When documenting one’s love for sports, the 2009 memoir by Haruki Murakami, What I Talk About When I Talk About Running, is a great book to read. Murakami’s inclusion of personal details about himself adds to the book and the inclusion makes it the first go-to place when searching for inspiration. Murakami gives an eye-opening encounter on his journey, and this offers a decisive metaphorical meeting that illustrates his personal experiences. As someone interested in documenting my experiences, I find the book very inspiring since I can realize the confidence and power associated with narrating the incident by borrowing from Murakami. Based on the book, I have been thinking about how in documenting my experiences, I can describe my trials and tribulations with training for a bodybuilding show.
The book gives an account of how Murakami embraces his old running habit and transitions to running long distances. The details gives the publication its primary theme, running, and is intended for audience interested in documenting their experiences. Murakami shows that all he cares about is achieving a certain distance in his aim to increase running distance. The pace does not matter as long as he completes the set distance (Murakami, 22). Running fast or slow does not seem to be a factor to Murakami. Notably, he realizes that running faster minimizes the time taken to run, “the point being to let the exhilaration he feels at the end of every day carry over to the next day” (Murakami 22). Murakami acknowledges that how he runs influences his writing since he uses the same tack in his novel. Murakami believes that “I stop every day at the point where I feel I can write more” (Murakami 22). By realizing his weaknesses and strengths, Murakami is better positioned to carry out the next day’s activities with no hindrances.
A compelling narration of one’s experiences goes beyond the activities associated with the main event. Murakami presents a balanced view of events in his tendency to take notes revolves around everything that sticks in his mind and his feelings. With such a detailed understanding of Murakami’s surrounding, the audience gets profound knowledge of the environment the writer lives in and what motivates him to write about running. Murakami is keen on illustrating how his body reacts to the elements he has no control over, like the weather and the landscape, in the events he takes part. Taking the example of his marathon encounter in Athens, Greece, Murakami narrates how his concentration was on running the 26.2 miles. However, he fails to acknowledge that the heat can be unbelievable during summer in Athens. To the locals, “unless they cannot help it, they don’t do anything, just keep cool in the shade to conserve their strength…Even the dogs just lie down in the shade and don’t move a muscle” (Murakami 59). According to the locals, Murakami’s idea of running alone from Athens to the Marathon is insane.
Murakami did not know how hot it gets in Athens during midsummer results in him stripping off his running shirt only four miles into the run. He narrates that while it felt good taking off the running shirt, he realizes that later on, due to the heat, his body will have terrible sunburns from his waist up (Murakami 61). When running, several thoughts cross the athlete’s mind, particularly when involved in a long-distance run. Through first person and linear narrative, Murakami takes his time to recall the Athens Marathon events, and through his narration, he can give a different experience that makes his book speaks volume. It would have been easy to get lost in the conditions that caused the run difficult, but he remembers the details of the environment surrounding the event. Murakami’s account gives any aspiring writer the challenge that writing from personal experience entails a detailed recall of the challenges and the victories.
What I Talk About When I Talk About Running presents enough research for me and plays a significant role in helping me realize what I wanted to write about and present to my teacher. In my search for a topic, I found myself leaning on my experience about my trials and tribulations with training for a bodybuilding show. Despite the challenges encountered in arriving at the topic to write, read, and re-read, Murakami’s book helped determine what I considered appropriate for my teacher. My longing to learn about my passion for fitness led me to several internet searches and how what I had in mind would contribute to my future as a writer. Learning from Murakami how significant it is to illustrate every detail of the writer’s environment and body, I felt the need to point out that my body has a tattoo that says family fast. The understanding associated with reading the book contributed to my final choice. It gave me the freedom of thought that guided me to realize that one’s experiences can be a narration point.
Murakami’s work is a great reminder that in life, one has the opportunity to acknowledge what she or he wants to do and pursue it. Every impact attributed to the small interactions people make play a significant role in how one’s life is defined at the end of it. Thinking on this, the significance of the tattoo I have, family first, impacts what I have to do in terms of the people I hold dear in my life. Not only does this define how I relate with my family but also gives me a constant reminder what they mean in my life.
Murakami, H. (2009). What I Talk About When I Talk About Running (First International Edition). essay, Vintage.
Power Plant International’s Risk Assessment Plan
Risk assessment is how an organization may identify the processes and occurrences that may delay or harm organizations’ set objectives and timelines. The organization is also tasked to foresee how every situation will occur and predict how bad it may happen (Aven, 2016). Lastly, the organization must determine how every case will be prevented and, if possible, how it will be fully controlled.
The following is a risk assessment plan for Power Plant International to import a GT 6 Bladed Rotor.
|Importation of GT 6 Bladed Rotor
|Start date of the Project:
Of a GT 6
|At the port, delays in loading cargo may arise
|Delay in delivery time
|The Vessel is being shipped.
In the hurricane season and stormy weather is anticipated on the day of loading.
|Sea blast due to inclement weather
|Timely Planning to determine the weather
|Offloading from the Vessel at Point Lisas port
Possibility of damage at Houston port
|Ensure maximum care is exercised
|Maximum carefulness to be exercised
|The agent or supplier not following proper lifting protocol
|Injury to back from lifting.
|Proper selection of the agent
|Industrial unrest at the Port of Guaira
|Injury of workers causing a delay in loading
|Talk to workers and confirm everything is in order
|Poor choice of shipper
|Damaged ship and incompetent crew
|Clear selection of the shipper
|Berthing delay due to rough seas
|Maximum research to prevent the issue
Power Plant international is to successfully import a GT 6 Bladed Rotor scheduled from 22nd April and be delivered and installed by 1st November. Despite the foreseeable challenges, Power Plant is to make sure that each risk is carefully analyzed and a possible solution is developed to ensure successful product delivery (Coffey et al., 2019). Since it is making a loss of 1 million dollars in a day, Power Plant international has to put each effort and necessary preparations to make a successful import.
First, Power Plant International took the initiative to identify all the foreseeable risks that might arise during the importation of the product (Dehdashti et al., 2020). One of the most notable challenges identified was delays that would occur at the Houston port while loading. The next challenge identified was storms that would arise during the shipment was done during the hurricane season. Offloading would also be one of the problems encountered at Point Lisa’s Port. The agent or supplier assigned the task may neglect a few rules, which might cause possible damage (Bocanegra and Francés, 2021). Due to inclement weather, a sea blast was anticipated, and in the port of Guaira, there was expected unrest from the industrial workers. Loading would be delayed due to workers’ injury and uncharacterized incoterms for the shipment (Fox et al., 2018). Rough seas would cause berthing delays, while the poor choice of shipper would cause ship damage and selection of incompetent crew.
After successfully identifying the foreseeable challenges, a risk register was necessary to keep track of them Lloyd-Jones, et al. (2019). The specific areas where challenges were anticipated to occur were marked, and tracking started. The next risk would be identifying the most adverse challenges that would cause big harm in case they would occur. The process was important in providing reference to those risks that would be given priority for monitoring. The risks are to be identified into three categories: high, low, and Moderate (Lundberg and Willis, 2016). Risk triggers were as well-identified and noted, which aided in controlling some of the potentially high risks.
Developing risk solutions is an integral part of the risk assessment plan despite the necessary precautions and strategies put in place, problems may still happen which might cause a lot of inconveniences (Orlando et al., 2016). Therefore, necessary solutions should be developed, and the best way to do that would be by brainstorming. Clear, precise, and concisely created solutions are essential to avert any risk should any challenge proceeds to occur. One solution was to ensure the Cargo is collected by 10th October and delivered to the Houston of the port by the 14th. The loading of the product on the ship would then happen on the 16th of the same month by afternoon. The product will arrive in the Venezuela port by 25th October and be delivered to Point Lisas on the 28th (Shahid and Thomas, 2018). The plan was to ensure early delivery to recover time that might have been lost during the unprecedented delays that might have occurred during the shipment.
An action plan was developed to assist in many cases a big problem would occur. It normally requires laying down a communication plan of the relevant authorities that need to be informed first in case of an occurrence. Assembling of a response team should be carefully done and specific guidelines on how to respond to different issues if they arise (US Preventive Services Task Force et al., 2019). Finally, monitoring the risk and delegating duties to the responsible team members is important so they can raise any issues as soon as they notice or come across any.
Aven, T. (2016) “Risk assessment and risk management: Review of recent advances on their foundation,” European Journal of operational research, 253(1), pp. 1–13.
Bocanegra, R. A., and Francés, F. (2021) “Assessing the risk of vehicle instability due to flooding,” Journal of flood risk management.
Coffey, M. et al. (2019) “Recovery-focused mental health care planning and coordination in acute inpatient mental health settings: a cross-national comparative mixed-methods study,” BMC Psychiatry, 19(1), p. 115.
Dehdashti, A. et al. (2020) “Applying health, safety, and environmental risk assessment at academic settings,” BMC public health, 20(1), p. 1328.
Fox, M. A. et al. (2018) “Implications of applying cumulative risk assessment to the workplace,” Environment international, 115, pp. 230–238.
Lloyd-Jones, D. M. et al. (2019) “Use of risk assessment tools to guide decision-making in the primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease: A special report from the American heart association and American college of cardiology,” Circulation, 139(25), pp. e1162–e1177.
Lundberg, R. and Willis, H. H. (2016) “Deliberative risk ranking to inform homeland security strategic planning,” Journal of homeland security and emergency management, 13(1).
Orlando, L. A. et al. (2016) “Clinical utility of a Web-enabled risk-assessment and clinical decision support program,” Genetics in medicine: official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics, 18(10), pp. 1020–1028.
Shahid, S. and Thomas, S. (2018) “Situation, background, assessment, recommendation (SBAR) communication tool for handoff in health care – A narrative review,” Safety in health, 4(1).
US Preventive Services Task Force et al. (2019) “Risk assessment, genetic counseling, and genetic testing for BRCA-related cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement: US preventive services task force recommendation statement,” JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 322(7), pp. 652–665
Racial Discrimination As A Social Justice Issue
Currently, the US as a country is faced with numerous social justice issues that have sparked intense debate among the citizens and also in the international community. For many individuals, it seems that there are a lot of challenges to come. The COVID-19 pandemic has reactivated economic diminution rendering many Americans jobless; Black Lives Matters protests have triggered discussions about structural racism, inequality, and police reforms. Besides the social issues that are prevalent, long-term concerns such as climate justice and food insecurity are among the greatest and are still recurrent.
However, a social justice issue that has been as old as American history is racial prejudice. The impact of racism can be felt in every facet of American social life. Learning institutions, business entities, media industries, and day-to-day activities are characterized by racial discrimination. Remarkably, racial prejudice is evident in the extrajudicial killings of minority groups that have sparked social justice debates within and outside the US. Racism remains to be a controversial discussion because its causes and effects are deemed beneficial by extremists who practice it but subjugative to the minorities who resent it. Racial discrimination is more pronounced in other US regions than others, and that is why the federal government, respective states, and organizations need to work harmoniously to avert social evil.
Controversies Surrounding Racism
Racial discrimination is a controversial topic of discussion because of skewed stances that some influential personalities in society have adopted. Consequently, the national discussion on race tends to intensify divisions among races and distort the Americans’ understanding of prejudice (Durrheim et al. 387). The great debates on racial discrimination produce questions that create racial and partisan divisions even between two perpetrators of the vice. Explicitly, the controversies arise because the discussion focuses more on which group is culpable of the discrimination and which state experiences racism more in comparison to others, among other disputable issues (Durrheim et al. 386). In addition, questions pertaining to racism are sometimes deviant from seeking to obtain information that can help in ridding the American society of the practice. The focus is then drifted to the investigative approach rather than the restorative viewpoint (Durrheim et al. 388). Accordingly, the racial controversies make the general public desist from applying conventional social reasoning to the issue of racism.
Causes of Racism
Several factors contribute to systematic racism in the US today. Nonetheless, some of the causes of racism can be grouped together because they are interlinked. Factors such as segregation, factionalization, and categorization of people according to different races are attributable to the endemic social ill (Bowser 576). Categorization makes people to be organized into distinct groups and promotes marginalization of the individuals who do not form part of the group. As well, factionalization works in cementing in-group loyalty and fostering intergroup competition which elicits discriminatory practices (Bowser 579). Segregation hardens racist attitudes, inclinations, and convictions and helps in the justification of the discriminatory tendencies of the perpetrators. The other four factors that cause racial prejudice are societal hierarchies, media representation, discriminatory policies and legislations, and failure to recognize racism in oneself (Bowser 580-585). While societal ranks encourage bearers of such positions to think, feel, and behave in racist ways, invidious laws legislate racial discrimination from low to the highest levels in the US. In some cases, media validates the overrepresented and glamorized representations of White Americans while deprecating people of color. The aforementioned factors of racism address causes of prejudice on a systemic and personal or individual level.
Effects of Racism on African-Americans
Interpersonal and institutional racism have hazardous impacts on the psychological and physiological statuses of the marginalized in American society. Interpersonal racism explains the prejudice and discriminatory actions that are directed towards individuals because of their races and ethnicities (Svetas et al. 257). On the other hand, institutional racism applies to approved and non-standard legislations and practices that deny individuals of fair treatment on account of racial background (Svetas et al. 259). Indeed racism has a psychological effect on the discriminated African-Americans by allowing society to deny them of their value as humans and by forcing them to embody racist convictions that are held by oppressors. This culminates in increased physiological reactivity, which, when sustained for long periods, may lead to increased cardiovascular disorders (Svetas 258). Another effect of racism is the increased mistrust between different races. Consequently, this has led to acts of violence propagated against White Americans by the Blacks in suspicion that the former are being favored by the government and other public institutions. To annihilate the effects of racism, it is essential that better ways should be sought to uphold justice and fairness in all facets of the American social sphere.
Groups Affected by Racism in the USA
Since the USA is a multiracial society, racial prejudice is experienced by the minority groups that form the smallest proportion of the population. As a matter of fact, race and ethnicity are categorized separately when it comes to national exercises such as census (Bowser 575). The most affected groups by racial discrimination are the African-Americans and Hispanic and Latino Americans (Svetas 257-260). Not only do Blacks face discrimination from White supremacists, but they also face similar prejudices from Latino Americans. For instance, African-Americans are still trailing in wealth acquisition and economic freedom (Bowser 582). When it comes to income, gains have been made, but the Blacks are being paid less compared to their White counterparts and Latino Americans (Bowser 584). Without a doubt, racism affects the minority Blacks in the US more than any other race, and it has made them dominated by White supremacists as well as other Non-whites.
Least Racist States
In as much as racial segregation is embedded in American history dating back to its colonial years, the prejudice is not over the entire country as some states have made progress in racial integration. Some researchers have highly ranked a state such as New Mexico in the racial integration efforts (“Least Racist”). The state is also graded as among the best in employment, wealth, and social and civic engagement. Other parameters that show that New Mexico has low racist tendencies are the low poverty rate gap and the lowest gap in adults with at least a Bachelor’s degree (“Least Racist”). Besides New Mexico, there is Hawaii State, which is rated as the first among all states with the lowest median annual income gap (“Least Racist”). This shows that economic disparities between races in Hawaii are at the lowest levels. Further, states such as Texas, Wyoming, West Virginia, Arizona, Kentucky, Montana, Maryland, and Colorado are progressively drifting away from the racial cultures that propagated the discrimination (“Least Racist”). Therefore, it is evident that racism is not all over the entire US because, in some regions, it is less an issue.
What Need to be Done to Eliminate Racism
In transforming the American society, it is prudent to effect some changes that ensure discriminatory perceptions based on race are completely changed. Firstly, ending systemic racism in the US requires the effort of academic researchers and sociologists to acknowledge the facts surrounding its existence and explain the genesis of the social evil (Bowser 578). The sociologists need to understand and explain the root causes of racism as they seek to involve everyone in energetically remedying the ongoing damages of racial discrimination. For instance, it is the duty of researchers to investigate the relationship between the slave trade and the current racist perceptions. With an accurate and complete account of scientific history, it is possible to seek reconciliation based on the findings to craft a fair society. Secondly, all institutions, including the government, need to collaboratively work in creating incentives aimed at involving all races in tackling discrimination (Bowser 580). Undoubtedly, the paradigm shift in about existential racism needs to start with the identification of the root causes of the problem.
Ongoing Measures Against Racism
Presently, the US is determined to address the problem of racial discrimination within its geographical borders and on the international scene. Firstly, there is an executive order which demonstrates that the national government should pursue an elaborate scheme to advance equality for all US citizens and create opportunities for the improvement of marginalized groups. Additionally, there is a presidential memorandum that orders executive departments and government institutions to take all necessary steps to ensure that official actions do not contribute to racism or xenophobia (Bowser 582). Thirdly, the government, through the pressure of African-American activists, has incorporated racial justice as one of the US foreign policy goals (Durrheim 387-391). Globally, America supports different international organizations in empowering racial and ethnic minorities to uphold the marginalized individuals’ dignity. Some programs support locally-led measures to combat all kinds of racial hatred while facilitating access to justice for racism victims. It means that a lot is being done to minimize and eliminate racism in the US and the entire world.
Things that Have Not Been Done
Despite the numerous efforts that are geared towards the elimination of racism from the American boundaries, there are a number of issues that have not been addressed with regard to the problem. For instance, the people of color still remain structurally excluded from the American democracy and justice system. More specifically, the war on narcotics targeted the Blacks for arrest and incarceration, thereby augmenting the effects of crime disenfranchisement all over the country. Also, the legislators are not doing their best to ensure that universal suffrage for all is fully protected within the law. There have been discriminatory voter purges, present-day poll taxes, and cancellation of citizenship, especially for people of color. Notably, there has been little or no attempt to reconcile the American Blacks and the Whites and the Latino and the White supremacists to pave the way for a collaborative approach to racism abolition. Historically, the Whites have been viewed as the oppressors while the Afro-Americans and Latinos as victims, thereby making the relationships between them to be characterized by mistrust and hatred. Though in a subtle way, people of color have been precluded from American political processes.
Important People in the Fight Against Racism
Every US citizen has the power to fight against racism in the country. This power is fully guaranteed in the constitution, and the same document provides for avenues of legal redress for the problems such as racial prejudice. Notably, the constitution also allows for peaceful protests, especially by aggrieved individuals, to express their disapproval of their maltreatment. On that account, US citizens have been empowered to fix real social problems such as racial prejudice.
Apart from the people, the legislature also has an important role in eliminating racial discrimination. The Senate has the duty of ensuring that taskforce reports on racism are fully implemented. Legislations that prohibit prejudicial acts should be formulated, deliberated upon, voted on, and passed to curb discrimination if the fight against racism were to succeed. Parliamentarians such as the members of Congress and senators wield much power in the complete eradication of racism and related social practices.
In summary, the perpetrators of racism deem it necessary to stamp their dominance over their victims through causes and effects of discrimination, hence making the topic a controversial one. Racial prejudice is more prevalent in some US states compared to others, and it is for this reason that there needs to be a collaborative approach between the federal government and respective states to tackle it. Strikingly, racism raises many controversies because of the biasness that has been shown against it by some powerful and influential individuals. The main causes of racism are factionalization, segregation, and categorization, all of which have the effect of excluding people from others based on some distinguishable differences. Consequently, a psychological effect attributable to racism is the contraction of cardiovascular diseases that results from prolonged sustenance of stress. The Latinos of America and the African-Americans are the groups that are worst hit by systemic racism in America. Interestingly, some states have adopted racial integration within their social strata. Therefore for the fight against racism to succeed, citizens have to understand their role and work collaboratively with others in fighting for the rights of the oppressed.
Bowser, Benjamin. “Racism: Origin and theory.” Journal of black studies, vol.48, no.6, 2017, pp. 572-590.
Durrheim, Kevin, et al. “How Racism Discourse Can Mobilize Right‐wing Populism: The Construction of Identity and Alliance in Reactions to UKIP’s Brexit “Breaking Point” campaign.” Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, vol. 28, no.6, 2018, pp. 385-405.
Svetaz, Maria, et al. “Racism and its Harmful Effects on Nondominant Racial–ethnic Youth and Youth-serving providers: A call to action for organizational change.” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 63, no. 2, 2018, pp. 257-261.
“Least Racist States 2021”, World Population Review.