Who Was Mother Theresa Sample College Essay

Mother Teresa was always her own person, startlingly independent, obedient, yet challenging some preconceived notions and expectations. Her own life story includes many illustrations of her willingness to listen to and follow her own conscience, even when it seemed to contradict what was expected.

This strong and independent Slavic woman was born Gonxha (Agnes) Bojaxhiu in Skopje, Yugoslavia, on August 27, 1910. Five children were born to Nikola and Dronda Bojaxhiu, yet only three survived. Gonxha was the youngest, with an older sister, Aga, and brother, Lazar. This brother describes the family’s early years as “well-off,” not the life of peasants reported inaccurately by some. “We lacked for nothing.” In fact, the family lived in one of the two houses they owned. Nikola was a contractor, working with a partner in a successful construction business.

He was also heavily involved in the politics of the day. Lazar tells of his father’s rather sudden and shocking death, which may have been due to poisoning because of his political involvement. With this event, life changed overnight as their mother assumed total responsibility for the family, Aga, only 14, Lazar, 9, and Gonxha, 7. Though so much of her young life was centered in the Church, Mother Teresa later revealed that until she reached 18, she had never thought of being a nun. During her early years, however, she was fascinated with stories of missionary life and service. She could locate any number of missions on the map, and tell others of the service being given in each place.

Called to Religious Life

At 18, Gonxha decided to follow the path that seems to have been unconsciously unfolding throughout her life. She chose the Loreto Sisters of Dublin, missionaries and educators founded in the 17th century to educate young girls. In 1928, the future Mother Teresa began her religious life in Ireland, far from her family and the life she’d known, never seeing her mother again in this life, speaking a language few understood. During this period a sister novice remembered her as “very small, quiet and shy,” and another member of the congregation described her as “ordinary.”

Mother Teresa herself, even with the later decision to begin her own community of religious, continued to value her beginnings with the Loreto sisters and to maintain close ties. Unwavering commitment and self-discipline, always a part of her life and reinforced in her association with the Loreto sisters, seemed to stay with her throughout her life. One year later, in 1929, Gonxha was sent to Darjeeling to the novitiate of the Sisters of Loreto. In 1931, she made her first vows there, choosing the name of Teresa, honoring both saints of the same name, Teresa of Avila and Therese of Lisieux. In keeping with the usual procedures of the congregation and her deepest desires, it was time for the new Sister Teresa to begin her years of service to God’s people.

She was sent to St. Mary’s, a high school for girls in a district of Calcutta. Here she began a career teaching history and geography, which she reportedly did with dedication and enjoyment for the next 15 years. It was in the protected environment of this school for the daughters of the wealthy that Teresa’s new “vocation” developed and grew. This was the clear message, the invitation to her “second calling,” that Teresa heard on that fateful day in 1946 when she traveled to Darjeeling for retreat.

The Streets of Calcutta

During the next two years, Teresa pursued every avenue to follow what she “never doubted” was the direction God was pointing her. She was “to give up even Loreto where I was very happy and to go out in the streets. I heard the call to give up all and follow Christ into the slums to serve him among the poorest of the poor.” Technicalities and practicalities abounded. She had to be released formally, not from her perpetual vows, but from living within the convents of the Sisters of Loreto.

She had to confront the Church’s resistance to forming new religious communities, and receive permission from the Archbishop of Calcutta to serve the poor openly on the streets. She had to figure out how to live and work on the streets, without the safety and comfort of the convent. As for clothing, Teresa decided she would set aside the habit she had worn during her years as a Loreto sister and wear the ordinary dress of an Indian woman: a plain white sari and sandals. Teresa first went to Patna for a few months to prepare for her future work by taking a nursing course. In 1948 she received permission from Pius XII to leave her community and live as an independent nun.

So back to Calcutta she went and found a small hovel to rent to begin her new undertaking. Wisely, she thought to start by teaching the children of the slums, an endeavor she knew well. Though she had no proper equipment, she made use of what was available—writing in the dirt. She strove to make the children of the poor literate, to teach them basic hygiene. As they grew to know her, she gradually began visiting the poor and ill in their families and others all crowded together in the surrounding squalid shacks, inquiring about their needs. Teresa found a never-ending stream of human needs in the poor she met, and frequently was exhausted. Despite the weariness of her days she never omitted her prayer, finding it the source of support, strength and blessing for all her ministry.

A Movement Begins

Teresa was not alone for long. Within a year, she found more help than she anticipated. Many seemed to have been waiting for her example to open their own floodgates of charity and compassion. Young women came to volunteer their services and later became the core of her Missionaries of Charity. Others offered food, clothing, the use of buildings, medical supplies and money. As support and assistance mushroomed, more and more services became possible to huge numbers of suffering people. From their birth in Calcutta, nourished by the faith, compassion and commitment of Mother Teresa, the Missionaries of Charity have grown like the mustard seed of the Scriptures.

New vocations continue to come from all parts of the world, serving those in great need wherever they are found. Homes for the dying, refuges for the care and teaching of orphans and abandoned children, treatment centers and hospitals for those suffering from leprosy, centers and refuges for alcoholics, the aged and street people—the list is endless. Until her death in 1997, Mother Teresa continued her work among the poorest of the poor, depending on God for all of her needs. Honors too numerous to mention had come her way throughout the years, as the world stood astounded by her care for those usually deemed of little value. In her own eyes she was “God’s pencil—a tiny bit of pencil with which he writes what he likes.” Despite years of strenuous physical, emotional and spiritual work, Mother Teresa seemed unstoppable.

Though frail and bent, with numerous ailments, she always returned to her work, to those who received her compassionate care for more than 50 years. Only months before her death, when she became too weak to manage the administrative work, she relinquished the position of head of her Missionaries of Charity. She knew the work would go on. Finally, on September 5, 1997, after finishing her dinner and prayers, her weakened heart gave her back to the God who was the very center of her life.

The Sisters Charlotte Bronte

Bronte, name of three English novelists, also sisters, whose works, transcending Victorian conventions, have become beloved classics. The sisters Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855), Emily (Jane) Bronte (1818-1848), and Anne Bronte (1820-1849), and their brother (Patrick) Branwell Bronte (1817-1848), were born in Thornton, Yorkshire.

The Bronte children’s imaginations transmuted a set of wooden soldiers into characters in a series of stories they wrote about the imaginary kingdom of Angria-the property of Charlotte and Branwell-and the kingdom of Gondal-which belonged to Emily and Anne. A hundred tiny handwritten volumes (started in 1829) of the chronicles of Angria survive, but nothing of the Gondal saga (started in 1834), except some of Emily’s poems. The relationship of these stories to the sisters’ later novels is a matter of much interest to scholars.

In the 1840s Charlotte’s discovery of Emily’s poems led to the decision to have the sisters’ verses published. These appeared, at their own expense, as Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell (1846), each sister using her own initials in these pseudonyms. Two copies were sold. Each sister then embarked on a novel. Charlotte’s Jane Eyre was published first in 1847. Anne’s Agnes Grey and Emily’s Wuthering Heights appeared a little later that year. On their return from a publishing trip to London, they found Branwell near death. Emily caught cold at his funeral and died in 1848. A few months later, after the publication of her second novel, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, Anne too died. Alone except for her father, Charlotte resumed work on the novel Shirley (1849), ultimately her least successful, and she later wrote Villette (1853) and The Professor (1857). She died of tuberculosis in 1855.


Albert Einstein – Most Famous Scientist

Albert Einstein, born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, was raised in Munich where his family owned a small electrical machinery shop. Despite not speaking until he was three, he showed a strong curiosity for nature and taught himself Euclidean geometry at the age of 12. Disliking school, Einstein left at 15 when his family moved to Milan, Italy. After spending a year there with his parents, he realized the need to forge his own path.

Einstein finished secondary school in Arrau, Switzerland and then enrolled at the Swiss National Polytechnic in Zurich. His experience there was no more exciting than previous schooling as he often skipped classes to independently study physics or practice playing the violin. Graduating in 1900 did not earn him high praise from his professors who did not recommend him for a university position.

Einstein worked as a tutor and substitute teacher for two years before finding a job as an examiner at the Swiss patent office in Bern in 1902. In 1903, he married Mileva Maric, a fellow classmate from the polytechnic. They had two sons together but eventually divorced. Einstein later remarried.

Albert’s most famous paper, “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies,” introduced the special theory of relativity. Published in 1905, it was Einstein’s third significant paper. Scholars had been studying matter and radiation since Sir Isaac Newton’s time. After more than a decade of contemplation, Einstein realized that the key aspect was not a theory of matter but one of measurement.

The core idea behind his special theory of relativity was that all measurements of time and space rely on determining whether two distant events occur simultaneously from the observer’s perspective (the “relative” view). Based on this realization, Einstein developed a theory with two fundamental principles: the principle of relativity and the principle of the invariance of the speed of light.

The principle of relativity states that physical laws remain consistent in all inertial reference systems. On the other hand, he introduced the principle of the invariance of the speed of light which states that its speed remains constant even in a vacuum. By applying these postulates, Einstein accurately depicted physical events in different frames without assuming anything about matter or radiation or their interactions.

Initially, many people struggled to grasp Einstein’s argument. This difficulty did not stem from its mathematical complexity or technical obscurity, but rather from his beliefs about theories and the relationship between theory and experiment. According to Einstein, a good theory should explain physical evidence using the fewest possible postulates. He rejected the notion that experiments logically lead to theories, instead considering scientific theories as products of intuition and experience – the sole source of true knowledge. The absence of numerous postulates in Einstein’s work made it challenging for his colleagues to comprehend, although physicist Max Planck provided crucial support. While gradually gaining recognition within the physics community, Einstein continued working at the patent office until his rapid advancement in academia in 1909 when he secured his first academic appointment at the University of Zurich. By 1913, he had risen to become director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics in Berlin.

Albert Einstein, a renowned physicist, achieved widespread recognition for his contributions to the field. He was honored with the Nobel Prize in 1921 and received numerous accolades from scientific societies worldwide. Despite being an advocate for peace and the Zionist movement, Einstein collaborated with other physicists during World War II to inform President Roosevelt about the potential development of an atomic bomb. He had fled Germany due to Hitler’s rise to power and worked towards peace throughout most of the war. Afterward, he actively campaigned for international disarmament and the establishment of a global government while remaining committed to Zionism. However, he declined an offer to become president of Israel. In the 1940s and 1950s, Einstein emphasized that American intellectuals should sacrifice anything necessary to preserve political freedom. On April 18, 1955, at age 76, Einstein passed away in Princeton.

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