What Is Your Intended Major? Free Essay

What is your intended major? Discuss how your interest in the subject developed and describe any experience you have had in the field – such as volunteer work, internships and employment, participation in student organizations and activities – and what you have gained from your involvement.

            Life has a way of getting into people’s grip. I was exposed to the different realties of life even as a young child. I worked part-time for my father’s company, which paved way for me to pursue a degree in Economics.

            The different cultures that I was exposed to have greatly influenced my desire to be economically knowledgeable. I immigrated to Singapore, where I studied for a few years. Then I went to Hong Kong to study in an international school. Eventually, I transferred to one of the local schools there to continue my education. I was fortunate enough to become exposed to the two different cultures.

            As mentioned earlier, I worked part-time for my father’s company. I learned how a company functioned and processed its products, making me more interested to become a businessman. Aside from my exposure in the company, I was also involved in the volunteer work that was organized by the school. I believe that the harsh realities that I would be exposed to with pave way for me to work and enhance my craft further.

Tell us about a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud, and how does it relate to the person you are?

            Living in different places has opened more doors for me. I am more knowledgeable about the cultures of both Singapore and Hong Kong. Furthermore, I believe that adapting to their style of living would help me to do the things that I love the most.

            I consider the opportunity given to me in Singapore and Hong Kong to be my greatest accomplishments. Although school was costly, I was able to prove myself to the others that I had what it takes to be competent in this world. I am who I am because of the different accomplishments that I have done in my life. Living in such places allowed me to appreciate the beauty of life, and how working hard would allow me to reach my dreams. Life is short and I want to make sure that I accomplish this in my lifetime.

What is your intended major? Discuss how your interest in the subject developed and describe any experience you have had in the field – such as volunteer work, internships and employment, participation in student organizations and activities – and what you have gained from your involvement.

            Making a difference in society has always been my dream. I wanted to set standards for myself that would help me become one of the best in my chosen field. As a young child, I was exposed to the technicalities of my fathers’ company. For this, I opted to acquire a degree in Business Economics.

            My academic standing has become one of my assets. I studied in Singapore for a few years, where I learned to become competent with my skills as a student. Eventually, I went to Hong Kong to study in an international school. I must that I have improved my craft further with my acceptance to the said institution. Eventually, I transferred to a local school to continue the remaining years of my education. This is where I learned how to mingle well with people, and adapt the culture that they live in.

            My experiences have been limited to only a few. However, I believe that these experiences may be attributed to the kind of attitude that I exhibit nowadays. I worked as a part-time employee for my father’s company, where I learned the technicalities and procedures that businessmen needed in order to run a company, not to forget the ways on how to efficiently and effectively produce and sell the products. I wanted to enhance my craft further by joining the volunteer work that my school has organized.

Tell us about a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud, and how does it relate to the person you are?

            I believe that having dreams and goals in life is the quality that I admire about myself. Anyone can finish their education, but not everyone tend to be successful. Successes entail a lot of hard work and determination from people and are not earned overnight. I learned this through the many years I spent studying in different countries, where I had to learn and adapt different cultures. I believe that the accomplishments I have now were earned according to the efforts that I have shown in order to be recognized for my craft.

What is your intended major? Discuss how your interest in the subject developed and describe any experience you have had in the field – such as volunteer work, internships and employment, participation in student organizations and activities – and what you have gained from your involvement.

            I have always believed that I could make a difference in society. At a young age, I was exposed to the complicated world of business. I worked part-time for my father’s company for some years, where I became more indulged in the technicalities of business. For this, I decided to acquire a degree in Business Economics/Economics.

            My academic experiences have spanned the test of time and location. I studied in Singapore for a few years, before I moved to Hong Kong, where I was enrolled in an international school. Eventually, I transferred to one of the local schools, where I pursued the remaining years of my education. I believe that my voluntary work was only limited to that of my father’s company and the recent volunteer work I joined in school. However, the experiences have helped hone my personality and views in life that were essential in my growth as an individual and as a professional. Furthermore, I was able to learn more about myself through the different experiences I had in life. Living in different locations allowed me to learn how to adapt and adjust when dealing with different kinds of people. Also, I became confident about myself and my capabilities. Although I lacked the voluntary experiences deemed, I have what it takes to be a competent and reliable professional.

Tell us about a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud, and how does it relate to the person you are?

            Determination is one thing that I could attribute myself to. I have been to places in order for me to acquire the necessary knowledge that would help me become successful. I believe that through my hard work and determination, I would be able to inspire others to do the same thing. Yes, I know that there are certain things in life that should be taken into consideration. But we also have to understand that success is not gained overnight – we must work hard and give our best before we are recognized for such talents.

What is your intended major? Discuss how your interest in the subject developed and describe any experience you have had in the field – such as volunteer work, internships and employment, participation in student organizations and activities – and what you have gained from your involvement.

            Circumstances in life have their way of changing the course of one’s perception. As a young child, I have been exposed to the different technicalities of my father’s company. My queries increased as I grew older, making me determined more than ever to become a businessman. For this, I opted to acquire a degree in Business Economics.

            Education around the world has been a part of my life. There was a time when I went to Singapore for a few years to study. Afterwards, I went back to Hong Kong to study in an International school. Eventually, I transferred to a local school, where I finished the rest of my education. Being exposed to different cultures allowed me to discover more about myself, and learn more about the people who surrounded me. In addition to this, I was able to become more confident about myself, especially when communicating with others. I felt how lucky I am to be given the opportunity to study in prestigious schools in two countries. The kind of education that I acquired from these schools would be an important factor in my life, especially when I indulge in my chosen profession.

Tell us about a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud, and how does it relate to the person you are?

            I have always been a dreamer and a believer. When I want to achieve something, I always give my best no matter how difficult a task may seem. I want things to go my way, and for this, I always strive hard.

            Looking back, I believe that being given the opportunity to study in international schools was one of my greatest accomplishments. Students in international schools are regarded to be competent and the kind of training they could shower me with would be helpful to me, especially when admitted to your institution. The accomplishments and achievements that I have today are all attributed to the hard work and dedication I have given in my education. I want others to be inspired with the kind of dedication I have in my life.

Application Of Civil Rights Act

Brief Introduction

 The Civil Rights Act of 1964 has acknowledged the long time cry of African-Americans and ethnic groups against racism. The Act prohibits discrimination of race, color, religion, national origin and gender. The juridical purpose of the Act includes the freedom to vote, equal employment opportunities, and the use of hotels, restaurants, theaters, parks, and public places of community, the integration of African-American minorities to public and private schools, and withdrawal of the US Federal government programs that practices racial discrimination (National Archives and Records Administration, 2008). This paper aims to briefly discuss the application of the Act on some of celebrated cases, precedent to law enforcement and civil suit proceedings.

Case Summary

            The case of Ollie’s Barbecue Restaurant in ‘Katzenbach v. McClung’ (US Supreme Court Decision No. 543, 379 US 294, 1964), derived from the case archive of the Cornell University Law School (2008), has appealed no violation to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, rather commuting the violation from the law on commerce, wherein the Supreme Court reversed the appeal.

As cited, Ollie’s Barbecue is a family-owned restaurant in Birmingham, Alabama, with seating capacity of 220 customers. The restaurant dining area is for white-collar employees, while a take-out service counter is only for “Negroes” (as described by the Supreme Court). Meanwhile, the restaurant locally purchased an estimated $150,000.00 worth of food, representing about $69,683 (or 46%) meat purchases from a local supplier who procures outside Alabama. The main point of argument was Ollie’s refusal to serve Negroes in its dining accommodations from its opening in 1927 until the enactment of Civil Rights Act on July 2nd 1964, in which Ollie’s business operation has subsequently violated the Act. However, the lower court found that Ollie’s may lose substantial profit if required to serve Negroes. The lower court concluded that the Civil Rights Act may not be applied due Ollie’s indirect involvement in interstate commerce (Cornell University Law School, 2008).

Findings

            A manifestation of technical judgment on the reversal of the case, restraining appellants to enforce the Act, has not however fully restrained the application of Civil Rights Act of 1964. It may be noted that the Supreme Court’s decision has recognized and merited the appeal in conjunction with the Law on Commerce, in which the US Congress has also acknowledged the violations on the interstate trade. The decision of the Supreme Court [that recognized the unlawful interstate trade] in restraining the application of the Act does not necessarily mean that the civil rights was not duly acknowledged or applied. The Supreme Court reversed its judgment on the merits of violating the interstate commerce that inhibited the “Negroes” from travelling. The Supreme Court’s merit on “violation to interstate commerce” recognizes the fact that civil rights of “Negroes” be upheld (US Supreme Court Decision No. 543, 379 US 294, 1964).

Conclusion

Even though the Civil Rights Act  has not totally resolve the entire problems on racial discrimination, the enactment of the Act has opened the assimilation of cultures, recognized multiculturalism and strengthened the cultural ties in preserving national democracy through participation of African-American and ethnic minorities in electoral processes.

In conclusion, the application of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is perceived to have three significant contribution in the US’ interstate policies and governance, such as (1) to sustain the constitutional power of the state, (2) promote guidance to the legislative capability of Congress, and (3) affirm the judicial function and performance of the judiciary in upholding the due process of law and equality of justice. Thus, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 has empowered the citizens and races within the state to pursue the civic duties and constitutional rights.

References

Cornell University Law School (2008). ‘Katzenbach v. McClung’. US Supreme Court Decision

            No. 543, 379 US 294, 1964. Retrieved 14 September 2008 from

            http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0379_0294_ZO.html.

National Archives and Records Administration (2008). ‘Congress and the Civil Rights Act of

            1964’. Retrieved 14 September 2008 from

            http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/treasures_of_congress/page_24.html#.

Application Of CNC Machines

How CNC Machines Improve Production Efficiency in the Automotive Industry

Abstract

The paper tries to examine how the application of CNC machines in the automotive industry improves production efficiency. To demonstrate the actual benefits of utilizing CNC machines, the research examines the case of three companies – Deerfield Machine Parts (DMP), KOVOKON Popovice, and SilverHorse Racing. Through the success stories of these companies, it can be concluded that the use of CNC machines will lead to reduced overhead labor costs, highly accurate and top quality productions, and increased manufacturing capabilities.

Introduction

What is a CNC machine? CNC is actually the acronym for Computer Numerical Control. The CNC in a machine refers to the software application or the program in the computer comptroller which operates the machine tools. The machine tools refer to the actual equipment and facilities which are used for fabrication. Prior to the creation of the CNC, machine tools were operated manually by operators.

These days, CNC machines are mostly used in fabrication. Fabrication is an industrial term which refers to the process of constructing structures and equipment from slicing, cutting, shaping, and assembling components made from various raw materials. Materials which are often subjected to fabrication usually include metal, stone, and gems.[1]

Despite the fact that CNC machines and facilities are used for the fabrication of various elements, most of these machines are used for metal fabrication. These machines are involved in the selective removal of raw metal materials. Instead of being manually operated by a laborer, the CNC machines are operated by the computer itself. The process of fabrication is automated. However, instead of the operator, CNC machines need CNC programmers. Programmers feed the fabrication instructions to the computer comptroller. Once the instructions are all set, CNC machines are capable of massive production in short periods without the need of manual operation.

With the aid of CNC machines, the role of the machine operators is significantly reduced and so are the overhead costs for production. Moreover, operators will not have to worry about precision. CNC machines provide extreme precision and accuracy to the measurements and specifications fed to their systems. Since these facilities are automated, fabrication and production can continue 24/7 even without much monitoring and control from operators. [2]

CNC machines are capable of cutting and forming metals and other hard materials into various shapes – round, rectangular, prism, and the likes. These machines are also used in drilling and threading. Due to the esteemed industrial benefits of the CNC machines, many industries are now using these facilities. Nowadays, tools with CNC programs are extensively used in the tool manufacturing industry and automobile industries.

In this paper, the application of the CNC machines in the automotive industry is explored. Specifically, this research presents a case study on how these machines promote efficiency in the production of the various components needed for the construction of automobiles – from the various parts of the vehicles to the tools required for creating and modifying these automobile parts.

Case Study

Do CNC Machines Promote Production Efficiency in the Automotive Industry?

The automotive industry: A major player in the CNC market

When the CNC machines first achieved worldwide appreciation in the year 1986, its total world market was just $3.5 billion. Eleven years after, reports from the Market Intelligence Research Corporation (MIRC) showed that it has reached almost $12 billion. Now, the amount is estimated to have tripled.[3]

CNC machines have been in demand ever since the 1983 retrenchment.[4] According to some reports, the CNC market continues to grow as it now encompasses production and manufacturing in the automotive, aerospace, defense, electronics, railway, and electrical industries. Among these industries, the automotive industry leads the pack as the biggest CNC machine market. Companies involved in developing, manufacturing, and designing motor vehicles have consistently demanded for CNC machines in order to drive competition and meet the demands of their clients.

Reports show that while the use of CNC machines promotes growth in the automotive industry, the said industry also propels rapid advancement in the production and improvement in the trade of CNC machineries.

Basically, strong international competition among the automotive industries of the US, Asia, and Western Europe has required immediate and extensive improvement in manufacturing and production. This prompted the world wide CNC market to install CNC machineries along with flexible manufacturing systems. Flexible manufacturing systems refer to production sites comprised of a network of several programmable and automated machines. The use of CNC machines largely contributed to the production of almost seventy million motor vehicles all around the world in 2006.[5]

Deerfield Machine Parts: Precision through CNC machines

A particular example of the application of CNC machines in the automotive industry is demonstrated by DEERFIELD MACHINE PARTS (DMP). The machining company based in New Jersey caters to customers that are in need of high quality machined components use in a variety of industries – including the automotive industry. They offer custom machining which can be used for different production manufacturing applications.

To provide precision machining for the automotive industry, DMP makes use of highly advanced CNC metal working machines. By using this kind of facility, DMP can cater to high volume production manufacturing services or small volume customizations. Among the most common applications of the CNC machines are in the production, modification, and customization of fittings, sleeves, adapters, screws, tubing, and more. These components are mostly used in the brake systems, air conditioning systems, electrical systems, automotive pumps, drive systems, and other vehicle engine parts.[6]

KOVOKON Popovice: CNC Increases Labor Productivity

The company KOVOKON Popovice in the Czech Republic founded in 1998 specializes in part production and component manufacturing in the automotive industry. Their main focus is the production of electromotor components and other automotive parts made from “aluminum cysta”.

In particular, KOVOKON use CNC machineries for cutting and shaping castings in high accuracies fit for the specifications of their clients. They also use CNC turning machines for flange turning. Among the CNC machines that they use for flanges which measure up to 250mm circular diameter are the GILDEMEISTER CTX 420 LINEAR with toolings drive and the

HARDINGE EMAG – vertical CNC turning machine with toolings drive. For turning flanges measuring up to 1000 millimeters in diameter, they use the KARUSEL CDT 300×5262 – vertical CNC turning machine. The use of these machines gained them high production rates and high accuracy productions which meet the demands of their clients in the automotive industry.[7]

SilverHorse Racing: From a Race Team to a Worldwide Ford Mustang Retailer

SilverHorse Racing provides tooling needs for automotives, particularly for Ford Mustang vehicles. They have been using CNC machines for producing and distributing aftermarket products for the Ford Mustang through a dealer network. Prior to being a retailer, the company was just a race team. What prompted their success in machining is the use of CNC machines. Among the machines that they use is the Doosan Lynx 220 LM Turn-Mill center. According to the company, CNC machines with automated turning, and radial and axial milling capabilities have reduced their labor costs. Such facilities also allowed them to meet the precision demands of their clients.[8]

Apart from the CNC machines, SilverHorse Racing also makes use of the FeatureCAM 2007, a software application that allows clients to directly import solid models and present required G-codes essential for programming tuning centers with tooling and milling capabilities.

Summary and Conclusions

CNC machines are now being used in a variety of industries – specifically the automotive, aerospace, defense, electronics, railway, and electrical industries. Among all of these, the automotive industry serves as the biggest player in the CNC worldwide market. In general, the strong international competition among the automotive industries in various parts of the globe contributes to the massive demand and use of CNC machines.

Over the past two decades, CNC machines have evolved from optional facilities used for small volume production to production necessities vital for high volume manufacturing. In general, companies in the automotive industry use these tools so as to increase their machining capabilities.

In the case of Deerfield Machine Parts Company, the use of CNC machines provided precision for the production and customization of fittings, sleeves, adapters, screws, tubing, and other automotive parts. As for KOVOKON Popovice, their CNC machineries used for cutting and shaping castings and turning flanges resulted to high production rates and high accuracy productions. Last but not the least, the CNC machines used by SilverHorse Racing allowed them to reduce labor costs and become a worldwide retailer for Ford Mustang automotive aftermarket parts.

In general, it can be established that the application of CNC machines in the automotive industry led to increased production efficiency through reduced overhead labor costs, highly accurate and top quality productions, and increased manufacturing capabilities.

References

Czech Trade Promotion Agency (n.d.). KOVOKON Popovice – CNC machining for automotive industry. Published in CzechTrade online (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://www.czechtradeoffices.com/en/sweden/industrial-cooperation/kovokon-cnc-machining-automotive-industry-1/)

Khemani, Haresh (2008). What is a CNC Machine? Published September 15, 2008 in BrightHub (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://www.brighthub.com/engineering/mechanical/articles/3770.aspx)

______________ (n.d.). Deerfield Machine Parts. Accessed 07 Apr 2009 from www.dmp.com

_____________ (2008). SilverHorse Racing Utilizes CNC Machines. Published July 2008 in FeatureCam (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://www.featurecam.com/news/cstudy_article.asp?releaseId=171)

_____________ (1991). Metalcutting leads in CNC controller use. Published April 1, 1991 in The Free Library. (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Metalcutting+leads+in+CNC+controller+use-a011235004)

______________ (n.d.). Fabrication. Published in Wikipedia. (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fabrication_(metal).html)

[1] ______________ (n.d.). Fabrication. Published in Wikipedia. (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fabrication_(metal).html)

[2] Khemani, Haresh (2008). What is a CNC Machine? Published September 15, 2008 in BrightHub (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://www.brighthub.com/engineering/mechanical/articles/3770.aspx)

[3] _____________ (1991). Metalcutting leads in CNC controller use. Published April 1, 1991 in The Free Library. (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Metalcutting+leads+in+CNC+controller+use-a011235004)

[4] _____________ (1991). Metalcutting leads in CNC controller use. Published April 1, 1991 in The Free Library. (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Metalcutting+leads+in+CNC+controller+use-a011235004)

[5] _____________ (1991). Metalcutting leads in CNC controller use. Published April 1, 1991 in The Free Library. (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Metalcutting+leads+in+CNC+controller+use-a011235004)

[6] ______________ (n.d.). Deerfield Machine Parts. Accessed 07 Apr 2009 from www.dmp.com

[7] Czech Trade Promotion Agency (n.d.). KOVOKON Popovice – CNC machining for automotive industry. Published in CzechTrade online (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://www.czechtradeoffices.com/en/sweden/industrial-cooperation/kovokon-cnc-machining-automotive-industry-1/)

[8] _____________ (2008). SilverHorse Racing Utilizes CNC Machines. Published July 2008 in FeatureCam (Retrieved 07 Apr 2009 from http://www.featurecam.com/news/cstudy_article.asp?releaseId=171

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