Humans are social animals, so they need each other for emotional development, practical learning, and sharing opinions. Therefore, socialization between humans is significant for positive growth and development. The connection humans share helps them maneuver through life’s tribulations with courage and strength. Therefore, if humans lived alone and in isolation, it would be easier to tackle life problems. Hence, human life would have been extinct. In as much as human socialization is valued, some instances promote the idea of individualism and privacy, for instance, when dealing with a public health concern such as in the case of Covid-19 (Farr, 2020). In the modern industrial world, due to existing social platforms, people tend to believe that individualism, personal freedom, and privacy are essential to bringing significant happiness. However, this belief is not correct and is rather selfish since once these ideas are realized, they tend to bring much negativity into people’s lives, as evidenced by the Covid-19 era.
The covid-19 era was a period marked by significant social distancing. Hence individualism and privacy were highly utilized. These aspects were only crucial to curbing the spread of the Coronavirus infection. Therefore, the individuality, privacy, and lack of personal freedom instituted during this time had a specific Goal, as it was meant to serve for a short while so that the virus would be effectively managed (Ogihara & Uchida, 2014). Implementing the social distancing technique significantly affected people’s connections since it affected how people connected (Farr, 2020). This is because the individualism, privacy, and personal freedom experienced during Covid 19 made people realize that they would still be comfortable without one another.
This comfortability helped at some point, for instance, in the reduction of some ugly physical confrontations. The connection already shifted to online social platforms. The online connection contributed to people faking life so they would be admired b others (Ogihara & Uchida, 2014). The nonexistence of physical judgments supported this faking since online people do not know an individual’s real life. This form of life is what people thought promoted happiness (Ogihara & Uchida, 2014). However, this was not the case, as fake life happiness was short-lived and negatively affected individual well-being.
Moreover, living an individualistic and private life is contrary to the sociable nature of human beings. So, it is a selfish decision to destroy the significant connection between people. Therefore, in as much the Covid 19 social distancing measure was adequate in preventing the spread of the virus, it was also a selfish and unsociable measure that greatly affected peoples’ significant connections (Soga, Evans, Cox, & Gaston, 2021). The loss of people’s connection and sociability is a worrying state since it tends to create a world without significant humanity, and people fail to help one another in times of need, making the world an uninhabitable place.
Additionally, family and friendship bonds are well maintained through physical contact, such that when these contacts are nonexistent, the bonds tend to break easily. Covid-19 advocated for the elimination of physical contact and the encouragement of social distancing, and this threatened the breaking of such bonds (Soga, Evans, Cox, & Gaston, 2021). However, despite most families not interacting physically, online interactions through various social media platforms were a great way of keeping these bonds lively. The online interactions would be used to do fun activities such as cooking and virtually listen to each other’s concerns (Tibbetts, Epstein-Shuman, Leitao, & Kushlev, 2021). So, from this experience, it is evident that even though the physical connection was threatened during Covid-19, the connections between family and friends were still strong thanks to the tremendous technological development that made it easy to use smartphones and the internet for social connections (Tibbetts, Epstein-Shuman, Leitao, & Kushlev, 2021). Since the online connection worked perfectly during and post covid-19, this is the only primary practice significant in maintaining relationships and human social connections despite locations, age gap, and kinship.
In conclusion, since human social bonds are vital, any practice, despite it being online or physical, that is geared towards improving human bonds should be encouraged. Encouragement is vital in ensuring humans value the existence of each other. This would help ensure that the world is a habitable place by being able to tackle life challenges and obstacles since it would be easy to help each other overcome the challenges.
Farr, C. (2020). The COVID-19 response must balance civil liberties and public health – experts explain how. Retrieved from https://www.cnbc.com/2020/04/18/covid-19-response-vs-civil-liberties-striking-the-right-balance.html
Ogihara, Y., & Uchida, Y. (2014). Does individualism bring happiness? Adverse effects of individualism on interpersonal relationships and happiness. Frontiers in Psychology, 5. Doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00135
Soga, M., Evans, M. J., Cox, D. T., & Gaston, K. J. (2021). Impacts of the Covid‐19 pandemic on Human–Nature Interactions: Pathways, evidence, and implications. People and Nature, 3(3), 518–527. Doi:10.1002/pan3.10201
Tibbetts, M., Epstein-Shuman, A., Leitao, M., & Kushlev, K. (2021). A week during COVID-19: Online social interactions are associated with greater connection and stress. Computers in Human Behavior Reports, p. 4, 100133. Doi: 10.1016/j.chbr.2021.100133
Why Is Africa A Third-World Continent Despite The Massive Natural Resources It Exports? University Essay Example
Africa, a region with plenty of natural assets, has a long way to go regarding social advancement and economic growth. This research examines the intricate variables that, despite Africa’s significant natural resource exports, contribute to its designation as a third-world continent. This study aims to lighten the contradictory predicament that confronts Africa while offering suggestions for possible avenues for sustainable development by looking at social, economic, political, and historical aspects.
Keywords:Africa, Historical Legacies, natural resources, political, economic, social, underdevelopment.
The second-largest continent in the world, Africa, is rich in natural resources. It can flourish and develop thanks to its extensive mineral reserves, fertile soil, and rich biodiversity. The truth, however, shows a different image. Africa continues to confront severe developmental issues and is still seen as a “third-world” continent despite exporting a huge diversity of resources. This research explores political, historical, social, and economic facets to shed insight into the intricate elements contributing to this problem.
Despite its abundant natural resources, Africa is still a third-world continent with many development and monetary stability issues. The conundrum is in figuring out why the extraction and export of these resources have yet to result in long-term expansion and higher living standards for the local populace. Despite having many resources, this research aims to investigate the fundamental reasons and contributing elements that keep Africa in the third world.
The research question will be examined as part of a literature review of researchers who
have studied why Africa is a third-world continent despite the massive natural resources it exports to gain a more in-depth and thoughtful understanding of the issues
- What historical factors have contributed to Africa’s classification as a third-world continent despite its abundant natural resources?
- What role do political instability and corruption play in limiting Africa’s ability to translate natural resource wealth into sustained economic growth and development?
- What are the socio-economic impacts of foreign exploitation of Africa’s natural resources, and how have these contributed to its third-world status?
- How has colonialism influenced the economic development and resource exploitation patterns in Africa?
The past experiences of Africa have significantly influenced its current state. The continent went through the colonial era when European nations used their resources to advance their economic development. During this time, mining for resources was given priority, frequently at the expense of equitable growth or local economic development. As a result, Africa’s colonial past created a legacy of resource dependency and a lack of action, making it difficult to utilize its resources properly.
Many African countries have struggled with weak governance and political instability. Development attempts have been hampered by repeated leadership changes, corruption, and weak institutional frameworks. These issues impede efficient resource management by causing an absence of political will and accountability. Political unrest also discourages foreign direct investment, which feeds a cycle of poverty and economic stagnation.
African advancement is hampered by persistent poverty, poor infrastructure, and restricted access to high-quality education and healthcare. These problems are worsened by high inequality in earnings and a lack of social mobility, which helps perpetuate the downward spiral of poverty. Social disparities increase due to unequal resource wealth distribution since a few wealthy individuals benefit while the population is disadvantaged.
The contradictory character of Africa’s abundance in natural resources is partially attributed to the dynamics of the world economy that control resource extraction. International trade policies frequently favor industrialized nations, which results in unfair trading terms for resource-rich African countries. Commodity price fluctuations governed by external markets make African economies unstable and make diversification initiatives difficult. The third-world status is further maintained by the absence of industrialization and value-added in resource extraction processes, which limits the economic gains from exports of raw materials.
Foreign Interests and Colonialism
The resources of Africa have enormous promise, but they also draw the attention of other countries. Africa has historically experienced underdevelopment due to unjust commercial practices and foreign resource exploitation. Neo-colonialism still influences resource exploitation, with international firms frequently putting profit before sustainable development. African nations are disadvantaged due to unfair alliances and exploitative business practices, which help maintain their third-world position.
Literature Review: Despite abundant natural resources, a mixed-approaches strategy combining qualitative and quantitative research methods was suggested to investigate the factors causing Africa to remain in the third world. This method enabled a thorough comprehension of the complex variables at play.
Qualitative Data Collection: Conduct a thorough literature search to find studies, papers, scholarly publications, and case studies pertinent to the riches of natural resources in Africa and how they affect development. The review provided a theoretical framework and assisted in the identification of important themes, knowledge gaps, and research problems.
Semi-structured interviews with important stakeholders, including policymakers, government officials, corporate representatives, local community leaders, and specialists in African development, were conducted. The discussions were based on the elements that make Africa a third-world country and their knowledge of resource extraction and management.
Focus Group Discussions: Hold focus group discussions with various participants, including community members, civil society representatives, academics, and business professionals. These conversations enabled a more thorough investigation of the effects on society and the environment, community viewpoints, and potential remedies.
Quantitative Data Collection:
Data Compilation: Gather and compile pertinent quantitative data from databases, international organizations, and national statistics agencies. Financial metrics, resources trade statistics, political indexes, healthcare and educational indicators, and poverty indicators were all included in this data.
Conducted surveys to collect quantitative information on public opinion, mindsets, and knowledge about mining for resources and development. These polls were given to a sample of individuals representative of all the areas and demographics found in African nations.
Secondary data sources were searched over the internet and library databases. The use of search terms, such as “political factors,” “socio-economic challenges,” and “third-world” was frequently used to provide a direction to relevant journals and other publications needed for the study. In the process, databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, Sage Journals, and Scopus provided an essential pool of secondary data sources that was freely accessible. It was necessary to obtain data from peer-reviewed journals and publications that meet the required scientific .The researcher got an audience with authorities who permitted access to these documents. The numerous available data sources, including materials published within the last ten years. Only original secondary data sources were collected. Thus, editorials and reviews were excluded from the study Letters and preliminary information were equally excluded because they offer prior knowledge that is not adopted within the scope of this study’s
The following suggestions are put out in light of the research done on the elements leading to Africa’s third-world status despite its wealth in natural resources:
- Strengthening accountability and leadership; Focus should be placed on enhancing transparency, battling corruption, and strengthening governance systems. The building and implementation of solid institutional structures that guarantee transparency and accountability in resource management should be a top priority for African countries. It entails implementing anti-corruption measures, encouraging openness regarding contracts and money flows, and encouraging public officials to adopt an accountable culture.
- Encourage Economic Diversification and Value Addition: African nations must go beyond the export of raw commodities and give economic diversification and value addition top priority. It entails investing in sectors like processing and manufacturing that can increase the value of their natural resources. African countries may increase the size of the value chain, generate employment, and promote economic progress by building a solid industrial foundation.
- Promote Sustainable Resource Management: African nations should implement sustainable resource management strategies emphasizing community involvement, environmental protection, and long-term conservation of resources. It entails practicing ethical mining and extraction methods, encouraging sustainable agriculture, and spending money on renewable energy sources. An equilibrium between resource extraction and environmental preservation is crucial to preserve the long-term survival of Africa’s natural resources.
- Enhance Human Capital progress: Africa’s progress depends on investing in its people. Governments should prioritize healthcare and education, ensuring that all citizens have access to high-quality services in both areas. The infrastructure for education should be improved, teacher training budgets should be increased, and healthcare facilities should be expanded. African nations may encourage creative thinking, entrepreneurial behavior, and sustainable development by providing the populace with the required skills and knowledge.
- Encourage Regional Cooperation: African nations should improve regional cooperation and integration to utilize their collective resources and increase their ability to negotiate in international trade. African governments may expand their markets and enhance their competitiveness on the world stage by creating regional value chains, encouraging intra-African trade, and removing trade obstacles. Additionally, regional cooperation makes it easier to pool resources, share knowledge, and develop unified plans and strategies.
- Promoting Fair and Equitable International Trade: African countries should proactively promote Fair and Equitable International Trade in international fora. It entails dealing with economic imbalances, revising resource agreements, and encouraging advantageous trade circumstances that help African economies. African nations may ensure that the profits generated by their natural resources are distributed more fairly by focusing on value addition and looking for partnerships that provide reciprocal benefits.
- Empower Local Communities and Indigenous Groups: Because they frequently suffer the burden of resource extraction activities, local communities and indigenous groups should be given more control. Governments should protect their entitlements to land and resources, guarantee that they participate in the economic gains produced from such resources, and engage them in decision-making processes. It entails carrying out community development initiatives, offering assistance with capacity development, and supporting sustainable and equitable growth models.
Africa’s paradoxical status as a continent with abundant natural resources and a third-world economy is a complicated problem with roots in historical, political, economic, and social considerations. The effects of colonization, political unpredictability, financial difficulties, social inequalities, and foreign interests complicate the situation on the continent. A comprehensive strategy that encourages good governance develops revenue diversification and value addition, invests in human capital development, and establishes just and equitable international trade systems is needed to address these complex concerns. It is feasible to break the bonds of underdevelopment and open the door for Africa’s potential to be realized by focusing on equitable development and giving African countries the tools they need for controlling and using their resources well.
Atchrimi, Kossi Binesi. “Strengthening African Institutions for the Continent’s Rapid.”
de Man, Annelie, and Carol Chi Ngang. “Colonial extraction of natural resources and the impact on the right to development in Africa.” Natural Resource Sovereignty and the Right to Development in Africa. Routledge, 2021. 104-120.
Smith, David O. Third world cities in global perspective: the political economy of uneven urbanization. Routledge, 2019.
Takor, Benis, and Olayiwola Victor OJO. “Africa’s Economic Growth: Trends, Constraints and Lessons from Asia.” IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) (2018).
Unya, Ikenna Ukpabi, Godwin Onya Akputa, and Adaobi Azuka Nnadozie. “POVERTY AND LEADERSHIP FAILURE IN AFRICA: AN APPRAISAL.” Zamfara Journal of Politics and Development 3.1 (2022): 10-10.
A Reflection Of The School Of Dying Graces Essay Example For College
“The School of Dying Graces,” authored by Dr. Richard Felix, is a poignant and eloquent literary work that chronicles his spiritual odyssey and the final stages of his spouse Vivian’s fatal ailment. Dr. Felix has made a significant finding regarding acquiring distinct capabilities, commonly known as living graces. These abilities are granted to individuals who demonstrate resilience amid challenging circumstances, as demonstrated by Vivian’s courageous battle with cancer. This narrative, which stimulates contemplation and motivation, presents profound insights for individuals striving to achieve triumph in their lives.
A fundamental lesson extracted from the book pertains to the significance of recognizing mortality as a natural element of being. Dr. Felix is presented with the integrity of mortality and acquires a more profound comprehension of life’s delicacy due to his spouse’s ailment. This statement serves as a poignant reminder of the importance of acknowledging human mortality and maximizing the utilization of the finite time available to us.
The narrative presented by Dr. Felix details his personal experience of grappling with the fear of mortality and the inclination to evade introspection on its inescapable nature. The apprehension expressed by individuals towards death is a commonly shared sentiment, given the tendency of society to evade or attach a negative connotation to this subject matter. Dr. Felix is compelled to confront his apprehensions and reconcile with the inescapable reality of mortality due to his wife’s illness. This disclosure functions as a potent prompt that mortality is an inherent component of our being, and by recognizing its existence, we can more effectively value the value of life.
The book delves into a significant theme regarding the importance of treasuring every moment and optimizing its potential. Before Vivian’s diagnosis, Dr. Felix had not fully appreciated the value of time, as he had postponed significant endeavors and disregarded his well-being. The subject exhibits a proclivity towards deferring engagement in significant endeavors, functioning under the belief of boundless temporal assets (Felix & Wilkins, 2004). Witnessing his partner’s difficulties prompts him to re-evaluate his perspective and recognize the significance of every fleeting instant. The recognition of time as a finite resource is a stimulant, motivating individuals to maximize their experiences and participate in activities that yield a feeling of contentment and joy.
The recurring motif within the book pertains to the concept of attaining triumph while persevering through hardship. Throughout his spouse’s cancer battle, Dr. Felix notes her resilience, persistence, and unwavering commitment. Vivian’s ability to embrace life fully despite her circumstances is a source of inspiration for Dr. Felix and offers valuable insights into the resilience of the human spirit. Identifying meaning and purpose in the face of adversity resonates, emphasizing that our responses to challenges can shape our perspectives and transform hardship into an opportunity for growth (Felix & Wilkins, 2004).
The text emphasizes the importance of empathy and companionship, as elucidated in the literary work. Dr. Felix fulfills the position of a hospice chaplain and interacts with individuals in the terminal phase of their lives. Through these interactions, he gains insights into the importance of empathy and assistance to those experiencing hardship. The observer directly observes the effects of compassionate presence and the deep solace it provides to individuals requiring assistance. This statement highlights the importance of demonstrating empathy towards others and actively participating in interpersonal relationships during pivotal situations. The statement underscores the significance of cultivating interpersonal relationships, especially during periods of fragility and ambiguity.
Furthermore, the literature emphasizes the importance of practicing mindfulness and cultivating present awareness. Dr. Felix expounds upon his personal experiences with anxiety and apprehension and elucidates how his spouse’s ailment presented a chance to foster a mindset of mindfulness and attentiveness toward the present. Notwithstanding her ailment, Vivian’s capacity to derive aesthetic and pleasurable experiences from mundane instances serves as a source of motivation. Dr. Felix appreciates the present moment and relinquishes the inclination to exert control over all facets of existence. The mindfulness approach employed by the individual enables the mitigation of apprehensions and preoccupations pertaining to future events, thereby fostering an enhanced state of tranquillity and overall welfare.
The academic text reads as follows: The educational institution known as “The School of Dying Graces” provides a stimulating and motivational examination of concepts pertaining to the inevitability of death, valuing every instant, demonstrating compassion, and adopting a mindful approach. The book offers significant perspectives on leading a purposeful and dignified life by drawing from Dr. Felix’s personal experiences and his spouse’s terminal ailment. This statement highlights the significance of recognizing mortality as an innate aspect of being, optimizing the worth of each moment and demonstrating compassion towards others. The instructional sessions possess the capability to significantly influence our existence, motivating us to lead a more comprehensive and meaningful life. I strongly recommend this book to individuals interested in delving into these significant facets of the human condition.
Felix R. & Wikins, R. (2004). The School of Dying Graces: Lessons on living from two extraordinary. https://www.goodreads.com/en/book/show/998305