World War 1 To World War 2 Comparison Free Essay

How were the United States goals in World War I similar or different to the United States goals for fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan? The United States goals in World War I and Iraq and Afghanistan are very different, and this is partly because they are in totally different time periods and the technology is very different. World War I took place from 1914-1918 (Strachan 1), whereas the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan started in 2003 and are still going (Deese 1), although many of the United States goals have already been accomplished.Also, the causes of the wars were totally different.

They were not started for similar reasons partly because of the time period, and because of some of the conflicts with other countries. The United States had a few prominent goals in World War I that stood out among some of the others, and one of them was making allies with other countries so that they could become more powerful (Strachan 1). They did this in many ways; one of them was joining to fight on the “allies” side of the war with Britan, France, and Russia (Varho 1).This would help them to become more powerful, and to win the war because the “axis” powers weren’t able to stand up to a whole new country pushing the military on them as well.

Also, the United States joined the allies because of the sinking of Lusitania, this was a British passenger ship, and it was sunken by a German U-Boat that was illegally off the coast of England (Strachan 1). Another cause that showed the United States was allying with other countries to become more powerful was that President Wilson stated that “The United States would make an effort to end the war by joining and defeating the axis powers. (Varho 1) Also another goal of the United states in World Fitzsimons 2 War I was to neutralize the Germans as a threat in the iron and steel industry, as they had been trying to surpass the United states in production for the past few years. The United States saw them as a threat as they started to rival the production by increasing the rate in which they produced steel greatly.

Germany had more than tripled their production, (Strachan 1) so it was very obvious to the United States that Germany was trying to surpass production.The United States needed to stay the leader in production because it directed the entire nation’s economy toward the war efforts, and if Germany was making more steel than them, then the economy would be weaker because of the cheaper German steel. (Varho 1). Another reason that the United States decided to join World War I was that Germany had launched unauthorized submarines to the east coast of the United States, and they needed to be removed or destroyed.

These German boats had already sunken the Lusitania, which was one of the main British passenger ships, that had not been a threat, so the German U-Boats were then viewed as hostile.Germany was also cutting off the British supplies, which was not allowed by the United States, so they had to step and in take a stand for the British. There were many causes from the United states involvement in World War I, and one of the most important ones was the United states became the first and foremost world power after. This caused the United States to be a formidable opponent, and they gained even more allies after the war because they seemed like the strongest, most dependable country.

However, this also made them more of a target for some of the other countries, because they wanted to gain what the United States already had.Another cause of the United States becoming the first supreme world power was that they could develop Fitzsimons 3 more powerful and stronger weapons than anyone else could at the time. (Strachan 1) The United States also lent out money that the other countries were supposed to pay back, although they never ended up doing it. Even though the money was never paid back, the United States ended up gaining allies for the future wars, and that was worth all of the money that they had used for the other countries.

The money was also lent to both sides of the battlefield, so the United States had allies on either side of the war which made them have power from more than just one side of the countries in the war. Also loaning this money out to other countries economies so that they wouldn’t fail helped the United States to make more allies and become more of a power. (Varho 1) The United States also made allies with Britan, Russia and France. This was very helpful for the United States because it had them gain allies on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, which helped them to make more trade, and made for a stronger military force.

Also with this power and the allies, they would be much stronger and even harder to defeat than they are in the first place. By making these allies, the United States was able to push through the war zones and make many victories as well. (Strachan 1) The United States also had a few prominent goals that showed up in Iraq. The main goal that showed up in Iraq was the invasion to try to locate and destroy the facilities for the weapons of mass destruction that we thought they were carrying.

We invaded in 2003 to try and stop n attack in advance, although nothing was found and all of the facilities were empty just like they had said they were.The United States was now a subject to criticism by the officials, because they had not just trusted what the officials had said, even though they are corrupt, the United States also lost credibility for making Fitzsimons 4 These false claims, so it would be less likely for some of the other countries to believe them in the future if they make more wrong accusations. Another main goal of the invasions of Iraq was to weaken the militias that were holding the cities hostage, so that the Iraqi people could go back to living their lives the way that they normally would.Some of the causes that the war in Iraq has cause for the United States is that the United States may seem to be less trustworthy now that it had made the false accusations of Iraq having weapons of mass destruction and running facilities to make them.

Also the United States has made more progress by greatly weakening the local militias and giving the people more power so that they are able to stand up against the power that the militias have on them.Also now that the United States is fighting in Iraq it has greatly lowered the terrorism rates because they are putting all of their effort into trying to defeat the United States and have stopped trying to show that they are stronger than other countries. (Gallagher 1) The war in Afghanistan also has a few very clear causes that we have goals for. One of the main goals in the war in Afghanistan is to get revenge on the Taliban, a terrorist group that attacked the United States on September 11, 2001.

There was an attack on the world trade center and the pentagon on the same day, made by planes that the terrorists hijacked and crashed into the structures. (Mockaitis 1) Also, the Taliban, the major terrorist group that controls Afghanistan, has control over many of the towns in Afghanistan and they are had to find because there are so many, and they are very well protected. Another reason that we are in Afghanistan is to fix their government which is now very corrupt, and although they are named as a democracy, they are not actually a Fitzsimons 5True one, their elections are rigged and none of the votes that didn’t go on the side that the government officials want are counted. The causes of the United states being in Afghanistan, is that we have capture a few of the leading Taliban officials, and have still not found them all, although they will still be searched for until they are found.

Another cause from the United States fighting in Afghanistan is that the Afghanis were forced to renounce violence by the United States and Israel. (Deese 1) Both of which will enforce their laws to make sure that they stay peaceful.Another important cause of the United States being involved in Iraq and Afghanistan is that the department of homeland security was established. This is to make sure that the airports are safe, and that there is almost no chance of there being another critical attack on the United States like there was on 9/11.

The wars were very different in many areas, such as motives, because the United States joined into World War I because it wanted to join the world powers, and it joined the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan to protect them and it.The goal of joining World War I was to make the United States stronger, and to make sure that it would become a part of the main powers of the world. Some of the main goals in Iraq are not the same at all, such as trying to liberate the people, and trying to make sure that there are no weapons of mass destruction that they can use against us. Also, one of the main goals I Afghanistan is to make sure that the people have the power to be able to stand up to the militias and to make sure that there are no more attacks on United states soil.

There are very different goals in the wars economically as well. The United States was trying to gain allies in World War I, where in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan they are just trying to Fitzsimons 6 Help people be able to stand up to the corrupt government. (Maley 1) In Afghanistan, the United States is not gaining any money; they are only spending it because they are trying to help the people be able to stand up against their corrupt government. Another huge difference in between the wars is how humane they are.

The weapons back then were very brutal and would kill people slowly and painfully (Varho 1). Where we have weapons that are very efficient and will kill in a much more humane way. Trench warfare back in World War I was a huge issue because it would only injure people who would later die of blood loss or an infection. In Iraq it is much different because we don’t try to kill people all together; we want to avoid casualties so that we seem to be friendly and helpful to the people.

Also in Afghanistan we don’t want to be the ones to blame for all of the fighting that are going on.And the towns are supposed to be the ones leading the uprising against the militias. Not the United States. World War I and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are very different.

They have totally different motives in the social field, such as being powerful, and making allies. They also have totally different economical motives by having money spent and tried to get back in one, and the other two are just being spent so that the people can be saved from the power that the government has over them.

Babysitting And Child-Care

Child-care and babysitting are similar in the ways that they deal with the care of children. With the intention to properly care for children parents look to child-care providers and babysitters to watch their children while they go to work, shopping, or out for the evening. The choice is up to the parents as to which one is right for them and their child or children.

Child-care and baby sitting have some similarities, but the differences between the two are vast. This paper will compare and contrast child-care and baby-sitting in the state of Georgia.The most obvious similarity of child-care and babysitting is that they both are responsible for the care of children. Babysitters and child-care providers have a want to make sure that children are receiving the best care available.

People who watch and care for children have the child’s safety at heart. Babysitters are normally responsible teenagers who are looking to earn some money while spending time with children. Child-care providers know that a profit can be made for properly caring for children.Parents look for care of their children carefully as leaving their children with just anybody is not an option.

Parents interview both childcare providers and babysitters to ensure that their children will be provided. Safety is an important issue when caring for children as many situations can occur while watching children. Babysitters and child-care providers can make parents more comfortable when guaranteeing the parents that they are capable of handling situations that can occur.Babysitters and childcare providers do wonders for the parents when they provide activities for children.

As much as safety is concerned, babysitters and child-care providers know that the children are not going to be bored and tear up the home or center. A babysitter normally comes with ideas on what to do with the children for the amount of time that she is going to be with the children. Child-care providers have a day of activities planned for children following certain guidelines. In the state of Georgia, Bright from the Start regulates the child-care industry.

The website http://decal. ga. gov/Default. aspx gives the parents the information that they want to obtain about a center and what to look for when searching for childcare.

Through this organization child-care in the state of Georgia changes and updates to make certain that children are cared for properly. All workers within the childcare industry are to have a criminal background check done prior to working, complete CPR and first aide, and complete training hours throughout the year. Babysitting in the state of Georgia has no regulations.When babysitting the normal location takes place within the parents home and sometimes done in the location of the babysitter.

Babysitting done within the home of the parents come with rules for the babysitter to follow and instructions for the children to follow as well. Two types of child-care exist, home centers and child-care facilities both of which are state regulated (Bright from the Start, 2010). Home and child-care centers normally provide everything for the child and allow the parents to drop off and pick up from the location.The minimum working age of a babysitter is 13 and in childcare the minimum working age is 16.

In child-care the age of the oldest child is 12 and once a child turns 13 they are no longer able to go into the childcare center. The age that child-care providers stop providing care is the age that a babysitter is allowed to start working. The 16 year old worker in the child-care setting is only allowed to be in a room with a person who is 18 and is never to be left in the room by themselves (Bright from the Start, 2010).The similarities with childcare and babysitting are basic, they both deal with children, planning activities, and parents finding the right caregiver are all important.

The differences such as state regulations, locations, and age of worker make child-care a more responsible setting. Allowing the parents to choose the right care for their children gives the two a chance to do better than the other. The options are up to the parents after weighing the options and finding out the facts.

NaCl Affects On Enzymatic Reaction

Enzymes have a critical function in cells as they increase chemical reactions by lowering the activation energy necessary for the reaction to occur.

Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) possess highly efficient enzymes for production, but it is desirable to hinder their activity. By inhibiting the catecholase enzyme in potatoes, the occurrence of browning during cooking can be diminished. An experiment was carried out to assess the efficacy of sodium chloride in slowing down these enzymes by measuring reaction rates at varying concentrations of sodium chloride. The findings revealed a clear correlation between higher sodium concentration and reduced reaction rate.

The comprehension of the impact of salt (NaCl) concentrations on enzymes requires understanding the role of enzymes. For instance, the reaction rate for the 1% solution was .0023/s, while it was .00171/s for the 16% solution.

Enzymes are globular proteins that function by decreasing the activation energy of specific chemical reactions. They tightly bind to substrates and modify their structure within the active site, which aids in the formation of new bonds. The altered substrate is subsequently known as the product and exits the activation site.

Enzymes play a crucial role in the synthesis of amino acids, nucleotides, and other essential cellular molecules. They are responsible for controlling catalytic sites and regulating chemical reactions, making them vital for living organisms. Ultimately, enzymes serve as catalysts in the regulation of life itself (Mason, Losos, and Singer 2011).

If the enzymes malfunction or cease functioning, it poses a serious threat to the organism’s survival. Enzymes can be affected by three factors: temperature, pH, and salt levels. Any of these factors can lead to denaturation, which alters the enzyme’s structure and makes it ineffective when there is a significant deviation from normal levels. Even a small change can either speed up or hinder the reaction process.

Enzymes, like catecholase, have the ability to interact with specific substrates such as catechol and oxygen. This interaction results in the production of benzoquinone, which is a reddish brown pigment. One consequence of this enzymatic process is that it causes fruits and vegetables to become discolored, affecting their visual appeal. However, by inhibiting or slowing down this enzymatic reaction, it becomes possible to extend the shelf life of certain foods and preserve their attractive appearance for longer periods (Briggs et al., 2010).

The equation EnzymeSubstrateProduct Catechol + Oxygen represents the chemical reaction. Hindering of benzoquinone can potentially affect production and reduce costs. In 2005, Nathalie Santis et al. conducted an experiment to investigate the impact of different NaCl solutions on fried potato slices. The potatoes were sliced into fourteen pieces with a thickness of 3mm and a diameter of 30mm.

All fourteen objects were subjected to a blanching process at 70°C for five minutes. Subsequently, seven of the objects were placed in water with a temperature of 26°C, while the other seven were immersed in different solutions containing NaCl at concentrations of 0.6%, 1.2%, and 1.

The listed percentages are 8%, 2.4%, 3.0%, 6.0%, and 9.

The potato slices were soaked in solutions containing NaCl and pure water. They were then fried after being soaked for five minutes at 26°C. The slices soaked in NaCl solutions showed less browning compared to the ones soaked in pure water. This experiment indicates that salt solutions can inhibit the production of catecholase enzymes.

Enzymes, which are proteins with a secondary structure, have hydrogen bonds. The high concentration of ions in salt disrupts these bonds (Briggs and others 2010). To investigate the effect of salt on enzymes, various NaCl solutions will be mixed with potato extract. The enzyme’s activity will be monitored every twenty seconds for two minutes. The results from this experiment will show that exposing catecholase enzymes to salt for less than a minute can reduce the speed of the chemical reaction by at least 20%. On the other hand, if the enzymes are exposed to salt for more than two minutes, it will cause them to lose their active conformation and prevent them from functioning properly.

The experiment used 4 test tubes, 12mL of potato extract, 15mL of catechol, 5mL of distilled water, three concentrations of sodium chloride (1%, 4%, 16%) at 5mL each, six 5mL pipettes (one for each solution), pi-pumps, a spectronic 20D+ spectrophotometer (Briggs and others 2010), and a 3G iPhone (used as a timer). The experiment started by filling 4 test tubes with 3mLs of potato extract. One test tube was filled with the control substance which was distilled water.

Initially, the First tube was used to calibrate the spectrophotometer to zero. The subsequent three test tubes were labeled as 1, 2, and 3. Test tube 1 contained a sodium chloride (NaCl) solution with a concentration of 1% and a volume of 5mL. In test tube 2, there was a NaCl solution with a concentration of 4% and a volume of 5mL. Test tube 3 held NaCl with a concentration of 16% and had a volume of 5mL. Afterwards, an amount of catechol equivalent to 4mL was added to test tube number one. The mixture inside a cuvette was then thoroughly mixed for twenty seconds before being inserted into the spectrophotometer.

The data for the progressive discoloration of the catecholase reaction was collected every 20 seconds for a total of 120 seconds. This data is displayed in table 1. The experiment was repeated for test tubes 2 and 3, with test tube 2 receiving an injection of 4% NaCl and test tube 3 receiving an injection of 16% NaCl (Briggs and others, 2010). The rate of reaction (slope) was determined by calculating the measurements taken at 20 seconds and 120 seconds. Table 2 presents the composition of the mixtures used in the test tubes.

Results: The rate of reaction for the various concentrations of NaCl were:

  • 1% NaCl – rate: .00230/s
  • 4% NaCl – rate: .00192/s
  • 16% NaCl – rate: .00171/s

According to the experiment’s data, when the concentration of NaCl solution increases, the rate of reaction for the catecholase enzyme decreases. This suggests that either the NaCl solution impacted the structure of the enzymes or hindered the substrate from accessing and reforming in the activation site. The data supports our initial hypothesis that sodium chloride solutions would reduce enzyme productivity by 20%. However, in reality, the reaction rate was 40% to 50% slower with a 1% solution.

The potatoes were immersed in a 16% solution with a rate of 0.00230/s, which was 30% greater than the anticipated rate of 0.00171/s. These results coincide with the experiment conducted by Nathalie Santis and her colleagues in 2005, where they observed that thinly sliced Solanum tuberosum potatoes soaked in sodium chloride solution for five minutes inhibit browning when fried compared to those soaked in water.

The concentration of NaCl directly impacted the color difference in potatoes. This experiment demonstrated that NaCl solutions hindered the reaction rate of the catecholase enzyme, similar to previous findings. Although the results confirmed the hypothesis, further research is necessary, particularly with a broader selection of sodium chloride solutions beyond just three.

This paragraph examines the advantages of offering more comprehensive data on the rate of reaction time for solutions ranging from 4% to 16%. Additionally, it emphasizes the significance of conducting a lengthier experiment to achieve a deeper comprehension of when enzymes cease reacting entirely. The conclusion asserts that the production of catecholase enzyme in a potato diminishes by up to 45% upon exposure to sodium chloride solution, contingent on the percentage of sodium present. The enzyme’s reaction rate decelerates as the percentage of sodium chloride increases.

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