Writers’ Preoccupations With Female Appearance Informed By Philosophical And Satirical Concerns Essay Example For College


Johnathan Swift and Lady Mary Wortley Montagu are two well-known authors who have been fascinated with the subject of female representation in their works. Swift’s satirical poem “The Lady’s Dressing Room” examines a woman’s vanity and pursuit of beauty (Holm, 2020). Montagu, on the other hand, examines Swift’s poem and the larger satirical and philosophical issues it raises in “The Reasons that Induced Dr S. to Write a Poem Called “The Lady’s Dressing Room” Vanity, femininity, and the nature of beauty are all topics that are explored in both works through wit and satire.

In Swift’s poem, the narrator examines a woman’s vanity as she prepares for her evening out. The poem criticizes the woman’s vanity and the flimsiness of socially acceptable beauty standards. Swift utilizes sarcasm and satire to ridicule the idea that a woman’s value is determined by her outward appearance and that beauty is only skin deep (Holm, 2020). In Montagu’s essay, she analyzes Swift’s poem in light of the larger satirical and philosophical issues it presents. She contends that the poem is a critique of a society that prioritizes gender and beauty over intelligence and character, not just of vanity (Savoie, 2019). According to Montagu, the poem critiques the unrealistic and ultimately harmful ideals placed on women’s femininity and beauty. This essay utilizes the works of Johnathan Swift and Lady Mary Wortley Montagu to discuss how greater philosophical and satirical concerns inform writers’ preoccupations with female appearances.

How greater philosophical and satirical concerns inform writers’ preoccupations with female appearances

Swift’s poem “The Lady’s Dressing Room” aims at women’s conceit. Swift’s ability to deliver a stinging indictment of women’s vanity is made possible by her mockery of the female custom of spending excessive time getting ready for the day (Holm, 2020). Swift argues that beauty shouldn’t be the focus of such an obsession by bringing up the poem’s topic of time and beauty. By doing this, Swift can offer a deeper philosophical understanding of women’s vanity and how it can harm women’s condition.

Mary Wortley, Lady Swift’s poem is addressed in Montagu’s The Reasons that Inspired Dr S. to Write a Poem Called “The Lady’s Dressing Room.” Montagu contends that Swift’s poem exhibits some hypocrisy because males frequently exhibit the same vanity Swift decries in women (Mohaghegh, 2021). Montagu contends that Swift exhibits some double standards and that his poem eventually criticizes feminine sex rather than universal vanity (Xivao, 2020). In his reply, Montagu explores philosophically the gender norms prevalent in the 18th century and how they can impede social advancement.

Savoie (2019) asserts that the poem “The Lady’s Dressing Room” by Jonathan Swift sheds light on his interest in women’s fashion, which is influenced by his larger philosophical and satirical themes. Swift addresses the artificiality of female beauty in this poem and how it affects how people view women. He explores women’s vanity and overzealous grooming practices through the first-person narrator while simultaneously commenting on men’s urge to idealize women.

The poem’s narrator enters Celia’s dressing room, a woman he admires. He is astonished to discover that she is not exactly how he had pictured her to be and that her room is full of “paints and patches.” This portrays women’s vanity, which leads them to utilize cosmetics and other artificial methods to improve their beauty (Holm, 2020). Holm (2020) argues that the poem also challenges masculine perceptions of feminine beauty, showing them to be unrealistic standards. Swift also critiques the social constructions of womanhood in this poem. He criticizes the idea that women must adhere to a specific standard of beauty by portraying Celia as a lady whose beauty is exclusively based on her makeup application (Savoie, 2019). This is clear from the narrator’s amazement that Celia is not as perfect as he had envisioned; he had anticipated that she would be.

Through satire, Swift expresses that society’s fixation on women’s physical attractiveness is a mistaken and shallow goal (Thulin, 2022). The narrator’s horror and revulsion at seeing Celia’s real face serve as a commentary on the low standards that society has established (Savoie, 2019). The objects in her dressing room, which serve as a reminder of how women are expected to “beautify” themselves with cosmetics and adornments, disgust him. He is horrified by her “true” appearance. In this way, Swift can satirize society’s fixation on physical attractiveness.

Swift also challenges the notion that a woman’s worth is solely determined by her outward appearance in the poem. Swift argues that women’s worth shouldn’t be determined merely by their outward beauty by highlighting the narrator’s shock and disgust upon seeing Celia’s true face (Savoie, 2019). The poem also serves as a reminder that aesthetic standards set by society are arbitrary and that beauty is subjective.

In Jonathan Swift’s “A Modest Proposal,” the narrator suggests a solution to the Irish’s social and economic issues: the poor should sell their children to the wealthy as food. Swift uses the poem to criticize the unrealistic beauty standards that society holds women to, even though it is evident that this notion is sarcastic and meant to highlight the situation’s absurdity (Mohaghegh, 2021). The narrator of “A Modest Proposal” says that seeing the “pale and diseased” children of the Irish was “a mournful object” and that “beauty, color, and cleanliness” are variables in determining the price of a child (Thulin, 2022). This implies that value is placed on appearance and that poor children are not considered attractive enough to be used. This starkly contrasts society’s emphasis on physical attractiveness, especially for women.

The philosopher Mary Wollstonecraft also made a note of this phenomenon in her essay “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman,” in which she made the case that women should not be judged solely based on their outward appearances but rather should be educated and allowed to develop their minds and talents (Holm, 2020). Swift’s poem echoes this theme by saying that the Irish should be revered and treasured despite their physical unattractiveness and poverty.

Swift’s sarcastic critique of society’s unrealistic beauty expectations for women is motivated by larger philosophical and satirical concerns. Through his poem, he can convey the ridiculousness of the circumstance and the significance of seeing people as more than their outward look. Swift’s writings highlight the need for women to be respected and valued beyond their physical attractiveness, and Wollstonecraft’s ideas offer an essential perspective to view Swift’s work (Holm, 2020). Swift used his poetry to comment on how women were perceived in society at the time, as can be seen by reading his poem through the lens of Wollstonecraft’s writings.

The narrator of Jonathan Swift’s poem “The Lady’s Dressing Room” is given entrance to the dressing room of Strephon, a woman for whom he has feelings. He is horrified by the numerous cosmetics and beauty procedures the woman uses to keep up her beauty (Mohaghegh, 2021). Swift criticizes the lengths women will go to obtain an unnatural beauty with this poem (Holm, 2019) contends that in her essay, “The Lady’s Dressing Room as Mary Montagu contends Satire,” Swift’s poem is a satire on the manufactured beauty that women pursobservesservation that Swift’s use of terminologiesrminology, such as “tinctures, medicines, and paints,” while describing the things in the changing room suggests disdain for the conceit of women (Thulin, 2022). Irony is another tool he uses to drive home his message. For instance, Strephon is shocked by the “huge variety of combs” in the changing area, despite the fact that a lady would actually need a variety of combs to manage her hair.

Additionally, Montagu contends that Swift’s poem is influenced by a larger philosophical interest in the influence of appearance. Swift, according to her, is criticizing society’s fixation on appearance and how it may be used to control people (Cock, 2019). Additionally, he makes the argument that since it may be attained through artificial means, beauty is ultimately only an illusion.

Elizabeth Montagu believes that Jonathan Swift’s poetry “The Lady’s Dressing Room” is a critique of the superficiality of society’s infatuation with feminine beauty in her essay, “A Critique of Jonathan Swift’s Poem “The Lady’s Dressing Room.” She thinks that the poem is ultimately a critique of women’s vanity and their reliance on an inevitably transient form of beauty (Holm, 2020).

Montagu draws attention to the fact that in his poem, Swift stresses the contrived nature of Celia’s beauty. He implies that her beauty is not natural but rather has been worked hard to achieve and retain by using the phrase “labour’d, not a native store”(Klein, 2020). The fact that she is “uncleanly” and “slovenly” when she is not in public further exposes the hypocrisy of her attractiveness. According to Montagu, Swift is highlighting the artificiality of beauty and the fact that it is frequently deceptive by doing this.

Furthermore, according to Montagu, Swift’s critique of female beauty is a reflection of a greater satirical or philosophical theme. She contends that the poem eventually serves as a satire of human vanity and obsession with outward beauty (Xivao, 2020). She claims that Swift is cautioning against being overly dependent on beauty and that it is transient. Swift makes the argument that beauty is not all that it seems to be and should not be the only goal for humans by highlighting the artificiality of beauty and the filth that Celia hides beneath it.

Montagu contends that Swift’s poem is influenced by larger philosophical and/or humorous issues and is a critique of the superficiality of society’s infatuation with female beauty (Keith, 2022). Swift is finally cautioning against being overly reliant on beauty by highlighting the artificiality of it and the filth that Celia hides beneath it. He makes the argument that people should aim for more than simply physical beauty because it is transient.

Marilyn Montagu contends in her essay “Swift’s ‘The Lady’s Dressing Room’ and the Politics of Beauty” that Jonathan Swift’s poem “The Lady’s Dressing Room” is a commentary on the notion that true beauty can only be found within (Thulin, 2022). Montagu contends that Swift’s poem is influenced by larger philosophical and/or humorous issues, particularly in light of the author’s obsession with women’s beauty.

Montagu claims that Swift parodies the notion that beauty is merely skin deep (Holm, 2020). She argues that the narrator of the poem is fascinated with Celia’s beauty by quoting Swift’s opening lines, “Five hours, (and who can do it less in?)/ By haughty Celia spent in dressing.” By portraying Celia as someone who spends a lot of time and effort on her physical looks but is still an “unblessed thing,” Montagu further claims that Swift is rejecting the notion that beauty is only skin deep (Thulin, 2022).

According to Montagu, Swift’s poem is also a critique of the author’s fixation with women’s outward beauty. She claims that Swift is making fun of the way writers have historically overemphasized physical attractiveness and beauty in female characters (Wheatley, 2022). Montagu claims that Swift is making a point about how female characters should be judged on their knowledge and wit rather than their outward appearance.

Swift’s “The Lady’s Dressing Room”: A Satirical Critique of Artifice and Deceit” is the title of her essay. According to Mary Montagu, Jonathan Swift criticized the notion that beauty can only be attained through artificial methods in his poem “The Lady’s Dressing Room”(Wheatley, 2022). She points out that Swift’s condemnation of such tactics is evidenced by the fact that the poem’s narrator is “repulsed by the discovery of the artificial means by which the lady of the house strives to improve her beauty.” Montagu continues by arguing that Swift’s focus on women’s appearances is motivated by larger philosophical and/or humorous issues (Klein, 2020). She claims that Swift is specifically mocking the idea of “manufactured beauty” by criticizing the arrogance of wanting to acquire it.

Furthermore, according to Montagu, Swift’s critique of manufactured beauty is motivated by a deeper philosophical concern with the definition of beauty (Wheatley, 2022). According to her, the poem “illustrates the fragility of beauty” and is “an examination of the wider philosophical topic of what beauty is and how it should be interpreted.” In this way, Swift is seeking to demonstrate that genuine beauty cannot be acquired artificially but rather must be gained through perseverance and hard labor.

According to Montagu, Swift’s poem challenges the notion that beauty can only be achieved through artificial methods, and his fascination with women’s features is motivated by broader philosophical and/or humorous considerations (Cock, 2019). She claims that the poem serves to highlight the vulnerability of beauty and the risks associated with relying on artifice to enhance it. She calls it a “caustic satire on the vanity and artifice of beauty.” In this way, Swift is seeking to demonstrate that genuine beauty is something that must be attained through effort and commitment rather than something that can be manufactured.

Jonathan Swift’s poem A Lady’s Dressing Room is a satire of the male gaze and a critique of how men evaluate and assess women based on their appearances, according to Montagu in his essay “Jonathan Swift’s A Lady’s Dressing Room: A Feminist Reading.” He explains that Swift’s emphasis on physical beauty is a “metaphor for the moral beauty of women” and that the poem explores the “male concern with feminine looks”(Savoie, 2019). According to Montagu, Swift uses the poem to query the “larger philosophical and/or satirical concerns” that underlie writers’ preoccupations with feminine appearances as well as the masculine gaze and its emphasis on physical perfection.

Montagu contends that Swift’s poem is a “satire on the vanity of man in his desire for the ideal woman” and a “fierce attack on the male fixation with physical beauty”(Keith, 2022). The poem, in his perspective, is a “strong indictment of the male gaze,” and Swift is intentionally trying to “make men think about the way they look and judge women,” according to him (Savoie, 2019). Montagu goes on to say that Swift’s poem explores the “larger philosophical and/or satirical themes” that affect how men view women and is a “critique of the way men perceive feminine beauty.”


The writings of Swift and Montagu offer a fascinating look into the era’s obsession with feminine beauty. These two authors analyze female appearance in their respective works, The Lady’s Dressing Room and The Reasons that Inspired Dr. S. to Write a Poem Called “The Lady’s Dressing Room,” in a style that is both philosophical and humorous. While Montagu’s response offers a philosophical examination of the gender norms in the 18th century, Swift’s poem emphasizes the vanity of women. In the end, these two authors show how worries about women’s beauty can be influenced by larger philosophical and/or humorous issues.

The writings of Swift and Montagu both aim to highlight the larger philosophical and humorous issues raised by obsessions with feminine appearances. They make a compelling case that beauty should not be the main standard by which women are judged through their critiques of society’s standards and expectations of women. Swift’s poem and Montagu’s article both show how writers are interested with how women look and how they present themselves, and how they use satire to investigate the larger philosophical and satirical issues it brings. Both pieces criticize the unrealistic expectations of femininity and beauty that are frequently placed on women and show how these expectations may be constricting and harmful.

Swift’s obsession with women’s looks is influenced by his larger satirical and philosophical themes. He makes a statement about the artificiality of female beauty in this poetry and how it affects how others view women. He also challenges the notion that women need to meet a certain level of beauty in order to be viewed as appealing. Swift’s obsession with women’s looks and critiques of the social construction of femininity are made clear in this poem.

Montagu contends that Swift’s poem “The Lady’s Dressing Room” is a commentary on the notion that true beauty can be seen within rather than just on the outside. She hypothesizes that the poem is influenced by larger philosophical and/or satirical issues, especially in light of the author’s obsession with feminine appearances. In the end, Montagu contends that Swift is making an argument against the notion that a woman’s value should only be determined by her outward appearance.


Cock, E. (2019). Reading and disguising faces. In Rhinoplasty and the nose in early modern British medicine and culture (pp. 21-68). Manchester University Press.

Holm, M. D. (2020). Entering the Lady’s Dressing Room: Using feminist game design to look at and beyond the male gaze in Swift’s The Lady’s Dressing Room.  ABO: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-183010(1), 2.

Keith, J. (2022). Lady Mary Wortley Montagu’s Anne Finch. Studies in Philology119(4), 729-755.

Klein, U. L. (2020). Swift’s Queer Camp. Journal for Eighteenth‐Century Studies, 43(3), 293-302.

Mohaghegh, S. (2021). The Evolution of Women: from Andrew Marvell to Jonathan Swift.


Thulin, L. (2022). “My Case,” Her Cure: William Hay’s Permissible Gender Fluidity and Mrs. Stephens’s Controversy. Eighteenth-Century Life, 46(2), 1-29.

Wheatley, J. (2022).  Satire in the Coffee-House: Policing the Public Sphere (Doctoral dissertation, Northeastern University).

Xiyao, H. (2020). Jonathan Swift’s Metaphorical Conceptualization of Nature as a Woman and His” Aesthetic” Critique of Science. Partial Answers: Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas, 18(1), 1-23.

The Ethics And Challenges Of Space Exploration And Colonization Sample Assignment

Scientists, governments, and the general public have long been interested in the exploration and settlement of space. We are now more equipped than ever to explore and live in space. The ethics and difficulties of space exploration and colonization, however, are intricate and multidimensional. The difficulties and ethical issues of space exploration and colonization will be discussed in this article.

The ethics of space exploration and colonization are complicated since they entail so many different things, such as the possibility of causing environmental damage and having an influence on other species. There are also worries about resource exploitation and the possibility that colonization may make already existent imbalances worse.

Potential environmental damage is one of the main ethical issues with space travel and colonization. There is a chance that space travel and colonization will harm the environment and the ecosystems that depend on it. For instance, burning rocket fuel can cause the atmosphere to be filled with hazardous substances, while mining celestial planets for materials might disturb their natural ecosystems.

Moreover, colonization and space travel may have an effect on Earth’s temperature. Global warming can be exacerbated by the extraction of minerals from celestial bodies and the launch of rockets, which also results in the formation of space debris.

The possible exploitation of resources is another ethical issue. There is a chance that colonization and space travel will result in resource extraction that endangers other species or future generations. For instance, the extraction of materials from heavenly planets may result in the depletion of materials required for the existence of other species.

Also, there is a chance that colonization and space travel may result in resource exploitation by a select few, escalating already existing disparities. This may cause the majority of people to be left behind since only a few number of individual’s profit from space exploration and colonization.

Another ethical question is how colonization and space travel could affect inequities. There is a chance that space exploration and colonization may make current disparities worse. For instance, the cost of space exploration and colonization can be too high, making it only possible for people with substantial financial means.

Also, there is a chance that colonization and space exploration would uproot weaker societies. For instance, the development of space infrastructure may result in the eviction of previously underprivileged groups, aggravating already-existing disparities.

There are several difficulties that must be overcome in order to properly explore and inhabit space, in addition to ethical issues. These difficulties include those posed by space exploration and colonization in terms of technology, logistics, and finances.

The technical difficulty is one of the main obstacles to space exploration and colonization. In order to explore and colonize space, it is necessary to have cutting-edge technology that can resist the harsh environment of space. For instance, spaceships need to be able to withstand radiation, high temperatures, and the vacuum of space.

Also, it can be costly and time-consuming to build technologies for space exploration and colonization. Making considerable progress in these areas can be challenging as a result, especially for nations or organizations with limited financial means.

The logistical difficulty is one more obstacle to space exploration and colonization. Planning and organization are crucial for space exploration and colonization. As an illustration, the launch of a spacecraft necessitates cooperation between several entities, such as launch service providers, spacecraft producers, and governmental bodies.

Infrastructure development, including the construction of homes and space stations, is also necessary for space exploration and colonization. This infrastructure needs to be able to sustain human existence in space’s extreme conditions.



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Journal Articles:

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  • Caceres, M. (2021). Ethical challenges of space exploration and colonization. Journal of Business Ethics, 171(1), 87-100.
  • O’Neil, K. (2017). Colonialism and the ethics of space exploration. Space Policy, 42, 10-16.

Online Sources:

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A Comparison Essay: Gian Lorenzo Benin’s Ecstasy Of Saint Teresa And The Vintage Movie Poster Free Sample

Since Italian artists, particularly those in Rome, produced some of the most extraordinary works of art ever created, the high renaissance period is regarded as a brief but prolific period in art history. Gian Lorenzo Benin’s Ecstasy of Saint Teresa was a prominent figure who began his art in the late 15th century and concluded in 1520. The Vintage movie poster is a depicted art by Pinintrests. Com that describes the art of the Italians based on Italian movies. The art is based on the idea of Christ’s works on Earth in that era. Ideally, Teresa of Avila in Ecstasy is one of this era’s most well-known pieces of art. This essay contrasts the two masterpieces, Gian Lorenzo Benin’s Ecstasy of Saint Teresa and the vintage movie poster, emphasizing their key distinctions and similarities while stressing the elements that set each apart.

The Gian Lorenzo Benin’s Ecstasy of Saint Teresa of sculptures depicts Teresa’s encounter with religious ecstasy when an angel appeared before she held a golden spear, as it is related in her autobiography: “He sometimes seemed to be shoving it into my heart, setting me ablaze with a profound love for God (Khan Academy, n.d). Although the sweetness of the excruciating pain was so overpowering that it caused me to groan, I was powerless to want it to end. Nothing less than God can now satisfy the soul. The art portrays that Teresa uses sensual language to describe her passionate yearning for God, a strategy that is a part of the long heritage of what is known as “bridal mysticism’.

Gian Lorenzo Benin's Ecstasy of Saint Teresa

Figure 1; Source Khan Academy

In order to convey the entire force of Teresa’s experience, Bernini painted Teresa with her eyes closed, her mouth open, and her visible limbs hanging limply. The heavy, ruffled drapery of her gown lends motion and drama to the scene, and its texture contrasts with the innocence of her face. The angel, who looks like a child, completes Teresa’s mystical union with God as he prepares to pierce her heart with his spear of divine love.

The Vintage movie poster is derived from a famous movie exhibiting Italian culture and norms. This movie has been represented to create images of Christ’s works while on Earth. Ideally, the movie has been played, basing its core theme on all the incidences Christ engaged in proclaiming the gospel. The artist for the movie poster is ideally trying to create a passionate view of Christ’s works, including the incident when Mary had gone to look For Him in the grave (Pinintrest, n.d). The art has depicted some core followers of Jesus and the family alongside some devoted servants who facilitated Christ’s works. Indeed, art can create an emotional perception of Christ’s missions on Earth, his authority, and his partners alongside those devoted to following him.

Vintage movie poster

Figure 2; Source, Pinintrest.com

Indeed, Gian Lorenzo Benin’s Ecstasy of Saint Teresa can be found in Rome at the Santa Maria Vintage poster, a movie whose posters can be easily identified from Pinterest com. It is among the numerous movies on the entertainment platform whose theme is mainly based on Italian culture. The death of Christ is depicted in the Pieta when the Virgin Mary is holding his body on her lap. Mary is thought to have been in her fifties at Christ’s death (Pinintrest, n.d). Still, in the sculpture, the artist makes her appear much younger and more attractive, enhancing the idea that Mary was a virgin depicted as having unblemished purity. On the other hand, Mary is pointing to her son and saying, “Here is my son who has sacrificed all for you,” while the body of Christ lies motionless in Michelangelo’s stunning depiction of the scene.

Gian Lorenzo Benin’s marble sculpture, Transverberation of Saint Teresa or the Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, is thought to have been created between 1645 and 1652 (Dos Santos et al., 2023). In contrast to the vintage movie poster, Ecstasy of Saint Teresa is regarded as Italian baroque art, a contemporary illumination of arts produced between the late sixteenth and the middle of the eighteenth century. Gian Lorenzo Benin, regarded as one of the best sculptors of his day and a Vintage poster, specialized in religious sculpture. The sculpture of Saint Teresa has a rich history because it is reported that she experienced dreams and visions of angels visiting her (Khan Academy, n.d).On this historic occasion, an angel appears to Teresa and shoots her with a burning arrow. Teresa feels pain from the several stab wounds, but she describes the pain as orgasmic and ecstatic in her own words. With her mouth open and her eyes half closed, Benin depicts the action at its peak, capturing the immense pleasure that his subject was feeling.

Although the two artworks are by other painters and from various arts, they can depict an aspect that can attract acceptance from the churches or other forms of religious art. The Ecstasy of Santa Maria has a lot of dramatic illumination, boosting the energy and intensity of the entire artwork, which is typical of the contra-reformist age (Khan Academy, n.d). In contrast, the Vintage movie poster’s feelings are more basic, simple, and serene. The bodies in both pieces of art share many ideological similarities since the physical attributes of the angel in the Ecstasy of Saint Teresa and the works of Jesus, mainly how Jesus worked when He preached the gospel and his interactions with his disciples, has a distinct religious correlation.

When comparing the two works of art, one cannot help but experience a sense of intimacy, as is the message conveyed by the artists, even though the Vintage movie poster is in a more secluded area of Christ’s works and His interactions with his disciples and the mass He preached. With dramatic components like the bronze beam that shines down and depicts the Holy Spirit’s lighting, The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa is displayed so that viewers are also curved on its adjacent walls (Khan Academy, n.d).However, Christ’s face in the Vintage movie conveys a sense of authority and command rather than passion, as was typical of similar posters of this time.

The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa by Gian Lorenzo Benin and the vintage movie poster evokes intimacy and passion. Despite their differences and similarities, these two works of art stand out compared to others of a comparable caliber. Further, the vintage movie poster is passionate imagery regarding the authentic arts of the Roman culture and the ingrained religious characters. The majority of these arts are founded on religious conceptions of religious histories. Indeed, the two arts exhibit qualities of passion and sentiments and entail an incomparable status.


dos Santos, P. I. G., Coelho, M. S., & Bastos, C. P. G. (2023). APRECIAÇÃO DO ÊXTASE DE SANTA TERESA. Revista Contemporânea (Contemporary Journal), 3(1), 123-133.DOI: https://doi.org/10.56083/RCV3N1-007

Khan Academy.(n.d).Bernini, Ecstasy of Saint Teresa.Retrieved from.https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/renaissance-reformation/baroque-art1/baroque-italy/a/bernini-ecstasy-of-saint-teresa

Pinintrest.(n.d).Vintage Posters.Retrieved from.https://www.pinterest.com/pin/850406342122260742/