources within the country. It was introduced to make sure there would be an upper hand for all the domestic manufactures in India. This in turn would lead the individuals to endorse on home grown brands rather than international brands. It also provides opportunities for an new ideas as well as new entrepreneurs to enter the market, in the field of land, labour, capital, Entrepreneurship, technology, etc. which in turn would generate employment in India (Ecavade, 2018).

It’s evident from empirical data that any related type of information/announcement could trigger a volatile situation in a stock market causing prices fluctuations. This can be beneficially used by investors to make timely decisions regarding their investments, i.e. whether to buy or sell, and make gains accordingly.

We would be looking for any existence of a change in the degree of variances in stock prices when there is a change in the governing party, on the basis of whether the reforms and policies they have introduced has an impact on the decisions of an average investor which in turn would affect the prices in the market.

Several Technological Advancements During The Victorian

The reign of Queen of England Britain emerged because the most powerful mercantilism nation within the world, agitative a social and economic revolution whose effects area unit still being felt these days. Since the latter a part of the eighteenth century the method of industrial enterprise had designed a firm foundation for nineteenth century growth and growth. “At the center of this was the sure-fire development and application of steam technology. within the Victorian Era there area unit several impactful inventions and inventors within the nineteenth century.”

Inventions like the transportation, communication, and also the medication. several inventors area unit connected the the creations of those vital technologies however there area unit some a lot of recognized than others. The Victorian Era is a very important and one amongst the foremost polar turning purpose in England’s history. There area unit several medical and technological enhancements created during this era that also have an effect on European nation and also the remainder of the globe from the nineteenth century to the current that is thought because the twentieth century.

The telegraph and also the electricity that created it attainable liberated human communication from its state of transportation like automobile, bird, or horse. A telegraph could be a communication system connected by wires. The telegraph transmitted and received straightforward unmodulated electrical impulses that diagrammatic numbers and letters. Before this marvelous invention info that was required to be passed traveled no quicker than a person’s carrying it. As some background value-added to the telegraph, the term telegraph originated from the french word télégraphe which suggests so much author. a people inventors William F. Cooke and Sir Charles physicist proprietary an electrical telegraph system. “The invention of the battery by Italian physicist Alessandro Volta (1745–1827) in 1800 led to the development of an electric telegraph by English inventors William Fothergill Cooke (1806–1879) and Charles Wheatstone (1802–1875) in 1837.”(Benson) Their system used electricity to control five needles that pointed to letters and numbers arranged on a panel. The British railway adopted the new system, which was used in England until around 1870.The ability of electrical telegraphy was heightened within the prominence in 1845 once it had been utilized in the capture of a criminal on the run.

The primary time an individual was in remission because the results of telecommunications technology. News transmission was additionally remodeled as telegraph systems unfold across oceans and round the globe. At an equivalent time physicist worked on the land telegraph, he experimented with submarine versions. In 1840, he spoke to the Railway Committee at the House of Commons a couple of line between capital of Delaware and town, that he had already designed cable-laying machinery.An experimental telephone line was created between London’s Euston station to city city station, and tested on July twenty five 1837. once Cooke replied to Wheatstone’s check transmission, the latter represented “a unquiet sensation … once I detected the needles click, and as I spelled the words, I felt all the magnitude of the invention pronounced to be practicable on the far side cavill or dispute.” The widespread application of electrical power, not simply to business and transport, however additionally to urban and domestic life, and to leisure activities, greatly modified the face of late-Victorian Britain.

Back in Boston, Bell and Watson continued to experiment with the harmonic telegraph but still kept the telephone in mind. Then, on June 2, 1875, the critical breakthrough on the telephone accidentally came about while they were working on the telegraph. When a stuck reed on Watson’s transmitter changed an intermittent current into a continuous current, Bell, who had extraordinarily sharp hearing, picked up the sound on his receiver in another room. This event confirmed what Bell had previously suspected: only continuous, varying electrical current can transmit and reconvert continuously varying sound waves. (By contrast, the electric telegraph operates with pulses of current.)The technology of power generation was immensely improved throughout this era, not least by the appliance of the turbine. However, the development of electricity was understood well before Victoria’s reign, and within the eighteenth century it had been appreciated that it ought to be attainable to speak via electricity.(UXL encyclopedia)

The key came with the understanding of electromagnetism, following the experiments administrated in Denmark by Hans Oersted in 1820. With this information Cooke and physicist were ready to develop the electrical telegraph in 1837, that used an electrical current to maneuver magnetic needles and will so transmit messages in code over a distance. the primary operational telegraph was put in to link Euston station and city city, and from there it unfold everywhere the line, used each to hold messages and to introduce controls to signalling.

The same year saw the event in America of prophet Morse’s code, that then became the quality language of the telegraph, sounding keys from 1856. Duplex and multiple systems, that allowed the coinciding transmission of many messages in each directions, were commonplace from the decennary. the electrical telegraph created attainable mass communication on a worldscale and also the networks of copper cables were shortly spreading round the world. the primary routes were land, however the strain of each earth science and security shortly galvanized the event of underwater cables and, later, the meter, that created attainable the transmission of messages over a protracted distance with a coffee voltage current. A telegraph affiliation across English Channel was completed in 1851, followed by others across the Irish and North Seas. In the Victorian era people communicated by writing letters, telegrams, and postcards. People communicated with flowers also, such as a flowers describing emotions or use a calling card which they can respond to one another. Having the newspaper as their entertainment for most.

The telegraph soon became known for a secondary (and rather more exciting) use catching criminals. On New Year’s Day 1845, one John Tawell decided to start the year on a decisive note by poisoning his mistress. Her dying screams panicked him and he ran off, in his long Quaker coat, boarding the train from Slough to London. Alas, the stationmaster at Slough, having heard about the murder, spotted Tawell in his distinctive threads, and because the newfangled telegraph travelled faster than steam rail, the police were waiting for him at the other end – which, for Mr Tawell, ended at the gallows-(Atterbury, Paul)

Although the general public railway and also the application of steam power to move were pre-Victorian ideas, the widespread development of native, national and international railway networks was a Victorian development. the mixture of nice public enthusiasm, huge investment, extremely practiced engineering and also the application of recent technology ensured the rapid climb of railways in Britain and abroad. By 1850, 6000 miles of railway were in use, and throughout Victoria’s reign British engineers were concerned in railway construction and operation in several components of the globe, that successively created new export markets for British locomotive and vehicle builders.

“The transport of freight was invariably vital, with the railways being directly committed the expansion of business through the carriage of coal and iron, at the side of the distribution of all types of agricultural, business and domestic merchandise, however the impact of the railway was as associate degree engine of social amendment, its universal accessibility having been underwritten by Gladstone’s parliamentary bill of 1844.”(Verne) Among different things, this helped to encourage the creation of an enormous network of native and residential area rail services, which, with their connecting tram and bus routes, fashioned associate degree integrated transport system that directly affected urban and rural life.

For railways, the ever a lot of economical railway locomotive remained the dominant supply of power, whereas the majority of the bus network still relied on horse power. However, by the top of the century electrically driven tramways were in use in several components of england, at the side of the primary electrical underground railways.

“A further Act of 1879 permissible the employment of steam locomotives, with the result that by the top of the Eighties over fifty systems nationwide were mistreatment over five hundred steam trams.”(Crank)Edinburgh, uniquely, had a cable-hauled system, like that utilized in port of entry. the primary sure-fire electrical railway had been incontestable in Deutschland in 1879.

Bicycles became in style throughout the Victorian era. By the Eighties and Nineties, bicycles were wide used each for fun and as a way of transportation. The accessibility of this implies of non-public transportation contributed to a social rising as girls shed their corsets in favor of apparel a lot of compatible with sport. whereas railways used steam locomotives, the bus system still primarily used horse power. “This was due, in giant half, to the Red Flag Act of 1865 that prohibited buses and different such vehicles from moving quicker than a walking pace of 4 miles per hour. It additionally stipulated that an individual bearing a red flag should get in front of the vehicle. This law remained in impact till 1896, at which era motor cars began establishing their place on British roadways.”(Belbin) At the start of Queen Victoria’s reign, equine carriages were the most mode of transportation. The Brougham was a preferred vehicle for everyday use and was out there in two- or four-wheeled designs. class families would use a carriage, a elaborate four-wheeled carriage with a fold-up hood and seats that visaged one another. For those that didn’t own a vehicle, carriages were out there for rent. Country-dwellers relied on open vehicles, like wagons and drays. These were larger and heavier than carriages, and so slower. They were helpful for moving merchandise. for extended journeys through the country, one may purchase a price tag for a seat in a very coach.

Victorian era has improved on social and economic culture, such as their transportations. During this era, Britain created a railway network which was called the “Great Western Railway”, that relied on communications and transporting goods and other services to other countries. This flourished to a whole other way of communication throughout the world, connecting states together making it easier to transport goods and people in a more faster way. Even though people were frightened of the trains speed being an endangerment to society. Unlike other countries Britain found other ways to communicate such as turnpikes, canals, and a underground railway. They discovered, roadways that helped transportation but also canals that are more of transportation on water.

Most illnesses were airborne or inherited. There were foundations laid from the seventeenth century and there was plenty of room for other possibilities and breakthroughs. “For example, the cholera epidemic of 1854. John Snow examined the cholera incidence in water that was brought from different suppliers. He came to the conclusion that before the use of water to prevent any illness being passed on that the water should be boiled and this idea stopped a lot of waterborne illnesses being pass throughout England. Louis Pasteur’s work from the late 1850s proved that the souring of milk was caused by living organisms and, by verifying the ‘germ theory’, changed pathology and surgery forever.”(Robinson) Pasteur’s work led ultimately to the introduction of antiseptic procedures into surgery via Joseph Lister. Infections and deaths fell sharply and, combined with anaesthesia, enabled surgeons to operate more slowly, carefully and confidently on patients, in turn reaping new discoveries. Women and children were employed to pull the wagons of coal from the coal face to the shaft foot, because they were smaller, and cheaper, than a properly trained horse. Underground workings got very hot, so they often worked more or less naked.

Sir Humphrey Davy’s safety lamp, invented in 1815, enabled deeper levels to be exploited, but it was adopted very slowly. Various methods of ventilating mines were invented, but none was widely adopted until 1849 when compressed air first became possible.”(Picard) Ship building still continued in London. Brunel’s innovative Great Eastern, made of iron, driven by propeller and powered by steam, was launched in Blackwall in 1858. But by the end of the century ship building and other heavy engineering had mostly moved to the north-east of England, the south of Wales and the Clyde in Scotland, where supplies of coal and iron were nearer.

As medicine advanced people began to understand and gain more knowledge of different kinds of medicines. “In 1854, there was a cholera outbreak that was very dangerous to society which the government was blamed and had to enhance societies by separating the water from the sewage water. Another invention they created was anesthesia to help people during their surgery, their medical attendants made great advancements throughout the world. Other countries decided to form labs and look more into medicines that can help society.”(Marsh) Throughout the Victorian era medicine has flourished, from the medicinal profession of the pharmacists who experimented with different types of medicines. Such as morphine being used for coughs and using the oil from worms for bruises. This however made pharmacists want to look more on the chemicals and other substances which can enhance on certain medicines.

During this era, medicines were mainly made by the substances found in nature being mixed together. This was a change for the world that escalated individuals healthcares by getting the aid they needed from certain medicines. Pharmacists used animals, herbs and plants to produce these medicines. Later in this era, the knowledge of medicine has multiplied and expanded throughout the world. Pharmacists and scientists believed that leeches will help people maintain their blood levels, also plantains to decrease fevers and allergies but to assist with coughs and their lungs. They also believed plasters can draw the negative things that are unhealthy for you out your body, by using wax with certain ingredients such as lead and opium that may help clear the bad things. Another belief they had was the everlasting pill that was passed down from generation to generation to cleanse out the body from any unwanted sickness.

In conclusion, This era was significant for their social, economical, and technological reforms that expanded Britain power and their empire but also the world. Queen Victoria was the first English monarch to see her name given to the period of her reign whilst still living . The Victorian Age was characterised by rapid change and developments in nearly every sphere: from advances in medical, scientific and technological knowledge to changes in population growth and location. Over time, this rapid transformation deeply affected the country’s mood: an age that began with a confidence and optimism leading to economic boom and prosperity eventually gave way to uncertainty and doubt regarding Britain’s place in the world. Today we associate the nineteenth century with the Protestant work ethic, family values, religious observation and institutional faith.

For the most part, nineteenth century families were large and patriarchal. They encouraged hard work, respectability, social deference and religious conformity. While this view of nineteenth century life was valid, it was frequently challenged by contemporaries. Women were often portrayed as either Madonna’s or whores, yet increasing educational and employment opportunities gave many a role outside the family.

Politics were important to the Victorians; they believed in the perfection of their evolved representative government, and in exporting it throughout the British Empire. This age saw the birth and spread of political movements, most notably socialism, liberalism and organised feminism. British Victorians were excited by geographical exploration, by the opening up of Africa and Asia to the West, yet were troubled by the intractable Irish situation and humiliated by the failures of the Boer War. At sea, British supremacy remained largely unchallenged throughout the century.(british library)

During the Victorian age, work and play expanded dramatically. The national railway network stimulated travel and leisure opportunities for all, so that by the 1870s, visits to seaside resorts, race meetings and football matches could be enjoyed by many of this now largely urban society. Increasing literacy stimulated growth in popular journalism and the ascendancy of the novel as the most powerful popular icon.

The progress of scientific thought led to significant changes in medicine during the nineteenth century, with increased specialisation and developments in surgery and hospital building. There were notable medical breakthroughs in anaesthetics – famously publicised by Queen Victoria taking chloroform for the birth of her son. The public’s faith in institutions was evident not only in the growth of hospitals but was also seen in the erection of specialised workhouses and asylums for the most vulnerable members of society.

This brief overview can only partially summarise some characteristics of the nineteenth century, it does illustrate that society was disparate and that no one feature can serve to give a definitive view of what it meant to be ‘Victorian’. Rather, it is better perhaps to consider the multifarious and diverse research that has evolved in recent years and make up your own mind. This History in Focus may serve to begin that process.

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